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 Arts Craft.ca

Learn about methods for making hand made crafts. Crafts for kids, hat making.




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  Making Hats (150)    Kids Craft (16)  


Arts Craft.ca

Learn about methods for making hand made crafts. Crafts for kids, hat making.


Making Hats

Equipment
Thimble Thread Needles Tape-measure Pins Tailor's chalk or pencil Milliner's pliers or wire cutters Scissors, la...

Buckram
Comes in black and white, about twenty-seven inches wide--a heavy stiff material, smooth on one side and rather rough on the other. It...

Crinoline
Comes in black and white, twenty-seven inches wide--a stiff, thin, open-meshed material, used to make soft hat frames, to cover wire ...

Neteen Or Fly Net
A stiff open-meshed material--comes in black, white, and ecru, one yard wide--a very popular material on account of its great pliabili...

Cape Net
A light-weight, open-meshed material used for blocking and for soft frames. Not as pliable as neteen. ...

Willow Plate
A coarse straw-like material, light in weight, brittle, and very expensive, used in blocking; frames are also made from it without bl...

Cable
Largest wire used in millinery. In making wire frames, it is used as edge wire and sometimes for the entire frame. Being larger than f...

Frame Or Brace Wire
Used in making frames and is sewed on the edge of all buckram and fabric hat frames. ...

Lace
Smaller than frame wire, used for wiring lace ribbon and flowers, and sometimes for making an entire frame when a very dainty design i...

Tie
Smallest wire used in millinery; comes wound on spools. Is used to tie other wires, and in making hand-made flowers. Comes in black, ...

Ribbon
A cotton ribbon about three eighths of an inch wide, with a fine wire woven through the center, also a wire on each edge. Used to wire...

Sprung
An uncovered steel wire used to make halo brims; is sometimes sewed on edge of buckram or other fabric brims, if the hat is unusually ...

Hat Frames Of Fabric
Much care, thought, and patience must be exercised in making the frame of any hat. It is the foundation upon which we build, and if po...

Sailor Hat Frame
For convenience we will use the following dimensions: Width of brim, three inches; height of crown, three and one-half inches; length ...

Pattern For Brim
Cut from a piece of manila paper fourteen and one-half by fourteen and one-half inches the largest possible circle; the paper may be f...

Headsize Wire
TO MEASURE--This is especially important, for upon the accuracy of this measurement depends the comfort of the wearer; this is the fou...

Edge Wire
This is cut from frame wire and must be long enough to reach around edge of brim and lap one inch. Edge wire is always sewed on same s...

Right Sidewrong Side
This stitch is made by taking a long stitch on right side and then a short back stitch on wrong side. Lap ends of crinoline one-fourth...

Square Crown
A square crown is one having a flat top, or one only slightly rounded, with the sides slightly sloping in towards the top. A crown of ...

Pattern For Slanting Side Crown
Cut a piece of manila paper one-fourth inch wider than crown height and one-half inch longer than headsize wire measure. Slash across ...

To Cut Side Crown From Buckram
Remove the pins from the seam, allowing pins in slashes to remain. Lay pattern flat on smooth side of buckram, lengthwise of the mater...

Crown Tips
The top of the crown may be kept soft-looking or it may be made of buckram, producing a stiff effect. Both methods will be given. S...

Crowns
If a round crown is to be used it is advisable to buy a ten-cent separate crown or a frame with a round crown. If an entire frame is ...

To Cover Round Crown
Pin material on top of crown with bias at front. Pull with the straight of the material and pin just below edge of curve. Sew one-half...

To Cover Brim
Place corner of velvet at front of brim on top side (smooth side). Edgewire and headsize wire should always be on top of brim. Turn ve...

To Sew Velvet Edge To Brim
This should be done with a close overcasting stitch on the under side, being careful not to prick through to the right side of the vel...

To Face Under Side Of Brim
Pin velvet on under side, using same method in pinning as that on top of brim. This must be pinned very carefully. Cut off velvet all ...

To Cover Crown Top
To cover the top, cut a piece of velvet with the bias at the front, same shape as top of crown plus one inch all around. Gather one-fo...

To Cover Side Crown
Cut a piece of velvet on a true bias two and one-half inches wider than height of crown. Pin this strip wrong side out around side cro...

To Sew Crown On Brim
The simplest way to proceed is to sew the crown on the brim before adjusting the side crown covering. Pin back, front, and each side o...

Edge Of Brim Facing When Finished Without Wire
A brim covered with velvet or any fabric may also be finished underneath without a wire, the edges being slipstitched together. In thi...

To Cover Narrow Brim Sailor Without An Edge Seam
This method can be used satisfactorily only when the brim is narrow, and the fabric pliable. For convenience we will give measurements...

Facings
A pleasing variety is sometimes obtained by using a colored underfacing on a black hat. The entire facing may be of a contrasting colo...

Brims Covered With Two Kinds Of Fabric
A flat brim or mushroom shape is often covered by using two fabrics, which may be of the same color or of contrasting colors. Small pi...

Shaped Brim Foundation
The simplest shaped brim is the mushroom style. ...

To Make Pattern For Brim
Make a paper pattern the same as for the straight brim sailor. Measure the same for the headsize wire, join ends of wire, shape to fit...

To Cover A Mushroom-shaped Brim
If not very drooping, it may be covered without making a seam in the material. To do this, begin by placing the corner of the fabric o...

Sheer Materials
In covering with anything as sheer as georgette, it is advisable to line with some other material first. The color could be made deepe...

Pattern For Hat With Rolled Or Close-fitting Brim
The pattern for any hat is first cut from a flat piece of paper. The headsize is marked as for flat sailor and the headsize wire pinne...

To Cover A Close-fitting Or Rolled Brim
Place corner of material on top of brim at front and pin on the edge. Always use the same method of pinning on the edge as given in th...

To Slipstitch Seam
Bring needle through edge of fold on one side and enter the needle through edge of fold on other side exactly opposite. Slip needle al...

To Glue Velvet To The Brim
When there is a decided roll to a brim, it is sometimes most difficult to keep the velvet smooth and to make it lie close to the brim,...

A Shirred Crown Of Fabric
There are two methods of making a shirred crown of fabric in which taffeta, satin, georgette, or velvet may be used. Velvet is especia...

Frames Of Neteen And Crinoline
Lay the pattern on the neteen in such a way as to bring the bias where the greatest amount of roll is to be, then cut making the same ...

To Join The Seam In The Back
Insert one thickness between the other two ends, and backstitch closely. This method ought to make a fairly smooth seam. Cover the sea...

To Sew Edge Wire On Neteen
It is difficult to sew edge wire on neteen. A good result is obtained, however, by sewing the wire directly on the edge or by covering...

To Make A Turban Frame Of Neteen Or Crinoline
Make the side crown from a bias fold of neteen or crinoline, the height desired, plus one inch. The length should be the headsize meas...

To Wire Turban Flare
Sew the headsize wire one inch from the bottom, being careful not to stretch or full the material. Cut another piece of brace wire one...

Covering Turbans
Turbans are becoming to many types and are particularly suitable for the matron. Gay coverings are used on them often when they would ...

Equipment
Brace wire or frame wire Tie wire Sprung wire Pliers ...

To Open Coil Of Wire
Hold the coil in the left hand; unfasten and allow it to loosen gradually in the hand; pass it over the arm and knock it until the coi...

To Cut Wire
Place wire firmly and squarely between the jaws of the pliers at the point where they cut and press straight down. Be sure to cut with...

To Straighten Wire
Pass the wire between the thumb and finger with a sweeping motion. A piece of cloth or paper may be held in the hand if the fingers be...

To Tie Wire
Ends of brace wire parallel. Right angles tied diagonally. Brace wire tied without use of tie wire. Before beginning to make a...

To Fasten Two Pieces Of Brace Wire Without The Use Of Tie Wire
Hold the strand of wire against the wire to which it is to be fastened, at right angles to it, with about two and one-half or three in...

To Make Wire Frame For Hat Having Flat Brim And Square Crown
Always remember that it will greatly simplify the work first to make a paper pattern for every hat. A hat is seldom made with all sect...

Pattern For Brim
Make a pattern the same as for a straight-brim sailor, being careful to fold the pattern in halves from front to back, and to crease s...

Headsize Wire For Wire Frame
A wire frame needs two headsize wires, so cut two just alike, remembering always that the headsize wire is the most important wire in ...

Working Measurements Needed
Make a pencil mark on the pattern around the headsize wire. Before removing the wire, mark the eight different points where it crosses...

Sticks For Brim
Straighten and cut four pieces of frame wire the length of the diameter of the brim plus three inches for finishing. Place one of thes...

Edge Wire
Cut a circle of brace wire the exact length of the circumference of the brim plus one inch for lap and tie. Lay this close to the edge...

To Join Edge Wire
Begin at the back and place the mark on the edge wire on the back spoke at the pencil mark. Twist the end of the spoke once and a half...

Collar Of Brim
Cut the wire inside of the headsize wire in the center. Twist these wires once and a half around the headsize wire, bringing the ends ...

Square Crown For Wire Frame
Straighten the brace wire and cut four sticks or pieces long enough to reach from the base of the crown at the front up over the propo...

Base Wire For Crown
Measure and cut a length of brace wire one-half inch longer than for the headsize wire. Lap the ends one inch and join with tie wire. ...

Transparent Hats
If a wire frame is to be covered with thin material, great care and thought should be given to the frame, for it then forms part of th...

Base Wire
Cut a piece of brace wire one-half inch longer than the wire used for the headsize wire. Lap the ends one inch. Make this the same sha...

Circles Or Hoops
Add three circles of wire between the base wire and the small circle at the top. The first circle just above the base wire should be o...

To Finish The Base Of The Crown
The spokes of the crown may now be turned out sharply where the base wire is to be fastened and finished off the same as the edge wire...

A Shaped Wire Frame Made In One Piece
The simplest wire frame which is shaped at all is the mushroom shape or one that droops a little. Before beginning this hat it will be...

Pattern For Brim
Make a pattern of manila paper for the brim the same as for a fabric shape, following the same directions. It may droop only a very li...

Crown
Measure four sticks as for the crown in the preceding lesson, plus the width of the brim, plus six inches for finishing. This is ample...

Brim
We are now ready to make use of the measurements taken from the pattern. Mark the length of each spoke with a pencil; the distance the...

A Rolling Brim
Whether the hat is made in one piece or with a separate brim, the same method is used. First, as always, the paper pattern. If the bri...

To Color Wire Frames
Wires come in both black and white. A white frame may be colored to match any sheer fabric used for its covering. It will be found to ...

Halo Hat Brims
Halo brims may be made from any fabric, but to be effective the material should be sheer. Malines, nets, georgette crepe, or chiffon a...

Headsize Wire For Halo Brim
This headsize wire is made of frame wire. First measure, then cut, join ends, and shape as for any hat. Lay the headsize wire on the m...

Crown For Halo Brim
This may be very sheer, although a halo brim may be used on a braid or satin crown if desired. A wire crown for a halo brim usually co...

To Cover With Braid
Great care and patience must be exercised in covering a hat with straw braid. The lines which are to be emphasized should be carefully...

To Pin In Place On The Frame
Place the outer edge of the straw even with the outer edge of the brim, beginning at the center back, allowing three inches to extend ...

To Sew
Bring the needle through the edge of the braid at the lap from the under side and take a tiny stitch, stabbing the needle through the ...

Both Sides Of Brim Covered With Braid
Allow the first rows to project slightly beyond the edge of the brim both on the top and the bottom. These edges may be brought togeth...

To Cover A Crown With Braid
Begin at the bottom of the crown, slanting the second row off from the first row the same as on the brim. Pull the braid up with the t...

To Piece Braid
Sometimes a braid must be pieced at a conspicuous point on the hat, when careful handling will be found necessary. If the braid is com...

Brim And Crown Made From Small Pieces Of Silk And Braid
A very soft-looking braid hat may be made by sewing braid over a wire foundation which has been made for the purpose. The braid may be...

Covering Wire Frames With Maline Net Or Georgette
Wire frames which are to be covered with sheer material, such as maline, net, or georgette, must be carefully made, as the wire frame ...

Ribbon Covering
If a ribbon is used, it must be gathered on one edge so that it may be drawn down to fit the frame and may be laid on the same as brai...

Bias Fabric
If bias strips of silk or satin are used, the material should be cut in strips two and one-half inches wide, on a true bias, and joine...

Hat Linings
A hat lining should receive the same careful consideration and workmanship as the outside of the hat. From the milliner's point of vie...

Plain Lining
This should be made of a bias strip of material cut the length of the headsize wire, plus one inch for seam. The width should be the s...

French Lining
This lining is made from an oval piece of silk which corresponds to the crown measurements. Measure the crown from front to back and f...

Tailored Lining
This lining is rather the most popular lining used. Large firms send their material away to be made up for their trade and the linings...

Milliner's Fold
Cut from a piece of velvet, satin, or any fabric which is to be used, a bias strip one and one-half inches wide and of the desired len...

Bows
For the inexperienced in bow-making there is no better plan than to copy many different styles of bows, using either tissue paper or c...

Bows Of Maline
Maline is one of the most beautiful materials used in millinery and it lends itself to many uses. Hat frames are covered with maline; ...

Wired Ribbon Bows
Ribbon is sometimes wired if a stiff effect is desired. Silk, satin, velvet, or any kind of ribbon can be used. The flat ribbon wire i...

True Lovers' Knot
This is not, strictly speaking, a bow, but comes under this head. The ribbon used is made into the knot and sewed flat as it is made. ...

Tailored Bow
This bow is usually made from a piece of ribbon which has both sides alike, although it may be made from any ribbon. A Knox tailored b...

Pleatings
A pleating is difficult and requires patience. Unless accurately made, it should never be used on a hat, for upon its accuracy depends...

Box Pleating
This is made by turning the first pleat to the left and the next to the right. The same amount of material is required as for side ple...

Double Or Triple Box-pleating
This is made by adding one or more pleats, one on top of the other. Begin by making two or more pleats turning to the left, then the s...

Radiating
This is the most difficult pleating to fashion, but very handsome ornaments are made in this way. A foundation of buckram is usually ...

Foundations Of Buckram
The foundation for the second is in the shape of a low pyramid made from buckram. Cut a small circle of buckram, slash in three equall...

Pompons
Maline pompons make a very pretty ornament for any hat. They may be made perfectly round or elongated like the illustration. Several t...

Ribbon Rosettes
There are many different kinds of rosettes made from ribbon. Sometimes several loops of ribbon are made very close together and wound ...

Rosettes From Old Plumes
An old plume may be used to make trimming for a hat by cutting it from the quill with a very sharp knife or razor blade, retaining a s...

Flowers
MATERIAL REQUIRED: Tie wire, green Gum tissue, brown and green Cotton batting Milliner's glue Yellow stamens Dark g...

American Beauty Rose
This rose may be made of silk or satin; it may have as many petals as desired. Each petal is cut from a piece of folded material like ...

Ribbon Rose
To make a medium-sized ribbon rose requires two yards of satin ribbon two inches wide. There are several different methods of making t...

Wild Rose Of Silk
The petals for the wild rose may be cut from the same pattern as for the first rose given. This same pattern is used for many differen...

Foliage
The rose foliage may be made if desired. Cut the leaves from green satin or velvet, or color them green with water-color if a light-co...

Small Wound Rose Of Fabric
Cut from a true bias a strip of material one inch wide and four inches long. Fold lengthwise through the middle. Turn the raw edges in...

Wired Rose
This rose, when carefully made, is most beautiful and sells for an exorbitant price. To make the rose as illustrated requires one-quar...

Flat Pasted Blossom
A conventional flower which makes a beautiful trimming may be made from the pattern for the wired rose first given. Cut five petals (o...

Poinsettias
The petals of this blossom are also pasted to a lining, the poinsettia making a beautiful ornament. While a bright red is extremely lo...

Poppies
Poppies may be made from ribbon seventeen inches long and two and one-quarter inches wide. Cut two pieces five and one-half inches lon...

Morning Glories
Cut a circle of paper four inches in diameter. One quarter section of this will be the pattern for a morning glory. The circle may be ...

Orchid
This blossom is especially adapted to the gown of the matron, or wherever a touch of lavender is desired. It is effectively combined w...

No 1 Pattern For The Center
This calls for a piece of velvet ribbon one and one-half inches wide and four inches in length. If possible this ribbon should be dark...

No 2 Pattern For The Center
This center is made from a piece of velvet ribbon three and one-half inches long and one and one-quarter inches wide. Fold lengthwise,...

Blossoms Of Maline Or Net
These may be made by using the same pattern as for the American Beauty rose, selecting the size required. (See illustration.) Lay a st...

Sweet Peas
Cut four petals after the same pattern, making one about one and one-half inches and two one inch, then a small one for the center, or...

Violets
No flower is more popular than the violet, and a cluster of handsome violets make a most acceptable gift at any time. Violet-colore...

Daisies
Daisies may be made from one-quarter inch ribbon, using as many petals as desired. Cut the ribbon into two and one-half-inch lengths. ...

Geraniums
These flowers are made of geranium-colored satin ribbon. Use the same method as in making violets, except that yellow stamens should a...

Apples
The material required for making apples is cut into a circle of any size desired and from any material. The edge should be turned in ...

Cherries
These are made from a smaller circle of material than the apple--satin or velvet would make a charming cluster. The method used is the...

Plums
These may be made from a piece of plum-colored material on a true bias, two and one-quarter inches long and one and one-quarter inches...

Raisins
These may be made from gathering a folded circle of plum-colored material one-eighth of an inch from the edge, but used without fillin...

Grapes
These are made the same as cherries, except a cluster would have several sizes. They are beautiful made from black velvet. A cluster o...

Mourning Millinery
Hats worn when one is in mourning are nearly always small and made of black crepe with a few folds of white crepe near the face. The c...

Applied Hem On A Veil
For a hem three inches wide, cut a strip six inches in width and long enough to reach around the edge of the veil plus three inches fo...

Straw Shapes
BRIM--Brush well to remove all the dust. If the brim is too wide, a few rows of braid may be removed from the edge, and the edge refin...

To Put A Straw Hat Into Shape
If the general outlines of a straw shape are found to be good, or if it only needs slight reshaping, it can be done at home with satis...

Light Straw Hats
Light straw hats may be cleaned by the use of soap and water or gasoline. If the hat is in need of bleaching, sulphur and water may be...

When Straw Is To Be Re-sewed
Rip carefully from the foundation; brush and press carefully. Some straw will not stand dampening, so try out a small piece first. Pla...

Panama Hats
It is much more satisfactory to send a Panama to a good professional cleaner. A Panama hat may be made less severe-looking by the addi...

Old Buckram Frames
When a covered buckram shape has become broken and out of shape, remove all the covering. Dampen the frame and press with a hot iron. ...

Blocking Over Wire Frames
If a buckram frame needs changing radically, it may be done by blocking over a wire frame made for the purpose. The wire frame should ...

New Brims For Old Crowns
If the brim of a hat is past renewing, a new one may be made, or the wire brim from an old hat may be used with a crown of velvet, or ...

Felt And Beaver Hats
When soiled, clean with gasoline and cornmeal. To restore the gloss, rub the hat with a very fine piece of sandpaper which has been ta...

Renovation Of Hat Coverings And Linings
To freshen velvet and raise the pile, brush well to remove the dust. With the wrong side down, hold it over the spout of a tea-kettle ...

To Freshen Crepe For Mourning Millinery
Brush the crepe with a fine brush to remove the dust. Clean in gasoline if necessary. Crepe may be made to look like new if pinned dow...

Cleaning Curling And Tinting Feathers
To clean, immerse the feather in gasoline to which has been added a few spoonfuls of cornmeal. Draw the feather through the hands seve...

Ribbons
If soiled, they may be cleaned in gasoline or soap and water, using a brush. Do not rub or wring. Hang up to drip dry, or wind tightly...

Flowers
If flowers are faded, they may be touched up with water-color. If they are pink, rouge may be used effectively. If the edges are much ...

Quills
Quills are sometimes improved by passing them between the thumb and finger on which a small amount of vaseline or oil has been placed....

Wings
Loose feathers should be glued in place and the wing covered with maline or a hair net of the same color. Wings may be covered with a ...

Lace
Most laces may be washed in warm, soapy water. Press gently in the hands--do not rub. Press the water out after having rinsed the lace...

Malines
Malines may be used to good advantage, even if parts are badly worn and faded. Place a thin, damp cloth over them and press with a war...


Kids Craft

Paper Building Cards
Make your building cards of ordinary writing-paper. You may have as many cards as you like, though twelve are all that are used to m...

Toys Made Of Common Wooden Berry-baskets
Use a one-quart wooden berry-box for the china closet . Turn the empty box facing you, and slide the prongs of a clothespin up throu...

Straw And Paper Furniture
A handful of straws, such as are used for lemonade and soda-water, several large sheets of writing-paper, and some small-sized pins&...

A Newspaper Boat Which Will Sail On Real Water
...

Paper Jewelry
Ordinary brown wrapping paper is the best to use for this paper jewelry. Indeed the pale, creamy yellow of some wrapping paper is mu...

What To Make Of Empty Spools
Gather up all the spools you can find, big, little, thick, and thin; no matter how many, you can use them all. There is no end of fu...

Old Envelope Toys And How To Make Them
Don't throw away your old envelopes; see what amusing toys can be made of them simply by folding and cutting. No paste or glue is ne...

Toys Of Clothespins
You can make cunning, soft, downy hens and roosters simply of raw cotton and clothespins . The little creatures may be pure white, d...

Scrap-books
Mother Goose Scrap-Book The nursery scrap-books made of linen or colored cambric are, perhaps, familiar to most o...

Toys Made Of Common Kindling Wood
Just a glance at a pile of ordinary every-day kindling wood could hardly suggest to one the possibilities existing in the crude mate...

Little Twig People
Have you seen the little people who live up in the trees? Little twig people who dance and swing and bob about, who nod and bow and ...

Visiting-card Houses
From old visiting cards you can build all the different houses and furniture seen in the accompanying illustrations. ...

Playing Indians With Costumes Made Of Newspapers
The best framework for a newspaper wigwam can be made of long-handled feather dusters, but long-handled brushes, or poles of any kin...

Christmas-tree Decorations
...

A Home-made Santa Claus
"Merry Christmas! Merry Christmas!" calls out Santa Claus cheerily as the guests come trooping into the room. Laughing and jo...

Nature Study With Tissue-paper
A natural flower, some tissue-paper, a pair of scissors, a spool of thread, and nimble fingers are all you need. There are no...

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  Making Hats  
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