Informational
Informational Site Network

View All Sites

Informational - Information on a broad range of topics.

Home / Login / Signup
Browse   
[Recent Popular Search Terms: baseball, psychic, owls, snakes, history, canada, tax sales, goths, cathloic ]

 Histories.ca

Get a canadian perspective on history, read interesting historic tales, understand Canadian and Scottish History.




Mobile version of Histories.ca

EBooks Available

Canadian History EBook Canadian Dictionary EBook Historic Tales EBook Scottish History EBook History of Toronto EBook History of Germany EBook Colonization of North America EBook History of Egypt EBook History of PEI EBook History of Puerto Rico EBook United States History EBook History of the Balkans EBook History of Australia EBook History India EBook History of the Irish EBook


Rank Site: 1    2    3    4    5    6    7    8    9    10   
Search Articles / Information from this site




Content

+:
  Canadian History (22)    Canadian Dictionary (3866)    Historic Tales (427)    Scottish History (27)    History of Toronto (34)    History of Germany (42)    Colonization of North America (161)    History of Egypt (9)    History of PEI (12)    History of Puerto Rico (42)    United States History (24)    History of the Balkans (41)    History of Australia (26)    History India (43)    History of the Irish (22)  


Histories.ca

Get a canadian perspective on history, read interesting historic tales, understand Canadian and Scottish History.


Canadian History

Introductory
There are antinomies in politics as in philosophy, problems where the difficulty lies in reconciling facts indubitably true but mutual...

The Canadian Community
To understand the political evolution of Canada it is essential to begin with a study of the elements of Canadian society. Canadian ...

The Governors-general: Lord Sydenham
Between 1839 and 1854, four governors-general exercised authority over Canada, the Right Honourable Charles Poulett Thomson, later Lor...

The Governors-general: Sir Charles Bagot
Sir Charles Bagot, the second governor-general of United Canada, contrasted strangely with his predecessor in character and political ...

The Governors-general: Lord Metcalfe
A surrender of the official Imperial position so unexpected and so contrary to the intentions of the Colonial Office, as that which Ba...

The Governors-general: Lord Elgin
The year which intervened between Metcalfe's departure and the arrival of Lord Elgin at the beginning of 1847, may be disregarded in t...

British Opinion And Canadian Autonomy
While these great modifications were being made in the form and spirit of Canadian provincial government, corresponding changes were t...

The Consequences Of Canadian Autonomy
A change so informally achieved, and yet so decisive, as the completion of a system of self-government in Canada could not but have f...

Discovery Of Lake Champlain
This beautiful lake owes its name to Samuel de Champlain, the founder of Quebec. In 1609, long before the Pilgrim Fathers landed at ...

Discovery Of Lake George
It was thirty-three years since Champlain had first attacked the Iroquois. They had nursed their wrath for more than a generation, a...

Battle Of Lake George
For more than a century after the death of Jogues, Lakes George and Champlain were the great route of war parties between Canada and...

A Winter Raid
While Johnson was building Fort William Henry at one end of Lake George, the French began Fort Ticonderoga at the other, though they...

Siege And Massacre Of Fort William Henry
Having failed to take Fort William Henry by surprise, the French resolved to attack it with all the force they could bring against i...

Battle Of Ticonderoga
In 1758, the English commanders, incensed at the loss of Fort William Henry, resolved to retaliate by a strong effort to seize Ticon...

A Legend Of Ticonderoga
Mention has been made of the death of Major Duncan Campbell of Inverawe. The following family tradition relating to it was told me i...

Siege Of Fort Niagara
The River Niagara was known to the Jesuits as early as 1640. The Falls are indicated on Champlain's map of 1632, and in 1648 the Jes...

Massacre Of The Devil's Hole
After the conquest of Canada, there was a general uprising of the Indian tribes, led by the famous Pontiac, against the British fort...

The Birth Of Montreal
We come now to an enterprise as singular in its character as it proved important in its results. At La Fleche, in Anjou, dwelt on...

Infancy Of Quebec
Champlain was the founder of this old capital of French Canada, whose existence began in 1608. In that year he built a cluster of fo...

A Military Mission
Quebec was without a governor. Who should succeed Champlain? and would his successor be found equally zealous for the Faith, and fri...

Massachusetts Attacks Quebec
Like Montreal, Quebec transformed itself in time lost much of its character of a mission, and became the seat of the colonial govern...

The Heights Of Abraham
The early part of the Seven Years' War was disastrous to England. The tide turned with the accession to power of the great war minis...


Canadian Dictionary

Abbott Sir John Joseph Caldwell 1821-1893 Educated At Mcgill
University; studied law and called to the bar of Lower Canada, 1847. A candidate for the Legislative Assembly for Argenteuil, 1857, but ...

Abbott Joseph 1789-1863 Born And Educated In England Came To
Canada, 1818. Missionary of the Church of England. Wrote The Emigrant, containing information for farmers about Canada. ...

Abenaquis Indians
See Abnaki. ...

Abercrombie James
Entered the army, and obtained a captaincy in the 42nd or 1st Battalion of Royal Highlanders, 1756. Appointed aide-de-camp to Major-Gen...

Abercromby James 1706-1781 Entered The Army And Obtained
commission as major, 1742; lieutenant-colonel, 1744; colonel, 1746. Sent to America with 50th Regiment, 1756; superseded Shirley and Web...

Abercromby Sir Ralph 1734-1801 Commanded A Brigade In Holland
under Duke of York, 1793, and wounded at Nimeguen. Afterwards appointed commander-in-chief of the forces in the West Indies. Held succes...

Aberdeen John Campbell Hamilton Gordon Seventh Earl Of 1847- A
baronet of Nova Scotia. Born in Edinburgh, Scotland. Succeeded to peerage, 1870. Appointed viceroy of Ireland, 1886. Appointed governor...

Abnaki Indians
A tribe of the Algonquian family, inhabiting a portion of what is now the province of New Brunswick. They were early converts of the Fr...

Abraham Plains Of
See Plains of Abraham. ...

Academy Of Arts
See Royal Canadian Academy of Arts. ...

Acadia
The name Acadia or "la Cadie" is found as early as Nov. 8, 1603, in the commission of Henry IV appointing Pierre du Gua, Sieur de Monts...

Acadia College
Situated at Wolfville, Nova Scotia. Founded by the Nova Scotia Baptist Education Society, 1838. Application made to the Nova Scotia Ass...

Acadian
Newspaper published at Halifax. =Index=: (Joseph Howe era) Formerly Weekly Chronicle, 6; purchased and edited by Joseph Howe, 6; sold by...

Acadians
The first permanent settlers were those who came with De Razilly in 1632, and from these the Acadians of to-day are descended. Other Fr...

Acadians Expulsion Of The
Governor Lawrence in 1755, with the advice of his Council and of Admirals Boscawen and Mostyn, but apparently without consulting the ho...

Accommodation
First steamboat on the St. Lawrence. Built by John Molson at Montreal. Arrived at Quebec from Montreal, Nov. 5, 1809, making the run in...

Adams
(General Brock era) United States brig on Lake Erie, 178; surrendered to British, 256; name changed to Detroit, 274; captured by America...

Adams John
Came to Nova Scotia from Boston. Appointed member of the Council, 1720. After the death of Lawrence Armstrong, administered the governm...

Addison Robert
(John Graves Simcoe era) First chaplain of Upper Canada Assembly, 85, 158; opens a school at Niagara, 167. (Egerton Ryerson era) Member ...

Adet Pierre Auguste 1763-1832 Appointed On The 10th Thermidor
member of the French Council of Mines. In 1795, went to the United States in the capacity of plenipotentiary. In 1796 presented to the ...

Agniers
See Mohawks. ...

Agriculture
Societies for improving the conditions of agriculture were founded in Nova Scotia, 1789; in Quebec the same year; and in Upper Canada i...

Aguesseau Henri-francois 1668-1751 Studied Law Appointed Third
barrister of the Parliament of Paris, 1690; and attorney-general, 1700. Seventeen years later became chancellor. His opposition to Law's...

Index : Count Frontenac Era On French Parliaments 153
...

Aiguebelle D'
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) In battle of Ste. Foy, 257. ...

Aiken Thomas B
(Joseph Howe era) Contributes to The Club in Howe's Nova Scotian, 10. ...

Aikins James Cox 1823-1896 Educated At Victoria College Elected
for Peel County, 1854, and sat in Assembly until 1861. Elected to Legislative Council, 1862; and at Confederation became a member of the...

Ailleboust De Coulonge Louis D'
Administered settlement of Villemarie during the absence of Maisonneuve. Promoted to governorship of Three Rivers. Became governor of C...

Aillon Father De La Roche D'
(Samuel de Champlain era) Recollet interpreter and negotiator with the Kirkes, 188-190; returns to France, 208. =Bib.=: Kirke, The Firs...

Aix-la-chapelle Treaty Of
Signed between Great Britain and France, April 18, 1748. Brought the War of the Austrian Succession to a close. The practical effect of...

Alabama Claims
(Sir John A Macdonald era) Exploits of the Alabama, 98; inflicts injury on Northern shipping, 165; causes irritation in United States, 1...

Alaska Boundary Question
Arose out of differences of opinion as to the interpretation of the 1828 Convention between Russia and Great Britain, and particularly ...

Albanel Charles L Explores Hudson Bay 11
...

Alberta
Created a province of the Dominion on Sept. 1, 1905. Includes the former district of Alberta, with the west half of Athabaska, and a st...

Alberta University Of
Created by Act of the Legislature of Alberta passed at the first session after provincial autonomy had been granted. First president ap...

Albion
Newspaper published at New York. =Index=: (George Brown Era) Peter Brown contributes to, 2; a weekly newspaper, published at New York fo...

Alexander Vii Pope 1599-1667 Born Fabio Chigi Elected Pope 1655
...

Index : Bishop Laval Era Appoints Laval His Vicar Apostolic 7
...

Alexander Of Rhodes Father L Recommends Laval For Mission Work In
India, 23. ...

Alexander Sir William
See Stirling, Earl of. ...

Algonquian Indians
The name is now applied to what is probably the most widely-distributed linguistic stock of North America. In the days of French Canada...

Aliens
(Lord Dorchester era) Dorchester has Act passed in 1794 by Assembly, 288; designed to guard against danger of anti-British sentiment, 28...

Alix Marguerite Ch Mother Of Helen Bouille 66
...

Alix Simon Ch Director Of Company Of New France 170
...

Allan George William 1822-1901 Born In York Upper Canada
Educated at Upper Canada College; studied law and called to the bar, 1846. Served in the volunteers during the Rebellion of 1837. Mayor ...

Allan Sir Hugh 1810-1882 Founder Of The Allan Line Of Steamships
Came to Canada from Scotland, 1826, and in 1831 entered the shipbuilding firm of James Millar & Co., Montreal, of which he became a part...

Allanshaw James
(Wilmot era) Appointed to Legislative Council, New Brunswick, 69. ...

Allard Father Germain
(Bishop Laval era) Recollet missionary, arrival in Canada, 109. ...

Allcock Henry
Studied law at Lincoln's Inn, and called to the bar, 1791. In November, 1798, appointed judge of Court of King's Bench for Upper Canada...

Allen Ethan 1737-1789 Index : Lord Dorchester Era Seizes Ticonderoga And Crown
Point, 83; marches against Montreal, 98; captured with part of his force, 99; put into irons, 100; proposes separate arrangements betwee...

Allen Ira 1751-1814 Index : Sir Frederick Haldimand Era Brother Of Ethan Has Conference
with British emissary, 204; little confidence placed in good faith of, 205, 209; receives documents justifying his mission, 210; propose...

Allen John Campbell
(Tilley era) Solicitor-general, New Brunswick, 1856, 41; opposition candidate in York, 1865, elected, 86; his sterling honesty, 87; att...

Allison Joseph
(Joseph Howe era) On his death, 1839, Joseph Howe offered his seat in Executive Council, Nova Scotia, but refuses, 72. ...

Allouez Father Claude
Came to Quebec, 1657. Left for the West, 1665. Laboured for twenty-five years among the tribes of what are now the states of Wisconsin,...

Allsopp George
Settled in Quebec, 1761, and became prominent in maintaining the rights of the civil authority as opposed to the military. January, 176...

Almon William Bruce
(Joseph Howe era) A "bitter Tory," 86; called to Executive and Legislative Councils of Nova Scotia, 1843, 86; his appointment leads to ...

Alwington
(Lord Sydenham era) Name of governor-general's residence at Kingston, 294. ...

American Colonies
(Lord Dorchester era) Their objections to the Quebec Act, 70. (Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Loudon's letter to Pitt regarding taxation o...

American Invasion 1775-1776 Grew Out Of The Belief Entertained By
the rebellious colonists that the French of Canada could readily be won to their side. As a matter of fact the latter, while for the mos...

American Revolution
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) Traced to battle of the Plains, 205. (Tilley era) Loyalists in, 2-3. ...

Americans
(Lord Dorchester era) Settled in Canada, disloyalty of, 82, 85; disorderly retreat of, 146. ...

Amherst Jeffrey Baron 1717-1797 Sent To America 1758 And In
co-operation with Admiral Boscawen, captured Louisbourg that year. With General Prideaux and Sir W. Johnson, took Ticonderoga, 1759. Red...

Amherstburg
A town on the Canadian side of the Detroit River. ...

Index : General Brock Era Fort Village And Naval Station 59 Deputy
quartermaster-general stationed at, 80; military importance of, 177, 236; garrison of, 202, 235. (Baldwin / La Fontaine / Hincks era) Ea...

Bib : James Early History Of The Town Of Amherstburg
...

Amherst's Regiment
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) On British left, at Quebec, 189. ...

Amiens Treaty Of
Signed between Great Britain and France, March 25, 1802. Brought to an end the war that had lasted since 1793. Among other provisions, ...

Amnesty Act 1838 William Lyon Mackenzie Era Enables The Government To Extend Conditional
pardon in certain cases to political offenders, 474-475. ...

Amnesty Act 1849 Lord Elgin Era William Lyon Mackenzie Takes Advantage Of 91
(Baldwin / La Fontaine / Hincks era) Proposed by Elgin, on behalf of Imperial government, as a measure of pardon for those implicated in...

Amusements In Canada
(Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Contemporary accounts of, in 1781, 221-224. ...

Anadabijou
(Samuel de Champlain era) Montagnais chief, makes long harangue to Champlain, 10; his relations with Champlain, 50-51. ...

Anahotaha
(Bishop Laval era) Huron chief, joins Dollard at Long Sault, 69. ...

Andastes
A once-powerful tribe, who spoke a dialect of the Iroquois, but were at deadly enmity with the Five Nations, by whom, according to Park...

Andehoua
(Samuel de Champlain era) Indian youth baptized, 233. ...

Anderson Captain
(Lord Dorchester era) British officer killed at Sault au Matelot barrier, 130. ...

Anderson A Caulfield
An officer of the Hudson's Bay Company, employed for many years in the New Caledonia district, under Dr. McLoughlin. =Index=: (Sir Jame...

Anderson Anthony
(William Lyon Mackenzie era) Given command of the rebels, 360; moves on Toronto, 363; takes prisoners, 364; victim of Powell's treachery...

Anderson David 1814-1885 Born In London England Educated At
Edinburgh Academy and at Exeter College, Oxford. Vice-principal of St. Bees College, Cumberland, 1841-1847, and incumbent of All Saints'...

Andros Sir Edmund 1637-1713 Appointed Governor Of New York 1674
governor of all the New England colonies, 1685. Recalled on account of his extreme unpopularity, 1688. Subsequently governor of Virginia...

Aneda
(Samuel de Champlain era) An Indian chief, 29. ...

Aneda
An evergreen, used by Jacques Cartier and his men as a remedy against scurvy. Parkman suggests that it was a spruce, or, more probably,...

Ange Gardien
A village on the St. Lawrence, north shore, below Quebec. Index: (Wolfe / Montcalm era) Wolfe seriously ill at, 154. From the John...

Angers Auguste Real 1838- Born In Quebec Studied Law And
called to the bar; made Q.C. 1880, and the same year appointed a puisne judge of the Superior Court of Quebec. Lieutenant-governor of Q...

Anglican Church
See Church of England. ...

Anglin Timothy Warren 1822-1886 Born In Ireland Came To St John
New Brunswick, 1849. Established Weekly Freeman that year. Elected to New Brunswick Legislature for St. John, 1860. Opposed Confederatio...

Angus Richard Bladworth 1831- Born At Bathgate Near Edinburgh
Came to Canada, 1857, and joined the staff of the Bank of Montreal. Rose steadily in the service of the bank, and in 1869 became general...

Anian Strait Of
Dr. Ruge says that the name arose through a misunderstanding of Marco Polo's book (bk. 3, ch. 5). His Ania "is no doubt the present Ana...

Annand William 1808-1892 Born In Halifax County Entered The Nova
Scotia Assembly as one of the members for Halifax, 1836; financial secretary in Howe's ministry, 1860-1863. An active opponent of Confe...

Annapolis Royal
When Nicholson, with his fleet and New England troops, captured Port Royal in 1710, he changed the name to Annapolis Royal, in honour o...

Anne Saint
(Bishop Laval era) Chapel dedicated to, in the church at Quebec, 84; chapels erected to, at Beaupre, 101; relic of, 102. ...

Annexation To United States
A fitful movement, never reaching serious proportions, and generally the result of temporary or local dissatisfaction with political co...

Anse Des Meres
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) Frigates stationed at, 87; British vessels anchored at, 124. ...

Anstruther's Regiment
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) In the attack on Quebec, 135; secures Sillery road, 183; detachment keeps Bougainville's corps in check, 189. ...

Antell
(Lord Dorchester era) A disaffected Montrealer, 122. ...

Anticosti
The first mention of the island is in Cartier's narrative of his first voyage, 1534. The following year he again visited the island, wh...

Apprenticeship System Of
(Bishop Laval era) Adopted with new-comers, in New France, 78. ...

Archambault Louis
(Sir Georges E. Cartier era) Confirms statements as to Cartier's action in connection with alleged alterations in British North America ...

Archibald Sir Adams George 1814-1892 Educated At Pictou Academy
Studied law; in 1838 called to the bar of Prince Edward Island; and to that of Nova Scotia in 1839. Elected to the Nova Scotia Assembly ...

Bib : Expulsion Of Acadians N S Hist Soc Vol 5 For Biog
see Dent, Can. Por.; Rose, Cyc. Can. Biog. ...

Archibald Samuel George William 1777-1846 Born In Colchester
County, Nova Scotia. Studied law and practised in Nova Scotia; obtained a seat in the Legislature; became Speaker, solicitor-general, an...

Archives
Provision was made by the Parliament of Canada, in 1872, for an Archives Branch, and Douglas Brymner was appointed Dominion Archivist. ...

Arctic Archipelago
Embraces the islands lying north of the mainland of Canada. Transferred to the Dominion by an Imperial order-in-council, Sept. 1, 1880....

Argall Sir Samuel
Born in Walthamstow, England. A type of the founders of British colonial dominion. Sent, May, 1609, with a small vessel to the new sett...

Argenson Pierre De Voyer Vicomte D' 1626-1710 Succeeded Jean De
Lauson as governor of New France, 1658. His governorship marked by personal quarrels with Laval, and a series of humiliating raids thro...

Argyll John Douglas Sutherland Campbell Ninth Duke Of 1845-
Married H. R. H. Princess Louise, 1871; succeeded to dukedom, 1900. Represented Argyllshire in Parliament, 1868-1878. Governor-general o...

Arkansas River
(Bishop Laval era) Reached by Jolliet and Marquette, 146. ...

Armistice
In War of 1812. =Index=: (General Brock era) Effects of, 261-263, 269, 272; termination of, 270; position of enemy strengthened during i...

Armour John Douglas 1830-1903 Educated At Upper Canada College And
the University of Toronto; studied law and called to the bar, 1853; made Q.C., 1867; Bencher of the Law Society, 1871. Appointed a puisn...

Bib : Morgan Can Men Dent Can Por
...

Armstrong Lawrence
Came to Nova Scotia as lieutenant-colonel of General Philipps's regiment. Appointed to the governor's Council, 1720. Appointed lieutena...

Arnold Benedict 1741-1801 A Druggist At New Haven Conn When The
War of Independence broke out, in 1775, organized an expedition against British on Lake Champlain. The same year led a body of picked me...

Arnoux
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) King's surgeon, Montcalm carried into house of, 218. ...

Aroostook War 1839 Wilmot Era Arose Out Of Unsettled Boundary Question
between Maine and New Brunswick, 135. =Bib.=: Sprague, The North-Eastern Boundary Controversy and the Aroostook War. ...

Arrangement Of 1830
Provided that United States vessels should have access to ports in the British West Indies, in return for a similar privilege granted t...

Arthur
Clergyman. =Index=: (John Graves Simcoe era) Teaches school at Niagara, 167-168. ...

Arthur Sir George 1784-1854 The Last Lieutenant-governor Of Upper
Canada, 1838-1841. The chief event of his tenure of office was the suppression of the Upper Canadian Rebellion. Had been successively g...

Asgill Sir Charles 1762-1823 A Lieutenant In Cornwallis's Army
1780. Taken prisoner at Yorktown, condemned to death by the Americans, to avenge death of a Revolutionary officer. Marie Antoinette havi...

Ashburton Alexander Baring Baron 1774-1848 Entered Parliament In
1806. Opposed measures against American commerce. President of board of trade and master of mint, 1834. Raised to peerage, 1835. Commiss...

Bib : Dict Nat Biog
...

Ashburton John Dunning First Baron 1731-1783 Index : Lord Dorchester Era
Opposes Quebec Act in House of Commons, 65. =Bib.=: Dict. Nat. Biog. ...

Ashburton Treaty
Negotiated between Great Britain and the United States, 1842, Lord Ashburton acting for the former and Daniel Webster on behalf of the ...

Assembly
See House of Assembly. ...

Assiniboia
One of the provisional districts carved out of the North-West Territories, in 1882. Now included in the provinces of Alberta and Saskat...

Assiniboine Indians
A tribe of the Siouan family; first mentioned in the Jesuit Relation of 1640. They separated from the parent stock early in the sevente...

Assiniboine River
Discovered by La Verendrye in 1736. Fort Rouge was built at the mouth of the river in that year, as well as Fort La Reine, near the pre...

Association Of Canadian Refugees
(William Lyon Mackenzie era) Formed in 1839, 448; object of, independence of Canada, 449; ended further expeditions against Canada, 449...

Astor John Jacob 1763-1848 Founder Of Astor Fur Company Index :
(General Brock era) Sends news of declaration of war in 1812, 204. =Bib.=: Bryce, Hudson's Bay Company; Cyc. Am. Biog. ...

Astor Fur Company
...

Index : Sir James Douglas Era Founds Astoria 64 See Also Pacific
Fur Company. ...

Astoria
Established by Pacific Fur Company, 1811. Turned over to the North West Company, 1813, and renamed Fort George. The scene of Washington...

Astorians
Name applied to members of the two expeditions fitted out by John Jacob Astor, to found trading establishment at the mouth of the Colum...

Atahualpa
(Sir James Douglas era) Vessel, attacked by Milbank Sound savages, 1805, 37. ...

Atalanta
(Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Vessel in which Haldimand embarked for England, 309. ...

Atalante
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) French frigate, loads stores at Sorel, 243. ...

Athabaska
One of the provisional districts formed out of the North-West Territories in 1882; area about 122,000 square miles. Now divided between...

Athabaska Lake
First discovered by Peter Pond, about 1778. Ten years later the first trading post on the lake was built by Roderick McKenzie of the No...

Athabaska Pass
Discovered by David Thompson of the North West Company, in January, 1811. The pass was used thereafter by the traders as a route from t...

Athabaska River
Rises in the watershed range of the Rocky Mountains, close to the head waters of the north branch of the North Saskatchewan, and after ...

Atkins D A
(John Graves Simcoe era) Opens school at Napanee, 167. ...

Attignaouantans
(Samuel de Champlain era) Huron tribe (the Bears), 88, 91. ...

Attigninonghacs
(Samuel de Champlain era) Huron tribe devoted to the French, 92. ...

Aube-riviere Francois Louis De Pourroy De L'
Appointed bishop of Quebec, Aug. 16, 1739. Arrived at Quebec, Aug. 12, 1740, and died of fever on the 20th of the same month. =Index=: ...

Aubere Father Joseph
(Samuel de Champlain era) Jesuit missionary, his labours in Acadia, 236. ...

Aubert Joseph
(Samuel de Champlain era) Director of the Company of New France, 170. ...

Aubert De Gaspe Philippe 1786-1871 French-canadian Writer
...

Index : Bishop Laval Era His Description Of Canadians 118 Bib : Works: Les
Anciens Canadiens, translated into English by Mrs. Pennie, and by C. G. D. Roberts; Memoires. For biog., see Casgrain, Biographies Cana...

Aubert De La Chesnaye Charles 1630-1702 Born At Amiens Came To
Canada, 1655. Chief clerk of the Compagnie des Indes Occidentales, 1665. Engaged in the fur-trade at Cataraqui, 1674. In 1677 obtained a...

Aubert De La Chesnaye Jacques
(Count Frontenac era) Trader, La Barre's dealings with, 175. ...

Aubry
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) Force gathered by, and Ligneris, dispersed, 146. ...

Aubry
(Samuel de Champlain era) Priest of De Monts's expedition, at Ste. Croix, 25. ...

Auckland George Eden Earl Of 1784-4849 Index : Lord Sydenham Era President Of
board of trade, when Poulett Thomson was vice-president, 26. ...

Auguste
(Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Transport ship wrecked in St. Lawrence, 40. ...

Aulneau Jean-pierre
Jesuit missionary, with La Verendrye in his western explorations. Murdered by Sioux on an island in the Lake of the Woods, May, 1736. ...

Aumont Marechal D'
(Samuel de Champlain era) Champlain serves under, 1. ...

Austerlitz
(General Brock era) Battle of, its significance, 72-73. ...

Auteuil Denis Joseph Ruette D'
See Ruette d'Auteuil. ...

Avaugour Pierre Dubois Baron D'
Governor of New France, 1661-1663, succeeding D'Argenson. =Index=: (Count Frontenac era) Governor, 45; disagrees with clergy on liquor ...

Aylesworth Sir Allen Bristol 1854- Born In Newburgh Ontario
Educated at Newburgh High School and at the University of Toronto; studied law and called to the bar of Ontario, 1878; practised his pr...

Aylmer Matthew Whitworth Baron 1775-1850 Entered The Army 1787
served in the West Indies, in Holland, and in the Peninsula under Wellington. Reached the full rank of general, 1825, and in 1830 became...

Aylwin Thomas Cushing 1806-1871 Born In Quebec City Studied Law
and called to the bar, 1828. First entered public life, 1841, as member for Portneuf. After filling the office of solicitor-general in t...

Babbitt Samuel
(Tilley era) Master of Madras School, Gagetown, New Brunswick, 5; also clerk of the parish, 5. ...

Baby James 1762-1833 Born At Detroit Educated At Quebec Seminary
and in 1784 travelled in Europe. On his return the following year engaged in the fur trade at Detroit. On the formation of the province ...

Baby Louis Francois Georges 1834-1906 Born In Montreal Studied
law and called to the bar of Lower Canada, 1857; made a Q.C., 1873. Represented Joliette in Dominion House, 1872-1880; minister of inlan...

Back Sir George 1796-1878 Entered The Navy As Midshipman In 1808
accompanied Franklin on his Arctic expeditions of 1818, 1819-1822, and 1824-1827. Promoted lieutenant, 1822, and commander, 1827. In 183...

Bib : Works: Narrative Of The Arctic Land Expedition Narrative Of
Expedition in H.M.S. Terror. For biog., see Dict. Nat. Biog. ...

Badeaux
(Lord Dorchester era) His account of American invasion, 89. ...

Badgley William 1801-1888 Born In Montreal Studied Law And Called
to the bar, 1823. Member of the Legislative Assembly, 1847-1855; member of the Executive Council for Lower Canada, 1847-1848; appointed ...

Badin Father
(Bishop Laval era) Companion of Father Marquette, 62. ...

Bagot Sir Charles 1781-1843 Born In England Educated At Rugby And
Oxford; entered Parliament, 1807, becoming under-secretary for foreign affairs. Minister plenipotentiary to France, 1814; and to the Uni...

Bagot Father
(Bishop Laval era) Director of Jesuit college of La Fleche, 20. ...

Baie De Chaleur
In west coast of Gulf of St. Lawrence, on boundary between Quebec and New Brunswick. Discovered by Jacques Cartier in 1534, described i...

Baie St Paul
A village in Charlevoix County, sixty miles below Quebec. =Index=: (Wolfe / Montcalm era) Settlements near burnt by Wolfe's orders, 150....

Bailiffs
(Lord Dorchester era) Accused of instigating litigation, 53. ...

Baillie Thomas
(Wilmot era) Commissioner of crown lands for New Brunswick, 1824-1851, 21; his income exceeded that of the lieutenant-governor, 21; his...

Bailly Mgr
(Lord Dorchester era) Coadjutor bishop of Quebec, on education in Canada, 229. ...

Bailly Francois
(Bishop Laval era) Master mason of Montreal church, 88. ...

Bain James 1842-1908 Born In London England Came To Canada With
his parents at early age; educated at the Toronto Academy and the Toronto Grammar School. Spent some years in London engaged in the pub...

Baldoon
A settlement near Lake St. Clair in Upper Canada, made by Lord Selkirk, 1803, and named after one of his own estates. =Index=: (Mackenz...

Baldoon Street
Built by Selkirk settlers, from Baldoon to Chatham on the River Thames. =Index=: (Mackenzie / Selkirk / Simpson era) Connected Baldoon a...

Baldwin C T
Born in Ireland. Entered the army; served throughout the Peninsular War; afterwards in the West Indies; for a time in the service of th...

Baldwin Robert 1804-1858 Index : Baldwin / La Fontaine / Hincks Era Name Associated With
responsible government, ix; a "man of one idea," ix; his ancestry, 23; born, May 12, 1804, at York, 25; early years, 25; studies law, 25...

Baldwin William Warren
Born in Ireland. Came to Canada 1798, and finally settled in York, now known as Toronto. Represented Norfolk in the Legislature of Uppe...

Baldwin Reformer
(George Brown Era) Origin of the name, 78. ...

Ball
(Lord Dorchester era) The maiden name of Dorchester's mother, 29. ...

Ball
(Count Frontenac era) First given in Canada, 59. See also Amusements. ...

Ballot
(Lord Sydenham era) Sydenham an early advocate of, 18. ...

Bancroft George 1800-1891 Educated At Harvard University
Cambridge, and in Germany. Secretary of the navy, 1845; ambassador to Great Britain, 1846-1849; and in 1867-1874 minister at the court o...

Bank Of Upper Canada
Established 1823 with a capital of $41,364, which had increased in 1859 to $3,126,250. Its headquarters were in Toronto. After a long, ...

Banking
The first bank established in Canada was the Bank of Montreal, which dates from the year 1817. The Bank of Quebec was established in 18...

Index : Lord Sydenham Era Sydenham's Plans For Establishment Of Bank Of Issue
327-329; idea partially adopted by Sir F. Hincks, as finance minister of Dominion, 330. (William Lyon Mackenzie era) Report of House on ...

Banner
Newspaper, published at Toronto. =Index=: (George Brown Era) Founded in 1843 by Peter and George Brown, 3, 5; champions government by th...

Baptist Church
Like several other religious denominations in Canada, it had its origin in Nova Scotia. Some Baptists were living in Lunenburg as early...

Baranof Alexander Andrevitch 1747-1819 Governor Of Russian
America. Had been manager of a glass factory at Irkutsk, Siberia; grew tired of the monotonous though profitable business, and engaged i...

Index : Sir James Douglas Era His Rule At Sitka 44 His Character 44 His Death 1819
45, =Bib.=: Laut, Vikings of the Pacific. ...

Barbarie A
(Wilmot era) Referred to in Wilmot's speech, 104. (Tilley era) Represents Restigouche in New Brunswick Assembly, 18. ...

Barclay Robert H
Born in Scotland. Took part in the battle of Trafalgar. Sent to Canada, and commander of British naval force on Lake Erie in 1813. On S...

Barclay Thomas 1753-1830 Born In New York In 1775 Served In The
British army during the American Revolution, and in 1777 became major. At the end of the war moved to Nova Scotia; entered the House of ...

Barker T B
(Tilley era) Founder of business firm of St. John, 8. ...

Barkley Charles William 1759-1832 Served In The East India
Company; sailed on a trading voyage for sea-otter skins to the North-West Coast, 1787. Brought his bride with him, the first white woma...

Index : Sir James Douglas Era His Two Voyages To North-west Coast 23 His Wife First
woman to visit North-West Coast, 23. =Bib.=: Walbran, British Columbia Coast Names. ...

Barnsfare Captain
(Lord Dorchester era) Commands battery at Pres de Ville, 127. ...

Baronets Of Nova Scotia
An order created by James I, in 1625, for the purpose of "advancing the plantation of Nova Scotia." The scheme, which King James had de...

Barre Isaac 1726-1802 Born In Ireland Served Under Wolfe Against
Rochefort in 1757, and at Quebec in 1759, being at Wolfe's side when he fell. Entered Parliament, 1761, and a member until 1790. In 1763...

Index : Lord Dorchester Era On Quebec Act 67 Bib : Dict Nat Biog
...

Barren Grounds
The region of northern Canada, lying between the Mackenzie River and Hudson Bay, and from the northern timber-line to the Arctic. First...

Barrington William Wildman Second Viscount 1717-1793 Entered
Parliament, 1740. Lord commissioner of Admiralty, 1746; a privy councillor, 1755; chancellor of the exchequer, 1761; treasurer of the n...

Index : Sir Frederick Haldimand Era Informs Haldimand He Owes Promotion To The King 83
summary sent him of Haldimand's expenses, 107; compliments Haldimand, 113; promises Haldimand pay as inspector-general, 329. =Bib.=: Dic...

Barron Commodore 1769-1851 Born In Virginia In Command Of The
Chesapeake, on board which were some British deserters, 1807. On the refusal of Barron to give them up, the British frigate Leopard att...

Bib : Cyc Am Biog Correspondence Between The Late Commodore
Stephen Decatur and Commodore James Barron. ...

Barter
(Bishop Laval era) Practised in colony in early days, 122. ...

Barthe J G
Member for Yamaska in Canadian Assembly, 1841-1844. ...

Index : Baldwin / La Fontaine / Hincks Era Takes Part In Rebellion Of 1837 Afterwards Edits
L'Avenir du Canada; member for Yamaska; offered and refuses seat in Cabinet, 236. ...

Basques
A pre-Aryan race, occupying the border-land between France and Spain. Assertions have repeatedly been made that they made voyages to Am...

Bathurst Henry Third Earl 1762-1834 Succeeded To The Title 1794
Entered Parliament, 1793; president of the board of trade, 1807; foreign secretary, 1809; and secretary for war and the colonies, 1812. ...

Batiscan
(Samuel de Champlain era) Montagnais chief, 68. ...

Batoche
(Sir John A Macdonald era) Storming of rebel camps at, 242. See also Riel Rebellion, 1885. ...

Battle Of The Plains
See Quebec, Siege of, 1759. ...

Battleford
A town on the North Saskatchewan, at the mouth of the Battle River. In the Rebellion of 1885, it was threatened by Poundmaker's warrior...

Bay Of Quinte
See Quinte, Bay of. ...

Bayfield Henry Wolsey 1795-1885 Born In Hull England Entered The
navy, 1806. Had a distinguished career in the navy, and served in Canadian waters, 1814. Subsequently assisted in the survey of the uppe...

Baynes Edward
Born in England. Served in the West Indies, at the Cape, in the East Indies, and in Malta. From 1794 to 1806 aide-de-camp to Sir James ...

Index : General Brock Era Adjutant-general Writes Brock From Quebec 134 136 137
138, 145; his opinion of the Lower Canada Assembly, 145; notifies Brock that he may have service in Spain, 180; letter to Brock in immed...

Beaconsfield Benjamin Disraeli Earl Of 1805-1881 British
statesman. =Index=: (Baldwin / La Fontaine / Hincks era) On Rebellion Losses Bill, 327, 328, 330. ...

Bib : Speeches And Letters O'connor Life Of Beaconsfield
Monypenny, The Life of Benjamin Disraeli, Earl of Beaconsfield; Dict. Nat. Biog. ...

Bayning Charles Townshend First Baron 1728-1810 Lord Dorchester Era His
criticism of Quebec Act, 66, 67. =Bib.=: Dict. Nat. Biog. ...

Bayonne Decree
(General Brock era) Made by Napoleon; sequestered all American vessels arriving in France as British property or under British protecti...

Bearn Regiment
Established 1595, and served with distinction in a number of European campaigns. Landed at Quebec, June, 1755, with the regiment of Gui...

Beauchesne
(Samuel de Champlain era) Clerk, received gifts from Indians, 115. ...

Beaucour De
(Count Frontenac era) Brave conduct of, in command of party against Iroquois, 319; superintends improvements in fortifications of Quebec...

Beaudoncourt Jacques De
(Bishop Laval era) On the brandy question, 39; his account of escape of Gannentaha mission, 66. ...

Beauharnois Charles Marquis De 1670-1749 Entered French Navy
1686, and rose to the rank of admiral in 1748. In 1726 appointed governor of New France, which position he held until 1747. Took a deep ...

Bib : Parkman Half Century Of Conflict Roy Intendants De La
Nouvelle-France (R. S. C., 1903). ...

Beauharnois Francois De 1665-1746 Born In France Became
intendant of New France in 1702 and held the position until 1705. In 1707 granted the barony of Beauville. Appointed intendant de l'arme...

Beaumont
A village in Bellechasse County, on the St. Lawrence. ...

Index : Wolfe / Montcalm Era Troops Landed At 100 Proclamation Affixed To Church
door, 101. ...

Beauport
A village two miles below Quebec. =Index=: (Wolfe / Montcalm era) Defended by entrenched camp, 80; headquarters of intendant and commiss...

Beaupre Seigniory Of
(Bishop Laval era) Acquired for Seminary of Quebec, 58; chapels and churches erected to Ste. Anne at, 101, 102; pilgrimages to, 102, 10...

Beausejour
A fort built by the French in 1750-1751, on Chignecto Bay, three miles from the British Fort Lawrence. A little tidal stream, the Missa...

Beaver
(Sir James Douglas era) First steamship on the Pacific, 1835, 47; carries party to build Fort Camosun (Victoria), 178; north to Forts Ta...

Beaver Club
Founded in Montreal in 1775 by the partners of the North West Company. It opened with nineteen members, and at one time the registry sh...

Bib : Hetherington Canada's First Social Club In Univ Mag
April, 1910. ...

Beaver Dam Battle Of
In War of 1812. FitzGibbon commanded a detachment of the 49th Regiment, with several hundred Indians. Boerstler, with a party of 600 me...

Beckwith John A
(Tilley era) Confederate candidate in York, 108. ...

Becquet Romain
(Bishop Laval era) Clerk of Ecclesiastical Court, arrested, 163. ...

Bedard Elzear
For some years a member of the Assembly of Lower Canada. Moved the celebrated Ninety-Two Resolutions, 1837. Puisne judge of the Court o...

Bedard Pierre Stanislas 1762-1829 Educated At The Seminary Of
Quebec; studied law, and appointed advocate, 1790. Elected for Northumberland to the first Legislature of Lower Canada, 1792. In 1806, ...

Bedard Dr William
(Tilley era) Life-long friend of Sir Leonard Tilley, 145. ...

Beer Henry 1835-1886 Born In Charlottetown Prince Edward Island
Elected to the Assembly, 1870; a member of the ministry, 1872; Speaker of the Assembly, 1877; mayor of Charlottetown, 1885-1886. ...

Begbie Sir Matthew Baillie 1819-1894 Educated At Cambridge And
called to the English bar in 1844. Judge of the colony of British Columbia and judge of the Vice-admiralty Court, 1858-1870. Chief-justi...

Begon Michel Sieur De La Picardiere 1674-1740 Filled The Office
of inspector-general of marines, in France, 1707-1710. In the latter year appointed intendant of Canada, but did not arrive in Quebec un...

Belcher Jonathan 1711-1776 Second Son Of Governor Belcher Of
Massachusetts. Educated at Harvard University, Cambridge, and in England; called to the English bar. Appointed chief-justice of Nova Sc...

Belcour De
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) Brings promise of supplies to Ramezay, 227. ...

Belette
(Lord Dorchester era) Captain of armed boat, assists Carleton's escape at Sorel, 113. ...

Bell Dr
(Wilmot era) Conducts Madras system of schools in New Brunswick, 86. ...

Bell Alexander Graham 1847- Born In Edinburgh Scotland Educated
at Edinburgh University and London University; came to Canada in 1870. Professor of physiology in Boston University, 1872. Patented his ...

Bell Hugh
(Joseph Howe era) Member of Uniacke administration, Nova Scotia, 1848, 110. ...

Bell-smith Frederic Marlett 1846- Born In London England
Educated there, and came to Canada, 1866. Founder and first president of the Canadian Society of Artists, Montreal, 1867; director of Al...

Belleau Sir Narcisse 1808-1894 Born In The City Of Quebec And
educated there. In 1852 a member of the Legislative Council, and in 1857-1862 Speaker. Mayor of Quebec, 1860, when King Edward VII, as ...

Belleville
Town of Ontario on the Bay of Quinte. Founded by Captain Myers in 1790. =Index=: (Baldwin / La Fontaine / Hincks era) Early municipal go...

Bellomont Richard Coote Earl Of 1636-1701 Member Of Parliament
1688-1695; and served in Ireland, 1689. In 1695 appointed governor of New York, and afterwards of Massachusetts. =Index=: (Count Fronten...

Belmont Francois Vachon De
Came to Canada from France in 1680, and joined the Seminary of St. Sulpice at Montreal, of which he was superior, 1698-1732. Died the l...

Benediction
(Samuel de Champlain era) English vessel seized by French, 221. ...

Bennett George
(George Brown Era) An employee of the Globe, 256; shoots George Brown, 257; on Brown's death, is tried and found guilty of murder, 258; ...

Bentham Jeremy 1748-1832 English Writer On Jurisprudence And
ethics. =Index=: (Lord Sydenham era) An associate of Sydenham's, 13. =Bib.=: Works, ed. by Bowring and Burton, 1843. For biog., see Dict...

Bentivoglis
Papal Nuncio. =Index=: (Samuel de Champlain era) Authorizes establishment of church in Canada, 84. ...

Bering Vitus 1681-1741 Born At Horsens Denmark Joined The
Russian navy in 1704; and in 1725 sent by Peter the Great to explore the waters east of Kamchatka, and examine the American coast. After...

Index : Sir James Douglas Era His Explorations 39 40 His Death 1741 40 Bib :
Lauridsen, Vitus Bering; Muller, Voyages from Asia to America; Laut, Vikings of the Pacific. ...

Bering Sea Question
Arose out of a dispute as to the seal-fisheries of Bering Sea. Several Canadian sealers were seized by the United States in 1886, on th...

Berkeley George Cranfield 1753-1818 Entered The Navy 1766
accompanied Cook in survey of coast of Newfoundland and Gulf of St. Lawrence, 1766-1769; and was on the Victory at Ushant, 1778. In 1786...

Berlin Decrees
Issued by Napoleon, November, 1806, to the following effect: The British Isles were in a state of blockade; intercourse with them was p...

Bernard Hewitt 1825-1893 Entered The Canadian Public Service
1858; deputy-minister of justice, 1867; resigned, 1876. In 1872, created I. C.; and the same year made C. M. G. In 1878 appointed assist...

Bernardin Of Siena Saint
(Bishop Laval era) On the guidance of Providence, 35-36. ...

Bernetz Chevalier De
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) Commands battalion of Royal Roussillon Regiment, 12; second in command of the town (Quebec), 86. ...

Bernieres Henri De 1635-1700 Born In France Came To Canada With
Laval in 1659. Cure of Quebec, 1660-1687; and grand-vicar of the bishop of Quebec. First superior of the Seminary of Quebec, 1663, holdi...

Bernieres Jean De
(Bishop Laval era) His "Hermitage," 24, 25. ...

Berry Brigade
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) In battle of Ste. Foy, 257, 258. ...

Berthelot Francois
(Bishop Laval era) Laval's relations with, 138. (Lord Elgin era) His seigniory of St. Laurent made an earldom in 1676, 181. ...

Berthier Alexandre 1638-1709 Born In France Came To Canada In
1665; and in 1666 commandant at Fort St. Jean, and led expeditions against the Iroquois. In 1672 granted the seigniory of Berthier in B...

Bethune Alexander Neil 1800-1879 Born In Glengarry Ontario In
1823 ordained deacon, and in 1824, priest. In 1847 archdeacon of York (Toronto), and in 1867 consecrated coadjutor bishop of Toronto; s...

Bethune John
Born in Scotland, 1751. Emigrated in his early years to South Carolina, and was chaplain of the loyal militia. In 1786 resided in Montr...

Betts
(Tilley era) Proposes construction of European and North American Railway, 26, 27. ...

Beveridge
(Tilley era) Seconds the address in New Brunswick Assembly, 115. ...

Biard Pierre 1565-1622 Came To Port Royal In 1611 With Masse The
first of their order in New France. The relations of the Jesuits with Poutrincourt and his son Biencourt were far from cordial; little o...

Bibaud Michel 1782-1857 Educated At The College Of St Raphael
...

Index : Bishop Laval Era Historian His Praise Of Talon 113 Louis Joseph Papineau Era On Papineau 56
(Sir Frederick Haldimand era) On Haldimand, 291. =Bib.=: =Works=: Epitres, Satires, Chansons Epigrammes, et autre Pieces de Vers; Histoi...

Bidwell Barnabas
(Egerton Ryerson era) Election contests, 63. ...

Bidwell Marshall Spring 1799-1872 Born In New England Came To
Canada with his father, 1812, and practised law. In 1824-1835 a member of the Upper Canada Assembly; in 1829 elected Speaker of the Hous...

Biencourt De Poutrincourt Charles 1583-1638? Son Of Jean De
Biencourt. Accompanied his father to Port Royal in 1605. Returned to France in 1610; made vice-admiral in the seas of New France, and, ...

Biencourt De Poutrincourt Jean De Baron De Saint Just 1557-1615
Had won distinction as a soldier in the service of France; and in 1604 sailed with De Monts and Champlain to Acadia. Was so charmed with...

Bienville Jean Baptiste Le Moyne Sieur De 1680-1768 Son Of
Charles Le Moyne, and brother of Iberville. Accompanied Iberville to Hudson Bay in 1697, and took part in the capture of Fort Nelson and...

Bib : King Jean Baptiste Le Moyne Sieur De Bienville Reed The
First Great Canadian; Margry, Decouvertes des Francais. See also Iberville. ...

Bierce
(William Lyon Mackenzie era) Plans attack on Windsor, 446; lands at Windsor, 447; retreats, 447. ...

Big Mouth Grande Gueule
(Count Frontenac era) Onondaga orator, 184, 221. ...

Biggar James L
(Egerton Ryerson era) Graduate of Victoria College, 144. ...

Bignon
(Samuel de Champlain era) Crown lawyer in proceedings re Champlain's will, 265. ...

Bigot Francois
Born at Bordeaux, Jan. 30, 1703; son of Louis-Amable Bigot. Through his influence at court, obtained several lucrative offices in New F...

Billings Elkanah 1820-1876 Born In Township Of Gloucester
Ontario. Studied law, called to the bar, 1845, and practised in Ottawa. Appointed paleontologist of the Geological Survey of Canada, 185...

Billings Joseph
Born in England, 1758. Accompanied Captain Cook on his last voyage on the Discovery; and afterwards entered the Russian navy. Commanded...

Index : Sir James Douglas Era Visits Unalaska Nodiak And Prince William Sound 1790
26. =Bib.=: Dict. Nat. Biog. ...

Bindon
(Lord Dorchester era) Montreal merchant, treasonable proceedings of, 84. ...

Bizard
(Count Frontenac era) Officer of Frontenac, arrested by Perrot, 91. ...

Blachford Frederic Rogers Baron 1811-1889 Born In England
Educated at Eton and Oxford. In 1844 registrar of joint-stock companies and commissioner of lands and emigration; from 1860 to 1871 perm...

Black John 1817-1879 Born In Scotland Went To The Red River
Settlement as legal adviser to Adam Thom, recorder of Rupert's Land, 1839. Subsequently entered the service of the Hudson's Bay Company ...

Bib : Bryce Manitoba
...

Black John 1818-1882 Born In Scotland Emigrated To America With
his parents and studied for a time at Delaware Academy at Delhi, New York. Came to Canada and completed his theological course at Knox ...

Black William 1760-1831 Born In England In 1775 Came To Canada
and became a Wesleyan Methodist preacher. Founded the Wesleyan Church in Nova Scotia, and became general superintendent of British Ameri...

Black William
(Wilmot era) President of New Brunswick Assembly, 1831; refuses to furnish information, 19; member of New Brunswick Legislative Council,...

Black William
(Wilmot era) Of Halifax, father-in-law of Judge Wilmot, 137. ...

Blackader Hugh W
(1808-1863). Descended from Loyalist stock. Began to learn the trade of printer at the age of twelve. Acquired an interest in the Acadi...

Black Rock
(General Brock era) Opposite Fort Erie, fortified, 197. ...

Blackfoot Indians
A Western confederacy, of Siksika stock. First described in the journal of Anthony Hendry, 1754-1755, and again by Matthew Cocking, 177...

Blair Andrew George 1844-1907 Born In Fredericton New Brunswick
Educated there, and called to the bar, 1866. In 1878 member of the New Brunswick Assembly for York; in 1879 leader of the opposition; an...

Blair Adam Johnston Fergusson 1815-1867 Member Of The Legislative
Assembly of Canada, 1848-1857; appointed to the Legislative Council, 1860; receiver-general, 1863; member of Executive Council and provi...

Blake Edward 1833- Born In Adelaide Ontario Educated At Upper
Canada College and University of Toronto. Called to the bar of Ontario, 1859. From 1867 to 1872 a member of Alexander Mackenzie's Domini...

Blake William Hume 1809-1870 Born In Ireland Educated At Trinity
College, Dublin, and emigrated to Canada in his youth. During the Rebellion in 1837, paymaster of the Royal Foresters. Called to the bar...

Blanchard Hiram
(Joseph Howe era) Supports Confederation, 186; member of Nova Scotia government, 1867, 198; elected to Legislature, but unseated, 202. ...

Blanchard Jotham
(Joseph Howe era) Associated with Joseph Howe in The Club, 10; in House of Assembly, 18. ...

Blanchet F
(General Brock era) Arrested, 127; discharged, 128. ...

Blanshard Richard
Appointed governor of Vancouver Island by Earl Grey; left England, 1849, and reached Victoria in March of the following year by way of ...

Bleury
(Louis Joseph Papineau era) Joins Papineau party, 78. ...

Bliss Daniel 1740-1806 Born In Concord Mass Educated At Harvard
University, Cambridge, graduating in 1774. In 1778 proscribed as a Loyalist, and served with the British army as commissary. At the end ...

Bliss John Murray 1771-1834 Born In Massachusetts Came To New
Brunswick in 1786; called to the bar; and elected to the House of Assembly for the county of York. Appointed to the bench in 1816; becam...

Bliss Jonathan 1742-1822 Born In Springfield Mass Educated At
Harvard University, Cambridge. Emigrated to New Brunswick in 1783. In 1785 elected a member of the provincial Legislature and appointed ...

Blue Archibald 1840- Born In Orford Ontario From 1867 To 1881
engaged in journalism. In 1882 appointed secretary of the Ontario Bureau of Industries, which he organized. Deputy minister of agricultu...

Bodega Bay
On the coast of California, lat. 38 deg. 18' 20" N., long. 123 deg. 2' 28". =Index=: (Sir James Douglas era) Russian colony there in 181...

Boileau Maitre
(Samuel de Champlain era) Lawyer, employed to contest Champlain's will, 265. ...

Bolduc Father
(Sir James Douglas era) Jesuit missionary--supposed to be first priest on Vancouver Island, 178; at Whidby Island, 179. ...

Bolton Colonel
(Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Commander at Niagara, lost in foundering of Ontario, 163. ...

Bompas William Carpenter 1853-1906 Born In London England
Ordained deacon, 1859; priest, 1865; came to Canada latter year and assigned to the Mackenzie River district. In 1874 consecrated bishop...

Bond William Bennett 1815-1906 Born In Truro England At An Early
age went to Newfoundland. Removed to Quebec, 1840; the same year admitted deacon, and ordained priest, 1841. For some time engaged as a ...

Bonne Captain De
Born in France, and before coming to Canada served in the regiment of Conde. At the siege of Quebec, 1759, in command of the Quebec and...

Bonnecamps Joseph Pierre De 1707-1790 Born In France Entered The
Jesuit order, and came to Canada in 1741, when he was appointed instructor of hydrography at the Seminary of Quebec. Held that position ...

Bonnerme
(Samuel de Champlain era) Physician, accompanied Champlain to Quebec, 41; death of, 46. ...

Bonnycastle Sir Richard Henry 1791-1848 Born In England Served In
Canada in 1812, and engaged in the capture of Fort Castine. During the Rebellion of 1837-1838 commanded the engineers in Canada West, an...

Bonsecours Chapel Of
(Bishop Laval era) United to parish of Montreal, 176; commenced by Sister Bourgeois, 177; held in high honour, 178. ...

Bontemps Captain
(Samuel de Champlain era) Brings out settlers, 252. ...

Books
(John Graves Simcoe era) Scarcity of, in Upper Canada, 175. See also Libraries. ...

Borden Robert Laird 1854- Born In Grand Pre Nova Scotia Called
to the bar, 1878, and practised at Kentville and Halifax; appointed Q.C., 1890. In 1896 elected for the city and county of Halifax to th...

Bib : Morgan Can Men Canadian Who's Who
...

Borgia's House
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) Wolfe occupies, 189; set on fire by Canadians, 193. ...

Boscawen Edward 1711-1761 Born In England Served At Porto Bello
1739-1740; at Cartagena, 1741; and in the West Indies, 1747. Commanded on the North American station between 1755 and 1757, and in 1758 ...

Bossuet Jacques Benigne 1627-1704 Churchman And Orator Bishop Of
Meaux; took a leading part in the Gallican controversy. =Index=: (Bishop Laval era) On poverty and liberty, 123. =Bib.=: Works: Histoire...

Boston
(General Brock era) Flags hung there at half-mast on declaration of war against Great Britain, 208. (Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Rebell...

Boston
(Sir James Douglas era) Attacked by natives of Nootka, 1803, and crew murdered, 37. ...

Botsford Bliss 1813-1890 Born At Sackville New Brunswick
Educated at King's College, Fredericton; called to the bar, 1838, and practised at Moncton until 1870. A member of the New Brunswick Ass...

Index : Tilley Era Surveyor-general In Smith Government 91 Adds No Strength
to the government, 92; represents Westmoreland, 115. =Bib.=: Rose, Cyc. Can. Biog. ...

Bouchard
(Bishop Laval era) Founder of the Montmorency family, 16. ...

Boucher De Grosbois Et De Boucherville Pierre 1622-1717 Came To
Canada in 1634 with his father; served as a soldier of the little garrison of Quebec in 1641. Four years later settled at Three Rivers, ...

Index : Bishop Laval Era His Opinion Of Laval 29 Bib : Histoire Veritable Et
Naturelle des Moeurs et Productions du Pays de la Nouvelle France. Paris, 1664. Reprinted, 1849, 1882, 1883, 1896. The last is in the T...

Bouchette Captain
(Lord Dorchester era) Conducts Carleton safely to Three Rivers, 113. ...

Bouchette Joseph 1774-1841 Entered The Naval Service 1791 In
command of the forces on Lake Ontario; and served in the Royal Canadian volunteers. In 1813 on active service; and in 1814-1816 in Engla...

Bouchette Robert Shore Milnes
(Louis Joseph Papineau era) Exiled to Bermuda for his participation in Rebellion of 1837, 138; commissioner of customs, Ottawa, 149; si...

Boudon Abbe Henri-marie
(Bishop Laval era) Succeeds Laval as archdeacon of Evreux, 23. ...

Boues Charles De
(Samuel de Champlain era) Vicar-general of Pontoise, contributes to building of Recollet convent, 117; syndic of Canadian missions, 148....

Bougainville Louis Antoine Comte De 1729-1811 Born In Paris
Educated for his father's profession of notary; and soon obtained recognition as an advocate in the Parliament of Paris. As a student d...

Boulay Angelique Louise Talon Du
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) Wife of Montcalm, 5; her grief at his departure for Canada, 8. ...

Boulduc
(Count Frontenac era) Prosecutor of Prevote, dismissed, 138. ...

Boulle Eustache
(Samuel de Champlain era) Brother-in-law of Champlain, 134, 145; appointed by Champlain as his lieutenant, 155; returns to France, 209; ...

Boulle Helene
(Samuel de Champlain era) Marries Champlain, 66; spends four years in Quebec, 141; returns to France, 141; studies Algonquian language, ...

Boulle Nicholas
(Samuel de Champlain era) Champlain's father-in-law, secretary of the king's chamber, 66; pays his daughter's inheritance to Champlain, ...

Boulton D'arcy
Born in England. Came to Canada, 1797, and settled at York, 1803. Called to the bar of Upper Canada by special Act of the Legislature, ...

Bib : Read Lives Of The Judges Scadding Toronto Of Old
...

Boulton Henry John
Son of D'Arcy Boulton; born in England, 1790. Studied law and called to the English bar. Emigrated to Canada, 1816, and practised in Up...

Boundaries Of Canada
(Lord Dorchester era) Not defined by Constitutional Act, 260. ...

Bouquet Henry 1719-1765 Born In Switzerland Served In Holland
Sardinia, and with the Prince of Orange. Was Captain-commandant of the Swiss Guards at the Hague, 1748. Entered the British army; came t...

Bourdages
(Louis Joseph Papineau era) Assists Papineau in defeating motion for adoption of Lord Goderich's offer, 77. (General Brock era) Made col...

Bourdon
(Bishop Laval era) Brings out a number of girls as colonists, 79. (Samuel de Champlain era) Industrious settler, 252, 253. ...

Bourdon Sister Anne
(Count Frontenac era) On divine protection of Quebec, 301. ...

Bourdon Jean 1602-1668 Born In Normandy Came To Canada 1634
Engaged for some years as a civil engineer and land surveyor; sent on several embassies to the Iroquois; and in 1657 made a voyage towar...

Bourgard
(Bishop Laval era) On the zeal of the missionaries, 61. ...

Bourgeoys Marguerite 1620-1700 Born At Troyes In Champagne
Entered the convent of the Congregation of Notre Dame at the age of twenty, and while there decided to devote her life to the colony of ...

Bourget Ignace 1799-1885 Born At Point Levis Quebec Ordained In
1822; vicar-general of Montreal, 1836; coadjutor bishop of the diocese, 1837; bishop of Montreal, 1840, and created the first cathedral ...

Bib : Cyc Am Biog
...

Bourinot Sir John George 1837-1902 Born In Sydney Nova Scotia
Educated at Trinity University, Toronto. Chief official reporter to the Nova Scotia Assembly, 1861-1867, and in 1880 appointed chief cle...

Bourlamaque De
Born in France. Governor of Guadaloupe; sent in 1756 with Montcalm to Canada as third in command and colonel of engineers. In command a...

Bouteroue Claude De
Born in France. Came to Canada to act as intendant during the absence of Talon from 1668 to 1670. Returned to France, 1671, and died th...

Bouthillier
(Samuel de Champlain era) Negotiates restoration of Quebec, 220. ...

Bow River Pass
Through the Bow Range of the Rocky Mountains, head waters of Bow River. =Index=: (Sir James Douglas era) Entered by David Thompson, 1805...

Bowell Sir Mackenzie 1823- Born In England Came To Canada With
his parents, 1833, and engaged in journalistic work. In 1867 elected to the Dominion House of Commons for North Hastings. In 1878 appoin...

Bowen Edward 1780-1866 Born In Ireland Came To Canada In 1797
studied law and called to the bar in 1803. From 1809 to 1812 represented Sorel in the Assembly; and in the latter year appointed to the ...

Bib : Taylor Brit Am
...

Bowes Colonel
(General Brock era) Of the 6th Regiment, assumes command on death of General Hunter, 69; leaves Canada, 73. ...

Bowring Dr
(Lord Sydenham era) An associate of Sydenham's, 13; trade commissioner to France, 29. ...

Boyd Colonel
(Tilley era) Represents Charlotte County in New Brunswick Assembly, 102. ...

Boyd John 1828-1893 Born In Ireland Emigrated To New Brunswick
and engaged in business at St. John. In 1880 called to the Senate, and on Sept. 22, 1893, succeeded Sir S. L. Tilley as lieutenant-gover...

Braddock Edward 1695-1755 Born In Scotland Entered The Army
1710, and in 1743 major of the Coldstreams. Served in the expedition to L'Orient, 1746; and under the Prince of Orange in Holland, 1746-...

Bradstreet Simon 1603-1697 Born In England Educated At Cambridge
and emigrated to Massachusetts, where he became assistant judge of the Court in 1630. In 1631 one of the founders of Cambridge, Mass.; f...

Bragg's Regiment
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) On British right, 189; in battle of Ste. Foy, 259, 261. ...

Brandon House
Built by the Hudson's Bay Company, in 1794, on the head waters of the Assiniboine River, about seventeen miles below the present city o...

Brandy Question
(Count Frontenac era) Condemned by Champlain, 25; subject of dispute between civil and religious authorities, 46, 115; king's instructio...

Brant Isaac
(John Graves Simcoe era) Son of Joseph Brant, commits murder, 191; attacks his father and is killed by him in self-defence, 192. ...

Brant Joseph 1742-1807 A Mohawk Indian Chief Whose Native Name
was Thayendanegea. Educated at an Indian school in Connecticut. Visited England in 1775. In the Revolutionary War sided with the British...

Brant Molly
(Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Sister of Joseph Brant, her influence with Indians, 154; pensioned, 155. ...

Brantford
City of Ontario, on the Grand River. Named after Joseph Brant, the Mohawk chieftain. Founded about 1820. ...

Brassy
(Tilley era) Offers to build European and North American Railway, 25, 27. ...

Breadalbane John Campbell Second Marquis Of 1796-1862 Represented
Okehampton in Parliament, 1820-1826, and Perthshire, 1832. =Index=: (Lord Sydenham era) Offers to go to Canada as governor-general, 58. ...

Brebeuf Jean De 1593-1649 Born Of A Noble Family Of Normandy
Came to Canada, 1625; spent the winter of 1625-1626 among the Algonquins. In the latter year, after a long and difficult journey by way...

Bib : Parkman Jesuits In North America Ragueneau Relation Des
Hurons, 1649; Colby, Canadian Types of the Old Regime. ...

Breda Treaty Of
Signed between England and France, 1667. Brought to a close the disastrous war with the Dutch. By its terms Nova Scotia was handed over...

Bresolles Sister De
(Bishop Laval era) Her labours in the hospital at Montreal, 91. ...

Bretonvilliers De
(Bishop Laval era) Sulpician, makes liberal contribution towards erection of church at Montreal, 88; foundation stone laid on his behalf...

Briand Jean Olivier 1715-1794 Born In France Ordained Priest
1739; came to Canada, 1741; canon of Quebec Cathedral until 1760. In 1766 appointed bishop of Quebec, and resigned, 1784. Rebuilt the c...

Index : Bishop Laval Era Bishop Of Quebec 12 Lord Dorchester Era Appointed Roman Catholic Bishop
of Quebec, 23. ...

Bride
(Samuel de Champlain era) English vessel seized by French, 221. ...

Bright John 1811-1889 British Statesman And Orator Index : Tilley Era
Friendly to Anti-Confederation party, 123. =Bib.=: Dict. Nat. Biog. ...

British American League
(Sir John A Macdonald era) Formed in 1849 in Montreal as a reply to the Annexation Manifesto--branches followed throughout the country, ...

British Chronicle
Newspaper published in New York. =Index=: (George Brown Era) Established by Peter and George Brown, 4; its objects, 4. ...

British Columbia
Area 372,630 square miles. Vancouver Island became a crown colony in 1849; ten years later the mainland was organized as a separate col...

British Law
(Lord Sydenham era) Attempts to introduce after passage of Quebec Act, 65. (John Graves Simcoe era) Introduced into Upper Canada, 85. ...

British Legion
(Lord Dorchester era) Loyalists commanded by Tarleton, 202. ...

British Newspapers
(Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Sympathy with rebels expressed in, 190. See also Newspapers. ...

British North America Act
The constitution of the Dominion; the Act by which the scattered colonies of British North America were united in one Confederation. Dr...

Brock Daniel De Lisle
(General Brock era) Brother of Sir Isaac, becomes chief magistrate of Guernsey, 70. ...

Brock Elizabeth
(General Brock era) Sister of Sir Isaac, 71. ...

Brock Ferdinand
(General Brock era) Brother of Sir Isaac, served in Royal Americans, 6; death of, 7, 70. ...

Brock Harriet
(General Brock era) Married to Sir Thomas Saumarez, 124. ...

Brock Sir Hugh
(General Brock era) Supposed ancestor of General Brock, 5. ...

Brock Irving
(General Brock era) Brother of Sir Isaac, 102; an able pamphleteer, 132, 140; estrangement between, and his brother William in connectio...

Brock Sir Isaac 1769-1812 General Brock Era Birth And Descent 6 Enters Army
at age of fifteen, 7; joins 49th Regiment with rank of captain, and is sent to West Indies, 8; returns to England on sick leave, 9; seni...

Brock John
(General Brock era) Brother of Sir Isaac Brock, 15; killed in a duel, 70. ...

Brock John
(General Brock era) Father of Sir Isaac Brock, 6. ...

Brock Mary
(General Brock era) Sister of Sir Isaac Brock, 71. ...

Brock Savery
(General Brock era) Younger brother of Brock, 15; gallant conduct of at Egmont-op-Zee, 17-19; his resemblance to his brother Isaac, 18; ...

Brock William
(General Brock era) Brother of Sir Isaac, a London merchant, 70; disastrous failure of, 161-164; his letter to his brother Isaac, 165. ...

Brock William
(General Brock era) Grandfather of Sir Isaac Brock, 5. ...

Brock's Battery
(General Brock era) Name at first given to king's battery in Quebec citadel, 94. ...

Brockville
Chief town of Leeds County, Ontario, on left bank of St. Lawrence. Formerly known as Elizabethtown. Raided by a detachment of troops fr...

Broglie Achille Charles Leonce Victor Duc De 1785-1870 Foreign
secretary under Louis-Philippe, 1832-1834, and prime minister, 1835-1836. Lived in retirement after, 1851. =Index=: (Lord Sydenham era) ...

Brooke Frances
(Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Her novel of Canadian life, 222. =Bib.=: History of Emily Montague, London, 1777. ...

Brouage
(Samuel de Champlain era) In Saintonge, birthplace of Champlain, 1. ...

Brougham Henry Peter Baron 1778-1868 Born In Scotland Educated
at Edinburgh University. Secretary to Lord Rosslyn and Lord St. Vincent on a mission to Portugal. In 1810 entered Parliament; in 1830 re...

Index : John Graves Simcoe Era Secretary To The Portugal Commission 220 Wilmot Era His
sarcastic reference to Glenelg, 42. =Bib.=: Dict. Nat. Biog. ...

Broughton William Robert 1762-1821 Born In England Entered The
navy, 1774, and served on the American station until 1778. In 1790 explored and surveyed the Columbia River; and in 1794 surveyed the n...

Brouillan De
Born in France. Governor of Placentia, Newfoundland, 1690. Made a chevalier of St. Louis, 1698. In 1701 commandant in Acadia, and gover...

Brouse W H
(Egerton Ryerson era) Graduate of Victoria College, 144. ...

Brown George 1818-1880 George Brown Era His Place As A Maker Of Canada Ix
complains that Upper Canada is inadequately represented and dominated by Lower Canada, ix; an ardent advocate of Confederation, x; relat...

Brown George Mackenzie 1869- Son Of George Brown Born In Canada
Educated at Upper Canada College, Toronto, Merchiston Castle School, Edinburgh, and at Cambridge. Moved to Edinburgh, Scotland, and in 1...

Brown Henry
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) Lieutenant of Grenadiers, helps to carry Wolfe off the field, 200. =Bib.=: Doughty, Siege of Quebec. ...

Brown James
(Wilmot era) Represents Charlotte County in New Brunswick Assembly, brings in bill for teachers' training school, 88. (Tilley era) Surv...

Brown John Gordon 1827-1896 Brother Of George Brown Born In
Scotland. Educated in Edinburgh and New York. In 1844 engaged on the Toronto Globe; in 1851 editor, and in 1880 managing director. In 18...

Brown John Storrow
(Louis Joseph Papineau era) With Papineau at St. Charles meeting, 1837, 125; preaches rebellion, 126; heads the Patriotes at St. Charles...

Brown Peter 1784-1863 Born In Scotland Emigrated To New York In
1838; was owner and editor of the British Chronicle. Removed to Toronto, 1843, and founded the Banner, a Free-Church Presbyterian organ...

Brown's Point
(General Brock era) On Niagara River, battery at, 299, 301. ...

Bruey
(Count Frontenac era) Agent of Governor Perrot at Montreal, 97. ...

Brule Etienne
A famous coureur de bois who accompanied Champlain on his exploration of the Ottawa, in 1615, and subsequently made extensive explorati...

Brulon Jean Gauthier De
(Bishop Laval era) Canon and confessor of chapter of Quebec, 197. ...

Bruyeres Lieutenant-colonel R E
(General Brock era) Reports on condition of forts in Upper Canada, 157. ...

Bryce George 1844- Born At Mount Pleasant Near Brantford
Ontario. Educated at Toronto University and Knox College. Took part in the skirmish at Ridgeway during the Fenian Raids. In 1871 removed...

Bryce James 1838- Born In Belfast Educated At The Universities
of Glasgow and Cambridge. Entered Parliament in 1880. In 1886 under-secretary of state for foreign affairs; in 1892 chancellor of the D...

Brymner Douglas 1823-1902 Born In Scotland Came To Canada 1857
For some time editor of the Presbyterian, and associate editor of the Montreal Daily Herald. In 1872 appointed Dominion Archivist, and h...

Buade Antoine De
(Count Frontenac era) Grandfather of Frontenac, 61. ...

Buade Henri De
(Count Frontenac era) Father of Frontenac, 61. ...

Buade Louis De
See Frontenac. ...

Buchanan Isaac 1810-1883 Born In Scotland In 1833 Emigrated To
Canada and entered into business life. Strongly opposed the Rebellion of 1837. Elected for York to the first Parliament of Canada. In 18...

Index : Joseph Howe Era Joseph Howe's Letter To 1866 190 Baldwin / La Fontaine / Hincks Era On Responsible
government, 90; in political controversy, 1844, 238; his "Five Letters against the Baldwin Faction," 239-240. (George Brown Era) Retires...

Buchanan James 1791-1868 Fifteenth President Of The United States
...

Index : Lord Elgin Era His Tribute To Lord Elgin 123-124 Bib : Cyc Am
Biog. ...

Buckingham Richard Plantagenet Grenville Third Duke Of 1823-1889
Born in England. Entered Parliament, 1846; lord of the treasury, 1852; and privy councillor, 1866; president of the Council, 1866-1867, ...

Bude General De
(Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Haldimand's letters to, 116, 117, 119, 191, 222; Haldimand gives Carleton letter of introduction to, 191; ...

Bulkeley Richard
Came to Nova Scotia with Governor Cornwallis, 1749. Appointed secretary of the province, 1759, and continued to hold office under thirt...

Buller Charles 1806-1848 Born In Calcutta Entered Parliament In
1830; and called to the bar, 1831. In 1838 secretary to Lord Durham and accompanied him on his momentous mission to Canada. In 1846 judg...

Bullion
(Samuel de Champlain era) Negotiates restoration of Quebec, 220. ...

Bullion Mme De
(Count Frontenac era) Benefactress of Hotel Dieu at Montreal, 29. ...

Bulyea George Headley Vickers
Born in Gagetown, New Brunswick. Educated at University of New Brunswick. For a time principal of the Sunbury County Grammar School. Re...

Bunker Hill
(Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Battle of, 108. ...

Burel Brother Gilbert
(Samuel de Champlain era) Jesuit, 152; returns to France, 208. ...

Burgoyne John 1723-1792 Born In England Educated At Westminster
and entered the army in 1740. In 1775 served in New England; second in command, 1776, and lieutenant-general, 1777. In the latter year ...

Burk Rev J
(John Graves Simcoe era) Censured by Simcoe, 190. ...

Burke Edmund 1729-1797 Born In Ireland Educated At Trinity
College, Dublin; and entered Parliament in 1765. In 1771 agent for New York province; and in 1774-1775 strongly opposed war with America...

Bib : Dict Nat Biog
...

Burlamache
(Samuel de Champlain era) Commissioner in dispute between Kirke and De Caen, 217, 218; sent to France in connection with restoration of ...

Burlington Bay Canal
An open cut across a sand-bar at the entrance of Burlington Bay, designed to enable vessels to reach the city of Hamilton from the lake...

Burns
(John Graves Simcoe era) Presbyterian minister, establishes school at Niagara, 167. ...

Burns Edward
(John Graves Simcoe era) Clerk of Crown and Pleas, 178. ...

Burns Robert Easton 1805-1863 Born In Niagara Called To The Bar
of Upper Canada, 1827. Practised at Niagara, St. Catharines, and Hamilton. Appointed judge of the Niagara District, 1836; judge of the ...

Burpee Isaac 1825-1885 Born At Sheffield New Brunswick
Represented city of St. John in Dominion Parliament, 1872-1885; minister of customs, 1873-1878. Died in New York. =Bib.=: Dent, Can. Por...

Burr Aaron 1756-1836 Born In New Jersey In 1775 Served In The
Revolutionary army, and accompanied Arnold on his expedition to Quebec. In 1791 elected to the Senate, and in 1801 vice-president of the...

Burton Sir Francis
(Louis Joseph Papineau era) Lieutenant-governor of Lower Canada--meets views of Assembly as to the budget, 60; his action repudiated by ...

Burton Ralph
Served in the siege of Quebec. On July 29, 1759, in command of thirteen companies of Grenadiers, and on September 2 wounded at the batt...

Buteux Jacques 1600-1652 Born In France In 1634 Sent As A
missionary to Canada, and arrived at the new settlement of Three Rivers in September. Worked among the Indians there for several years. ...

Butler John
Born in Connecticut. In 1759 served under Sir William Johnson in the Niagara campaign, and in 1760 in the Montreal expedition. During t...

Butterfield Major
(Lord Dorchester era) Surrenders post at Cedars to British force, 142. ...

Buttes-a-neveu
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) Name given to rising ground extending to city walls, Quebec, 186, 256. ...

By John 1781-1836 Born In England Entered The Army In 1799 In
1802 came to Canada; returned to England in 1811; and served in the Peninsular War. In 1826 again came to Canada, and engaged on importa...

Byng John 1704-1757 Born In England Entered The Navy In 1718 In
1727-1736 stationed at Mahon, Minorca; and in 1747-1748 commanded in the Mediterranean. In 1756 engaged the French at Minorca and after ...

Index : Wolfe / Montcalm Era His Reserve At Minorca 33 Bib : Dict Nat Biog
...

Bytown
Former name of the city of Ottawa. =Index=: (Sir John A Macdonald era) Chosen by the queen as capital, 85; suggestion came from Sir Edmu...

Cabir-coubat
(Samuel de Champlain era) Indian name of St. Charles River, 148. ...

Cables
The first submarine cables in America were those laid between New Brunswick and Prince Edward Island, 1851; and between Cape Breton and...

Cabot John
Probably a native of Genoa. Became a citizen of Venice, March 28, 1476, and at that time had been a resident of the city for fifteen ye...

Cadboro
(Sir James Douglas era) First sea-going vessel on Fraser River, 116; arrives at Victoria from Fort Vancouver, 180; leaves for the Columb...

Cadet Joseph Michel
Began life as a butcher; won the confidence of the intendant Bigot, and as commissary-general seconded him in his infamous schemes for ...

Cadieux
A French coureur de bois, whose tragic death forms the subject of one of the popular chansons of Quebec. His reputed grave is at the fo...

Cadillac Antoine De La Motte
Came to Canada as an officer of the Carignan Regiment. In 1694 appointed to the command of the post at Michilimackinac. In 1701 built a...

Cadot Jean-baptiste
Pioneer fur trader in the West. When the French abandoned their fort at Sault Ste. Marie, Cadot remained behind with his native wife an...

Caen Emery De
(Samuel de Champlain era) Nephew of Guillaume, 137; left in command of colony, 141; prohibits psalm-singing by Huguenots on his ships, 1...

Caen Ezechiel De
(Samuel de Champlain era) Brother of Guillaume, 137. ...

Caen Guillaume De
(Samuel de Champlain era) Head of Company formed by Montmorency, 131, 132; difficulties with the old Company, 133 et seq.; returns to F...

Caesar Sir Julius 1558-1636 Sat In Parliament 1589-1622
chancellor of the exchequer, 1606; master of the Rolls, 1614-1636. ...

Index : Samuel De Champlain Era English Commissioner In Matter Of Canada 214 Bib :
Dict. Nat. Biog. ...

Cahaigue
(Samuel de Champlain era) Largest of the Huron villages, 89. ...

Caire M De
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) Engineer, constructs defences on river St. Charles, 86. ...

Caldwell Henry
(Lord Dorchester era) His house occupied by Arnold, 111; commands British militia in siege of Quebec, 115; his house burnt by Arnold, 12...

Bib : Lemoine The Hon Henry Caldwell Lc At Quebec
...

Caldwell Sir John
Eldest son of Sir James Caldwell, the third baronet. Succeeded his father, 1784. Appointed receiver-general of Lower Canada, and found ...

Caledonia
(General Brock era) Brig belonging to North West Company, 210; captured by Americans at Fort Erie, 289. ...

Callicum
Indian chief. (Sir James Douglas era) His relations with Meares at Nootka, 27. ...

Callieres Louis-hector De 1646?-1703 Born At Cherbourg Son Of
Jacques de Callieres, governor of Cherbourg. Entered the army, and became captain of the regiment of Navarre. In 1684 came to Canada as ...

Calvinistic Agents
(Samuel de Champlain era) Fanaticism of, 86. ...

Camaret Marie Mme Hersault
(Samuel de Champlain era) Cousin of Champlain, contests his will, 265. ...

Cameron David
Brought up as a draper; drifted to the West Indies, where he had charge of an estate; and thence to New Caledonia. In 1852 superintende...

Index : Sir James Douglas Era First Chief Justice Of Vancouver Island 200 Charges
preferred against, 200. =Bib.=: Bancroft, History of British Columbia. ...

Cameron Duncan
Son of a United Empire Loyalist; born at Schenectady, on the Mohawk. His father brought the family to Canada, and settled in Glengarry....

Cameron James Mc Attempts To Kidnap Mackenzie 464
...

Cameron John Hillyard 1817-1876 Solicitor-general Upper Canada
1846-1848; represented Cornwall in Legislative Assembly, 1846-1847 and 1848-1851; Toronto, 1854; Peel, 1861-1866. Represented Peel in fi...

Index : Lord Elgin Era Elected 1848 50 George Brown Era Opposes Confederation Scheme His
motion for an appeal to the people defeated, 185. (Baldwin / La Fontaine / Hincks era) Defeated in elections of 1848, 279. =Bib.:= Dent,...

Cameron Malcolm 1808-1876 Elected To Assembly Of Upper Canada For
Lanark, 1836. A persistent opponent of the Family Compact. Appointed inspector of revenue, under Bagot. Held various offices in the La ...

Cameron Sir Matthew Crooks 1822-1887 Born In Dundas Ontario
Educated at the Home District Grammar School, Toronto, and at Upper Canada College; studied law and called to the bar of Upper Canada, 1...

Cameronians
(General Brock era) 26th Regiment, stationed at Fort Niagara, 57. ...

Camosun D Indian Village On Site Of Victoria Bc 175 Meaning Of
name, 175. ...

Campbell Captain Dr Accused In Connection With Walker Affair 36
tried and acquitted, 38. ...

Campbell General Dr Commissioner For Exchange Of Prisoners 207
...

Campbell Sir Alexander 1821-1892 Studied Law Under John A
Macdonald, with whom he later formed a partnership; and called to the bar of Upper Canada, 1843. Elected to the Legislative Council, 185...

Index : Sir John A Macdonald Era Enters J A Macdonald's Law Office As A Student 6 Forms
partnership with Macdonald, 10; his letter to Macdonald on the political situation, 31; postmaster-general in first Dominion Cabinet, 13...

Campbell Sir Archibald 1769-1843 Born In Scotland Entered The
army, 1787. Served throughout the Peninsular War, 1808-1814; in 1821 commanded a regiment in India; conducted the Burmese War; and 1826-...

Campbell Sir Colin 1776-1847 Served In India 1801-1804 And
afterwards in Denmark and the Peninsula; attached to Wellington's staff at the battle of Waterloo; promoted major-general, 1825; lieute...

Campbell Robert 1808-1894 Entered Service Of Hudson's Bay Company
1832, and sent to the Mackenzie River district, 1834. For the next eighteen years, engaged in exploring the upper waters of the Liard an...

Campbell Stewart
(Joseph Howe era) Chosen leader of Anti-Confederation party in Nova Scotia, 187; chairman of Halifax meeting on behalf of Joseph Howe, ...

Campbell Major William
(Lord Dorchester era) His correspondence with General Wayne, 286. (John Graves Simcoe era) Placed in command of fort at rapids of Miami,...

Campbell Sir William 1758-1834 Born In Scotland Enlisted As A
private in a Highland regiment; came to America during the Revolutionary War; took part in the battle of Yorktown, 1781; after his relea...

Camperdown
(General Brock era) Naval victory of, 12. ...

Canada
Discovered by John Cabot in 1497. First settlement made by Jacques Cartier, in 1535, on the banks of the St. Charles. In 1608 Champlain...

Canada Act
See Constitutional Act. ...

Canada Company
Founded in London, 1824, by John Gait, as a colonizing scheme. A large tract of land was purchased in what is now western Ontario. Dunl...

Canada Corn Act 1843 Sir Georges E Cartier Era Builds Up Flour Industry In Canada 43
...

Canada First Association
(George Brown Era) Platform, 235; criticized by the Globe, 236; suspected of aiming at national independence, 237; Goldwin Smith, leade...

Canada Trade Act
Passed by Imperial Parliament in 1822, with the object of correcting the injustice to Upper Canada in the apportionment of duties colle...

Canadian Alliance Society
(William Lyon Mackenzie era) Founded, December, 1834, 258; its objects, 258. (Baldwin / La Fontaine / Hincks era) Founded at York, 16; i...

Canadian Contingents In The Boer War 1899-1902 Consisted Of The
Royal Canadian Infantry, Canadian Mounted Rifles, Royal Canadian Artillery, and Strathcona's Horse. The first contingent, which sailed ...

Canadian Freeman
(William Lyon Mackenzie era) Newspaper, published by Collins, in 1825, 111. ...

Canadian Institute
Founded at Toronto, June 20, 1849, by Sandford Fleming, and Kivas Tully, with several other surveyors, civil engineers, and architects ...

Canadian Magazines
Among the earliest magazines published in what is now Canada were the Nova Scotia Magazine, Halifax, 1789; the Quebec Magazine, Quebec,...

Canadian Northern Railway
The first link in this transcontinental railway dates back to 1896, when construction was commenced on the line from Gladstone towards ...

Canadian Pacific Railway
The contract for construction of the railway was signed Oct. 21, 1880, the surveys having already been carried out under the direction ...

Canadian Sharpshooters
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) In battle of Ste. Foy, 259, 263. ...

Canadien
(General Brock era) Newspaper founded in 1806, appealed to race prejudices, 92; claimed unconstitutional power for Legislative Assembly,...

Bib : Dionne Pierre Bedard Et Son Temps R S C 1898
...

Canals
The earliest canal in Canada and in North America was that at Lachine, which dates back to the beginning of the eighteenth century. Bet...

Bib : Keefer Canals Of Canada R S C 1893 Waterways Of
Canada (Women's Can. Hist. Soc. of Ottawa, Trans., vol. 2); Kingsford, Canadian Canals; Report of Royal Commission on Canals, 1871; Ann...

Cananee
(Samuel de Champlain era) Famous French seaman, joins Champlain at Gaspe, 141; the Turks capture his ship, the Ste. Madeleine, on the co...

Canard River
A small stream in Essex County, Ontario, falling into the Detroit River. =Index=: (General Brock era) Americans repulsed at, in War of 1...

Candiac Chateau Of
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) Birthplace of Montcalm, 3; position of, still remains, 5. ...

Canning Charles John Viscount 1812-1862 Postmaster-general Under
Aberdeen and Palmerston. Governor-general of India, 1855, and through the period of the Indian Mutiny. =Index=: (Lord Elgin era) His rec...

Bib : Dict Nat Biog
...

Canning George 1770-1827 Entered British Parliament 1793 Foreign
secretary, 1807; ambassador to Portugal, 1814; president of Board of Control, 1816; succeeded Londonderry as foreign secretary, 1822; pr...

Index : Lord Sydenham Era Foreign Secretary And Afterwards Prime Minister 16 Death
of, 16. (General Brock era) Secretary of war, 81; deals with matter of Leopard and Chesapeake, 83, 85; disapproves of Walcheren expediti...

Cannon Captain
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) Repulses landing of English, 107. ...

Canterbury John Henry Thomas Manners-sutton Viscount 1814-1877
Born in England. Entered Parliament, 1841; home secretary from 1841 to 1846 in Peel's ministry. From 1854 to 1861, lieutenant-governor o...

Bib : Dict Nat Biog Hannay History Of New Brunswick
"=Canvas House.=" (John Graves Simcoe era) Purchased by Simcoe from Captain Cook, and used as winter residence at York, 204. ...

Cap De La Victoire
On St. Lawrence, near mouth of Richelieu. =Index=: (Samuel de Champlain era) Fur trade carried on at, 119, 139. ...

Cap Du Ciel
(Samuel de Champlain era) French vessel seized by English, 222. ...

Cap Rouge
On the St. Lawrence, above Quebec. =Index=: (Wolfe / Montcalm era) Vaudreuil orders posting of two hundred men at, 162; Bougainville's h...

Cape Breton
An island at the eastern extremity of Nova Scotia, now forming part of that province. Discovered by John Cabot in 1497. First settlemen...

Index : Samuel De Champlain Era Named St Lawrence Island By Champlain 236 Jesuit
mission at, for benefit of Micmacs, 236; maintained until 1659, 237. See also Louisbourg; Sydney; Nova Scotia. =Bib.=: Brown, History of...

Cape Diamond Quebec
(Samuel de Champlain era) Fortified, 157. ...

Cape St Vincent
(General Brock era) British naval victory of, 10. ...

Car Brigade
(General Brock era) Formed, 196. ...

Carden Major
(Lord Dorchester era) Killed in dispersing Ethan Allen's force, 99. ...

Cardinal Joseph
(Louis Joseph Papineau era) At meeting of Constitutional Committee, 1834, 88. ...

Carey
(Lord Sydenham era) Made deputy inspector-general, 333. ...

Carheil Etienne De
A Breton, of noble birth. Came to Canada as a Jesuit missionary in 1666. After two years spent at Quebec, left in 1668 for his mission ...

Cariboo Gold-fields
(Sir James Douglas era) History of, 284-289. ...

Carignan-salieres
The first regiment of regular troops sent to America from France. Raised in Savoy by the Prince of Carignan in 1644; employed for some ...

Carillon Fort
(Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Repulse of British forces at, 18-21. (Wolfe / Montcalm era) The fort defended by Montcalm with De Levis an...

Carion Philippe De
(Bishop Laval era) Lays second foundation stone of church at Montreal, 88. (Count Frontenac era) Officer at Montreal, refuses to recogni...

Carleton Christopher
(Lord Dorchester era) Father of Guy Carleton, 29; his widow marries Rev. Thomas Skelton, 29. ...

Carleton Sir Guy
See Dorchester. ...

Carleton Lady Maria
(Lord Dorchester era) Gains social popularity at Quebec, 162; lives to great age, 308; her extreme hauteur, 309. ...

Carleton Thomas 1736-1817 Served With Wolfe In 1755
quartermaster-general of the army in Canada, 1775; wounded in the naval battle on Lake Champlain, 1776. Appointed first lieutenant-gover...

Carleton Island
(Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Indians of, 148; projects of Americans against, 150; reinforcements sent to, 153; depot for stores establi...

Carling Sir John 1828- Represented Town Of London In Legislative
Assembly, 1857-1867; and continued to sit for the same constituency in the Dominion Parliament. Appointed receiver-general in Cartier-Ma...

Carlton House
Two forts of this name were founded by the Hudson's Bay Company. One stood on the banks of the Saskatchewan, above the forks; the other...

Carnarvon Henry Howard Molyneux Herbert Fourth Earl Of 1831-1890
Colonial secretary, 1866-1867, and as such introduced the British North America Act; colonial secretary again, 1874-1878; chairman of Co...

Index : Sir John A Macdonald Era President Of Westminster Conference In London 126
effect of his resignation on Confederation, 128; Macdonald's letter to, on the franchise, 259. (Tilley era) Conference with, on Confeder...

Caroline
(William Lyon Mackenzie era) Steamboat, goes over Niagara Falls, 419; cutting out of, 420; merits of act, 421; international complicatio...

Caroline Almanac
(William Lyon Mackenzie era) Mackenzie publishes, 459. ...

Caron Sir Joseph Philippe Rene Adolphe 1843-1908 Born In Quebec
Studied law; entered public life in 1873 as member of Dominion House for Quebec County; elected for Rimouski, 1891. Minister of militia ...

Caron Rene Edouard 1800-1876 Born In The Parish Of Ste Anne
Lower Canada. Educated at the Seminary of Quebec and at St. Pierre College; studied law and called to the bar of Lower Canada, 1826. May...

Carondelet
(John Graves Simcoe era) Spanish governor of Louisiana, his proposition to Simcoe to assist in repelling expected French invasion, 134-1...

Carroll Charles 1737-1832 Represented Maryland In The Congress At
Philadelphia, 1776, and signed the Declaration of Independence. Afterwards elected to the Senate of Maryland and the federal Senate. ...

Index : Lord Dorchester Era Accompanies Franklin To Canada 135 Bib: Cyc Am
Biog. ...

Carter Sir Frederic Bowker Terrington 1819-1900 Born At St
John's, Newfoundland. Studied law and called to the bar of Newfoundland, 1842; appointed Q. C., 1859. Member of the Legislative Assembly...

Carter Sir James 1805-1878 Born In England Educated At Cambridge
called to the bar, 1832. In 1834 a puisne judge of the Supreme Court of New Brunswick, and in 1851 chief-justice of the province, retiri...

Cartier Sir Georges Etienne 1814-1873 Sir John A Macdonald Era Associated With
Macdonald in MacNab-Tache ministry, 75; forms administration, 86-88; member of mission to England to confer with British government on ...

Cartier Jacques 1491-1557 In 1534 Sailing Out Of St Malo Made
his first voyage to the New World, entering the Gulf of St. Lawrence by way of the Straits of Belle Isle, landing on the Gaspe shore, an...

Cartwright J S
(Lord Sydenham era) Opposes union of provinces in Upper Canada Assembly, 207, 211. ...

Cartwright Rev Richard
(Lord Sydenham era) Assists in funeral service of Lord Sydenham, 344. ...

Cartwright Richard 1759-1815 Born At Albany New York On The
outbreak of hostilities with the mother country came with his parents to Upper Canada. For a time served as secretary to Colonel Butler ...

Bib : Cartwright Life And Letters Of Hon Richard Cartwright
...

Cartwright Sir Richard John 1835- Grandson Of The Preceding Born
at Kingston. Educated at Trinity College, Dublin. Entered public life, 1863, as member for Lennox and Addington. Minister of finance in ...

Carver Jonathan 1732-1780 Born At Stillwater New York Joined The
company of rangers raised by John Burk of Northfield, 1756-1757. After the treaty of Paris, 1763, conceived the idea of exploring the We...

Cas Reserve
(Bishop Laval era) In connection with sale of liquor to Indians, 171, 174. ...

Cascades
On the St. Lawrence River. (Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Improvements in navigation at, 185. ...

Case William
(Egerton Ryerson era) Visits England, 1831, 90; his connection with split in Methodist body, 105. ...

Casgrain Henri Raymond 1831-1904 After Studying Medicine Decided
to enter the church, and ordained a priest in 1856. In 1872, owing to an affection of the eyes, compelled to abandon the ministry, and t...

Index : Bishop Laval Era His Pen-portrait Of Mme De La Peltrie 153-154 Samuel De Champlain Era On
the question of Champlain's tomb, 261-262. =Bib.=: Among his principal works are: Histoire de la Mere Marie de l'Incarnation; Biographie...

Cass Lewis 1782-1866 Served Under General Hull In War Of 1812
Drew up Hull's flamboyant proclamation to the people of Canada. Opposed surrender of Detroit. Governor of territory of Michigan. =Index=...

Castillon Jacques De
(Samuel de Champlain era) Assisted in forming Company of New France, 168; presents pictures to church of Notre Dame de la Recouvrance, 2...

Castle Frank
(John Graves Simcoe era) Country chalet built for Simcoe near York, 215. ...

Castle Of St Louis
See Chateau St. Louis. ...

Catalogne Gedeon De
Employed for some years on military and other engineering works in Canada. In 1701 commenced a canal from Lachine to the Little River, ...

Cataraqui
A fort, built by the engineer Raudin in 1673, under Frontenac's orders, the site having been selected by La Salle. The fort stood at th...

Index : Count Frontenac Era Expedition Of Courcelles To 59 Of Frontenac 76-84 Fort
afterwards known as Fort Frontenac, erected at, 83. (Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Lands allotted to Loyalists in neighbourhood of, 236, ...

Cathcart Charles Murray Earl 1783-1859 Served In Holland 1799
saw service through Peninsular War; fought at Waterloo; assumed title, 1843; succeeded General Jackson as commander-in-chief of the forc...

Bib : Dent Can Por And Last Forty Years Morgan Cel Can
...

Catherine
(Samuel de Champlain era) Champlain sails for France in (1626), 155. ...

Cauchon Joseph Edouard 1816-1885 Educated At The Seminaire De
Quebec; studied law and called to the bar, but turned immediately to journalism. Edited Le Canadien for a time; and in 1842 established ...

Caughnawaga Indians
A community of Iroquois, chiefly drawn from the Oneida and Mohawk, and speaking a modification of the Mohawk tongue. Having been conver...

Caumont
(Samuel de Champlain era) Pont-Grave's clerk, 121; chief clerk of De Monts's (Rouen) company at Quebec, 133. ...

Cayahoga
(General Brock era) United States schooner carrying Hull's stores and baggage, captured, 218. ...

Cayet Victor Palma
(Samuel de Champlain era) His work on French navigation, 15. ...

Cayley William
Inspector-general, 1845-1848, and again, 1854-1858. By the Act of 1859, the office was changed to minister of finance. ...

Index : Lord Elgin Era Inspector-general 1854 140 Favours Division Of Clergy
Reserves among various denominations, 163. (George Brown Era) Galt takes his place in government, 107. =Bib.=: Finances and Trade of Can...

Cayugas
One of the tribes of the Iroquois confederacy. Parkman gives four forms of the name: Cayugas, Caiyoquos, Goiogoens, Gweugwehonoh. Their...

Bib : Pilling Iroquoian Languages See Also Iroquois
...

Cazeau Francois
(Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Arrested on charge of treason, 279. ...

Census
The first census in Canada seems to have been taken in 1640, when the inhabitants numbered 375, distributed as follows: married men, 64...

Centurion
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) Admiral Saunders's ship, in action off Beauport shore, 136. ...

Chabanel Noel
Jesuit missionary in the Huron country, 1643. Had been a professor of rhetoric in France, before coming to Canada. When the Hurons were...

Chabot J
(1807-1860). Born at St. Charles, Bellechasse, Lower Canada. Studied law and practised in Quebec. Sat in the Assembly for Quebec, 1843-...

Chalmers Thomas
(Egerton Ryerson era) Offered, but declines, charge of educational policy in Upper Canada, 37. ...

Chamberlain Joseph 1836- British Statesman William Lyon Mackenzie Era Justifies Upper
Canada Rebellion, 29, 30. =Bib.=: Who's Who. ...

Chambers Captain
(General Brock era) Sent to Moraviantown to oppose enemy, 219, 235; in command of 2d Brigade, 247. ...

Chambly Jacques De
An officer of the Carignan Regiment; built Fort St. Louis, on the Richelieu, 1665, and given its command. In 1672 the seigniory of Cham...

Chambly
Fort, otherwise known as St. Louis, on the Richelieu. Built by Jacques de Chambly, 1665. =Index=: (Count Frontenac era) Fort erected at,...

Champdore
(Samuel de Champlain era) Carpenter to De Monts's expedition, 22. ...

Champlain Antoine
(Samuel de Champlain era) Father of Samuel Champlain, 1. ...

Champlain Samuel 1567?-1635 Wolfe / Montcalm Era His Elevated Sentiments 20 Samuel De Champlain Era
Birth and education, 1; sails to West Indies, Mexico, and Panama in command of Spanish vessel, 3, 4; suggests channel through isthmus, 5...

Champlain Lake
Discovered by Samuel Champlain, July, 1609. Here took place the first hostile encounter between the French and the Iroquois. The French...

Bib : Parkman Montcalm And Wolfe Crockett History Of Lake
Champlain; Smith, Our Struggle for the Fourteenth Colony; Reid, Lake George and Lake Champlain; Palmer, History of Lake Champlain. See ...

Chandler Edward Barron 1800-1880 Elected To New Brunswick
Assembly, 1827, for Westmoreland, which he represented until 1836, when called to Legislative Council. Became executive councillor, 1844...

Chandler Samuel
(William Lyon Mackenzie era) Aids Mackenzie's escape, 397. ...

Chansons Of French Canada
Most of the inimitable folk-songs of Quebec came in their original form from France, and have undergone more or less of a transformatio...

Chapais Jean Charles 1812-1885 Born In Riviere Ouelle Quebec
Member of the Executive Council and commissioner of public works, 1864-1867. In 1867 privy councillor and minister of agriculture; and ...

Chapais Joseph Amable Thomas 1858- Educated At Laval University
Called to the bar, 1879. Edited Le Courrier du Canada since 1884. Appointed member of Legislative Council of Quebec, 1892, and elected ...

Bib : Works: Jean Talon Intendant De La Nouvelle France Discours
et Conferences. For biog., see Morgan, Can. Men; Canadian Who's Who. ...

Chapleau Sir Joseph Adolphe 1840-1898 Studied Law And Called To
the bar, 1861. Elected to Quebec Legislature, 1867, and successively solicitor-general, and provincial secretary, of the province. Premi...

Chapman Henry Samuel 1803-1881 Born In England Came To Canada
1823, and established at Montreal the Daily Advertiser, the first daily newspaper published in British America, 1833. Connected with se...

Charbonnel Armand Francois Marie De
Roman Catholic bishop of Toronto, 1850-1860. Died, 1860. =Index=: (Egerton Ryerson era) Opposes public schools, 219, 225; Ryerson's let...

Charest Dufils
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) Commands party sent to heights of Levis, 103. ...

Charles I 1600-1649 King Of England Succeeded To The Throne 1625
...

Index : Samuel De Champlain Era His Instructions To English Ambassador At Paris 215
restores New France and Acadia to France, 221. =Bib.=: Dict. Nat. Biog. ...

Charles Ii 1630-1685 King Of England Succeeded To The Throne
1660. =Index=: (Wilmot era) Annuls charter of London and other towns, 54. =Bib.=: Dict. Nat. Biog. ...

Charles Emmanuel Iii 1701-1773 King Of Sardinia Succeeded To The
throne, 1730. =Index=: (Sir Frederick Haldimand era) His foreign policy, 5. ...

Charlesbourg
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) De Pontbriand retires to, 153. ...

Charlevoix Pierre-francois-xavier De 1682-1761 First Came To
Canada in 1705, as an instructor in the Jesuits' College at Quebec. Returned to France in 1709. It was at this time that he gathered the...

Charlottetown
Capital of Prince Edward Island. Originally founded by the French, about 1750, and then known as Port la Joie. In 1713 it was a fortifi...

Bib : Campbell History Of Prince Edward Island
...

Charlottetown Conference 1864 Sir John A Macdonald Era Arranged By Tupper 104 The
Canadian proposals, 104; terms of union, 107. (Joseph Howe era) Joseph Howe invited to attend as delegate, but declines, 176-177; Sir Ch...

Charny-lauzon
See Lauzon-Charny. ...

Charron Jean-francois
(Bishop Laval era) Charitable work of, and of his brother, 125; house of charity established by, 245; death of, 246. ...

Chartier De Lotbiniere Eustache Gaspard Michel
(Lord Dorchester era) Advised in connection with question of Canadian laws, 63, 68; elected Speaker of the Assembly, 277. ...

Chartier De Lotbiniere Rene Louis
(Bishop Laval era) Appointed to Sovereign Council, 166. (Count Frontenac era) Member of the Sovereign Council, 106. ...

Charton Francois
(Samuel de Champlain era) Jesuit, 152; returns to France, 208. ...

Chastes Aymar De
(Samuel de Champlain era) Governor of Dieppe, obtains charter for colonization of Canada, 8; suggests that Champlain should visit Canada...

Chateau De Ramezay
At Montreal. =Index=: (Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Purchased for government house, 186; belonged to William Grant, 186. (Baldwin / La F...

Chateau Haldimand
At Quebec. =Index=: (Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Foundation stone laid by Haldimand, 344; used as school in connection with Laval Unive...

Chateau St Louis
At Quebec. Commenced by Governor de Montmagny, 1647, and completed by his successor, D'Ailleboust. Demolished, 1694, and rebuilt with n...

Chateaufort Marc Antoine Bras-de-fer De
(Count Frontenac era) Interim governor after death of Champlain, 27. ...

Chateauguay
Battle in War of 1812, Oct. 26, 1813. The stream from which the battle took its name, rises in Franklin County, New York, and falls int...

Chateauneuf Pierre Antoine De Castaguere Marquis De 1644-1728
(Samuel de Champlain era) French ambassador in London, instructions to, 214. ...

Chatel Aimee
(Bishop Laval era) Member of the Congregation de Notre Dame, 91. ...

Chatham William Pitt First Earl Of 1708-1778 The Great
Commoner," who brought England "to a height of prosperity and glory unknown to any former age." He urged continually a conciliatory poli...

Chaumonot Joseph
Came to Canada, 1639, with Madame de la Peltrie, Marie de l'Incarnation, and Fathers Vimont and Poncet. Accompanied Brebeuf as missiona...

Chaussegros De Lery Gaspard 1682-1756 Sent To Canada In 1716 To
superintend the fortifications of Quebec, Montreal, and other places in the colony. Prepared a plan of the cathedral at Quebec in 1725; ...

Chaussegros De Lery Gaspard-joseph
Son of preceding. Engineer; made a legislative councillor, in 1774. ...

Chauveau Pierre Joseph Olivier 1820-1890 Born At Quebec Educated
at Quebec; studied law and called to the bar of Lower Canada. First entered public life, 1844, defeating John Neilson in Quebec County. ...

Index : Sir John A Macdonald Era Leader Of Quebec Government 141 The Appointment Revealed
Macdonald's judgment, 141-142. (Sir Georges E. Cartier era) Conservative leader in Quebec, 24; superintendent of public instruction, 24,...

Chauvin Pierre Sieur De Tonnetuit
A Huguenot, born at Dieppe. Appointed captain of the garrison at Honfleur, 1589. Obtained trading monopoly for ten years in Canada. Mad...

Chedabucto Now Known As Guysborough Nova Scotia Index : Count Frontenac Era
Frontenac arrives at, 232. ...

Cheffault
(Samuel de Champlain era) Agent of Company of New France, 244. ...

Cherououng
(Samuel de Champlain era) Montagnais chief, sent on embassy to Iroquois, 163. ...

Chesapeake
(General Brock era) Affair of, 82-86. ...

Childers Hugh Culling Eardley 1827-1896 Entered The House Of
Commons, 1860; financial secretary, 1865-1866; first lord of the Admiralty and privy councillor, 1868. In 1875 came to Canada on Lord D...

Chimeourimou
(Samuel de Champlain era) Montagnais chief, sent on embassy to Iroquois, 163. ...

Chipman
(Wilmot era) Judge of Supreme Court, New Brunswick, 8; one of Maine Boundary commissioners, 8. ...

Chipman Ward
(Wilmot era) Judge of Supreme Court, New Brunswick, 8; succeeds Saunders as chief justice, 74; resigns, 129. (Tilley era) Resigns as chi...

Chippewa Indians
A large tribe, of Algonquian stock, formerly ranging along both shores of Lakes Huron and Superior, and westward as far as North Dakota...

Chisholm G C
(Lord Sydenham era) Sergeant-at-arms of Legislative Assembly, 334. ...

Chittenden Thomas 1730-1797 First Governor Of Vermont 1778-1797
...

Index : Sir Frederick Haldimand Era Claims Separation Of Vermont From New York 201
negotiates with Haldimand, 202; General Washington's letter to, 212-213; Ira Allen's proposed treaty with, 214-215. =Bib.=: Chipman, Tho...

Choiseul Etienne-francois Duc De 1719-1785 Minister Of Foreign
affairs; signed the treaty of 1759 with Austria; minister of war, 1761. ...

Index : Wolfe / Montcalm Era French Minister Glad To Get Rid Of Canada 11
...

Cholera Epidemic 1832 And 1834 Louis Joseph Papineau Era Imported By Immigrants 87
government blamed for neglect to provide quarantine, 88; committee formed to inquire into causes, etc., 88-89; one of the grievances in ...

Chouageun
See Oswega. ...

Chouart Dit Des Groseilliers Medard
Born in France about 1621. Came to Canada, 1642. After serving the Jesuits for some years as a donne, or lay helper, engaged in the fur...

Christian Doctrine Brothers Of The
(Bishop Laval era) Arrival of, in Canada, 125. ...

Christian Guardian
(Egerton Ryerson era) Founded at York (Toronto), 1829, 82; Egerton Ryerson, first editor, 82; exponent of Methodist views on religious, ...

Christie Alexander
(Mackenzie / Selkirk / Simpson era) Chief factor, Hudson's Bay Company, and later governor of Assiniboia, 222. =Bib.=: Ryerson, Story of...

Christie David 1818-1880 Born In Edinburgh Scotland Educated At
Edinburgh High School. Came to Canada, 1833, and devoted himself to farming. Took a prominent part in politics as a leader of the Reform...

Bib : Dent Last Forty Years
...

Christie Robert 1788-1856 Born In Nova Scotia Repeatedly Expelled
from the Assembly of Lower Canada; re-elected after the union, and held his seat until 1854. Contributed to Quebec Gazette and Mercury. ...

Index : Count Frontenac Era Papineau Causes His Expulsion On Four Occasions From
Assembly, 80; his reconciliation with Papineau, 180; Papineau's letters to, 144, 181-182, 191-193. (William Lyon Mackenzie era) On Union...

Chronicle
Newspaper, published at Halifax. =Index=: (Joseph Howe era) Published by Wm. Annand, 75; Joseph Howe contributes to, 90-93; letters of H...

Chronicle And Gazette
Newspaper published at Kingston. =Index=: (Lord Sydenham era) Praises Sydenham's policy, 351. (Baldwin / La Fontaine / Hincks era) On th...

Chrystler's Farm
Battle in War of 1812-1814, fought Nov. 11th, 1813. The scene of the fight was near the head of the Long Sault Rapids, on the St. Lawre...

Chubb
(Count Frontenac era) Commandant of Fort Pemaquid, fires on Indians while under flag of truce, 331; killed, 332. ...

Church
Newspaper published at Toronto. =Index=: (Baldwin / La Fontaine / Hincks era) Quoted on debate on responsible government in 1841, 90; on...

Church Of England
The first Anglican church in what is now Canada was built at Halifax, Nova Scotia, in 1750, when Cornwallis was governor of the provinc...

Index : George Brown Era And The Family Compact 11 And The Clergy Reserves 48-49
privileges granted under Act of 1791, 51-52; Durham's estimate of numerical strength, 52-53; recognition of its exclusive claims said by...

Bib : Hopkins Canada: An Ency Vol 2 Cross The Anglican
Episcopate and the American Colonies; Anderson, History of Church of England in the Colonies; Akins, Church of England in North American...

Churchill Fort
See Prince of Wales, Fort. ...

Churchill River
Rises in La Loche Lake, lat. 56 deg. 10' N., long. 109 deg. 40' W., and after a course of 1000 miles, empties into Hudson Bay. The mout...

Bib : Laut Conquest Of The Great North-west Bryce Hudson's Bay
Company. ...

Citizen
Newspaper published at Ottawa. Established, 1844. =Index=: (William Lyon Mackenzie era) Newspaper, Mackenzie's obituary in, 517; urges m...

Civil Law
(Lord Dorchester era) Importance of the question to the French population, after 1760,10-11; British authorities at Quebec find difficul...

Civil List
(Lord Sydenham era) Permanent provision for, considered necessary, 120; Sydenham asks for, 204; possible opposition to, 308. (John Grave...

Civil Secretary
(Lord Sydenham era) Of the governor, large range of duties undertaken by, in pre-union times, 331. ...

Clarendon George William Frederick Villiers Fourth Earl Of
(1800-1870). Ambassador at Madrid, 1833-1839; lord privy seal, 1839-1841; foreign minister, 1853-1858, 1865-1866, and 1868-1870. ...

Index : Lord Sydenham Era Governor-generalship Of Canada Tendered To 58 Bib :
Dict. Nat. Biog. ...

Clark George Rogers 1752-1818 American Frontier Leader Index :
(Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Rebel leader, his cruel treatment of garrison of Vincennes, 168. ...

Bib : Campaign In The Illinois English Conquest Of The Country
North-West of the Ohio. ...

Clark Peter
(John Graves Simcoe era) Commands boat sent to meet Prince Edward, 183. ...

Clark Samuel
(Tilley era) Rector of Gagetown, 5. ...

Clark Lieutenant-colonel Thomas
(General Brock era) Command assigned to, on Niagara frontier, 206. (Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Death of his wife, 237. ...

Clark Sir William Mortimer 1836- Born In Aberdeen Scotland
Educated at Marischal College, Aberdeen; studied law at the University of Edinburgh, and admitted a writer to the signet, 1859. Came to ...

Clarke Captain
(Count Frontenac era) Killed at Fort Loyal, two daughters taken to Quebec, 303. ...

Clarke Sir Alured 1745-1832 Lieutenant-governor Of Lower Canada
1790-1795. Had been governor of Jamaica before coming to Canada; and after leaving the country, filled several high offices in India, fi...

Bib : Morgan Cel Can
...

Clarke Jonathan
(John Graves Simcoe era) Teaches school at Fredericksburg and Matilda, 167. ...

Claus Colonel
(General Brock era) Command assigned to, on Niagara frontier, 206. ...

Clay Henry 1777-1852 American Statesman And Orator Index : General Brock Era
His confident prediction of conquest of Canada, 215. =Bib.=: Works, ed. by Colton, 1857; new ed., 1898; Schurz, Life of Henry Clay; Cyc....

Clayoquot Sound
West coast of Vancouver Island. =Index=: (Sir James Douglas era) Natives of, attack Tonquin, 1811, and massacre crew, 37. ...

Clear Grits
(George Brown Era) Leaders of the party, 39; origin of name, 40; denounced by the Globe, 40; platform, 41; significance of movement, 23...

Clement Pierre
(Lord Dorchester era) On causes of failure of West India Company, 149; on galley service, 215. =Bib.=: Histoire de Colbert; Madame de M...

Clergy French-canadian
(Lord Dorchester era) Faithful to the British government, 72, 80. (Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Illiterate but highly respected, 42; rec...

Clergy Reserves
(Sir John A Macdonald era) Question embitters public life of Upper Canada, 13, 28; nature and history of the dispute, 55-62; secularizat...

Clermont Chevalier De
(Count Frontenac era) Killed in skirmish on Beauport flats, 294. ...

Clermont College Of
(Bishop Laval era) Laval studies at, 21. ...

Clinton Sir Henry 1738-1795 Sent To America 1775 Served
in the South, and with Howe at Philadelphia; succeeded him as commander-in-chief, 1778; Captured Charleston, 1780; succeeded by Sir Guy...

Clitherow John 1782-1852 Entered Army 1799 Lieutenant-colonel
1812; served in the Egyptian campaign, 1801; the Hanover campaign, 1805; the Walcheren expedition, 1809, and throughout the Peninsular W...

Bib : Morgan Cel Can
...

Closse Major
(Bishop Laval era) His piety, 8. ...

Cloutier Zacharie
(Samuel de Champlain era) Joiner, accompanies Robert Giffard to Canada, 252. ...

Club Democratique
(Sir Georges E. Cartier era) Their appeal to the public, 26-27. ...

Cobb Sylvanus 1709-1762 A Native Of Plymouth Mass Served In The
expedition against Louisbourg, 1745. For some years engaged in the coast defence of Nova Scotia. Served at the second siege of Louisbour...

Cobden Richard 1804-1865 British Statesman Index : Lord Sydenham Era A More
advanced radical than Sydenham, 20. =Bib.=: Morley, Life of Richard Cobden; Dict. Nat. Biog. ...

Cochrane Thomas 1777-1804 Born In Nova Scotia A Member Of The
English bar. Chief-justice of the Supreme Court of Prince Edward Island, 1801; judge of the King's Bench of Upper Canada, 1804. Drowned ...

Cockburn James 1819-1883 Born In Berwick-on-tweed England Came
to Canada, and called to the bar of Upper Canada, 1846. Practised his profession at Cobourg. Represented West Northumberland in the Asse...

Cockrel
(John Graves Simcoe era) Establishes school at Niagara and afterwards at Ancaster, 167. ...

Coffin William Foster 1808-1878 Born In Bath England Came To
Quebec with his father, an army officer, 1813. Returned to England, 1815, and until 1824 was a student at Eton. Came back to Canada, 183...

Coke Sir John 1563-1644 Sat In Parliament 1621-1629 Secretary Of
State, 1625; a commissioner of the treasury, 1635-1636. =Index=: (Samuel de Champlain era) English Commissioner in matter of Canada, 214...

Colbert Jean Baptiste 1619-1683 First Minister To Louis Xiv
...

Index : Count Frontenac Era Creates West India Company 49 Disapproves Frontenac's
action in summoning "three estates," 67; anti-clerical tendencies, 73; Madame Maintenon's opinion of, 74; advice to Courcelles in relati...

Colebrooke Sir William Macbean George 1787-1870 After Serving In
the army, and as political agent in the East, became lieutenant-governor of the Bahamas, 1834-1837; governor of the Leeward Islands, 183...

Index : Wilmot Era Appoints Son-in-law As Provincial Secretary New Brunswick
76; action resented by members of government, 76-80; his unpopularity, 100-101. =Bib.=: Hannay, History of New Brunswick; Rattray, The S...

Coles George 1810-1875 Tilley Era Delegate To Quebec Conference 77
...

Collins Francis
(William Lyon Mackenzie era) Reports legislative debates, 106; publishes Canadian Freeman in 1825, 111; convicted of libel, 134; fined a...

Collver Jabez
(John Graves Simcoe era) Presbyterian minister, the first to come to Upper Canada, 165. ...

Colonial Advocate
Newspaper, published by William Lyon Mackenzie. ...

Index : William Lyon Mackenzie Era Newspaper Published At Queenston May 18 1824 85
reviews condition of provinces, 86, 87; topics discussed in, 94-97; reports debates, 102, 103; granted a subsidy for printing, 103; move...

Colonial Conference 1894
Opened at Ottawa, June 28, with Mackenzie Bowell in the chair. Delegates present from the Imperial government, New South Wales, Victori...

Colonial Empire
Newspaper, published at St. John. =Index=: (Tilley era) Brings charge against government, 51. ...

Colonial Gazette
Newspaper, published in London. =Index=: (Lord Sydenham era) Publishes article on Poulett Thomson's mission to Canada, 135-141; not ent...

Colonist
Newspaper, published in Toronto. =Index=: (George Brown Era) Edited by Samuel Thompson, 4; George Sheppard, editorial writer on, 135. ...

Colonization
(Bishop Laval era) Laval's interest in, 77; arrival of colonists from La Rochelle, 1663-1664, 77; system of apprenticeship, 77-78; Sover...

Coltman W B
A merchant of Quebec, and lieutenant-colonel in the militia. Sent by Governor Sherbrooke, 1816, to Red River, to investigate dispute be...

Columbia
(Sir James Douglas era) Hudson's Bay Company, vessel, 183. ...

Columbia Fur Company
(Sir James Douglas era) Organized, 1822, by recruits from the North West Company, 134. See also Astor; Astor Fur Company. ...

Columbia River
Rises in Upper Columbia Lake, lat. 50 deg. 10', long. 115 deg. 50', and flows into Pacific Ocean. Total length about 1150 miles. Its mo...

Comfort Thomas
(William Lyon Mackenzie era) Aids Mackenzie's escape, 384. ...

Commerce
(General Brock era) In Upper Canada, 50. See also Trade. ...

Commercial Union
Complete and entire free trade with the United States, first proposed by Ira Gould, before Montreal Board of Trade, February, 1852. (Se...

Index : Sir John A Macdonald Era Brought Forward By Liberals As An Alternative To
protection, 261-262; history of the movement, 291-292; the Commercial Union League, 293-298. See also Unrestricted reciprocity; Reciproc...

Commissariat Department
(John Graves Simcoe era) Abuses in, 212. ...

Company Of Canada Merchant Adventurers Of Canada
Organized by David Kirke, and chartered by Charles I, to exploit the fur trade of the St. Lawrence. The restoration of Canada to France...

Company Of De Caen
Organized by William de Caen and his nephew Emery, merchants of Rouen. Monopoly granted the company on usual terms as to settlement, mi...

Company Of New France Compagnie Des Cent-associes
Established, 1627, by Cardinal Richelieu, on the advice of Isaac de Razilly. A monopoly of fifteen years was granted, with full ownersh...

Company Of Notre Dame De Montreal
(Bishop Laval era) Consecrates the island of Montreal to the Virgin, 85; makes over its rights to the Seminary of St. Sulpice, in 1663,...

Company Of Rouen And St Malo Champlain's Company
Established at the instance of Champlain, in 1614. The shares were divided among the merchants of Rouen and St. Malo. The terms of thei...

Company Of The West Indies Compagnie Des Indes Occidentales
Chartered by Louis XIV, 1664, following the cancellation of the charter of the Company of New France. Its field of operations was enormo...

Conde Prince Henri De 1588-1646 Samuel De Champlain Era Licenses Three Vessels To
trade in St. Lawrence, 78; letter to, in Champlain's Quatrieme Voyage, 79; contributes to building of Recollet Convent, 117; source of t...

Confederation
The first definite step in the movement looking towards the union of the British North American colonies, was the Charlottetown Confere...

Index : William Lyon Mackenzie Era Mackenzie Advocates 104-105 Robinson Reports On 105
(Tilley era) History of, 59-71, 73-87; defeated in New Brunswick, 89-110; accepted by New Brunswick, 111-125; completion of, 127-132. (S...

Congregation De Notre Dame
(Count Frontenac era) Montreal, established, 29. ...

Congress United States
(Lord Dorchester era) Address of, to French-Canadians, 71, 77; action of, at Philadelphia, 77; sends commission to inquire into militar...

Conkling Senator Roscoe 1829-1888 American Statesman Index : George Brown Era
Favourable to proposed Reciprocity Treaty of 1864, 230-231. ...

Connecticut
(Count Frontenac era) Takes part in expedition against Montreal, 279. ...

Connell Charles
(Tilley era) Resigns as postmaster-general, New Brunswick, 49-51; runs for Carleton County in Confederation interest, 89; member of Mit...

Connolly William
(Mackenzie / Selkirk / Simpson era) Chief factor, Hudson's Bay Company, 1825, 224; his family, 224. (Sir James Douglas era) Succeeds Stu...

Conolly William
(Lord Dorchester era) Of Stratton Hall, Staffordshire; member of Parliament and privy councillor, 30; his powerful influence exerted on ...

Connor George Skeffington
Born in Ireland. Educated at Trinity College, Dublin. Came to Canada, 1832, with William Hume Blake. Settled on a farm near Lake Simcoe...

Conseil Souverain
See Sovereign Council. ...

Conservative Party
(George Brown Era) Organized by Sir John A. Macdonald, out of old Tory party, 69; its debt to Canada First Association, 241. =Bib.=: Pop...

Constitution
(William Lyon Mackenzie era) Newspaper, Mackenzie starts, 320; destroyed by mob, 321; draft constitution of provisional government publi...

Constitutional Act 1791
The Act was designed to harmonize the conflicting interests of French and English by dividing Quebec into two provinces,--Upper and Low...

Bib : Bourinot Parliamentary Procedure And Government And Manual
of the Constitutional History of Canada; Houston, Canadian Constitutional Documents; Dominion Archives Report, 1890; Watson, Constituti...

Constitutional Associations
(Lord Sydenham era) Of Quebec and Montreal, their aims, 112; send delegations to Upper Canada and to England to urge union of the provi...

Constitutional Reform Society
(Baldwin / La Fontaine / Hincks era) Organized in Upper Canada, July 16, 1836. (Lord Dorchester era) William Baldwin, president, Francis...

Cook Dr Henry
(Tilley era) Tilley in his service, 7. ...

Cook Captain James 1728-1779 Served In Canada During Siege Of
Quebec, 1759. Discovered New Zealand, 1769, and New South Wales, 1770. In his famous voyage of 1776-1778, explored the north-west coast ...

Cook River
(Sir James Douglas era) Named by Captain Cook, 21; Captain Douglas there in 1788, 27, 28. ...

Coote's Paradise
(General Brock era) Early name of Hamilton, 52. See also Hamilton. ...

Copenhagen Battle Of 1801 General Brock Era Description Of 25-31 Bombardment
of, and capture of Danish fleet, 106. ...

Coppermine River
Rises in a small lake, a little west of long. 110 deg., and south of lat. 66 deg., and after a course of 525 miles flows into Coronatio...

Coquart Claude-godefroy
Jesuit missionary. Accompanied La Verendrye on his Western explorations, 1741, but got no farther than Michilimackinac. His letter, quo...

Coram Joseph
(Tilley era) Runs for St. John County as Anti-Confederate, 85; a leading Orangeman, 86; defeated in St. John County, 109. ...

Corbiere Captain
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) Killed in battle of Ste. Foy, 264. ...

Corlaer
See Schenectady. =Index=: (Count Frontenac era) Indian name for governors of New York, 253. ...

Corn Laws
(Lord Sydenham era) Their repeal advocated by Poulett Thomson, 37, 40, 52. (George Brown Era) Their effect on Canadian industries, 15, 3...

Cornwall Canal
(Baldwin / La Fontaine / Hincks era) Construction of, provided for by government in 1841, 98. =Bib.=: Keefer, Canals of Canada (R. S. C....

Cornwallis Charles First Marquis 1738-1805 Served In American
Revolutionary War; won victory at Camden over Gates, 1780, and in 1781 defeated Greene at Guildford. In 1781 hemmed in at Yorktown betwe...

Cornwallis Edward
Born, 1812. Member of the British House of Commons for Eyre, 1749. Appointed governor of Nova Scotia, 1749. Sailed from England with 25...

Corpo Father
(Bishop Laval era) Dies a martyr, 62. ...

Correspondent And Advocate
Newspaper. =Index=: (William Lyon Mackenzie era) Newspaper, published by Dr. O'Grady, 259. ...

Corrupt Practices
(Baldwin / La Fontaine / Hincks era) Bill in reference to, introduced, 99; excites great public attention, 99; passed by Assembly, but r...

Corvee
(Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Ancient French custom, 122; used in transporting provisions to upper posts, 140; complaint against Haldima...

Cosmos Amor De
(Sir James Douglas era) Editor of British Colonist, 271; bitter opponent of Sir James Douglas, 306-307; his character, 306; his tribute ...

Costa Francis
(John Graves Simcoe era) Naval officer, Upper Canada, 178. ...

Costigan John 1835- Represented Victoria In New Brunswick
Legislature, 1861-1866; elected to Dominion House of Commons, 1867; interested himself in questions of Roman Catholic schools of New Br...

Index : Sir Georges E Cartier Era Demands Disallowance Of New Brunswick Act Abolishing
separate schools, 73, 77; demands amendment of constitution to secure separate schools for New Brunswick Roman Catholics, 77. =Bib.=: Mo...

Cote Ste Genevieve
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) Slope to the north of Plains of Abraham, 186, 252. ...

Coteau Du Lac
(Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Canal at, 185. ...

Coton Father
(Samuel de Champlain era) Jesuit provincial, accepts proposals of Recollets, 151. ...

Couillard Guillaume
(Samuel de Champlain era) Early settler, 145. ...

Couillard Henry
(Samuel de Champlain era) Captain of the Don de Dieu, 39. ...

Couillard Jacques
(Samuel de Champlain era) An interpreter, 144. ...

Council
See Legislative Council; Executive Council; Sovereign Council. ...

Council Of Assiniboia
Appointed by the Hudson's Bay Company, for the government of the colonists in their territory. The first meeting was held Feb. 12, 1835...

County Courts
(Lord Sydenham era) Act passed establishing, 339. ...

Courcelles Daniel De Remy Sieur De
Governor of Canada, 1665-1672. His tenure of office marked by an unsuccessful expedition against the Iroquois, and a long and acrimonio...

Coureurs De Bois
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) Described, 17, 18; furnished recruits to militia, 31; summoned to defend the hornwork, 206. (Sir Frederick Haldim...

Courier
Newspaper published at Brantford. Established, 1834. =Index=: (William Lyon Mackenzie era) Newspaper, Mackenzie's obituary in, 515. ...

Courier Upper Canada
(William Lyon Mackenzie era) Publishes doggerel abuse of Assembly, 165. ...

Courtemanche De
(Count Frontenac era) Sent to Michilimackinac, 310. (Wolfe / Montcalm era) Goes to island of Orleans to prepare ambuscade, 90; slight su...

Courts Of Justice
(Lord Dorchester era) Established, 13; not satisfactory to Canadians, 41; reform of, 54. ...

Courval De
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) Directs movements of fire rafts, 130. ...

Couture Guillaume
Born in Normandy, 1608. Came to Canada, 1640. Two years later, on his way to the Huron country with Father Jogues (q.v.), they were cap...

Cowlitz
(Sir James Douglas era) Hudson's Bay Company vessel, 183. ...

Cox Ross
Went to Astoria on the Beaver in 1811-1812 as an employee of the Pacific Fur Company. When Astoria was transferred to the North West Co...

Craig Sir James 1748-1812 Distinguished Himself At Lexington And
Bunker Hill, in American Revolutionary War. Appointed governor of Jersey, 1793; and governor of the Cape, 1795. Sent to India two years ...

Index : Louis Joseph Papineau Eragovernor-general Of Canada 27 His Prejudice Against
French-Canadians, 28; suppresses Le Canadien, and sends its contributors to jail, 28-29; advises that bishop of Quebec be deprived of a...

Cramahe Hector Theophilus
(Lord Dorchester era) Member of Council, sent by Murray on mission to England, 16; replaces Carleton during his absence from Canada, 59...

Cramoisy Sebastien
(Samuel de Champlain era) One of the Hundred Associates (Company of New France), 171. ...

Crane William
(Wilmot era) Delegate to England to represent New Brunswick grievances, 41, 45; again sent to England by Assembly, 46; appointed to Cou...

Crawford Isabella Valancy 1851-1887 Born In Ireland Came To
Canada at age of five. Lived at Peterborough, Ontario. Collected volume of her Poems published, 1905, with biographical and critical in...

Crawford John Willoughby 1817-1875 Born In Ireland Came To
Canada, 1824; studied law and called to the bar, 1824. Sat in the Legislative Assembly for East Toronto, 1861-1863; represented South L...

Crawford Colonel
(Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Leader in attack on Moravian Indians, 171. ...

Crawley Edmund Albern 1799-1880 Graduated From King's College
Windsor; studied law under James W. Johnstone, and called to the bar, 1882. One of the leaders of the Baptist Church in Nova Scotia; ent...

Index : Joseph Howe Era Halifax Lawyer Becomes A Baptist And Enters Ministry 77
Dalhousie College refuses to appoint him to professorship, 81. =Bib.=: Dent, Can. Por.; Hill, Forty Years with the Baptist Ministers and...

Credit River
Rises in Caledon Mountains, and enters Lake Ontario, fourteen miles west of Toronto. =Index=: (General Brock era) Tract of land on, pur...

Cree Indians
An important Algonquian tribe, formerly ranging throughout what are now the provinces of Manitoba and Saskatchewan, and north-eastwards...

Creek Indians
A confederacy of the Muskhogean family. Known to the English as occupying what are now the states of Alabama and Florida. First visited...

Creighton John 1794-1878 Born In Nova Scotia Called To The Bar
1816, and created Q. C. by royal warrant, 1845. Sat in the Legislative Assembly of Nova Scotia, 1830-1850. Called to the Legislative Cou...

Cremazie Octave 1827-1879 His Life A Peculiarly Sad One Having
made a failure of his business as a bookseller in Quebec, went to France, and died there in poverty. One of the founders of the Institut...

Crillon Count Edward De
(General Brock era) His connection with the John Henry letters, 186, 187; discovered to be an impostor, 188. ...

Criminal Law Of England
(Lord Dorchester era) Established by Quebec Act, 64. (Baldwin / La Fontaine / Hincks era) Amendments of 1841 to reduce its severity, 99....

Crisacy Marquis Antoine De
(Count Frontenac era) Conducts expedition for restoration of Fort Frontenac, 341. ...

Crooks Adam 1827-1885 Son Of James Crooks Born At West Flamboro
Ontario. Educated at Upper Canada College and the University of Toronto. Called to the bar of Upper Canada, 1851. Contested West Toronto...

Crooks James 1778-1860 Born In Scotland Came To Canada 1794 And
settled at Niagara. Engaged in mercantile life. Commanded a company of militia during the War of 1812-1814. Shortly after the close of t...

Crosby Thomas
(Sir James Douglas era) Methodist missionary--arrives, 1862, 270; opens school at Nanaimo, 1863, 270; removes to Port Simpson, 1876, 270...

Crown Point
West side of Lake Champlain. Fort Frederic was built here in 1731; rebuilt, 1734; and strengthened, 1742. It was blown up by Bourlamaqu...

Crow's Nest Pass
Discovered in the latter sixties by a trapper, Michael Phillips, formerly in the employ of the Hudson's Bay Company. The pass took its ...

Cudlip John W
(Tilley era) Anti-Confederate candidate in St. John County, 85; defeated in St. John County, 109. ...

Cumberland Richard 1732-1811 English Dramatist Index : Sir Frederick Haldimand Era
Asked to select books for the Quebec library, 191. =Bib.=: Dict. Nat. Biog. ...

Cumberland William Augustus Duke Of 1721-1765 Second Son Of
George II. Commanded British armies in Flanders and Hanover. =Index=: (Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Interested in raising Swiss and Germ...

Cumberland House
Hudson's Bay Company post. =Index=: (Mackenzie / Selkirk / Simpson era) Built by Samuel Hearne, on Pine Island Lake, or Sturgeon Lake, i...

Cunard Sir Samuel 1787-1865 Born In Halifax His Practical
training fitted him for the important role he was to fill in the evolution of ocean shipping. Watched closely the early attempts to cros...

Index : Joseph Howe Era Establishes Steamship Line Between Halifax And Great
Britain, 234; makes New York western terminal of his line, 234. =Bib.=: Dent, Can. Por.; Johnson, First Things in Canada, under Steam C...

Cuoq Jean-andre 1821-1901 Entered The Sulpician Order In 1843 And
came to Canada two years later. Devoted his life to a minute study of the languages of the Algonquian and Iroquois tribes, and became on...

Curacies Permanent Cures Fixes Count Frontenac Era Question Of 165 190
...

Currency
The British authorities passed an ordinance in 1764 by which the French Louis d'or and crown were kept in circulation. First step for a...

Curry Thomas
One of the first fur traders from Montreal to reach the Saskatchewan, about 1771. Preceded by James Finlay (q.v.). =Index=: (Mackenzie ...

Customs
(John Graves Simcoe era) Arrangement with Lower Canada respecting revenue of, 93. (Wilmot era) Maintained in New Brunswick by British go...

Cuthbert James Ross
(General Brock era) Of Berthier, forms a volunteer company, from inhabitants of his seigniory, 95; an intimate friend of Brock, 95; his...

Cuvillier Augustin
Entered public life in 1815 as member for Huntingdon, which he represented almost continuously up to 1844. Speaker of Assembly, 1841-18...

Dablon Claude 1619-1697 Born At Dieppe Educated At Paris And La
Fleche; joined Canadian mission, 1655; accompanied Chaumonot to Onondaga territory, where he remained for three years; then returned to ...

Dablon Simon
(Samuel de Champlain era) Assisted in forming Company of New France, 168. ...

Dacre Lieutenant
(Lord Dorchester era) Sailing-master on Carleton's ship, 154. ...

Daine
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) Lieutenant-general of police and mayor of Quebec. Signs petition to De Ramezay for capitulation, 224. ...

Dalhousie George Ramsay Ninth Earl Of 1770-1838 A Scottish Peer
Entered the army at an early age and saw service in various parts of the world. From 1812 to 1814 commanded the 7th division of the Brit...

Dalhousie College
Located at Halifax. Founded by George Ramsay, ninth Earl of Dalhousie, 1818. Original endowment derived from funds collected at the por...

Dallas A J
Born in Scotland. Engaged for some years in the China trade. Entered service of Hudson's Bay Company; chief factor at Fort Victoria, Va...

Bib : Bryce Hudson's Bay Company
...

Dallet
(Bishop Laval era) Sulpician, arrival of, 105. ...

Dalling And Bulwer William Henry Lytton Earle Baron 1801-1872
British diplomatist. =Index=: (William Lyon Mackenzie era) On the power of agitation, 16. ...

Bib : Dict Nat Biog
...

Dalling's Light Infantry
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) In battle of Ste. Foy, 257, 259. ...

Dalquier Colonel
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) Of Bearn regiment, 209; in battle of Ste. Foy, 259, 261, 262. ...

Daly Sir Dominick 1798-1868 Born In Ireland Came To Canada 1825
provincial secretary for Lower Canada, 1827-1840; provincial secretary of Canada, 1841-1848. Left Canada, and appointed by the Imperial ...

Daly John Corry Wilson 1796-1878 Born In Liverpool England For
some time an assistant surgeon in the navy. Emigrated to the United States, and removed to Hamilton, 1826. Appointed surgeon to the Cana...

Daly Malachy Bowes 1836- Son Of Sir Dominick Daly Born In
Quebec. Educated at St. Mary's College, Oscott, England; studied law and called to the bar of Nova Scotia, 1864. Private secretary to va...

Damours Mathieu
(Count Frontenac era) Member of Sovereign Council, 106; arrested by Frontenac, 139. (Bishop Laval era) Member of Sovereign Council, 158,...

Daniel Andre
Eldest son of Antoine Daniel, of Dieppe, and brother of Charles. Died in 1637. =Index=: (Samuel de Champlain era) Sent to London (1629) ...

Daniel Antoine 1600-1648 Son Of Antoine Daniel Of Dieppe Entered
the Society of Jesus; came to Canada in 1633; and in 1634 accompanied Brebeuf to the Huron country, where they laid the beginnings of th...

Index : Bishop Laval Era Wounded While Ministering To The Dying 5 Samuel De Champlain Era Murdered By
the Iroquois, 92; missionary in Cape Breton, 1633, 237. =Bib.=: Parkman, Jesuits in North America. ...

Daniel Charles
Son of Antoine Daniel, of Dieppe. Made a notable voyage to New France in 1629, of which he left a graphic narrative. Arriving at Cape B...

Bib : Voyage A La Nouvelle-france Du Capitaine Charles Daniel For
biog., see Biggar, Early Trading Companies of New France; Parkman, Pioneers of France; Kirke, The First English Conquest of Canada. ...

Daoust J B
(Sir Georges E. Cartier era) One of the Liberal leaders in Lower Canada, 25. ...

Darache Captain
(Samuel de Champlain era) A Basque, disregards monopoly granted to De Monts, 40. ...

Darontal
(Samuel de Champlain era) Huron chief, 103. ...

Dartmouth William Legge Second Earl Of 1731-1801 Lord Dorchester Era Succeeded
as secretary of state by Germain, 148. ...

Daubressy Captain
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) Carries articles of capitulation of Quebec to Vaudreuil, 234. ...

Daulac
See Dollard des Ormeaux. ...

David Laurent Olivier 1840- Educated At St Therese College
studied law and called to the bar of Lower Canada, 1864. One of founders, and editor, of L'Opinion Publique, 1870. Represented Montreal...

Davidson John
(Lord Sydenham era) Made commissioner of crown lands, 333. (Baldwin / La Fontaine / Hincks era) Commissioner of crown lands, proposed to...

Davin Nicholas Flood 1843-1901 Born In Ireland Studied Law And
called to the English bar, 1868. Served as war correspondent during Franco-Prussian War. Came to Canada, 1872; joined staff of the Globe...

Davies Sir Louis Henry 1845- Born In Prince Edward Island
Educated at Prince of Wales College; studied law and called to the bar of Prince Edward Island, 1866. Sat in the Assembly, 1872-1879; pr...

Davis Captain Sylvanus
(Count Frontenac era) Captured at Fort Loyal, 252; a prisoner in Quebec, during siege by Phipps, 294. ...

Davost Father
(Samuel de Champlain era) Jesuit missionary in Cape Breton, 237. ...

Dawson George Mercer 1849-1901 Son Of Sir J W Dawson Qv
Studied geology and palaeontology under Huxley, Ramsay and Etheridge at the Royal School of Mines, London. Geologist and botanist to Nor...

Dawson Sir John William 1820-1899 Born At Pictou Nova Scotia
Educated at Edinburgh University. Accompanied Sir Charles Lyell on his geological explorations in Nova Scotia. Appointed superintendent ...

Day Charles Dewey 1806-1884 Born In Bennington Vermont Came With
his parents to Canada, 1812. Called to the bar of Lower Canada, 1827; created Q.C., 1837. Assisted in the prosecution of the insurgents ...

Dean
(General Brock era) Private of the 41st, gallant conduct of at Canard bridge, 236; praised by Brock on parade, 258. ...

Deane Silas 1737-1789 Delegate From Connecticut To Continental
Congress, 1774. Sent to France as secret political agent, 1776. Instrumental in negotiating treaties with France, and bringing Lafayette...

Dearborn Henry 1751-1829 Served Through War Of The Revolution
accompanied Arnold's expedition to Canada. Secretary of war, 1801-1809; appointed major-general, 1812, and assigned to command of northe...

Dease Peter Warren
(Sir James Douglas era) In charge of New Caledonia for Hudson's Bay Company, 285. (Mackenzie / Selkirk / Simpson era) Succeeds William C...

Debartzch P D
Engaged in journalism. First elected to the Assembly of Lower Canada, 1810; member of the Legislative Council, 1815. =Index=: (Louis Jo...

De Bonne Judge
(General Brock era) Resolution of Assembly excluding, 126. ...

Debt Public
(Lord Sydenham era) Arrangements for, under Union, 115, 193, 204, 205, 206, 207; estimated amount of, 319. ...

Declaration Of Independence
In Upper Canada. (William Lyon Mackenzie era) July 1837, its history, 330; work of Rolph and O'Grady, 330. ...

De Grey
See Walsingham. ...

De Grey And Ripon
See Ripon. ...

Delagrave C
(Lord Elgin era) Commissioner under Seigniorial Tenure law, 187. ...

De Lancy's Brigade Of Loyalists
(Lord Dorchester era) Mentioned, 202. ...

Delaune Captain
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) Commanded the volunteers who first climbed hill at Le Foulon, 181. ...

Delaware Indians
A confederacy, of Algonquian stock, occupying the basin of the Delaware River. They were known to the British as Delawares; to the Fren...

Delessert B
(Lord Sydenham era) Philanthropist and naturalist, 20. ...

De Lisle Elizabeth
(General Brock era) Mother of Sir Isaac Brock, 6. ...

Demers Jerome
(Louis Joseph Papineau era) Criticizes Papineau for accepting mission to England, 65-66. ...

Demers Joseph
(Louis Joseph Papineau era) Urges Papineau to accept mission to England to oppose union of the Canadas, 45. ...

Demers Modeste
First Roman Catholic bishop of Vancouver Island, 1847-1871. =Index=: (Sir James Douglas era) Missionary on Vancouver Island prior to 184...

De Mille James 1833-1880 Born In New Brunswick Educated At Horton
Academy and at Brown University, Rhode Island. Subsequently professor of classics at Acadia College and at Dalhousie College. =Bib.=: Wo...

Dene Indians
A group of tribes, of Athapaskan stock. The name means men. Morice includes four tribes in the Western Denes: Sekanais, on the west slo...

Index : Sir James Douglas Era In New Caledonia 97 Bib : Morice The Western Denes
Dene Sociology; Notes on the Western Denes. ...

Denison George Taylor 1839- Police Magistrate At Toronto Since
1877. Commanded Governor-General's Bodyguard in Fenian Raid, 1866; and in Riel Rebellion, 1885; in 1877 won the first prize offered by t...

Dennis John Stoughton 1820-1885 Born Near Toronto Educated At
Victoria College; commissioned as surveyor of public lands, 1842. Assisted in the organization of the Canadian militia, 1855; raised and...

Denonville Jacques-rene De Brisay Marquis De
Eleventh governor of New France. Colonel of Dragoons in French army; spent thirty years in military service before coming to Canada, in...

Dent John Charles 1841-1888 Born In England Came To Canada At An
early age; studied law and called to the bar of Upper Canada. Went back to England and for a time engaged in newspaper work in London. R...

Denys Charles Sieur De Fronsac
(Samuel de Champlain era) Settles in Miramichi, 237. ...

Denys Nicolas 1598-1688 Born At Tours Early Took To Sea And In
1633 became interested in the fisheries of Nova Scotia. A short time after made one of the lieutenants of Acadia under the Company of Ne...

De Peyster Arent Schuyler 1736-1832 Joined The 8th Regiment 1755
and served with distinction upon the British side in the Revolutionary War. In command at Detroit, and also at Michilimackinac. Retired ...

Dequen Jean
(Bishop Laval era) Jesuit, devotion of, 32; his death, 33. ...

Derby Edward George Geoffrey Smith Stanley Fourteenth Earl
(1799-1869). Entered Parliament, 1820; Irish secretary, 1830-1833; colonial secretary, 1833-1834 and 1841-1844. Prime minister, 1852, 1...

Derby
(Sir James Douglas era) Formerly Fort Langley--proposed as capital of British Columbia, 246. ...

De Salaberry
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) Seigniorial manor of, headquarters of Montcalm, 94; council of war meets at, 147. ...

Desandrouins Captain
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) His account of massacre at Fort William Henry, 47-50. ...

Des Barres William Frederick 1800-1885 Born In Nova Scotia
Educated at Halifax Grammar School; called to the bar of Nova Scotia, 1821. Represented Guysborough in the Assembly, 1836-1848; solicit...

Des Brisay Alexander C
(Tilley era) Confederate candidate in New Brunswick, elected, 89; attacks government in Assembly, 102. ...

Deschamps
(Samuel de Champlain era) Surgeon, with the expedition at Port Royal, autopsy performed by, 33. ...

Deschamps Isaac 1722-1801 A Native Of Switzerland Came To Nova
Scotia in early life. Elected to the Assembly, 1761; judge of the Court of Common Pleas for King's County, 1761; judge of the Island of ...

Desdames
(Samuel de Champlain era) Clerk sent to Gaspe, returns with news of English depredations, 181; returns to France, 209. ...

Deseille Father
(Bishop Laval era) Companion of Father Marquette, 62. ...

Desertions
(John Graves Simcoe era) Very prevalent, 72; punishments for, 72; causes of, 73. (Wolfe / Montcalm era) From ranks of Canadian militia f...

Des Groseilliers
See Chouart. ...

Des Marets Claude Godet Sieur De
(Samuel de Champlain era) Son-in-law of Pont-Grave, arrives at Quebec, 47; accompanies Champlain in expedition against Iroquois, 52; at...

De Soyres Rev John
(Tilley era) Conducts funeral service of Sir Leonard Tilley, 146. ...

Desportes Pierre
(Samuel de Champlain era) An early settler in Quebec, 145, 146; goes to Gaspe, 181; remains in Quebec during English occupation, 196, 20...

Desquerat Captain
(Count Frontenac era) Killed at Laprairie, 313. ...

Des Rivieres Captain
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) Accompanies captured British officers to Quebec, 90. ...

Dessaules Louis A
Born 1819. Member of Legislative Council, 1856-1863. Edited Le Pays at Montreal. =Index=: (Lord Elgin era) Member of Parti Rouge, 108. ...

Destouches
(Samuel de Champlain era) Clerk, appointed by Champlain as his second lieutenant, 155; returns to France, 209. ...

Detroit
Founded by Antoine de la Motte Cadillac (q.v.) in 1701. The fort remained under Cadillac's command until 1710. A census taken that year...

Detroit
Brig. See Adams. ...

Devil's Hole
(General Brock era) Near Fort Niagara, massacre of British troops at, 55. ...

Devos Frederick
(Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Great-nephew of Haldimand, 312. ...

Dewart Edward Hartley 1828-1903 Born In Ireland Came To Canada
with his parents at age of six. Educated at local schools and at the Toronto Normal School. Taught school for a time; entered the minist...

Dewdney Edgar 1835- Born In Devonshire England Came To British
Columbia, 1859. Had charge of survey of site of New Westminster, and other engineering works. First elected to provincial Legislature, 1...

Index : Sir James Douglas Era Builds Dewdney Trail From Hope To Similkameen 252-253
...

Bib : Morgan Can Men
...

Dickey Robert Barry 1811-1903 Born In Amherst Nova Scotia
Studied law, and called to the bar of Nova Scotia, and of New Brunswick, 1834. Sat in Legislative Council, Nova Scotia, 1858-1867. Appoi...

Dickson Walter Hamilton 1806-1884 Born In Niagara Called To The
bar of Upper Canada, 1830. Served during the Rebellion of 1837 as a cavalry officer. Represented Niagara in the Assembly, 1841-1851; sat...

Dieskau Jean Armand Baron De 1701-1777 Of German Descent Served
with distinction under Marshal Saxe. When it was made known to the court at Versailles that the British had sent two regiments to Americ...

Digby Robert 1732-1815 Commanded The Dunkirk At Quiberon Bay
1759; second in command in Rodney's expedition for relief of Gibraltar, 1779; commander-in-chief in North America, 1781. =Index=: (Lord ...

Disney Captain
(Lord Dorchester era) Accused in connection with Walker affair, 36; tried and acquitted, 38. ...

Dissenters
(John Graves Simcoe era) Preponderance of, in Upper Canada, 159, 160. See also Presbyterian; Methodist. ...

District Courts
(Lord Sydenham era) Establishment of in Lower Canada, 255. ...

Doak
(Wilmot era) Proprietor of Loyalist newspaper, arrested and released, 75. ...

Dobson
(General Brock era) Brock's faithful servant, 11. ...

Dodd E M
(Joseph Howe era) Solicitor-general and member of Executive and Legislative Councils, Nova Scotia--makes statement as to ministerial re...

Dollard Des Ormeaux Adam
A young officer of the garrison at Montreal, who saved Montreal and the colony from probable destruction by the Iroquois, in 1660. With...

Index : Bishop Laval Era His Heroic Resistance To Iroquois At The Long Sault 39
69-72. =Bib.=: Parkman, Old Regime; Jesuit Relations, 1660; Faillon, Histoire de la Colonie Francaise; Dollier de Casson, Histoire de M...

Dollebeau Father
(Samuel de Champlain era) In charge of mission at Miscou, 235; death of, 235. ...

Dollier De Casson Francis 1636-1701 Born In Basse Bretagne Served
with distinction as a cavalry officer under Turenne. Came to Montreal and joined the Sulpicians in 1666. In 1669-1670 carried out with G...

Bib : Histoire De Montreal For Biog See Parkman Old Regime
Exploration of the Great Lakes by Dollier de Casson and de Brehant de Galinee, ed. by Coyne. ...

Dolu
(Samuel de Champlain era) Grand almoner of France, intendant, 129; his instructions to Champlain, 132. =Bib.=: Biggar, Early Trading Com...

Domergue Lieutenant
(Count Frontenac era) Killed at Laprairie, 313. ...

Don De Dieu
(Samuel de Champlain era) Name of vessel in which Champlain sailed for Quebec in 1608, 39; also one of vessels of Company of New France,...

Dongan Thomas Earl Of Limerick 1634-1715 Colonial Governor Of New
York. Sent to America as governor, 1682. Resigned, 1688. Became Earl of Limerick, 1698. =Index=: (Count Frontenac era) Governor of New Y...

Dorchester Guy Carleton First Baron 1724-1808 Lord Dorchester Era Birth And
parentage, 29; enters army, 29; lieutenant-colonel, 30; Wolfe's friendship for, 30; military preceptor to Duke of Richmond, 30; Wolfe s...

Doreil
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) Commissioner of war, goes to France, 62. ...

Dorion Sir Antoine Aime 1818-1891 Educated At Nicolet College
Studied law, and called to the bar of Lower Canada, 1842. Represented Montreal in Legislature, 1854-1861. Formed administration with Geo...

Dorion Jean Baptiste Eric 1826-1866 Brother Of Preceding One Of
founders of L'Avenir, 1848. Sat in the Legislature, 1854-1857, and again in 1861. =Index=: (Lord Elgin era) Member of Parti Rouge, 108. ...

Dorland Philip
(John Graves Simcoe era) Quaker, elected to Assembly, but, unable to take oath, resigns, 81. ...

Dosquet Pierre-herman 1691-1777 Native Of Lille France Came To
Canada, 1721; on his return to France, 1725, consecrated bishop of Samos and appointed coadjutor to Bishop Mornay. Later made bishop of ...

Double Majority
(Sir John A Macdonald era) Meaning of the term--attitude of public men towards, 78-79; leading plank in platform of the Macdonald-Sicott...

Double Ministries
Brown-Dorion; Hincks-Morin; La Fontaine-Baldwin; Macdonald-Cartier; Macdonald-Dorion; Macdonald-Sicotte; MacNab-Morin; MacNab-Tache; Sh...

Doucett Joseph
Lieutenant-governor of the Fort of Annapolis, 1717-1726. Member of the governor's Council. ...

Dougall John 1808-1886 Born In Paisley Scotland Came To Canada
1826, and took up mercantile pursuits. For a time editor of the Canada Temperance Advocate; founded the Montreal Witness, 1826. Died in ...

Douglas David 1798-1834 Made Extensive Botanical Collections On
the Pacific coast of North America, for the Horticultural Society of London, 1824-1826. Crossed the continent from Fort Vancouver, on th...

Douglas Sir Howard 1776-1861 Entered The Army 1794 Commanded A
regiment at Quebec, 1797; served at Corunna and Flushing, 1809. After discharging various military missions, appointed governor of New ...

Bib : Dict Nat Biog
...

Douglas Sir James 1803-1877 Mackenzie / Selkirk / Simpson Era A Man Of Imperial Mind 225
highest qualities as administrator, 225; with Dr. McLoughlin, 225; marries daughter of William Connolly, 225; chief factor, 1840, 226; ...

Douglas Captain W M
(Sir James Douglas era) With Meares on North-West Coast, 1788, 27; at Cook River, 27; arrives at Nootka from Cook River with cargo of s...

Doutre Joseph 1825-1886 Born In Beauharnois Quebec Called To The
bar, 1847. Early became a leader of the Liberal party. One of the founders of Le Pays, besides contributing to other newspapers. As a r...

Doutre R
(Lord Elgin era) Member of the Parti Rouge, 108. ...

Douville D'agneau
(Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Abandons French post at Toronto, 26. ...

Dow Dr
(Tilley era) Candidate in York, New Brunswick, 108. ...

Downshire Wills Hill First Marquis Of 1718-1793 Secretary Of
state for colonies, 1768-1772. =Index=: (Lord Dorchester era) Approves Carleton's recommendations, 51. =Bib.=: Dict. Nat. Biog. ...

Doyle Sir Charles Hastings 1805-1883 Served In The Army Commander
of the forces in Nova Scotia, 1861-1868; lieutenant-governor of New Brunswick, 1866-1867; lieutenant-governor of Nova Scotia, 1867-1870;...

Doyle Lawrence O'connor
(Joseph Howe era) Contributed to The Club in Howe's Nova Scotian, 9; his wit, 35; offered seat in government, 103-104; elected for Hali...

Drake Sir Francis 1540?-1596 Sailed From Plymouth For The River
Plate, 1577; passed through the Straits of Magellan, 1578; plundered Valparaiso, 1579, and explored the western coast of North America t...

Draper William Henry 1801-1877 Born In London England In His
youth ran away to sea and served on an East Indiaman. Came to Canada in 1821 and taught school at Port Hope; subsequently studied law an...

Dreuilletes Gabriel 1610-1681 Studied At Jesuit College Toulouse
In 1643 came to Canada and spent a year in study of Algonquian language. Soon became proficient in that tongue and accompanied wandering...

Drew Andrew 1792-1878 Entered The Navy 1806 Took Part In Many Of
the most important engagements during the war with France, including the Walcheren expedition. Promoted to lieutenant for gallantry duri...

Bib : Drew And Woods The Burning Of The Caroline Dent Upper
Canadian Rebellion; Lizars, Humours of '37; Read, Rebellion of 1837. See also Caroline. ...

Drewe Rev Edward
(John Graves Simcoe era) Accompanies Simcoe as chaplain, 47. ...

Driscoll Captain
(General Brock era) Letter of, relating to death of Brock, 307. ...

Drummond Sir Gordon 1771-1854 Son Of Colin Drummond At One Time
deputy paymaster-general of the forces in Canada. Born at Quebec. Entered the army, 1789, and rapidly promoted until in 1794 became lie...

Drummond Lewis Thomas 1813-1882 Born In Londonderry Ireland Came
to Canada with his mother, 1825. Educated at Nicolet College; studied law, and called to the bar, 1836. Elected to the Assembly for Mont...

Index : Lord Elgin Era One Of The Leaders Of The Liberals In Lower Canada In 1851
109; becomes attorney-general for Lower Canada in Hincks-Morin government, 113; retains same portfolio in reconstructed ministry, 126; ...

Bib : Dent Last Forty Years
...

Du Bois D'egriseilles Abbe J B
(Bishop Laval era) Devotes his fortune to religious work at Montreal, 135. ...

Du Calvet Pierre
Under the French regime engaged in the fur trade, and, having acquired considerable wealth, remained in the colony after the conquest. ...

Duchesne Adrien
(Samuel de Champlain era) Surgeon, early settler, 145. ...

Duchesne David
(Samuel de Champlain era) Assisted in forming Company of New France, 168. ...

Duchesneau Jacques
Intendant of New France, 1675-1682. His commission invested him with the title of president of the Sovereign Council, an office which h...

Duclos Captain
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) Constructs and commands floating battery Le Diable, 82, 87, 104. ...

Dudley Joseph 1647-1720 Count Frontenac Era Provisional Governor Of Massachusetts
264. =Bib.=: Cyc. Am. Biog. ...

Dudouyt Jean
(Count Frontenac era) Grand-vicar to bishop of Quebec, 111; sent to France by bishop in connection with liquor question, 118; advice to ...

Dufferin And Ava Frederick Temple Hamilton Blackwood Marquess Of
(1826-1902). British commissioner to Syria, 1860; under-secretary for India, 1864-1866, and for war, 1865-1867; governor-general of Cana...

Bib : Works: Journey From Oxford To Skibbereen Letters From High
Latitudes; Inquiry into State of Ireland; Irish Emigration; Speeches and Addresses, ed. by Milton. For biog., see Leggo, History of the...

Dufort Thomas
(William Lyon Mackenzie era) Agent of Papineau to Upper Canada, 345; sets out for Michigan, 345; secures assistance in Michigan, 427. ...

Dugas Du Gua Or Du Guast Sieur De Monts
See Monts. ...

Duggan Jeremiah
(Lord Dorchester era) Citizen of Quebec, assists Americans, 120. ...

Du Lhut Daniel Greysolon 1640?-1710 Took Part In The Campaign In
Flanders, and present at the battle of Seneffe, 1664. Came to Canada latter year. Left Montreal for the West, 1678, and the following ye...

Du Marche
(Samuel de Champlain era) Priest at Miscou, 234. ...

Dumas N
(Lord Elgin era) Commissioner under Seigniorial Tenure law, 186. ...

Dumas Major
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) Commands night expedition to destroy British batteries at Pointe Levis, 113-115; commands Canadians in battle of ...

Dumay Captain
(Samuel de Champlain era) Champlain consults with, 133. ...

Dumont's House
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) Occupied in turn by British and French, 256, 258. ...

Dumoulin
(Samuel de Champlain era) Murdered by Montagnais Indians, 164. ...

Duncan Adam 1731-1804 Entered The Navy 1755 Commanded The Royal
Exchange, 1759-1760; commander-in-chief in the North Sea, 1759-1801; defeated the Dutch off Camperdown, 1797. Raised to the peerage as ...

Bib : Dict Nat Biog
...

Duncan Alexander
(Sir James Douglas era) Sails for North-West Coast with Colnett, 22; confirms discovery of Portlock and Dixon that Queen Charlotte Islan...

Duncan Richard
(John Graves Simcoe era) Member of Legislative Council, 79. ...

Duncan William
(Sir James Douglas era) Sent out from England, 1856, by Church of England Missionary Society, 270; establishes native industrial communi...

Duncombe Charles
Medical doctor. Resided at Burford Plains, near Brantford. Elected to the Legislature, 1824, and re-elected, 1836. After the failure of...

Bib : Dent Upper Canadian Rebellion
...

Dundas George 1819-1880 Lieutenant-governor Of Prince Edward
Island, 1859-1869. Afterwards lieutenant-governor of St. Vincent, West India Islands, where he died. ...

Dundas Henry
See Melville. ...

Dundas Street
Also known as the Governor's Road. Built by Governor Simcoe; connected London with the village of Dundas. Place and road were named aft...

Dunfermline James Abercromby First Baron 1776-1858 Sat In British
Parliament, 1807, 1812-1830 and 1832; Speaker of House of Commons, 1835-1839. =Index=: (Lord Sydenham era) Governor-generalship of Canad...

Bib : Dict Nat Biog
...

Dunkin Christopher 1811-1881 Born In London England Educated At
the Universities of London and Glasgow. Emigrated to America; studied at Harvard University, and for a time tutor of Greek in that insti...

Dunlop William 1795?-1848 Born In Scotland Served As A Regimental
surgeon in War of 1812 and in India. Came to Canada in 1826, with John Galt (q.v.); and took part in the establishment of the Canada Com...

Index : Baldwin / La Fontaine / Hincks Era Attacks Proposed Reconstruction Of Ministry 1842 132
significance of his nickname of "Tiger," 132. See also Canada Company; Galt; Talbot. =Bib.=: Statistical Sketches of Upper Canada. For b...

Dunmore John Murray Earl Of 1732-1809 Royal Governor Of Virginia
appointed 1771. Returned to England after the Revolutionary War, and in 1786 appointed governor of the Bermudas. =Index=: (Sir Frederick...

Dunn John Henry
Came to Canada in 1820, from England. Receiver-general and member of Executive and Legislative Councils of Upper Canada. Died in London...

Dunn Oscar 1844-1885 Journalist Index : Sir Georges E Cartier Era His Statements As To
Cartier's quarrel with Macdonald over terms of British North America Act, 103. =Bib.=: Cyc. Am. Biog. ...

Dunn Robert
(John Graves Simcoe era) Presbyterian clergyman, performed marriage services in contravention of the law, 164; second clergyman to settl...

Dunn Thomas 1731-1818 Engaged In Mercantile Life Came To Canada
shortly after the conquest. In 1764 appointed a member of the first Legislative Council of Quebec. A member of the new Council formed un...

Dunning John
See Ashburton. ...

Dunvegan
A trading-post on the left bank of the Peace River, about lat. 56 deg., and long. 118 deg. 40'. Built by A. R. McLeod for the North Wes...

Du Parc Jean Godet Sieur
(Samuel de Champlain era) Comes to Canada, 47; left in charge of colony (1610), 60. ...

Dupleix General
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) Abandonment of, by French government, 53. ...

Duplessis-bochart Guillaume Guillemot
Sent to Canada, 1632, by the Company of New France. Led a trading expedition up the Ottawa River, 1636. Killed by the Iroquois at Three...

Du Plessis Bonneau Thomas Sieur
(Samuel de Champlain era) Director of Company of New France, 170. ...

Duplessis De Ste Helene Mere Andre
(Bishop Laval era) Her piety, 92. ...

Duplessis-mornay
See Mornay. ...

Duplessis Pacifique
Came to Canada with Champlain, 1615. Returned to France, 1618. Came again, 1619, and died the same year. =Index=: (Samuel de Champlain e...

Dupont Nicolas
(Count Frontenac era) Member of Sovereign Council, 106. (Bishop Laval era) Member of Sovereign Council, 158, 166. ...

Dupont
(Samuel de Champlain era) Name given by Champlain to the Nicolet River, 52. ...

Dupont-grave
See Pont-Grave. ...

Duprat Captain
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) Brings word of impending attack on left of French position, 138. ...

Dupuis Captain
(Bishop Laval era) Heads mission established at Gannentaha, 65, 67. ...

Dupuy Claude Thomas
Intendant of New France, 1726-1728. Although a man of some ability, was extremely pretentious and self-opinionated, and became involved...

Bib : Roy Intendants De La Nouvelle-france R S C 1903
...

Duquesne De Menneville Michel Ange Marquis De
Appointed governor of New France 1752, in succession to La Jonquiere. His policy was to intercept communication between New England and...

Durell Philip
Second-in-command, under Admiral Saunders, before Quebec, 1759. =Index=: (Wolfe / Montcalm era) Instructed to cruise off St. Lawrence, 7...

Durham John George Lambton Earl Of 1792-1840 Entered British
Parliament, 1814, for county of Durham, and won recognition as an advanced Reformer. Brought forward plan of parliamentary reform in 182...

Index : William Lyon Mackenzie Era A Man Ahead Of His Time 6 7 Speech On The Reform
Bill, 14, 15; his report on the Constitutional Act, 55; on the position of lieutenant-governor, 56; on the Legislative Council, 57; on t...

Dutch Colonists
(Samuel de Champlain era) Their relations with the Iroquois, 52. (Lord Dorchester era) Admixture of, among United Empire Loyalists, 240....

Duval Jean
(Count Frontenac era) Executed for conspiracy against Champlain, 8. (Samuel de Champlain era) Locksmith, accompanies Champlain to Quebec...

Duval Jean Francois Joseph 1801-1881 Born In Quebec Studied Law
and called to the bar of Lower Canada, 1823. Represented Quebec in the Assembly, 1830-1834. Appointed to the bench, 1839; judge of the S...

Du Verger Father
(Samuel de Champlain era) Promotes Recollet mission to Canada, 83. ...

Du Vernet
(Samuel de Champlain era) Interpreter, 144. ...

Du Vignau Nicolas
(Samuel de Champlain era) His alleged discoveries, 74-77, interpreter, 144. =Bib.=: Champlain, Voyages; Parkman, Pioneers of France. ...

Earthquake Of 1663
Known in Canadian history as the "Great Earthquake." The most extravagant accounts have come down as to the circumstances attending thi...

Eastern Townships
(Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Proposition to settle with disbanded Loyalists, 264. (Lord Dorchester era) Settled by British Americans, 2...

Easton James
(Lord Dorchester era) American officer, demands surrender of Carleton at Sorel, 113. =Bib.=: Cyc. Am. Biog. ...

Eau Chevalier D'
(Count Frontenac era) Goes on embassy to Iroquois, 262. ...

Echemin Indians
A tribe closely resembling the Micmacs of Nova Scotia, and inhabiting in the seventeenth century what is now eastern Maine and New Brun...

Edgar Sir James David 1841-1899 Studied Law And Called To The Bar
of Upper Canada, 1864. Elected to House of Commons, 1872. Sent on political mission to British Columbia, in connection with Canadian Pa...

Edmonton
Capital of province of Alberta. Situated on the North Saskatchewan. Occupies site of Edmonton House, of the Hudson's Bay Company, and, ...

Edmonton House
(Mackenzie / Selkirk / Simpson era) Built by Hudson's Bay Company, 6. ...

Education
(Sir John A Macdonald era) University endowment in Upper Canada, 28-30; Macdonald's connection with separate school question, 82, 84; co...

Bib : Canada: An Ency Vols 2 3 And 4 Chauveau L'instruction
Publique; Dawson, Fifty Years' Work in Canada; Hodgins, Documentary History of Education in Upper Canada; Ryerson, Story of my Life; Me...

Edward Vii 1841-1910 Succeeded To Throne 1901 Index : Lord Elgin Era His
visit to Canada in 1860, 7. (Sir John A Macdonald era) Visits Canada in 1860, and opens Victoria bridge, 87. =Bib.=: Dict. Eng. Hist.; M...

Edward And Annie
(Mackenzie / Selkirk / Simpson era) The vessel which brought the Red River settlers from Stornoway to Hudson Bay, 150-151. ...

Effiat Duc D'
(Samuel de Champlain era) Second in list of Hundred Associates (Company of New France), 170. ...

Eldon John Scott First Earl 1751-1838 British Statesman Index :
(Lord Sydenham era) Resigns from Cabinet, 16. =Bib.=: Dict. Nat. Biog. ...

Election Frauds
(George Brown Era) In Russell County and Quebec City in 1857, 99-100, 106. ...

Election Laws
(Baldwin / La Fontaine / Hincks era) Bill introduced, 99; rejected by Council, 100; La Fontaine-Baldwin government brings in a broader m...

Elgin James Bruce Eighth Earl Of 1811-1863 Lord Elgin Era His Qualities As A
statesman, 3-4; his success in Canada, 4; his lineage, 5-6; his personal character, 6-8; education, 6; his contemporaries at college, 7;...

Eliott G A
See Heathfield. ...

Elisa Francisco
Commanded Spanish expedition to Nootka, 1790. Carried on extensive explorations in 1791, returning to Monterey the following year. =Ind...

Bib : Bancroft North-west Coast
...

Ellice Edward 1781-1863 Louis Joseph Papineau Era Seignior Of Beauharnois Suggests To
colonial secretary union of Upper and Lower Canada, 47; his design revealed, 49; meets Papineau, 53. (Mackenzie / Selkirk / Simpson era)...

Elliott Colonel
(General Brock era) Indian superintendent at Amherstburg, 151; in charge of Indians in western district, 230. ...

Elliott
(Lord Dorchester era) Commissioner for exchange of prisoners, 207. ...

Elmsley John 1762-1805 Born In England Succeeded William Osgoode
as chief-justice of Upper Canada, 1796, and again as chief-justice of Lower Canada, 1802. At the same time became a member of the Execut...

Embargo
(General Brock era) On United States ships, 83, 108; benefits Canadian trade, 109, 115; disastrous effects of, both in United States and...

Emigration
(Lord Sydenham era) Sydenham's views on, 321; grant by British government in aid of, 322. ...

Emulous
(General Brock era) British ship, prizes taken by, 224. ...

End William
(Wilmot era) Votes against address of New Brunswick Assembly, 46; referred to by Wilmot, 95; moves amendment in regard to money grants, ...

Endemare Father
(Samuel de Champlain era) Jesuit, goes to Fort Ste. Anne in Cape Breton, 237. ...

England
(General Brock era) At war with republican France, 8; its invasion threatened, 10; mutiny in the fleet and insubordination in the army, ...

English Colonies
(Count Frontenac era) Goods cheap in, 154; pay better price for furs, 154, 175, 201; political confusion prevailing in, after downfall o...

English Colonization
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) Egoism the principle of, 17; Parkman on, 20; demoralizing effect of, 20. =Bib.=: Fiske, New France and New Engla...

English Law
(Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Introduction of, by the royal proclamation, 59. (Lord Dorchester era) Sometimes inconsistently invoked by ...

English Settlers In Canada
(Lord Dorchester era) Position taken by, 9; find French laws irksome, 12; Murray's description of, 14, 24, 26; send delegate to England...

Enos General Roger 1729-1808 Sir Frederick Haldimand Era In Command Of Vermont Troops
211; proposes to settle two Canadian townships, 266. =Bib.=: Cyc. Am. Biog. ...

Epidemics
(Bishop Laval era) Ravages of, 239. See Smallpox. ...

Equal Rights Association
Formed in Toronto, in 1889, to secure the disallowance of the Jesuits' Estates Act, and generally to oppose what was described as the "...

Erie Indians
A large tribe, of Iroquois stock, inhabiting in the seventeenth century the country between Lake Erie and the Ohio. After a long war, t...

Erie Lake
Area 10,000 square miles. Discovered by Brebeuf and Chaumonot, 1640. It is possible that the lake may have been first seen by white men...

Ermatinger Francis
(Sir James Douglas era) His expedition to Sacramento in 1841, 132. ...

Bib : Simpson Journey Round The World Bryce Hudson's Bay
Company. ...

Erskine David Montagu Second Baron 1776-1855 General Brock Era British
minister at Washington, premature announcement of, with respect to orders-in-council, 120. =Bib.=: Dict. Nat. Biog. ...

Eskimos
American aborigines, formerly occupying practically the entire coast of North America from Newfoundland around to the Aleutian Islands;...

Bib : Hodge Handbook Of American Indians Reclus Primitive Folk
See also United States Bureau of Ethnology Reports. ...

Esquimalt
Naval station, four miles from Victoria, Vancouver Island. ...

Index : Sir James Douglas Era Suggested As Site For City 175 Douglas's Spelling Of
name, 175; H. M. S. Constance arrives there, 184. ...

Essex
(General Brock era) United States frigate, captures British transport, 225. ...

Estaing Charles Hector Theodat Count D' 1729-1794 Sir Frederick Haldimand Era His
proclamation to French-Canadians, 123. =Bib.=: Cyc. Am. Biog. ...

Esten James C Palmer 1806-1864 Born In Bermuda Educated At The
Charter House, London; called to the English bar. Came to Canada, 1836, and called to the bar of Upper Canada, 1838. Served as a volunte...

Etoline Adolphus Karlovich
Director of the Russian-American colonies, 1841-1845. =Index=: (Sir James Douglas era) Succeeds Kuprianoff as governor of Russian Ameri...

European And North American Railway
(Wilmot era) Wilmot's attitude towards, 127. (Tilley era) Peto, Brassy, and Betts propose to construct, 26; subsidies offered by provin...

Eustache Sir J R
Born 1795. Educated at St. Peter's College, Cambridge. Entered the army; served in Upper Canada in command of the 19th Light Dragoons; ...

Eustis William 1753-1825 General Brock Era United States Secretary Of War His
confident prediction of conquest of Canada, 215. =Bib.=: Cyc. Am. Biog. ...

Evans Lieutenant
(Lord Dorchester era) Case against, in connection with Walker affair, dismissed by grand jury, 38. ...

Evans James 1801-1846 Born In Kingston-upon-hull England
Emigrated to Canada; opened a school near L'Original, and about 1828 moved to Rice Lake, where he entered the Methodist ministry, and be...

Ewan John Alexander 1854-1910 Born In Aberdeen Scotland Educated
in Scotland and in Canada. Assistant editor of the Toronto Globe for many years; war correspondent for that paper during Boer War, 1899-...

Index : George Brown Era Witnesses Shooting Of George Brown By Bennett 255-256
seizes Bennett, 256. ...

Examiner
Newspaper published at New York. =Index=: (William Lyon Mackenzie era) Published by William Lyon Mackenzie, 470. ...

Examiner
Newspaper published at Toronto. =Index=: (Lord Sydenham era) Advocates responsible government, 107; supports union of provinces as leadi...

Executive Council
(William Lyon Mackenzie era) In Upper Canada; created under Constitutional Act, 53; irritating relations with Assembly, 55, 58; Durham o...

Executive Office
(Lord Sydenham era) Tenure of, in Canada, 175; Lord John Russell's despatch on, 180-182; press comments on new regulations respecting, 1...

Exhibitions
The first industrial exhibition held in Canada, and probably the first in the world, was that of 1737, promoted by the Intendant Hocqua...

Expulsion Of Acadians
See Acadians, Expulsion of the. ...

Extradition With United States
(Lord Sydenham era) Sydenham takes part in negotiations for, 336. ...

Eyre Eustache R
(John Graves Simcoe era) Fort major, 47. ...

Faillon Abbe Michel Etienne 1799-1870 Historian Index : Count Frontenac Era
Quoted, 4, 9; his description of conduct of Perrot, governor of Montreal, 96, 97. (Samuel de Champlain era) Error in history of, 207. =B...

Fairchild Mrs
(Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Haldimand's housekeeper, 314, 328, 329. ...

Fairfield John 1797-1847 Sat In Congress 1835-1839 Governor Of
Maine, 1839-1840, and 1842. Member of the United States Senate, 1843-1847. =Index=: (Wilmot era) His connection with the Aroostook War, ...

Bib : Cyc Am Biog
...

Falconbridge Sir Glenholme 1846- Born At Drummondville Ontario
Educated at the University of Toronto, graduating 1866. Called to the bar, 1871. Appointed judge of the Queen's Bench, Ontario, 1887; c...

Falkland Lucius Bentinck Viscount
Governor of Nova Scotia, 1840-1846. =Index=: (Joseph Howe era) Lieutenant-governor of Nova Scotia, 69; his character and policy, 69; in...

Family Compact
A group of Tory leaders in Upper Canada, so nicknamed by their political opponents because they held power as a distinct group, allied ...

Famine Creek
(Bishop Laval era) La Barre's expedition halts at, 193. ...

Fancamp Baron De
(Bishop Laval era) Presents shrine to Bonsecours chapel, 177. ...

Fanning Edmund 1737-1818 Held Various Offices In The American
colonies before the Revolution. Removed to Nova Scotia, and in 1786 governor of Prince Edward Island. Rose to the rank of general in the...

Farnborough Sir Thomas Erskine May First Baron 1815-1886 Born In
London. Assistant librarian of the House of Commons, 1831; examiner of petitions for Parliament, 1847-1856; clerk of the House of Common...

Farrer Edward 1850- Canadian Journalist Index : Sir John A Macdonald Era Chief
editorial writer of the Globe, 312; his pamphlet on annexation--its terms, 312-313; assumes sole responsibility for, 314. =Bib.=: Canadi...

Fay Jonas 1737-1818 Sir Frederick Haldimand Era Vermont Emissary 209 Bib : Cyc Am
Biog. ...

Fenelon Francois De Salignac
(Bishop Laval era) Sulpician, sent on mission to Lake Ontario, 105; his reserve as to his own labours and sacrifices, 109; school for y...

Fenety George E
(Wilmot era) On Wilmot, 131. ...

Fenian Raids
The Fenian Brotherhood is said to have been formed about 1858 in Ireland and the United States, the object being to liberate Ireland fr...

Fer Jules De
(Lord Dorchester era) His report on loyalty of French-Canadians, 301. ...

Feret
(Samuel de Champlain era) Of Dieppe, discovers manuscript of Champlain's Brief Discours, 7. ...

Ferguson Adam
(Egerton Ryerson era) Opposes Sir Charles Metcalfe, 126. ...

Ferland John Antony Baptist 1805-1865 Member Of Faculty Of Laval
University, 1855-1865. =Index=: (Bishop Laval era) Quoted as to difficulty of educating young Indians, 63; passage quoted from on Mere d...

Ferrier James
(George Brown Era) His account of the negotiations between Brown and the government prior to Confederation, 152. ...

Fidalgo Salvador
Accompanied Elisa to North-West Coast, 1790; founded a Spanish settlement in Fuca Strait, 1792, and removed the post the same year to N...

Bib : Bancroft History Of The North-west Coast
...

Fidler Peter 1769-1822 Entered Service Of Hudson's Bay Company
about 1791. Carried on extensive explorations and surveys in the North-West. Left a series of manuscript journals, covering the records ...

Fiedmont Jacquot De
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) Engineer, fortifies bridges over River St. Charles, 85-86; opposes capitulation, 225; directs artillery fire aga...

Finances Of Canada
(Lord Sydenham era) Sydenham's efforts to rehabilitate, 315-320. ...

Finlay Hugh
(Lord Dorchester era) Deputy postmaster-general, 243; expresses views of the English-speaking people of Quebec in letter to home governm...

Finlay James
(Mackenzie / Selkirk / Simpson era) Leaves Montreal for western fur country, 3. ...

Bib : Mackenzie History Of The Fur-trade In His Voyages
Hendry's Journal (R. S. C., 1907); Cocking's Journal (R. S. C., 1908). ...

Finlay James Jr
(Mackenzie / Selkirk / Simpson era) Joins XY Company, 14; on Peace River, 1792, 62. ...

Finlayson Duncan
(Mackenzie / Selkirk / Simpson era) Chief factor Hudson's Bay Company, 1832, and governor of Assiniboia, 225; Alexander Ross on, 225. ...

Finlayson Roderick 1818-1892 Sir James Douglas Era Second In Command At Victoria
1843, 180; chief officer on death of Charles Ross, 1844, 181; his birth, 181; joins Hudson's Bay Company, 1837, 181; his service and cha...

Fire Rafts
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) Unsuccessful employment of by French at Quebec, 131. ...

Fireships
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) Ineffectual employment of by French, 98; described by Captain Knox, 99; Montcalm on the cause of their failure, 9...

Fisher Charles 1808-1880 Born In Fredericton Educated At King's
College and called to the bar, 1833. Contested York for the New Brunswick Assembly, 1834, but defeated. Elected for York, 1837, and con...

Fisheries Question
(Sir John A Macdonald era) Rights of American fishermen expire with denunciation of Reciprocity Treaty, 166; the fishermen reluctant to ...

Fitzgerald Edward
(George Brown Era) On agricultural possibilities of North-West Territories. 214. ...

Fitzgibbon James 1780-1863 Born In Ireland Joined The Tarbert
Fencibles, 1798; served in Holland the following year, and in 1801 present at the battle of Copenhagen. The same year came to Canada wit...

Fitzherbert Mrs
(Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Haldimand's opinion of, 335. ...

Fitzmaurice Lord Edward
(Lord Dorchester era) On Germain, 170. ...

Fitzpatrick Sir Charles 1853- Born In Quebec Educated At Laval
University; studied law, and called to bar, 1876; chief counsel for Louis Riel, 1885, and took part in several other famous trials; rep...

Bib : Morgan Can Men Canadian Who's Who
...

Five Nations
(Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Post at Oswego to be established for, 142; allies of the British, 148; their rights respected, 166. See Ir...

Flag Incident
(Bishop Laval era) In siege of Quebec, 230. (Count Frontenac era) In siege of Quebec, 295-298. ...

Fleet British Before Quebec
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) Placed under general command of Admiral Charles Saunders, 75; ascends the river, 78; anchors at Ile-aux-Coudres,...

Fleet French At Quebec
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) Protection afforded by to Bourlamaque's army, 167. ...

Fleming Sir Sandford 1827- Born At Kirkaldy Scotland Came To
Canada, 1845. Chief engineer of the Intercolonial Railway; and of the Canadian Pacific Railway; chancellor of Queen's University since 1...

Bib : Works: The Intercolonial England And Canada And Numerous
historical and scientific papers. See Bibliog. of Royal Society (R. S. C., 1894). For biog., see Morgan, Can. Men; Dent, Can. Por.; Who...

Flibot
(Samuel de Champlain era) Kirke's vessel before Quebec, 188, 196. ...

Florida
(Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Under British rule, 64-81; Haldimand comes north from, 83, 87; Haldimand's interest in, 90; suggests closi...

Florida West
(General Brock era) Occupation of, by United States, 139. ...

Flour-milling
(George Brown Era) Stimulated by British preference of, 1843, 32; advantage swept away by free trade measure of 1846, 32; in 1834, 54. ...

Foley M H
(George Brown Era) In Tache ministry, 1864, 149; retires with Buchanan and Simpson to make room for Brown, Mowat, and Macdougall, in Coa...

Foligne Captain De
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) On rapid construction of Beauport defences, 86; his report of fighting at Levis, 103; on pitiable condition of Q...

Fontbonne Colonel
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) His disposition of the Guienne Regiment, 192; mortally wounded, 199. ...

Fonte Bartholomew De
His fictitious voyage of 1640 to the North-West Coast was described in a letter published in the Monthly Miscellany, London, 1708. =Ind...

Fontenay Mareuil
(Samuel de Champlain era) French ambassador in London, instructions to, 214. ...

Forget Amedee Emmanuel 1847- Born In Ste Marie De Monnoir
Quebec. Studied law and called to the bar of Quebec, 1871. Secretary to the Manitoba Half-Breed Commission, 1875; clerk of the North-Wes...

Fornel Abbe
(Bishop Laval era) His funeral sermon on Bishop Saint-Vallier quoted, 238. ...

Forsythe J
(Lord Sydenham era) Member of Constitutional Association, 112. ...

Forsyth Richardson And Co
Fur trading firm, of Montreal. =Index=: (General Brock era) Send Prevost news of declaration of war, 203. ...

Fort Albany
Hudson's Bay Company post at mouth of Albany River, west coast of James Bay. Established about 1683; captured by Iberville, 1686, and h...

Index : Count Frontenac Era Captured By Troyes 206 Captured Alternately By French And
English, 343, 345. =Bib.=: Dawson, The Saint Lawrence Basin; Laut, Conquest of the Great North-West and Pathfinders of the West. ...

Fort Albert
See Victoria. ...

Fort Alexandria
(Sir James Douglas era) Hudson's Bay Company post, built on Fraser River in 1821, 98. ...

Fort Anne
(Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Captured by Major Carleton, 149. ...

Fort Babine
In Northern British Columbia. =Index=: (Sir James Douglas era) Hudson's Bay Company post, on Babine Lake, built in 1822, 98-99. ...

Fort Bourbon
On Hudson Bay. =Index=: (Bishop Laval era) Captured by Iberville, 233. See Fort Nelson. ...

Fort Camosun
(Sir James Douglas era) Hudson's Bay Company post, afterwards city of Victoria, 178. ...

Fort Chilcotin
(Sir James Douglas era) Built by Hudson's Bay Company, outpost of Fort Alexandria, 99. ...

Fort Chipewyan
Built by North West Company, 1788, on southern shore of Lake Athabaska, near mouth of Athabaska River. Removed, 1820, by Hudson's Bay C...

Fort Chippawa
(General Brock era) On Niagara River, a mile and a half above the falls, 58; end of carrying-place, and a transport post, 58-59; had a ...

Fort Churchill
See Prince of Wales Fort. ...

Fort Colville
(Sir James Douglas era) Distributing point for Upper Columbia and Kootenay, Hudson's Bay Company post, 77; centre of Columbia trade, 77;...

Fort Conolly
In northern British Columbia. =Index=: (Sir James Douglas era) Hudson's Bay Company post, built on Bear Lake, 104. ...

Fort Crevecoeur
(Bishop Laval era) Established by La Salle in Illinois country, 148; attacked by Iroquois, 149. (Count Frontenac era) Built by La Salle,...

Fort Dearborn Chicago General Brock Era Captured By Indians 266
...

Fort Dease
On Dease Lake. =Index=: (Sir James Douglas era) Built by Robert Campbell in 1838, 123-124; burned by natives, 124. ...

Fort De Chartres
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) On the Mississippi, 22. ...

Fort Douglas
On Red River, about two miles below mouth of Assiniboine. =Index=: (Mackenzie / Selkirk / Simpson era) Built by John McLeod, 176, 177; s...

Fort Duquesne
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) At junction of Alleghany and Monongahela Rivers, 22; battle at, 22. (Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Name changed to...

Fort Edward
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) General Webb in command at, 45. ...

Fort Erie
On Niagara River, opposite Buffalo. =Index=: (John Graves Simcoe era) Military post in 1782, 51. (General Brock era) New fort planned by...

Fort Essington
On the British Columbia coast. Used by the Hudson's Bay Company as an intermediate post between Fort McLoughlin and Fort Simpson. =Inde...

Bib : Bancroft History Of British Columbia
...

Fort Fraser
In northern British Columbia. =Index=: (Sir James Douglas era) North West Company post, built on Fraser Lake, 98. ...

Fort Frontenac
(Count Frontenac era) Erected at Cataraqui, 83; conceded to La Salle, 156; seized by La Barre, 178; restored to La Salle, 179; Dongan de...

Fort Garry
At junction of Red and Assiniboine Rivers, where the city of Winnipeg now stands. (Sir John A Macdonald era) Wolseley and the expedition...

Fort George
(General Brock era) Flag of Fort Niagara transferred to, 56; its situation, 56; planned by Lieutenant-Governor Simcoe, 58; mutiny at, 61...

Bib : Lucas Canadian War Of 1812
...

Fort George
On Fraser River. =Index=: (Sir James Douglas era) Simon Fraser sets out from, to descend Fraser River, 61; returns to, 61; built on Fras...

Fort George
At mouth of Columbia. =Index=: (Sir James Douglas era) Astoria renamed, 149. ...

Fort Gibraltar
(Mackenzie / Selkirk / Simpson era) Built by North West Company, on site of Winnipeg, 99; begun in 1804, 158; captured by Colin Robertso...

Fort Glenora
(Sir James Douglas era) Hudson's Bay Company post, built on Upper Stikine River, 121. ...

Fort Grey
(General Brock era) American fort opposite Queenston, 300, 305. ...

Fort Halkett
(Sir James Douglas era) Hudson's Bay Company post, built on branch of Liard River, 123. ...

Fort Hope
On Fraser River. =Index=: (Sir James Douglas era) Hudson's Bay Company post, founded shortly after Fort Yale, 186. ...

Fort Kamloops Fort Thompson Sir James Douglas Era Hudson's Bay Company Post Built
in 1813, 98. ...

Fort Kootenay
On Kootenay River, built 1807. Otherwise known as Kootenay House. =Index=: (Sir James Douglas era) Built by David Thompson, 58. =Bib.=: ...

Fort Langley
(Sir James Douglas era) Hudson's Bay Company post, built on Lower Fraser River, 1827, 116. =Bib.=: Bancroft, History of British Columbia...

Fort Lawrence
Built in 1750, on Chignecto Bay, three miles south of Beausejour, where the French shortly after built a rival fort. Fort Lawrence beca...

Fort Le Boeuf
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) Established communication with Lake Erie, 22. ...

Fort Liard
(Sir James Douglas era) Hudson's Bay Company post, built on Liard River, 123; pillaged by Indians, and traders murdered, 123. ...

Fort Loyal Casco Bay Count Frontenac Era Captured By Canadians 252 Bishop Laval Era Taken By
Canadians, 229. ...

Fort Machault
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) Established communication with Lake Erie, 22, 122. ...

Fort Mcleod
On McLeod Lake, British Columbia. =Index=: (Sir James Douglas era) North West Company post, first permanent trading-post built in Britis...

Fort Mcloughlin
On Milbank Sound, British Columbia. =Index=: (Sir James Douglas era) Hudson's Bay Company post, built by Finlayson, Manson, and Anderson...

Fort Miami
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) On Miami River, 22. (General Brock era) Reconstruction of, by order of Lord Dorchester, 53. (John Graves Simcoe e...

Fort Mumford
(Sir James Douglas era) Hudson's Bay Company post, built on Upper Stikine River, 121. ...

Fort Nanaimo
East coast Vancouver Island. =Index=: (Sir James Douglas era) Hudson's Bay Company post, built in 1852, 191. =Bib.=: Walbran, British Co...

Fort Necessity
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) Battle at, 22. ...

Fort Nelson
(Sir James Douglas era) Hudson's Bay Company post, built on eastern branch of Liard River, 123. ...

Fort Nelson
See York Factory. ...

Fort Niagara
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) At mouth of Niagara River, 22; taken by British, 62; capitulates, 146. (Sir Frederick Haldimand era) In command o...

Fort Nisqually
At head of Puget Sound. =Index=: (Sir James Douglas era) Hudson's Bay Company post, built in 1833, between Langley and Fort Vancouver, 1...

Fort Ontario Oswego Sir Frederick Haldimand Era Haldimand In Command Of 29
...

Fort Pemaquid
(Count Frontenac era) Destroyed, 1669, rebuilt, 1692, 328; taken by Iberville, 331. ...

Fort Pitt
(Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Formerly known as Fort Duquesne, Bouquet's victorious march to, 16; Pouchot's designs on, 26; Bouquet stat...

Fort Presqu'ile
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) Establishes communication with Lake Erie, 22. ...

Fort Prud'homme
(Bishop Laval era) At junction of Ohio and Mississippi Rivers, 150. ...

Fort Rupert Fort Charles Built By Gillam At Mouth Of Rupert
River, foot of James Bay, 1667. =Index=: (Count Frontenac era) Captured by Troyes, 206. (Bishop Laval era) Captured from English, 204. =...

Fort Rupert
North end of Vancouver Island. See Fort McLoughlin. ...

Index : Sir James Douglas Era Hudson's Bay Company Post Coal Mining At 190 Bib :
Walbran, British Columbia Coast Names. ...

Fort St Frederic
See Crown Point. =Index=: (Wolfe / Montcalm era) At head of Lake Champlain, 17; evacuated by Bourlamaque, 146. =Bib.=: Garneau, History ...

Fort St James
On Stuart Lake, northern British Columbia. =Index=: (Mackenzie / Selkirk / Simpson era) Governor Simpson there in 1828, 237-238. (Sir Ja...

Fort St Joseph
(General Brock era) Stores despatched to, 202. ...

Fort St Louis
On Illinois River, near site of present town of La Salle. =Index=: (Count Frontenac era) Built by La Salle, 160; seized by La Barre, 179...

Fort St Louis
Quebec. See Chateau St. Louis. =Index=: (Samuel de Champlain era) A school of religion and virtue, 258; erected on Cape Diamond, 157. ...

Bib : Douglas Old France In The New World Gagnon Fort Et Chateau
St. Louis. ...

Fort St Pierre
(Samuel de Champlain era) Founded by Nicolas Denys, in Cape Breton, 236. ...

Bib : Denys History Of Acadia
...

Fort Selkirk
(Sir James Douglas era) Hudson's Bay Company post, built by Robert Campbell on the Yukon River, 124. =Bib.=: Campbell, Discovery of the ...

Fort Simpson
At mouth of Liard River. =Index=: (Sir James Douglas era) Built by Hudson's Bay Company, at mouth of Liard River, 125. =Bib.=: Richardso...

Fort Simpson
On coast of British Columbia, near Alaskan boundary. ...

Index : Sir James Douglas Era Built By Hudson's Bay Company At Mouth Of Naas River
1831, 116; moved forty miles south, 1834, 120. =Bib.=: Walbran, British Columbia Coast Names (under Port Simpson). ...

Fort Stanwix
On Mohawk River, near Lake Oneida. =Index=: (Lord Dorchester era) Unsuccessful attack on, 173. (Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Abandonment...

Fort Stikine
On Stikine River. =Index=: (Sir James Douglas era) Hudson's Bay Company post, handed over by Russians, 121-122; Rae left in charge of, 1...

Fort Taku
(Sir James Douglas era) Built by Hudson's Bay Company, on Taku River, 121; known as Fort Durham--erected 1840, 122; abandoned, 1843, 178...

Fort Ticonderoga
See Ticonderoga. =Index=: (Lord Dorchester era) Fort seized by American rebels, 82. (Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Carleton's raiders pen...

Fort Umpqua
(Sir James Douglas era) Founded in 1832 by Hudson's Bay Company, on route from Fort Vancouver to San Francisco Bay, 132. ...

Fort Vancouver
On Columbia River. =Index=: (Sir James Douglas era) Established by Hudson's Bay Company, in 1824, 47; depot of western department, 72; ...

Fort Vincennes
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) On Wabash River, 22. ...

Fort Walla Walla
Hudson's Bay Company post, on Columbia River. ...

Index : Sir James Douglas Era Distributing Point For Snake River Country 7
...

Fort Wayne
(General Brock era) Expedition to, under Captain Muir, 274, 275. ...

Fort William
At mouth of Kaministiquia River, Lake Superior. =Index=: (Sir James Douglas era) Headquarters of North West Company, 59. (Mackenzie / Se...

Fort William Henry
On Lake George. =Index=: (Wolfe / Montcalm era) Siege and destruction of, 37, 42-46; ensuing massacre, 47-52. =Bib.=: Parkman, Montcalm...

Fort Yale
(Sir James Douglas era) Founded in 1848, by the Hudson's Bay Company, on Fraser River, 186. ...

Fort Yukon
Built by Alexander Hunter Murray of the Hudson's Bay Company, at the mouth of Porcupine River in 1847. John Bell had descended the Porc...

Forts
See also Carillon, Chambly, Crown Point, Frontenac, Kaministiquia, Miami, Michilimackinac, Niagara, St. Johns, Sorel, Three Rivers, Tic...

Foster Captain
(Lord Dorchester era) Captures American post at Cedars, 142; gives up his prisoners under agreement with Arnold, 143. ...

Foster George Eulas 1847- Born In Carleton County New Brunswick
Entered political life as member for King's County, New Brunswick, in the Dominion House of Commons, 1882; minister of marine and fisher...

Foster S K
(Tilley era) Candidate for St. John, New Brunswick, defeated, 25. ...

Fothergill Charles
(William Lyon Mackenzie era) Attacks Mackenzie in Upper Canada Gazette, 38; accuses Mackenzie of disloyalty, 99; moves to pay Mackenzie ...

Foucher Jean
(Samuel de Champlain era) Chief farmer at Cap Tourmente, informs Champlain of destruction of establishment at Tadoussac, 176. ...

Fouez
See St. Maurice River. ...

Fournier Telesphore 1824-1896 Studied Law And Called To The Bar
1846; one of principal editorial writers on Le National; elected to the House of Commons for Bellechasse, 1870; minister of inland reven...

Fox Charles James 1749-1806 British Statesman Index : Lord Dorchester Era
Thought Quebec Act should have been introduced in Commons, 66; discusses Constitutional Act in House of Commons, 265. S Discusses Const...

France
(Count Frontenac era) Condition of, in 1675-1676, 150, 151. (Lord Dorchester era) Declares war against Britain, 271; anger in, on conclu...

Franchere Gabriel 1786-1856 Born At Montreal Joined The Pacific
Fur Company, organized by John Jacob Astor, and sailed from New York for the mouth of the Columbia, 1810. Returned overland, reaching Mo...

Franchise Act 1885
(Sir John A Macdonald era) Its terms, 258-259; fiercely opposed by Liberals, 259-260; repealed by Laurier administration, 260. =Bib.=: ...

Francois Xavier Saint
(Bishop Laval era) Patron saint of Canada, 87. ...

Franklin Benjamin 1706-1790 American Statesman And Philosopher
...

Index : Lord Dorchester Era Heads Commission To Enquire Into Affairs In Canada 135
his report, 136. (Wolfe / Montcalm era) Did not believe British colonies would revolt, 269. =Bib.=: Autobiography; Complete Works, ed. b...

Franklin Sir John 1786-1847 Served At Trafalgar In The
Bellerophon. Headed overland expedition of 1819-1822, from York Factory by way of Great Slave Lake, to the mouth of the Coppermine, and ...

Franklin Michael
Born in England. Came to Halifax, 1752. Elected to the Assembly, 1759; appointed to the Council, 1762; lieutenant-governor, 1766. Organ...

Bib : Campbell History Of Nova Scotia
...

Fraser
(Lord Dorchester era) Appointed judge, 183. ...

Fraser Captain
(Lord Dorchester era) His connection with the Walker case, 19, 36, 38. ...

Fraser Duncan Cameron 1845-1910 Born In New Glasgow Nova Scotia
Educated at Dalhousie University; studied law and called to the bar of Nova Scotia, 1873. Appointed to the Legislative Council, 1878, bu...

Bib : Morgan Can Men Canadian Who's Who
...

Fraser John James
(Tilley era) Opposition candidate in York County, 86; opposes Confederation, 87; afterwards governor of New Brunswick, 87; defeated in ...

Fraser Captain Malcolm
(Lord Dorchester era) Of Royal Emigrants, 112, 124; with Laws on rear attack on Arnold, 130; in charge at Three Rivers, 144; repulses T...

Fraser Simon 1776?-1862 Brought To Canada As A Child From New York
state, his widowed mother settling near Cornwall. Joined the North West Company in 1792, and ten years later became a bourgeois or partn...

Fraser River
Rises in Rocky Mountains, and flows into Strait of Georgia. Its upper waters discovered by Alexander Mackenzie, 1793; and first explore...

Fraser's Highlanders
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) Captain of, replies to French sentries in French, 180. =Bib.=: Kelly, The Fighting Frasers of the Forty-Five and ...

Frechette Louis 1839-1908 Practised Law And Then Journalism
Represented Levis in the House of Commons, 1874-1878. Chiefly known as a poet. Two of his poems were crowned by the French Academy, 1880...

Fredericton
Capital of New Brunswick. Situated on the west bank of the St. John River. Founded by Sir Guy Carleton in 1785, and named by him after ...

Bib : Hannay History Of New Brunswick
...

Fredin Jean
(Bishop Laval era) House of charity established by, 245. ...

Free Trade
(George Brown Era) Its effect on Canadian invasion, 15, 31-32; recommended by Reform convention of 1857, 217; advocated by George Brown...

Freeman
Newspaper published at St. John, New Brunswick. =Index=: (Tilley era) Edited by T. W. Anglin, 85. ...

Freemason's Hall Niagara
(John Graves Simcoe era) First session of Upper Canada Legislature held in, 83, 96; church services held in, 159. ...

Fremin Father Jacques
(Samuel de Champlain era) Jesuit, put in charge of Richibucto mission, 235. ...

French-canadians
(Bishop Laval era) Aubert's description of, 118, 119; habits and customs, 120-124. (Lord Sydenham era) Tenacious of their legal institut...

French Colonization
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) Principle of, 17; Parkman on, 19. ...

French Language
(Baldwin / La Fontaine / Hincks era) Imperial Parliament repeals clause of Union Act making English the sole official language, 287; Elg...

French Priests
(Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Attempts to introduce, 181, 187. ...

French Revolution
(Lord Dorchester era) Its effect in the United States, 272, 273; principles of, disseminated in Lower Canada, 279. (Lord Sydenham era) E...

Frobisher Benjamin
A partner of the North West Company. =Index=: (Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Petition to Haldimand, 261. =Bib.=: See the memorials of Ben...

Frobisher Benjamin
Probably, according to Masson, a son of Joseph Frobisher. Entered service of North West Company, about 1798. Mentioned as clerk of that...

Frobisher Joseph
A partner of the North West Company. Member of the fur-trading firm of McTavish, Frobisher and Company. Built a fort on Red River, and ...

Frobisher Sir Martin 1535?-1594 Navigator Made Three Voyages To
America in search of the North-West Passage, 1576, 1577, and 1578. Vice-admiral in Drake's expedition to West Indies, 1586; led one of t...

Frobisher Thomas 1744-1788 Partner Of The North West Company With
Joseph Frobisher, Alexander Henry, and Peter Pond, in the North-West, 1775. In that year, explored the Churchill River as far as Isle a ...

Frog Portage
Or Portage de Traite, leading from the Saskatchewan River, by way of Cumberland Lake, the Sturgeon-Weir River, Heron, Pelican, and Wood...

Frontenac Louis De Buade Comte De Palluau Et De 1620-1698 Count Frontenac Era
Particulars respecting his early life scanty, 61; enters army under Prince of Orange at age of fifteen, 62; promoted to rank of marechal...

Fulford Francis 1803-1868 Educated At Oxford Ordained 1828
Consecrated first Anglican bishop of Montreal, 1850, and sailed for Canada the same year. In 1860 metropolitan of the ecclesiastical pr...

Fuller Thomas Brock 1810-1884 Born In Kingston Educated At The
Grammar Schools at Hamilton and York and at Chambly Theological Seminary. Ordained priest, 1835; laboured in various parts of Canada; a...

Fundy Bay Of
Explored by De Monts and Champlain in 1604. Probably visited a hundred years earlier by Basque and Breton fishermen, and possibly by th...

Fur Trade
(Count Frontenac era) Burdensome restrictions on, 38, 154. (Samuel de Champlain era) Short history of, 119 et seq. (Lord Elgin era) Unde...

Gabriel
(Samuel de Champlain era) French vessel seized by English, 222. ...

Gage Thomas 1721-1787 Fought Under Braddock At Monongahela 1755
and under Abercrombie at Ticonderoga, 1758. Took part in the campaign for the conquest of Canada, 1759; made military governor of Montre...

Gaillardin Claud J C
(1810-1880). (Count Frontenac era) French historian, referred to, 152. =Bib.=: Histoire de Louis XIV. ...

Gaillon Michel
(Samuel de Champlain era) Member of Roberval's expedition, executed, 44. ...

Galiano Dionisio
Accompanied Maurelle in 1792 to North-West Coast. Carried out considerable surveys for the Spanish government, partly in conjunction wi...

Galinee Rene De Brehant De
A member of a noble family of Brittany; came to Canada in 1668. With his fellow-Sulpician, Dollier de Casson (q.v.), carried out an imp...

Gallatin Albert 1761-1849 American Statesman General Brock Era United States
secretary of the treasury, 81, 108. =Bib.=: Cyc. Am. Biog.; Adams, Writings of Albert Gallatin; Adams, Life of Gallatin. ...

Galleran Guillaume
(Samuel de Champlain era) Recollet priest, 149. ...

Gallicanism
(Bishop Laval era) Cause of difficulty between the court of France and the pope, 184, 201. ...

Galt Sir Alexander Tilloch 1817-1893 Son Of John Galt Qv
Elected to the Legislature, 1849, for Sherbrooke. Dropped out of public life for several years, but in 1853 again elected for Sherbrooke...

Galt John 1779-1839 Came To Canada 1824 Returned To England
came out again in 1826, remaining until 1829. Associated, in the Canada Company, with William Dunlop, Thomas Talbot, and Samuel Strickla...

Galt
A town in Ontario founded by the Canada Company, about 1827. Named after John Galt. Situated on the Grand River. =Bib.=: Lizars, Days o...

Gamache Rene De Rohault Marquis De
(Samuel de Champlain era) Endows Jesuit College at Quebec, 228. ...

Gannentaha
(Bishop Laval era) Mission at, miraculously escapes massacre, 65. =Bib.=: Parkman, Jesuits in North America. ...

Garakontie
(Bishop Laval era) Iroquois chief, conversion of, 65; edifying death of, 73. ...

Garfield James Abram 1831-1881 Twentieth President Of The United
States. =Index=: (George Brown Era) Favourable to proposed Reciprocity Treaty of 1864, 230-231. =Bib.=: Hinsdale, Works of Garfield; Gil...

Garneau Francois-xavier 1809-1866 Studied Law And Practised As A
notary; afterwards clerk of the Legislative Assembly and city clerk of Quebec; member of the Council of Public Instruction; president of...

Garnier Charles
Accompanied Jogues and Chatelain to the Huron mission, 1636; and, with the former, to the Tobacco Nation, near Nottawassaga Bay, 1639-1...

Garnier De Chapouin
(Samuel de Champlain era) Provincial of Recollets, appoints four missionaries for Canada, 85. ...

Garreau Leonard
Jesuit father. =Index=: (Bishop Laval era) Death of, 11. ...

Garry Nicholas
The Hudson's Bay Company and the North West Company having been amalgamated in 1821, Garry, then a director of the former Company, was ...

Gaspe
See Aubert de Gaspe. ...

Gaspereau River
A small tidal stream, flowing into the Basin of Minas. Grand Pre, once a principal settlement of the Acadians, stands upon its banks. ...

Gates Sir Thomas 1596-1621 Governor Of Virginia Index : Samuel De Champlain Era
Grant to, by James I of England, 223. =Bib.=: Dict. Nat. Biog.; Cyc. Am. Biog. ...

Gaudais-dupont Louis
(Bishop Laval era) Comes out as royal commissioner to take over Canada from Company of New France, 41. ...

Gaufestre Jean
(Samuel de Champlain era) Recollet, returns to France, 209. ...

Gavazzi Riots
(Lord Elgin era) Father Gavazzi's lectures, 124; cause riots in Quebec and Montreal, 124-125; Clear Grits attack Hincks and the governm...

Gazette Halifax
Established 1752. First newspaper published in what is now the Dominion of Canada. =Bib.=: Wallis, Hist. Sketch of Can. Journalism in C...

Gazette Montreal
Established 1778. =Index=: (Sir Georges E. Cartier era) Denounces ministerial responsibility, 97. (Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Establis...

Gazette Quebec
Established 1764. =Index=: (Sir Frederick Haldimand era) First newspaper printed in Quebec, 190; its news columns censored, 191; publish...

Gazette Toronto
(William Lyon Mackenzie era) Mackenzie's newspaper, first published May 12, 1838, 433; last issue, 461. =Bib.=: Dent, Upper Canadian Reb...

General Election 1841 Lord Sydenham Era Rioting In Connection With 290 291
result of, 291. ...

Genest Edmond Charles 1765-1834 Lord Dorchester Era Minister Of France To The
United States, 272; his intrigues in Canada, 273, 274. =Bib.=: Cyc. Am. Biog. ...

Genevay Jean Francois Louis
(Sir Frederick Haldimand era) French secretary to Haldimand, 305; receives bequest from Haldimand, 342; his tomb, 346. ...

Geological Survey
First suggested by Dr. Rae, in 1832. W. E. (afterwards Sir) Logan was appointed provincial geologist, 1842, and, the government having ...

George Iv 1762-1830 King Of England Son Of George Iii And The
Princess Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz. In 1795 married the Princess Caroline of Brunswick. In 1811 regent, and in 1820 succeeded Ge...

Index : Wilmot Era Grants Charter To King's College Fredericton 49 Bib :
Dict. Nat. Biog. ...

George Sir Rupert D
(Joseph Howe era) Provincial secretary of Nova Scotia, 57; dismissed from office, 111; challenges Joseph Howe to a duel, 244. ...

Bib : Campbell History Of Nova Scotia
...

Georgian Bay
An arm of Lake Huron. Discovered by Joseph Le Caron, a Franciscan, 1615. Champlain reached the shores of the bay the same year. ...

Index : Samuel De Champlain Era Champlain Crosses 88
...

Germain Charles
Appointed missionary to the Abnaki Indians on the St. John River, 1845. Authorized agent of the government at Quebec for the purpose of...

Germain Lord George
See Sackville. ...

German And Swiss Colonists
(Sir Frederick Haldimand era) In America, scheme to enroll, 9. ...

German Troops
(Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Commanded by Riedesel, 114; not adapted to work required of them, 126, 136; reorganization of, 141; Haldim...

Germans And Dutch
(Lord Dorchester era) Large admixture of, among United Empire Loyalists, 240. ...

Gerris Sarah
(Count Frontenac era) Captured at Fort Loyal, exchanged for one of Phipps's prisoners, 303. ...

Gerry Elbridge 1744-1814 American Statesman Index : General Brock Era
Governor of Massachusetts, 172. =Bib.=: Cyc. Am. Biog. ...

Gerrymander
See Redistribution Bill. ...

Gibault Pere
(Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Absolves French of the west from their allegiance to Britain, 167. ...

Gibbs Thomas Nicholson 1821-1883 Born In Terrebonne Quebec
Engaged in business pursuits at Oshawa. Defeated for election to the Assembly for South Ontario, 1854, but successful, 1865. Elected to ...

Gibson David
(William Lyon Mackenzie era) Organizes shooting matches, 342; rebels meet at his house, 360; opposes advance on Toronto, 362; his house ...

Gibson John Morrison 1842- Educated At The University Of Toronto
studied law and called to the bar of Ontario, 1867. Elected to the Ontario Assembly for Hamilton, 1879; provincial secretary, 1889; com...

Giffard Robert
First seignior in New France. Mentioned at Quebec in 1627; returned to France, 1629; established at his Beauport seigneury, 1634; a mem...

Gilbert Thomas
(Wilmot era) Member for Queens, New Brunswick, an advocate of old-time Toryism, 96. (Tilley era) Proposes to convert King's College into...

Gillam Benjamin
Son of following. Commanded a trading expedition from Boston to Hudson Bay in 1683, and built a fort some miles up the Nelson River. Pi...

Bib : Laut Conquest Of The Great North-west
...

Gillam Zachariah
A New England skipper, sent out in 1668 by Prince Rupert and his associates, to Hudson Bay, in command of the Nonsuch, on a voyage of e...

Gillmor A H
(Tilley era) Provincial secretary in Smith ministry, New Brunswick, 91; a strong Liberal, 91. ...

Gilmore George
(Sir Frederick Haldimand era) School teacher at St. Johns, 235. ...

Ginseng
(Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Gathered by Jesuits, for shipment to China, 148; brought $5 a pound, 148; Indians engaged in trade, 148. ...

Gipps Sir George 1791-1847 Born At Ringwould England Educated At
King's School, Canterbury, and at the Military Academy, Woolwich. Entered the army, 1809; served throughout the Peninsular War; employed...

Girouard Desire 1836- Born At St Timothee Quebec Educated At
Montreal College; studied law and called to the bar of Lower Canada. For some years sat in the House of Commons. Appointed judge of Supr...

Girouard John Joseph 1795-1855 Born In Quebec Studied Law And
called to the bar of Lower Canada, 1816. Elected to the Assembly, 1830; a strong supporter of Papineau; took an active part in the Rebel...

Index : Baldwin / La Fontaine / Hincks Era Associated With La Fontaine In Constitutional Agitation In
Lower Canada, 49; commissionership of crown lands promised to, 124; declines appointment, 134; referred to as a rebel in Transcript, 141...

Gisborne Frederick Newton 1824-1892 Came To Canada From England In
1845. Joined the staff of the British North American Electric Telegraph Association, 1847, and became general manager. In 1852, laid the...

Giscome Portage
Leading from the Parsnip River to the Fraser, in northern British Columbia. Named by an independent trader, Peter Dunlevy, after his co...

Givins James
(General Brock era) Appointed aide-de-camp, 247. ...

Gladstone William Ewart 1809-1898 British Statesman Index : Lord Sydenham Era
Elected to Parliament for Newark, 22; defeated at Manchester, 48. (Lord Elgin era) His opinion of Lord Elgin, 7, 78; sympathy for Confed...

Bib : Works: The State In Its Relations With The Church Gleanings
from Past Years. For biog., see Morley, The Life of William Ewart Gladstone; Dict. Nat. Biog. ...

Gladwin Henry
Joined the army, 1753; took part in the expedition under Braddock; promoted to rank of major, 1759; in command at Detroit during siege ...

Glandelet Abbe Charles
(Bishop Laval era) Accompanies Laval to Canada, 141; theologist of chapter of Quebec, 197. (Count Frontenac era) Preaches against theatr...

Glassion De
(Lord Dorchester era) Superior of Jesuits, sends petition to the king, through Carleton, 35. ...

Glegg Captain J B
Aide-de-camp to General Brock. =Index=: (General Brock era) Carries summons for surrender of Detroit, 251, 255; carries despatches to Q...

Glen John Sanders
(Count Frontenac era) Magistrate of Schenectady, life spared, 247. ...

Glenelg Charles Grant Baron 1778-1866 Born In Kidderpore India
Educated at Magdalen College, Cambridge, England, and called to the bar at Lincoln's Inn, 1807. Member of the British House of Commons, ...

Bib : Dict Nat Biog
...

Glengarry
A county in Ontario, on the St. Lawrence. Named after the famous glen in Inverness, Scotland. Many Scottish Highlanders left their nati...

Glengarry Fencibles
(General Brock era) Canadian Highland corps, 180. ...

Glenie James
(Wilmot era) Member for Sunbury, in New Brunswick Assembly, 1792-1809, 13; a pioneer reformer, 13. ...

Globe
Newspaper published at Toronto; established, 1844. =Index=: (George Brown Era) Advocates responsible government, ix; its establishment, ...

Bib : Wallis Historical Sketch Of Canadian Journalism In Canada:
An Ency., vol. 5; Buckingham, George Brown and the Globe in Canada: An Ency., vol. 5; Mackenzie, Hon. George Brown. ...

Godard Charles
(John Graves Simcoe era) Agent for government of Upper Canada, 178. ...

Goddard John
(Tilley era) Elected for St. John, New Brunswick, 25. ...

Gode Nicolas
(Bishop Laval era) Land bought from, for church at Montreal, 88. ...

Godefroy Jean-paul
(Samuel de Champlain era) Interpreter, 144. ...

Godefroy Thomas
(Samuel de Champlain era) Interpreter, 144. ...

Goderich Viscount
See Ripon. ...

Goderich
Town in Ontario, situated at mouth of River Maitland, Huron County, Ontario. Founded by John Galt and Wm. Dunlop about 1827. =Bib.=: Li...

Gomara Lopez De
(Samuel de Champlain era) Suggests a canal through Isthmus of Panama, 14. ...

Gondoin Nicolas
(Samuel de Champlain era) Jesuit missionary at Miscou, 234. ...

Gordon Brigadier-general
(Lord Dorchester era) Murder of, 152. ...

Gordon Arthur Hamilton
See Stanmore. ...

Gordon Robert
(Tilley era) Member for Gloucester in New Brunswick Assembly, votes against Liberals, 18. ...

Gore Sir Charles S
Born in Scotland, 1793; the third son of the second Earl of Arran. Entered the army, 1808; served throughout the Peninsular War; ordere...

Gore Sir Francis 1769-1852 Served In The Army Lieutenant-governor
of Bermuda, 1804; lieutenant-governor of Upper Canada, 1806-1817. ...

Index : General Brock Era Lieutenant-governor Of Upper Canada 8 78 His Civil And
military service, 78; arms supplied to, 97; arrives at Quebec from the west, 132; Brock's high opinion of, 143; goes to England on leave...

Gore District
In Upper Canada; named after Governor Gore. =Index=: (Lord Sydenham era) Resolutions in favour of responsible government adopted at meet...

Gorham John
A native of Massachusetts. Stationed at Annapolis in command of a body of provincial troops, 1845; sent to Boston to procure aid agains...

Gosford Archibald Acheson Second Earl Of 1775?-1849
Governor-general of Canada, 1835-1838. =Index=: (Louis Joseph Papineau era) His mission of conciliation to French-Canadians, 110; hostil...

Gosselin Abbe Auguste 1843- Born At St Charles De Bellechasse
Quebec. Educated at Quebec Seminary and at Laval University. Ordained priest, 1866; subsequently chancellor of the Quebec Diocese, and v...

Bib : Works: Vie De Laval Henri De Bernieres Le Docteur
Labrie; Quebec en 1730; Mgr. de Saint-Vallier et son Temps; D'Iberville; Jean Bourdon. For biog., see Morgan, Can. Men; Canadian Who's ...

Gouin Sir Lomer 1861- Born In Grondines Quebec Educated At
Sorel College and Laval University, Montreal; studied law and called to the bar of Quebec, 1884. Elected to the Assembly for the St. Jam...

Gourlay Robert Fleming 1778-1863 Born In The Parish Of Ceres
Fifeshire, Scotland. Attended St. Andrews University. Took part in an inquiry into the condition of the poor in Great Britain, and carri...

Index : William Lyon Mackenzie Era Comes To Canada 1817 89 Arouses Public Feeling 89
tried for libel at Kingston and again at Brockville, and acquitted at both places, 89; tried under Alien Act, and ordered to leave provi...

Governors
(Lord Sydenham era) Their powers and functions, and relations to the home government on the one side and the colonial Legislatures on th...

Gowan Ogle R
(1796-1876). Born in Ireland. Edited for some years the Antidote, published in Dublin. Came to Canada, 1829, and settled in the county ...

Goyer Olivier
(Count Frontenac era) Recollet, preaches funeral sermon on Frontenac, 361. ...

Goyogouins
See Cayugas. ...

Graham Sir James
(Lord Sydenham era) His views on corn duties and Irish Church, 40. ...

Grammar Schools
(John Graves Simcoe era) Simcoe's desire to establish, 169. See Education. ...

Grand Jury
(Lord Dorchester era) Presentment of, 14; protested against by Murray, 15. ...

Grand Portage
Near western end of Lake Superior, about twenty miles south of Fort William. As in the case of so many other historic Canadian places, ...

Grand Pre
A village on the shores of the Basin of Minas. Stands upon or near the site of the old village of the same name, one of the principal s...

Grand Trunk Railway
(Sir Georges E. Cartier era) Entrusts Cartier with its legal business, 22; Carrier's deep interest in its development, 48; line extended...

Grant Alexander 1734-1813 Administered The Government Of Upper
Canada as senior member of the Executive Council, on death of General Hunter, 1805. =Index=: (General Brock era) Administers government ...

Grant Cuthbert
One of the leading traders of the North West Company in the West, in the early days. With Peter Pond on the Athabaska, and sent by him,...

Grant Cuthbert
Son of foregoing. Scottish half-breed, in western fur trade. Educated at Montreal, and entered service of North West Company. Led the h...

Grant George Monro 1835-1902 Born At Albion Mines Nova Scotia
Educated at University of Glasgow. Entered Presbyterian ministry in Nova Scotia. Accompanied Sandford Fleming overland to British Columb...

Grant Sir William 1752-1832 Commanded Volunteers At Siege Of
Quebec, 1775; attorney-general of Canada, 1776; chief-justice of Chester, 1798; solicitor-general, 1799-1801; master of the Rolls, 1801...

Grave Jeanne
(Samuel de Champlain era) Daughter of Dupont-Grave, 47. ...

Grave Robert
(Samuel de Champlain era) Son of Dupont-Grave, accompanies Champlain on voyage of discovery, 34. ...

Graves Samuel 1713-1787 British Admiral Index : John Graves Simcoe Era Godfather Of
Simcoe, 15; commands naval force at Boston, 19. (Lord Dorchester era) Refuses to send transports to Quebec, 92. =Bib.=: Dict. Nat. Biog....

Gray John Hamilton 1814-1889 Born In Bermuda Entered Political
life in New Brunswick in 1850, and became a leading member of the provincial government. Took part in the negotiations leading up to Co...

Gray John Hamilton 1811-1887 Born In Prince Edward Island Entered
the army, 1831, and served for twenty-one years, retiring 1852. Returning to Prince Edward Island, elected to the provincial Legislatur...

Gray Robert 1755-1806 American Captain And Explorer Index : Sir James Douglas Era
Voyage to North-West Coast in 1787, 23; at Nootka, 1788-1789, 24; second voyage--enters mouth of Columbia River, May 11, 1792, 24; names...

Great Bear Lake
In Northern Canada. Area 11,821 square miles. Discovered by men of the North West Company, and a post established on or near the lake a...

Great Lakes
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) The domain of France, 18. See also under names of the individual lakes. =Bib.=: Curwood, The Great Lakes; Channin...

Great Mohawk Grand Agnie
(Count Frontenac era) Christian Mohawk leader, 246. ...

Great Portage
(Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Trade route to the interior, 163. See Grand Portage. ...

Great Slave Lake
In Northern Canada. Area 10,719 square miles. Discovered by Samuel Hearne (q.v.), in 1771. A post built there, 1786, by Leroux and Gran...

Index : Mackenzie / Selkirk / Simpson Era Discovered By Samuel Hearne 3 31 Leroux Builds Post On
18; Mackenzie on, 35, 36, 48, 49; forts on, 54-55. =Bib.=: Hearne, Journey to Coppermine; Mackenzie, Voyages; Burpee, Search for the We...

Great Western Railway
Charter granted 1834, and renewed 1845. Absorbed by the Grand Trunk in 1882. Ran from Hamilton to the international boundary opposite D...

Greeley Horace 1811-1872 American Journalist Index : William Lyon Mackenzie Era Editor
of New York Tribune, 472; Mackenzie's friend, 473; his influence with Mackenzie, 474. =Bib.=: Cyc. Am. Biog. ...

Green Benjamin 1713-1772 Accompanied The Expedition Against
Louisbourg as secretary, 1745; remained there as government secretary until 1749; removed to Halifax, and appointed a member of the Coun...

Greene Nathanael 1742-1786 Lord Dorchester Era American General Watches Leslie's
army in South Carolina, 197; destitute condition of his force, 204. ...

Bib : Cyc Am Biog
...

Greenway Thomas 1838-1909 Born In Cornwall England Came To
Canada with his parents, 1844. Educated at the public schools of Huron County, Ontario. Engaged in business for ten years at Centralia. ...

Gregory John
Born in England. Came to Montreal, and engaged in the fur trade. Associated with A. N. McLeod, Alexander Mackenzie, Peter Pangman, and ...

Gregory William
The first chief-justice of the province of Quebec. His commission bears date August 24, 1764; succeeded by William Hey, September 25, 1...

Grenville George Leveson-gower Second Earl 1815-1891 Entered
Parliament, 1836; secretary for foreign affairs, 1851-1852, 1870-1874, 1880-1885; colonial secretary, 1868-1870 and 1886. =Index=: (Sir ...

Grenville William Wyndham Baron 1759-1834 Entered Parliament
1782; paymaster-general, 1783; Speaker of the House of Commons, 1789; created Baron Grenville, 1790; secretary for foreign affairs, 1791...

Grenville Thomas 1755-1846 Lord Dorchester Era Accompanies Oswald To Paris To
discuss terms of peace, 192. =Bib.=: Dict. Nat. Biog. ...

Grey Charles Second Earl 1764-1845 Distinguished British
statesman, noted particularly for his connection with the first Reform Bill. (Lord Sydenham era) Becomes prime minister, 25; resigns, 45...

Grey Henry George Third Earl 1802-1894 Secretary For The
colonies, 1830-1833; secretary for war, 1835-1841; succeeded to the earldom, 1845; again secretary for the colonies, 1846-1852. =Index=:...

Grey Albert Henry George Grey Fourth Earl 1851- Born Howick
England. Educated at Harrow School and Trinity College, Cambridge. Member of British House of Commons, 1880-1886; administrator of Rhod...

Bib : Hubert Hervey: A Memoir For Biog See Who's Who
...

Grey Sir Charles Edward 1785-1865 Educated At Oxford University
called to the bar, 1811; commissioner in bankruptcy, 1817; judge of the Supreme Court of Madras, 1820; knighted, 1820; sent to Canada as...

Greywell Hill
(Lord Dorchester era) Hampshire residence of Lord Dorchester, 307. ...

Grisler Charles
(John Graves Simcoe era) Shot for desertion, 73. ...

Griffon
(Count Frontenac era) Vessel built by La Salle and lost in Lake Michigan, 159. ...

Grignan De
(Count Frontenac era) Son-in-law of Mme. de Sevigne, a candidate for governorship of Canada, 65. ...

Grondines
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) French vessels retreat to, 152. ...

Groseilliers
See Chouart. ...

Guelph
A city of Western Ontario, situated on the Speed River, in the county of Wellington. Founded by John Galt (q.v.), 1827. =Bib.=: Lizars,...

Guernsey
(General Brock era) Island of, birthplace of Brock, 1-6. ...

Guerriere
(General Brock era) British ship taken by the Constitution, 284. ...

Guers Jean-baptiste
(Samuel de Champlain era) Accompanies Champlain to Quebec, 1620, 121. ...

Gugy Conrad 1730-1786 Born At The Hague Son Of A Swiss Officer In
the Dutch service. Educated for the engineers; disposed of his commission and settled in Quebec. Subsequently secretary to Sir Frederic...

Bib : Morgan Cel Can
...

Gugy Conrad Augustus
Educated at Cornwall under John Strachan. Served for a time in the army; afterwards studied law and called to the bar of Lower Canada. ...

Guienne Regiment
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) Soldier of saves Captain Ochterlony, mortally wounded, from being scalped, 142; Wolfe wishes to reward him, but r...

Bib : Parkman Montcalm And Wolfe Wood The Fight For Canada
Bradley, Fight with France. ...

Guilbault
(Samuel de Champlain era) Merchant, assists in taking Fort St. Pierre, 236. ...

Guilford Frederick North Second Earl Of 1732-1792 Entered
Parliament, 1754; chancellor of the exchequer 1767; premier, 1770; resigned in 1783. =Index=: (Lord Dorchester era) On Quebec Act, 66; d...

Guines Modiste
(Samuel de Champlain era) Recollet, 115. ...

Guise Captain
(Sir James Douglas era) His voyage to North-West Coast for sea-otter, 22. ...

Gunn Donald 1797-1878 Born In Falkirk Scotland Entered The
service of the Hudson's Bay Company, 1813. Left the service, 1823, but continued to reside in the Red River Settlement. Appointed one of...

Bib : Begg History Of The North-west
...

Gurnett George
(William Lyon Mackenzie era) Brought to the bar, 152; editor of the Courier, 165; style of, 165. ...

Guyard Marie
See Marie de l'Incarnation. ...

Guyon Jean
(Samuel de Champlain era) Mason, accompanies Robert Giffard to Canada, 252. ...

Guyon Jean
(Bishop Laval era) Canadian priest, accompanies Laval to France, 199; death of, 219. ...

Gwillim Elizabeth Posthuma
(John Graves Simcoe era) Married to Simcoe, 40; descent and characteristics, 40. ...

Habeas Corpus Act
(Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Not in operation in Haldimand's time, 275; demanded by Du Calvet, 291. =Bib.=: Shortt and Doughty, Constit...

Habitants
The peasants of Quebec. =Index=: (Lord Dorchester era) More independent than peasantry of France, 12; raised to dignity of jurymen, 40; ...

Habitation De Quebec
The first building in Quebec. Erected by Champlain, 1608. Stood about where the church of Notre Dame des Victoires stands to-day. An il...

Hagarty Sir John Hawkins 1816-1900 Born In Dublin Educated At
Trinity College there. Came to Canada, 1834. Studied law, and called to the bar of Upper Canada, 1840. Appointed puisne judge of the Cou...

Hagerman Christopher Alexander 1792-1847 Born In Adolphustown
Ontario. Educated at Kingston; studied law and called to the bar of Upper Canada, 1815. Served during the War of 1812-1814 with the mili...

Bib : Kingsford History Of Canada Dent Upper Canadian Rebellion
and Last Forty Years; Read, Lives of the Judges. ...

Halard Jacques
(Samuel de Champlain era) Brings out stores for De Caen, 136. ...

Haldemans Of Pennsylvania
(Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Cousins of Sir Frederick Haldimand, 87, 343. ...

Haldimand Antoine Francois
(Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Nephew of Sir Frederick Haldimand, settled in England, 72, 88, 105; goes bail for his uncle, 311; very su...

Haldimand Barthelemi
(Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Uncle of Sir Frederick Haldimand, 2; a philanthropic fighting Calvinist, 2. ...

Haldimand Bertrand
(Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Nephew of Sir Frederick Haldimand, 311, 340. ...

Haldimand Francois-lois
(Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Father of Sir Frederick Haldimand, 2. ...

Haldimand Francois-louis
(Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Brother of Sir Frederick Haldimand, 2, 312, 343. ...

Haldimand Sir Frederick 1718-1791 Sir Frederick Haldimand Era Descent And Birth 1-3
antagonism to French nation, 3; joins Prussian army, 3; previous military service, 5; present at battle of Mollwitz, 6; his admiration ...

Haldimand Frederick
(Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Nephew of Sir Frederick Haldimand, 17; serves in his uncle's battalion, 49; runs into debt, 50; drowned, 6...

Haldimand Henry
(Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Nephew of Sir Frederick Haldimand, 311; his death, 312. ...

Haldimand Honnete Gaspard
(Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Grandfather of Sir Frederick Haldimand, 2, 17, 72, 311. ...

Haldimand Jean Abraham
(Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Younger brother of Sir Frederick Haldimand, 2, 17, 72, 88, 311. ...

Haldimand Jean-lois
(Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Uncle of Sir Frederick Haldimand, 2, 4. the spot by Richard Short] ...

Haldimand Justine
(Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Sister of Sir Frederick Haldimand, 3; death of, 338. ...

Haldimand Louis
(Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Nephew of Sir Frederick Haldimand, 88; his arrival and reception in Boston, 109; promoted, 110, 294; his d...

Haldimand Pierre
(Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Nephew of Sir Frederick Haldimand, joins him in Florida, 72; placed in charge of seigniory of Pabos, 73, 1...

Haldimand William
(Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Grand-nephew of Sir Frederick Haldimand; and director of Bank of England, 343. ...

Haldimand Papers
(Sir Frederick Haldimand era) In Canadian Archives, 319, 320. ...

Haliburton Thomas Chandler 1796-1865 Born At Windsor Nova Scotia
Educated at the Grammar School and at King's College there. Called to the bar and practised for a time at Annapolis. Represented the cou...

Bib : Works: An Historical And Statistical Account Of Nova Scotia
The Clockmaker, or The Sayings and Doings of Samuel Slick of Slickville; Bubbles of Canada; Reply to the Report of the Earl of Durham; ...

Halifax
A seaport, and the capital of Nova Scotia; founded in 1749 and named after the Earl of Halifax, then president of the Board of Trade. T...

Halifax Award
The treaty of Washington having provided for a commission, to settle the compensation due Canada by the United States for the use of he...

Bib : Record Of The Proceedings Of The Halifax Fisheries Commission
1877. ...

Hall Major George D
(Lord Sydenham era) Appointed military secretary and aide-de-camp, 152. ...

Halliburton Sir Brenton 1773-1860 Joseph Howe Era Chief-justice Of Nova
Scotia, presides at trial of Joseph Howe for libel, 24; contest for his office, 168; his son challenges Howe, because of supposed insult...

Halliburton John Croke 1806-1884 Eldest Son Of Sir Brenton
Halliburton, chief-justice of Nova Scotia. Called to the bar, 1829; appointed deputy-clerk of the Legislative Council, 1830, and clerk, ...

Haly Sir William O'grady 1811-1878 Entered The Army 1828 Served
with distinction in the Crimea and in India. Created K.C.B., 1855. Appointed commander-in-chief of the forces in British North America, ...

Hamilton
City of Ontario, on Burlington Bay, west end of Lake Ontario. Laid out and settled, 1813, by George Hamilton, from whom it takes its na...

Bib : Lovell Gazetteer
...

Hamilton Alexander 1757-1804 American Statesman Index : Lord Dorchester Era
Anxious to keep on good terms with Britain, 286; Talleyrand's opinion of, 287. =Bib.=: Hamilton, Life of Alexander Hamilton. For further...

Hamilton John 1801-1882 Born In Queenston Ontario Removed To
Kingston, 1840. Throughout his life largely interested in inland navigation, and the first to introduce iron vessels on Canadian waters....

Hamilton Henry
Lieutenant-governor of Detroit during Revolutionary War; captured at Vincennes, 1779, and imprisoned. Retired from the army, 1783; lieu...

Bib : Cyc Am Biog Shortt And Doughty Constitutional Documents
of Canada. ...

Hamilton Paul 1762-1816 General Brock Era United States Secretary Of The Navy
173. =Bib.=: Cyc. Am. Biog. ...

Hamilton Pierce Stevens 1826-1893 Studied Law And Called To The
bar, 1851. Entered journalism, and edited Acadian Recorder, 1853-1861. Appointed chief commissioner of mines for Nova Scotia. An early a...

Hamilton Robert
(John Graves Simcoe era) Member of Legislative Council, 79; accused by Simcoe of "republicanism," 97; visits England and takes legal adv...

Hammond George 1763-1853 John Graves Simcoe Era British Minister At Philadelphia
consulted by Simcoe on the situation, 134, 144. =Bib.=: Dict. Nat. Biog. ...

Hampton Sir John Somerset Pakington First Baron 1799-1880 Sat For
Droitwich in British Parliament, 1837-1874; secretary for war and colonies, 1852; first lord of Admiralty, 1858 and 1866; secretary for ...

Hancock
(General Brock era) Private of 41st, first man killed in War of 1812, 236. ...

Hancock's House
(John Graves Simcoe era) Skirmish at, 24. ...

Handy Henry S
(William Lyon Mackenzie era) Commander of "patriot" army, 427; quarrels with "General" Sutherland, 427; occupies Sugar Island, 428; put ...

Hanington Daniel 1804-1889 Sat For Over Half A Century In One Or
other of the branches of the New Brunswick Legislature. Elected to Assembly, 1834, for Westmoreland, which he represented up to 1862. A ...

Hanington Daniel Lionel 1835-1909 Born At Shediac New Brunswick
Called to the bar, 1861; in 1870 entered the New Brunswick Assembly, representing Westmoreland until 1874; and reelected, 1878; member o...

Index : Tilley Era Elected Speaker Of New Brunswick Assembly 30 Bib :
Hannay, History of New Brunswick. ...

Hanks Captain
(General Brock era) Surrenders Michilimackinac, 211; killed at Detroit, 255. ...

Hanna James
(Sir James Douglas era) Voyage of 1785, 22; on enormous profits of sea-otter trade, 22. ...

Hanna Michael 1821-1882 Born In Ireland Came To Canada 1839 And
completed his studies at St. Mary's College. Ordained to the priesthood, 1845. Held various charges in Nova Scotia. Subsequently became ...

Harding James A
(Tilley era) Returned for St. John, 25, 30, 43. ...

Hardy Arthur Sturgis 1837-1899 Born At Mount Pleasant Ontario
Studied law, and called to the bar of Upper Canada, 1865; practised his profession at Brantford; Q. C., 1876. Elected to the Ontario Le...

Hargrave James
Chief factor of the Hudson's Bay Company. =Index=: (Mackenzie / Selkirk / Simpson era) In charge of York Factory, 226; correspondence wi...

Harlay De
(Bishop Laval era) Archbishop of Rouen, desires ecclesiastical jurisdiction over Canada, 133; called to the see of Paris, 134; desires ...

Harmon Daniel Williams
Born in Vermont. Entered service of North West Company, 1800, at Montreal, and left immediately for the western fur country. Returned t...

Haro Gonzalez Lopez De
(Sir James Douglas era) Finds Russian establishments, 38. =Bib.=: Bancroft, North-West Coast. ...

Harrison Robert Alexander 1833-1878 Studied Law And Appointed To
crown law department of Upper Canada, 1854. Retired, 1859, and practised in Toronto. Member for Toronto in first Dominion Parliament, 18...

Bib : Dent Can Por Read Lives Of The Judges
...

Harrison Samuel Bealey
(Lord Sydenham era) Provincial secretary for Upper Canada, 283; his resolutions on responsible government, 310, 311. (Baldwin / La Fonta...

Harrison T T J
(William Lyon Mackenzie era) His account of the Haldimand election, 487. ...

Harrison William Henry 1773-1841 Ninth President Of The United
States. =Index=: (General Brock era) United States general, his Tippecanoe exploit, 174-176. =Bib.=: Cyc. Am. Biog. ...

Harvey Sir John 1778-1852 Entered The British Army And Saw Active
service in Holland, France, at the Cape of Good Hope, Ceylon, India, and Egypt. In 1812 deputy adjutant-general of the army in Canada, a...

Hatheway George L
(Tilley era) Chief commissioner of the Board of Works, New Brunswick, 86; deserts the government and runs as opposition candidate in Yo...

Haultain Frederick William Gordon 1857- Born In Woolwich
England. Educated at Montreal High School, Peterborough Collegiate Institute, and the University of Toronto. Called to the bar of Ontari...

Haviland T H
(1822-1895). Born at Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island. Studied law and called to the bar of Prince Edward Island, 1846; elected to t...

Hawke
(George Brown Era) His evidence on land grants in Upper Canada, 53-54. ...

Hay Charles
(Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Imprisoned on charge of treason, 279. ...

Hay Jehu
(Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Lieutenant-governor of Detroit, 158. ...

Hay Robert
(William Lyon Mackenzie era) Generosity of, 505. ...

Hayes Route
The main route of the fur traders, from Hudson Bay to Lake Winnipeg and the interior. It was adopted at a very early date, the more obv...

Hazen John Douglas 1860- Born In Oromocto New Brunswick
Educated at the University of New Brunswick; studied law and called to the bar of New Brunswick, 1883. Alderman of Fredericton and mayor...

Hazen Moses
(Lord Dorchester era) Brings news of Arnold's attack on St. Johns, 34. (Sir Frederick Haldimand era) A rebel spy, 130; mentioned by Hald...

Hazen Robert Leonard 1806-1874 Born In St John New Brunswick
Studied law and called to the bar, 1832; sat for St. John in New Brunswick Assembly, 1837-1848; in Legislative Council, 1848-1867; membe...

Hazen's Rangers
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) In battle of the Plains, 257. ...

Head Sir Edmund Walker 1805-1868 Fellow Of Merton College Oxford
1830-1837; lieutenant-governor of New Brunswick, 1847; governor-general of Canada, 1854-1861. Afterwards appointed a civil service commi...

Head Sir Francis Bond 1793-1875 Served In Royal Engineers At
Waterloo; travelled in South America, 1825-1826; appointed lieutenant-governor of Upper Canada, 1835-1837; made privy councillor, 1867....

Hearne Samuel 1745-1792 Came To Fort Prince Of Wales On The
Hudson's Bay Company's ship Prince Rupert. Under instructions from the Company, and after two abortive attempts, set forth in December, ...

Heath General William 1737-1814 Lord Dorchester Era Commissioner On American Side
for exchange of prisoners, 208. =Bib.=: Cyc. Am. Biog. ...

Heathfield George Augustus Eliott First Baron 1717-1790 Defender
of Gibraltar. =Index=: (Sir Frederick Haldimand era) His marriage, 316. =Bib.=: Dict. Nat. Biog. ...

Heavysege Charles 1816-1876 Born In Liverpool England Came To
Canada, 1853. Settled in Montreal, and engaged in his trade of cabinet-making. Afterwards connected with the staff of the Witness. Auth...

Bib : For His Works See James Bibliography Of Canadian Poetry
For biog., see Burpee, Charles Heavysege (R. S. C., 1901); Rose, Cyc. Can. Biog.; MacMurchy, Canadian Literature. ...

Hebert Anne
Eldest daughter of Louis Hebert, Quebec; married to Stephen Jonquest in the autumn of 1617, Father Le Caron officiating. This was the f...

Hebert Guillaume
(Samuel de Champlain era) Son of Louis, 146. ...

Hebert Louis
Came from Paris to Acadia, 1604; mentioned there in 1610, and again in 1613-1614. Returned to France, and in 1617 came to Quebec, becom...

Index : Count Frontenac Era First Regular Settler At Quebec 16 Samuel De Champlain Era Consents To
accompany Champlain to Canada, 111, 112; a valuable member of the colony, 112; signs complaint of the inhabitants, 136; his family, 146;...

Hebert Guillemette
(Samuel de Champlain era) Wife of Guillaume Couillard, 146. ...

Hebert Madame
(Samuel de Champlain era) Mass celebrated in her house on restoration of Quebec, 225. ...

Heceta Bruno
Commanded Spanish expedition to North-West Coast, 1775. ...

Index : Sir James Douglas Era Discovers Mouth Of Columbia 14 15 Bib : Bancroft
History of the North-West Coast. ...

Helmcken John Sebastian
Born in England, 1832. Studied medicine and admitted a member of the Royal College of Surgeons, London, 1848. Appointed surgeon at Vanc...

Henderson Captain
(Lord Dorchester era) With crews of two war vessels assists in defence of Quebec, 112. ...

Henderson
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) Private of grenadiers, helps to carry Wolfe off the field, 200. ...

Hennepin Louis
Born in Ath, Belgium, about 1640. Entered order of Recollets. Sailed for Quebec, 1675. Stationed at Fort Frontenac, 1676. Accompanied L...

Henri
(Samuel de Champlain era) Servant of Madame Hebert, murdered by Montagnais Indian, 164. ...

Henrietta Of France Queen Of England
(Samuel de Champlain era) Dowry of, 216. ...

Henry Iv King Of France 1553-1610 Succeeded Henry Iii In 1589
...

Index : Count Frontenac Era Assassination Of 11 Samuel De Champlain Era Assassinated 64 Bib :
Chambers, Biog. Dict. ...

Henry Alexander The Elder 1739-1824 One Of The Pioneer Fur
traders in north-western America. Born in New Jersey. Entered the fur trade as a young man, 1760, or perhaps earlier. His Travels and A...

Henry Alexander The Younger
Nephew of preceding. Entered service of North West Company about 1792. His Journal, the original manuscript of which is in the Library ...

Henry John
(General Brock era) His mission to the New England states, 120; use made of his letters, 120; referred to in message of Madison to Congr...

Henry Patrick 1736-1799 American Statesman Index : Lord Dorchester Era His
rhetorical exaggerations, 197. =Bib.=: Cyc. Am. Biog. ...

Henry William Alexander 1816-1888 Joseph Howe Era Solicitor-general Nova
Scotia--becomes provincial secretary, 1856, 157; resigns from government, 164; delegate to Charlottetown Conference, 177. (Tilley era) D...

Herald
Newspaper published at Montreal. Established 1808. =Index=: (Baldwin / La Fontaine / Hincks era) On debate on responsible government in ...

Herald
Newspaper published at Toronto. =Index=: (Baldwin / La Fontaine / Hincks era) Account of scene in Parliament, 1842, 126-127. ...

Herbin
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) Commands the Montreal militia with Prud'homme, 105. ...

Heriot George 1766-1844 Born In Island Of Jersey Came To Canada
and appointed a clerk in the ordnance department at Quebec, 1799; deputy postmaster-general of British North America, 1800; and afterwar...

Hermione
(General Brock era) British war vessel, mutiny of crew, 11. ...

Hermitage At Caen L Laval Passes Three Years At 25
...

Hersault Mme
See Camaret, Marie. ...

Hertel Francois
(Count Frontenac era) Commands Three Rivers war party, 235; his old age, 235; leader in massacre of Salmon Falls, 251; joins De Portneuf...

Hertel Jacques
(Samuel de Champlain era) Interpreter, 144; arrives from France in 1613, 144. ...

Hertel De Rouville
(Lord Dorchester era) Appointed judge, 183. ...

Hervey William 1732-1815 British Soldier Spent The Eight Years
1755-1763 in North America. =Bib.=: Journals of the Hon. William Hervey in North America and Europe from 1765 to 1814, with Order Books ...

Hessians
(Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Established near Cataraqui, 265. (Lord Dorchester era) Applications from, for land grants, 218. ...

Hey William
An English lawyer; succeeded William Gregory as chief-justice of Quebec, 1766. Went to England, 1773, in connection with the Quebec Act...

Hickson Sir Joseph 1830-1897 Born At Otterburn England After
some years' practical experience on various English railways, came to Canada, 1862, as chief accountant of the Grand Trunk. Subsequently...

Higginson Captain
Private secretary to Sir Charles Metcalfe. ...

Index : Baldwin / La Fontaine / Hincks Era His Interview With La Fontaine Discusses Constitutional
government, 172-173, 174, 175, 176. ...

Highlanders
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) In battle of Ste. Foy, 259, 260. ...

Hill G S
(Wilmot era) Member for Charlotte, in New Brunswick Assembly, nominates Wilmot for speakership, 66. ...

Hill P C
(Joseph Howe era) Member of first Nova Scotia government after Confederation, 198. ...

Hincks Sir Francis 1807-1885 Lord Elgin Era Appointed Inspector-general By
Sir Charles Bagot, 31; on Metcalfe, 38; returned in elections of 1848, 50; becomes inspector-general in La Fontaine-Baldwin ministry, 53...

Hind Henry Youle
Born in Nottingham, England, 1823. Travelled in Mexico, 1846. Came to Canada, 1847, and appointed lecturer in chemistry and natural phi...

Hochelaga
An Iroquoian town situated, in 1535, on Montreal Island. The site is now covered by the city of Montreal. Cartier visited the town in t...

Hocquart Gilles
Intendant of New France. Son of Jean-Hyacinthe Hocquart, chevalier, and seigneur d'Essenlis et de Muscourt. Held for a time the office ...

Bib : Roy Intendants De La Nouvelle France R S C 1903
Parkman, Half Century of Conflict. ...

Hodgins John George 1821- Born In Dublin Came To Canada 1833
Educated at Upper Canada Academy, Victoria College, and Toronto University. Appointed to department of education of Upper Canada, 1844; ...

Hodgson Sir Robert 1798-1880 Born In Charlottetown Prince Edward
Island. Educated at Windsor, Nova Scotia, and called to the bar of Nova Scotia and of Prince Edward Island, 1819. Appointed judge of Pro...

Holdernesse Robert D'arcy Fourth Earl Of 1718-1778 Wolfe / Montcalm Era Wolfe's
letter to, 166. =Bib.=: Dict. Nat. Biog. ...

Holland
(John Graves Simcoe era) Surveyor-general, Upper Canada, 178. ...

Holland
(Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Revolution in places William of Orange at head of affairs, 7. (General Brock era) British expedition to, u...

Holland House
(Lord Dorchester era) Occupied by Montgomery, 123. ...

Holmes B E
One of leaders of the Liberal party in Lower Canada, 50. ...

Index : Baldwin / La Fontaine / Hincks Era At Farewell Banquet To La Fontaine 1851 354
...

Holmes Charles 1711-1761 Third In Command Under Sir Charles
Saunders (q.v.) before Quebec, 1759; commander-in-chief in West Indies, 1760-1761. =Index=: (Wolfe / Montcalm era) In command of second ...

Holton Luther Hamilton 1817-1880 Entered Public Life 1854 As One
of the members for Montreal; elected to Legislative Council, 1862; resigned, 1863, and returned to the Assembly as member for Chateaugua...

Bib : Dent Can Por And Last Forty Years Mackenzie Hon
George Brown; Pope, Memoirs of Sir John A. Macdonald; Willison, Sir Wilfrid Laurier and the Liberal Party; Confederation Debates. ...

Holy Family
(Bishop Laval era) Devotion to, encouraged by Laval, 86; commended by Leo XIII, 86. ...

Holy Scapulary
(Bishop Laval era) Chapel dedicated to, in church at Quebec, 84. ...

Home Rule In Ireland
(Sir John A Macdonald era) Resolutions on, in Canadian Parliament, 1882, 277. ...

Hope Henry
Lieutenant-governor of Quebec, 1785-1789. =Index=: (Lord Dorchester era) Lieutenant-governor and administrator, receives Carleton on his...

Hopkins Caleb
(George Brown Era) A leader of the Clear Grits, 39. (Lord Elgin era) One of the leaders of the Clear Grits, 110. ...

Hopson Peregrine Thomas
Early entered the army and advanced rapidly. Commander-in-chief of Louisbourg, when the place was restored to the French, 1649. Came to...

Hornwork
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) A strong defence on left bank of St. Charles River, 207; panic among troops crowding into, 207. ...

Hospital Nuns
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) Take refuge in the General Hospital, 115. ...

Hosta Captain D'
(Count Frontenac era) Killed at Laprairie, 312. ...

Hotel-dieu Nuns
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) Take refuge in General Hospital, and render assistance there, 153; return to their convent, 237. ...

Houeel Louis Sieur Du Petit-pre
(Samuel de Champlain era) Consulted by Champlain as to obtaining missionaries for Canada, 83; assisted in forming Company of New France...

House Of Assembly
(Sir Frederick Haldimand era) British government prepared to grant, 174; Haldimand not favourable to, as matters stood, 195. (Lord Dorch...

Houssart
(Bishop Laval era) Devoted servant of Bishop Laval, 251; details furnished by, 251-253. ...

How Edward
Member of the Council of Nova Scotia, 1744. Took part in the affair at Mines under Colonel Noble, 1747; severely wounded and taken pris...

Howard Joseph
(Lord Dorchester era) Accused in connection with Walker affair, 36; tried and acquitted, 38. ...

Howard Lady Maria
(Lord Dorchester era) Carleton marries, 75; characteristics of, 77. ...

Howe George Augustus Third Viscount 1724-1758 Came To Halifax
1757, in command of 60th Regiment. Transferred to command of 55th same year, and promoted brigadier-general. Accompanied Abercromby to L...

Howe John
(Joseph Howe era) Father of Joseph Howe; a United Empire Loyalist, 1; his son's tribute to his memory, 1-2, 4; his marriages, 2; becomes...

Howe Joseph 1804-1873 Joseph Howe Era Born At Halifax 1804 1 His Father
John Howe, a United Empire Loyalist, 1, 2; his Southampton speech, 1851, 1, 2; his character, 3; his education, 3; a voracious reader, 3...

Howe William Viscount 1729-1814 Brother Of George Augustus
Viscount Howe (q.v.), and Admiral Lord Howe. Commanded light infantry under Wolfe at Quebec, 1759. Succeeded Gage as commander-in-chief ...

Bib : Cyc Am Biog Rhodes History Of The United States
...

Howland Sir William Pearce 1811-1907 Born At Paulings New York
Came to Canada in 1830. Represented West York in the Legislature, 1857-1868. Member of Macdonald-Sicotte ministry, 1862, as minister of ...

Howe's Pass
See Howse Pass. ...

Howse Pass
In Rocky Mountains; source of North Saskatchewan River. Discovered by Duncan McGillivray, 1800. Named after Joseph Howse, of the North ...

Hubert Jean Francois
Bishop of Quebec, 1788-1797. =Index=: (Lord Dorchester era) Bishop of Quebec, his views on education, 227, 228; recognizes reasonablene...

Hubou Guillaume
(Samuel de Champlain era) Early settler, remains in Quebec during English occupation, 196, 208. ...

Huddy Captain Joshua
(Lord Dorchester era) Hanging of, 198. ...

Hudson Henry
Made four notable voyages: the first, in 1607, for the Muscovy Company, in search of a north-eastern passage to China; the second, in 1...

Hudson Bay
Explored by Henry Hudson, 1610, and named after him. Explored by Sir Thomas Button, 1612; Jens Munk, 1619; Foxe and James. 1631. In 166...

Index : Count Frontenac Era English Claim To Disputed By France 204 La Barre
instructed to check English encroachments in, 205; expedition under De Troyes captures English forts, 205; Iberville's exploits in, 342-...

Hudson's Bay Company
Organized by a number of English gentlemen, who sent out a trading expedition to Hudson Bay, in the Nonsuch, in 1668. This initial vent...

Huet Paul
(Samuel de Champlain era) Recollet missionary, 87; sails for Canada as assistant commissary, 112; accompanies Champlain to France, 116; ...

Huguenots
(Samuel de Champlain era) Had larger share of trade, 110; proposal to exclude, 110; disagreements with Recollet missionaries, 150; their...

Hugues
(Bishop Laval era) Priest, comes to Canada, 41. ...

Hull William 1753-1825 Born In Derby Conn Educated At Yale
University, and called to the bar, 1775. Served with distinction during the Revolutionary War; major-general of militia in Massachusetts...

Humbert
(Wilmot era) Candidate in St. John County, opposes responsible government, 64. ...

Hume Joseph 1777-1855 Born At Montrose Scotland Studied
medicine; entered the service of the East India Company, 1797; returned to England, 1808. Entered Parliament, 1812, but on account of hi...

Index : Baldwin / La Fontaine / Hincks Era Correspondence With Mackenzie And Papineau 229 William Lyon Mackenzie Era Lays
Mackenzie's petition before the House, 222; presents case against Upper Canadian officials, 231; suggests independence of Canada, 250; h...

Humphreys Captain
(General Brock era) Captain of Leopard, fires on Chesapeake, 83. ...

Hundred Associates
See Company of New France. ...

Hundredth Regiment
(General Brock era) Quartered in Quebec and Montreal, 74; disaster to, by shipwreck, 74. "=Hungry Year.=" (John Graves Simcoe era) Ye...

Hunt Thomas Sterry 1826-1892 Born In Norwich Conn Came To
Canada, 1847, at the invitation of Sir William E. Logan, to accept the position of chemist and mineralogist to the Geological Survey, wh...

Hunter Peter 1746-1805 General Brock Era Lieutenant-governor Of Upper Canada
and commander of forces in British North America, 45; calls attention of home government to lack of proper accommodation for provincial ...

Hunter
(General Brock era) British sloop, her boats capture United States schooner Cayahoga, with stores of General Hull, 218. ...

Hunter Captain Of
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) Obtains information as to movements of French provision boats, 172. ...

Hunters' Lodges
(William Lyon Mackenzie era) Convention of, 440; attack on Prescott, 442. ...

Hunting Permits
(Count Frontenac era) Issue of, sanctioned, 125; number to be issued annually limited, 128; issue of, becomes a form of patronage, 129. ...

Huntington Herbert
(Joseph Howe era) Appointed to Executive Council, Nova Scotia, 47; sent as delegate to England, to urge concession of responsible gover...

Huntington Lucius Seth 1827-1886 Born At Compton Quebec Studied
law, and engaged in journalism, in the Eastern Townships. Elected to the Legislature for Shefford, 1861; solicitor-general, 1863-1864. A...

Huot P G
(Sir Georges E. Cartier era) One of the leaders of the Quebec Liberals, 24. ...

Huron Indians
Name applied by the French to a confederacy of four Iroquoian tribes. When French missionaries and explorers first went among them, the...

Huron Lake
Area 23,200 square miles. Discovered by Le Caron, 1615, and first seen by Champlain the same year. The route of missionaries, explorers...

Huskisson William 1770-1830 British Statesman Index : Lord Sydenham Era
Criticizes British commercial policy, 12; president of Board of Trade, 15; colonial secretary, 16; resigns, 16; commends Poulett Thomson...

Hutcheson Major
(Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Haldimand's secretary, 108, 110, 112; in charge of Louis Haldimand, at Boston, 294. ...

Hutchinson Richard
(Tilley era) Of Miramichi, member of Smith government, New Brunswick, represents lumber interests, 91, 92. ...

Hutchinson Thomas 1711-1780 Sir Frederick Haldimand Era Governor Of Massachusetts
quoted, 84. =Bib.=: Cyc. Am. Biog. ...

Iberville Pierre Le Moyne Sieur D' 1661-1706 Third Son Of Charles
Le Moyne, Sieur de Longueuil. Entered the French navy, returning to Canada in 1683. Three years later accompanied De Troyes in the expe...

Ihonatiria
(Samuel de Champlain era) Jesuit mission to Hurons founded at, 228. ...

Ile A La Crosse
Lake and trading-post. The lake is on the upper waters of the Churchill River, in about long. 108 deg. Its name is derived from the Ind...

Ile-aux-coudres
On north shore of the St. Lawrence, above Murray Bay. ...

Index : Wolfe / Montcalm Era Arrival Of British Advance Squadron At 83 Camp
established on, 89; capture by Canadians of two British officers on, 89. ...

Ile-aux-noix
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) Fortified post on Lake Champlain frontier, 146, 158, 233. ...

Ile Jesus
At the junction of the Ottawa and the St. Lawrence. ...

Index : Bishop Laval Era Seigniory Of Beaupre Exchanged By Laval For 58 Obtained
by Laval in exchange for Island of Orleans, 138. ...

Ile Perce
(Bishop Laval era) Recollet mission at, 111. ...

Ile Royale
A large island in Lake Superior, United States territory. Mentioned in Carver's Travels and other early narratives. ...

Illinois Indians
Of Algonquian stock. First mentioned in the Jesuit Relation of 1660 as living south-west of Green Bay. They ranged throughout the count...

Immaculate Conception
(Bishop Laval era) Church at Quebec placed under patronage of, 85. (Samuel de Champlain era) Church of Notre Dame de la Recouvrance cons...

Immigration
(William Lyon Mackenzie era) To colonies in 1820, state of, 88. See also Irish Immigrants. ...

Imperial Conference
Held in London, 1887. Canada was represented by Sir Alexander Campbell and Sandford Fleming. Among the questions discussed were those o...

Imperial Federation
Advocated by Thomas Pownall, governor of Massachusetts Bay, in 1764. He proposed a scheme by which "Great Britain may be no more consid...

Imperial Federation League
Formed in Canada at a meeting in Montreal, in May, 1885. A conference to the same end had been held in London, in July, 1884. The leagu...

Incarnation Marie De L'
See Marie de L'Incarnation. ...

Inches Dr
(Tilley era) Attends Sir Leonard Tilley in his last illness, 145. ...

Independence
(George Brown Era) George Brown writes Macdonald of widespread sentiment in England in 1864 in favour of British American colonies secu...

Indians
(Samuel de Champlain era) Superstitions of, 10, 12; council held to consider best policy to adopt in dealing with them, 108-111; murders...

Indian Department
(John Graves Simcoe era) In Upper Canada, independent of the governor, 126-127. ...

Indian Posts In West
(Lord Dorchester era) Temporary retention of, by Great Britain, 231. ...

Inflexible
(Lord Dorchester era) Largest vessel of flotilla on Lake Champlain, 154. ...

Inglis Charles 1734-1816 Born In Ireland Emigrated To America
taught school in Pennsylvania for a time, and then took holy orders. In 1764 became assistant to Dr. Auchmuty, rector of Trinity Church,...

Bib : Mockridge The Bishops Of The Church Of England In Canada And
Newfoundland. ...

Inglis John
(Mackenzie / Selkirk / Simpson era) Opposes sale by Hudson's Bay Company of land in Red River valley to Selkirk, 146. ...

Ingraham Captain
(Sir James Douglas era) Explores coast of Queen Charlotte Islands in 1791, 25; describes geography and natural history of the islands an...

Innocent Xi Pope 1611-1689 Benedetto Odescalchi Elected Pope
1676. =Index=: (Bishop Laval era) Misunderstanding with Louis XIV, 20. ...

Institut Canadien
A literary and scientific society, founded at Montreal in 1844, and incorporated in 1852. It included among its early members most of t...

Intendant
An office created originally by Richelieu, in France, and transferred to New France. The first intendant of Canada was Robert, appointe...

Intendant's Palace
(General Brock era) In Quebec, completely destroyed in siege of 1775, 90. ...

Intemperance
(John Graves Simcoe era) A prevailing vice in Upper Canada, 71, 72. See Liquor question; Brandy question. ...

Intercolonial Railway
Surveys proposed by the government of Canada in 1863. Three engineers were to be appointed, one by the Imperial government, one by Cana...

Index : Sir John A Macdonald Era Negotiations For Begun 45 117 Arranged For By British
North America Act, 151; difficulty in selecting route, 152,153; northern route finally adopted, 153. (Lord Elgin era) Project to combine...

Interpreters
(Samuel de Champlain era) Brule, Marsolet, et al., 144. ...

Irish Immigrants
(Lord Elgin era) Measures for their relief, 1847-1848, 46-47; bring plague to Canada, 47-48; prominent victims, 48; Elgin persuades Bri...

Iroquet
Algonquian chief. =Index=: (Samuel de Champlain era) Urges Champlain to attack the Iroquois, 48; his son meets Champlain, 51; a leader o...

Iroquois
A confederation of tribes, at first five, the Cayuga, Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, and Seneca, to which the Tuscarora was added after 1726...

Irving Jacob Aemilius 1797-1856 Born At Charleston South Carolina
Entered the army at an early age; severely wounded at Waterloo; presented with freedom of Liverpool for gallant conduct during the Fren...

Irving Paulus Aemilius 1714-1796 Served Under Wolfe At Quebec
administered government of Canada, 1765; appointed lieutenant-governor of Guernsey, 1771; and afterwards governor of Upnor Castle, Kent....

Index : Lord Dorchester Era Becomes Administrator 23 Protests As Member Of Council
against position taken by Carleton, 34; dismissed from Council, 39. ...

Bib : Morgan Cel Can
...

Isbister Alexander K
(1820-1883). Born in the territories of the Hudson's Bay Company; employed by the Company, 1838-1840, in the Mackenzie River district. ...

Isis
(Lord Dorchester era) British war vessel, arrival of, 137. ...

Isle Aux Noix
On the Richelieu River. =Index=: (Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Fortifications of, 125, 133; Sherwood and Ira Allen in conference at, 204...

Jack William Brydone 1819-1886 Born In Scotland Educated At St
Andrews University. Came to New Brunswick as professor of mathematics at King's College, 1840. When King's College received its charter ...

Jackson
(Tilley era) British Member of Parliament, and capitalist, his company offers to build railways in New Brunswick, 26; visits the provinc...

Jackson Francis James 1770-1814 British Diplomatist Index : General Brock Era
Succeeds W. Erskine as British minister at Washington, 122. =Bib.=: Dict. Nat. Biog. ...

Jackson Sir Richard Downes
Served in Peninsular campaign; commander-in-chief of forces in Canada. Administrator, 1841-1842. Died at Montreal. =Index=: (Baldwin / ...

Jacob Dr Of Salisbury Lord Sydenham Era Maternal Grandfather Of Sydenham 4
...

Jacques
(Samuel de Champlain era) English vessel seized by French, 221. ...

Jacques Cartier River
A tributary of the St. Lawrence, north shore, above Quebec. =Index=: (Wolfe / Montcalm era) Retreat of French army to, 212, 216, 217; r...

James Bay
Southern extension of Hudson Bay, discovered in 1610, by Henry Hudson who wintered there, 1610-1611, with the Discovery. The bay was na...

Jameson Anna Brownell 1794-1860 Author Married Robert Jameson
afterwards vice-chancellor of the Court of Equity of Upper Canada. ...

Index : Lord Elgin Era On Upper Canadian Schoolmasters 87 Compares Conditions On
both sides of boundary, to the detriment of Canada, 191-192. =Bib.=: Works: Diary of an Ennuyee; Characteristics of Women; Visits and S...

Jameson Robert Simpson
A member of the English bar. Reporter in Lord Eldon's Court, 1824. Married Anna Brownell Murphy, 1826. Judge in the Island of Dominica,...

Jamet Father Denis
(Samuel de Champlain era) Recollet missionary and commissary of the order in Canada, 85; returns to France, where he remains, 111, 112. ...

Jarvis F S
(Lord Sydenham era) Gentleman usher of black rod, 334. ...

Jarvis William
(John Graves Simcoe era) Recommended by Simcoe as clerk of Council, 46; provincial secretary, 79, 178. ...

Jarvis W B
(William Lyon Mackenzie era) Loyalists retreat under, 373. ...

Jay John 1745-1829 American Statesman And Jurist Index : Lord Dorchester Era
Negotiates treaty with Great Britain, 283, 286. =Bib.=: Cyc. Am. Biog. ...

Jay's Treaty
Between Great Britain and the United States; negotiated Nov. 19, 1794. Provided for the evacuation by Great Britain of the western post...

Jefferson Thomas 1743-1826 Third President Of The United States
...

Index : Lord Dorchester Era His Hostility To Great Britain 273 274 281 His Defeat
for the presidency, in 1797, 298. (General Brock era) Purchases Louisiana from France, 41, 42; his embargo on United States ships tradin...

Bib : His Works Ed By Henry A Washington Were Published By Order
of Congress, in 9 vols., 1853. See also Randolph, Memoirs, Correspondence and Miscellanies of Jefferson. For biog., see Randall, Life o...

Jemseg
On Jemseg Creek, Queen's County, New Brunswick. =Index=: (Count Frontenac era) For a time headquarters in Acadia, 270. ...

Jenkins William
(Tilley era) Teacher in Gagetown Grammar School, New Brunswick, 5; conducts large school in Quebec, 6; visited by Sir Leonard Tilley in...

Jersey Volunteers
(Lord Dorchester era) Loyalists, 202. ...

Jervis John
See St. Vincent. ...

Jesuits' Estates Act
Passed by the Mercier government in Quebec, 1888. Following the suppression of the Society of Jesus by the pope, in 1773, the property ...

Jesuit Missions
(Bishop Laval era) Zeal of the missionaries compared with that of the Apostles, 61; among the Iroquois, 64-67; wide extension of, 103; t...

Jesuit Relations
The Relations were published in Paris, by the provincial of the order, in small annual volumes. The original narratives were written in...

Jesuits
The first missionaries of the order, Lalemant, Masse, and Brebeuf, arrived in Canada in 1625. Work among the Algonquians began that yea...

Jette Sir Louis 1836- Studied Law And Called To The Bar 1857
Practised in Montreal. Entered public life in 1872 as member for Montreal East, defeating Sir Georges E. Cartier. Appointed puisne judge...

Jews
(General Brock era) Resolution of Lower Canada Assembly excluding, 104; further discussion of question, 116. ...

Joannes
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) Town mayor of Quebec, strikes insubordinate officers, 230; protests against order to propose capitulation, 230, 2...

Jogues Isaac 1607-1646 Born At Orleans France Entered The
Society of Jesus, and sailed for Canada in 1636. Set out almost immediately for the Huron mission. From there sent to the Tobacco natio...

John And Thomas
(Count Frontenac era) Vice-admiral's ship in Phipps's squadron, 281. ...

Johnson Guy 1740-1788 Deputy To Sir William Johnson As
superintendent of Indian affairs, and succeeded latter in office after his death. Served under Amherst against the French, in 1759. At t...

Johnson John
(Tilley era) Returned for St. John, 25. ...

Johnson John M
(1818-1868). (Tilley era) Solicitor-general, New Brunswick, 32-33; member of Fisher ministry, postmaster-general, 43; attorney-general,...

Johnson Sir John 1742-1830 Son Of Sir William Johnson Qv
Appointed major-general of militia, 1774. Fled to Canada, 1776, and served under St. Leger against Arnold the following year. After the ...

Bib : Morgan Cel Can Cyc Am Biog Myers The Tories Or
Loyalists in America. ...

Johnson Sir William 1715-1774 Born In Ireland Came To America In
1738, to take charge of the estates of his uncle, Sir Peter Warren. Appointed Indian agent in 1744, and obtained unrivalled influence ov...

Johnson-clarendon Treaty
(Sir John A Macdonald era) Attempt to settle Alabama question by, 167; United States Senate refuses to ratify treaty, 167. =Bib.=: Hert...

Johnston Hugh
(Wilmot era) Appointed to Executive Council, New Brunswick, 1843, 72; resigns, 1845, 76; retires, 1848, 116. ...

Johnston Sir W
(Sir Georges E. Cartier era) Chief-justice of Quebec, 119; his views on French-Canadian cooking, 119. ...

Johnstone Chevalier
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) Aide-de-camp to Levis, 139; his redoubt evacuated, 140; with Montcalm on night preceding battle, 175; his opinio...

Johnstone James William 1793-1873 Born In Jamaica Came To Nova
Scotia, studied law in Annapolis, and practised in Kentville and Halifax. Appointed solicitor-general and a member of the governor's Co...

Index : Joseph Howe Era Appointed Solicitor-general 1834 57 Becomes Member Of
Executive and Legislative Councils, 1838, 57; leader of party opposed to responsible government, 58; his birth, ancestry, and character,...

Johnstone's Redoubt
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) French position on Beauport shore, 133, 136, 140. ...

Joint High Commission British-american 1898-1899 Met In Quebec
Aug. 23, 1898, and again in Washington, Nov. 10. The meetings continued until Feb. 20, 1899, ending in a disagreement. Canada was repres...

Jolliet Louis 1645-1700 Born At Quebec Son Of A Wagon-maker In
the employ of the Company of New France. Educated by the Jesuits, and took minor orders, but renounced his clerical vocation to engage i...

Jolliet Zachary
(Count Frontenac era) His December journey from Michilimackinac to Quebec, 240. ...

Joly De Lotbiniere Sir Henri Gustave 1829-1908 Studied Law And
called to the bar, 1855. Elected to Assembly for Lotbiniere, 1861. Took a prominent part in opposition to Confederation. In 1867 elected...

Jones Alfred Gilpin 1824-1906 Born At Weymouth Nova Scotia Of
United Empire Loyalist stock. Built up great shipping industry at Halifax. Entered public life as an opponent of Confederation. Represe...

Jones John Paul 1747-1792 Born In Scotland Son Of John Paul Of
Arbigland; assumed name of Jones. Entered American navy, 1775. Captured the Serapis, 1779. Entered Russian naval service, 1788, with ran...

Jones Jonas 1791-1848 Educated At Cornwall Under John Strachan
Served as an officer of militia during the War of 1812-1814, attaining the rank of colonel. Called to the bar of Upper Canada, 1815. Ele...

Jones Peter
(Egerton Ryerson era) His visit to England in 1831, 90. ...

Jonquest Etienne
(Samuel de Champlain era) Marries Anne Hebert, 113; death of, 117. ...

Jordan John
(Wilmot era) Member for St. John in New Brunswick Assembly, 105; referred to in Wilmot's speech, 105. (Tilley era) Defeated in St. John ...

Joseph Saint
(Bishop Laval era) Chapel dedicated to, in church at Quebec, 84; patron saint of Canada, 87. (Samuel de Champlain era) Jesuit mission in...

Jotard
(Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Editor of Mesplet's publications, 277. ...

Journal De Quebec
(Sir Georges E. Cartier era) Cauchon writes for, 24; praises Cartier in, 88. ...

Journal Tenu A L'armee
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) Quoted, 169; severe criticism of Montcalm, 205; Canadians praised, 196; quoted as to loss on French side, 205. ...

Juan De Fuca
(Sir James Douglas era) His real name Apostolos Velerianos, 9; expedition to North-West Coast, 9; authenticity of his Voyage, 9, 19; his...

Juan De Fuca Strait
Between Vancouver Island and United States mainland. =Index=: (Sir James Douglas era) Its discovery, 9, 14, 19; rediscovered by Kendric...

Jubilee
(Samuel de Champlain era) Granted by pope, celebrated in Quebec, 1618, 114. ...

Juchereau Jean
(Samuel de Champlain era) A settler from La Ferte Vidame, in Thimerais, 252. ...

Juchereau Mere
(Count Frontenac era) Reports repulse of some of Phipps's men at Riviere Ouelle, 291; on flag incident, 296; on divine protection of Qu...

Juchereau De St Denis
(Count Frontenac era) Wounded in skirmish on Beauport flats, 294. ...

Judah Henry Hague 1808-1883 Born In London England Came To
Canada, and called to the bar, 1829. Represented Champlain in the Assembly, 1843-1844. Appointed one of the Commissioners under the Act ...

Judges
(General Brock era) Bill for exclusion of, passed by Lower Canada Assembly, but thrown out by Council, 104; further discussion of questi...

Judicature
(Lord Elgin era) Measures relating to, passed by second La Fontaine-Baldwin government, 86-87; (John Graves Simcoe era) Act for establis...

Jurisdiction Question Of
(Bishop Laval era) In New France, 163. ...

Justices Of The Peace
See Magistrates. ...

Kaministiquia Or Kaministikwia Fort
At mouth of river of same name, north-west shore of Lake Superior. Built by Zacharie Robutel de La Nouee, in 1717. La Verendrye wintere...

Kane Paul 1810-1871 Born In Toronto Received His First Training
under Drury, the drawing-master at Upper Canada College. Spent the years 1836-1840 in the United States; and then sailed for Europe, whe...

Kaye John W
(Baldwin / La Fontaine / Hincks era) Quoted on Metcalfe, 156, 158; on La Fontaine and Baldwin, 169-171; on Metcalfe, 176, 186, 236, 237....

Keefer Thomas Coltrin 1821- Born At Thorold Ontario Engaged In
the enlargement of the Welland Canal, 1841-1845, and then transferred to the Ottawa River works, 1845-1849. Made a survey of the St. Law...

Bib : Works: Philosophy Of Railways Canals Of Canada Report On
Victoria Bridge; Canadian Waterways. See also in Bourinot's bibliography (R. S. C., 1894). For biog., see Morgan, Can. Men; Dent, Can. ...

Kempt Sir James 1764-1854 Commanded Brigade In Peninsula 1812
and division at Waterloo, 1815; governor of Nova Scotia, 1820-1828; and governor of Canada, 1828-1830. Made a privy-councillor, 1830; m...

Kendrick Captain John
American seaman. Trading on North-West Coast, 1787-1793. Killed in Sandwich Islands, 1793. =Index=: (Sir James Douglas era) Voyage to N...

Kennebec River
A river of the state of Maine, rising in Moosehead Lake; about 200 miles long. =Index=: (Lord Dorchester era) Arnold's march up, 107. ...

Kennedy Captain
(George Brown Era) Agitates through newspapers and Toronto Board of Trade importance of acquiring and settling North-West Territories, 2...

Kennedy Sir Arthur Edward 1810-1883 Governor Of Vancouver Island
1863-1867. Subsequently governor of Queensland. Died in Brisbane. ...

Kennedy William Nassau 1839-1885 Born At Darlington Ontario
Served as a lieutenant in the Ontario Rifles with the Red River Expedition, 1870. Settled in Winnipeg, and appointed registrar of deeds,...

Kennedy's Regiment
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) On British right, 189. ...

Kenny Sir Edward 1800-1891 Born In Kerry County Ireland
Emigrated to Nova Scotia. Summoned to the Senate at Confederation. Became receiver-general in federal ministry, 1867-1869; president of ...

Kent And Strathern Edward Augustus Duke Of 1767-1820 Fourth Son
of George III and father of Queen Victoria. Sent to Canada, 1791; served in West Indies, 1794; returned to Canada, 1796; commander-in-ch...

Bib : Dict Nat Biog
...

Kent Lodge
Near Quebec. =Index=: (Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Formerly Montmorency House, Haldimand's summer residence, 345. ...

Kentucky
(Lord Dorchester era) Movements on foot in, for separation from other American states, 247, 249. ...

Kerr
(Tilley era) Elected as Confederation candidate for Northumberland, N. B., 107; moves the address in New Brunswick Assembly, 115. ...

Kerr D S
(Wilmot era) Council for Doak and Hill in libel case, 75. ...

Kerr W J
(William Lyon Mackenzie era) Attempts Mackenzie's assassination, 218; tried and convicted, 220. ...

Ketchum Jesse
(William Lyon Mackenzie era) Elected to the Assembly, 150; delivers rejoinder to governor, 300. ...

Kicking Horse Pass
Through Rocky Mountains, north of lat. 51 deg., length 104 miles, and elevation at watershed 5300 feet. This pass is followed by the ma...

Killaly H H
Represented town of London in first Parliament after the union of 1841; chairman of the board of public works, 1841-1844, and 1844-1846...

Killian Doran
(Tilley era) Recruits Fenian army in New York, 105; his force arrives at Eastport, 105. ...

King Dr
(William Lyon Mackenzie era) Aids Mackenzie's escape, 389. ...

King Rev Wm
(George Brown Era) Moving spirit in negro settlement in Upper Canada, 113. ...

King's American Regiment
(Lord Dorchester era) Commanded by Fanning, 202. ...

King's College New Brunswick
(Wilmot era) Charter granted by George IV, 1828, 49; endowed by New Brunswick Legislature, 49; controlled by Church of England, 49-50, ...

King's College Nova Scotia
An academy opened at Windsor, Nova Scotia, 1788. The following year an Act passed for "the permanent establishment and effectual suppor...

King's College Upper Canada
Granted royal charter, Mar. 15, 1827. ...

Index : Sir John A Macdonald Era Proposed Government Subsidy In Connection With University
scheme, 29; college and its property secularized, becoming University of Toronto, 30; replaced as Church of England College by Universit...

King's Printer Upper Canada
(John Graves Simcoe era) Louis Roy, first incumbent of office, 172; Roy succeeded by G. Tiffany, 173. ...

King's Royal Regiment Of New York
(Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Raised by Sir John Johnson, 156; Beverley Robinson colonel of, 201; disbanded and receive grants of land,...

Kingsford William 1819-1898 Came To Canada From England In 1837
Qualified as a civil engineer in Montreal, and practised his profession for some years. The author of many pamphlets, in addition to his...

Kingston
City of Ontario, founded by United Empire Loyalists, 1783. ...

Index : Sir John A Macdonald Era Sir John A Macdonald's Early Life In 2 Practises Law
there, 5; elected alderman of, 10; asked to be Conservative candidate for, 11; elected for, 12; constituency represented by Macdonald, w...

Kinnear
(Wilmot era) Solicitor-general, New Brunswick, 1846, 116; joins the government, 116; proposed for judgeship, 130. ...

Kirby William 1817-1906 Born In Kingston-upon-hull England Came
to Canada, 1832, but educated at Cincinnati, Ohio. Settled at Niagara, Ontario, 1839, where edited and published the Mail for twenty yea...

Kirke Sir David 1596-1655? Born In Dieppe Son Of A Scottish
merchant. Went to England, and, with his two brothers, given command of an expedition against the French in Canada, 1627. Appeared befor...

Kirke Sir Lewis
Born 1599. Accompanied his brother Sir David Kirke on his expeditions to Canada and Newfoundland. Fought on the side of Charles during ...

Kirke Thomas
Born 1603. Brother of Sir David and Sir Lewis Kirke. Accompanied them on their expeditions in Canada and Newfoundland. Killed during th...

Kirkpatrick Sir George Airey 1841-1899 Born In Kingston Educated
at Trinity College, Dublin; studied law, and called to the bar, 1865. Sat for Frontenac in Dominion House, 1870-92; Speaker, 1883-1887; ...

Kishon The Fish Count Frontenac Era Indian Name For Governors Of Massachusetts
253. ...

Knox Henry 1750-1806 American General In Revolutionary War
...

Index : Lord Dorchester Era Commissioner On American Side For Exchange Of Prisoners
208. =Bib.=: Drake, Life and Correspondence of Henry Knox. ...

Knox Captain
Served under Wolfe at Quebec. Wrote an account of the campaigns in North America from 1757 to 1769. (Wolfe / Montcalm era) His first imp...

Bib : An Historical Journal Of The Campaigns In North America
1757-60. See also Parkman, Montcalm and Wolfe. ...

Knox College
Presbyterian Theological College, established, 1844. ...

Index : Egerton Ryerson Era Established By Free Church Presbyterians A Secondary
school at first, 155. =Bib.=: Caven, Historical Sketch of Knox College in Canada: An Ency., vol. 4. ...

Knutsford Henry Thurston Holland First Viscount 1825-
Represented Midhurst in Parliament, 1874-1885, and Hampstead, 1885-1888; secretary of state for the colonies, 1887-1892. =Index=: (Sir J...

Kondiaronk
(Count Frontenac era) Huron chief, wrecks peace negotiations with Iroquois, 222. (Bishop Laval era) Treachery of, 216; becomes friend of...

Kootenay District
In British Columbia. =Index=: (Sir James Douglas era) First explored by David Thompson, 58. ...

Kuprianoff Ivan Andreevich
(Sir James Douglas era) Succeeds Wrangell in Russian America, 1836, 45. ...

L'alouette
(Samuel de Champlain era) One of De Caen's vessels, 156. ...

L'ange Captain
(Samuel de Champlain era) Meets Champlain on his return from the Upper Ottawa, 78. ...

L'anticoton
(Samuel de Champlain era) Pamphlet against Jesuits, 153. ...

L'avenir
Newspaper, of Montreal. (Sir Georges E. Cartier era) Organ of Club democratique, 26, 27. (Lord Elgin era) Organ of the Parti Rouge, 108....

Laas Captain De
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) In battle of Ste. Foy, 263. ...

La Barre Joseph Antoine Lefebvre De
Governor of La Guyane in 1665; and in 1682 arrived in Quebec as governor of Canada. His administration marked by hopeless incompetence;...

Laberge C J
(Sir Georges E. Cartier era) A Liberal leader in Quebec, 25; on Dorion, 28; kept in opposition by Radical programme, 29. ...

Labrador
The name has been popularly applied to the whole territory bounded by the Atlantic, Hudson Strait, and Hudson Bay, which includes not o...

Index : Lord Dorchester Era Canadians Petition For Its Restoration To Canada Bib :
Cartwright, Sixteen Years on the Coast of Labrador; Hind, Explorations in Interior of Labrador; Packard, The Labrador Coast; Stearns, L...

Labreche L
(Lord Elgin era) Member of the Parti Rouge, 108. ...

La Caffiniere De
(Count Frontenac era) Commander of squadron sent against New York, 234. ...

La Canardiere
(Count Frontenac era) Former name of Beauport flats, 293. (Wolfe / Montcalm era) French position on Beauport shore, 94, 105, 134. ...

Lac Aux Claies
(John Graves Simcoe era) Renamed Lake Simcoe in honour of Governor Simcoe's father, 207. See Simcoe. ...

Lac De Soissons
(Samuel de Champlain era) Name given by Champlain to Lake of Two Mountains, 75. ...

La Chaise Francois D'aix 1624-1709 Born At The Castle Of Aix In
Forez. Entered Society of Jesus, and provincial of his order when selected by Louis XIV as his confessor in 1675. Retained that difficul...

La Chesnaye
See Aubert de la Chesnaye. ...

La Chesnaye Settlement
(Count Frontenac era) Iroquois raid on, 226. (Bishop Laval era) Ravaged by Iroquois, 228. ...

Lachine
Said to have been named by La Salle's men, in derision of his dream of a westward passage to China. The land was granted by the Sulpici...

Lachine Canal
(Baldwin / La Fontaine / Hincks era) Construction of, provided for by government in 1841, 98. =Bib.=: Rheaume, Lachine and Origin of its...

Lachine Railway
(Lord Elgin era) Commenced in 1846, 99. ...

La Colonbiere De
(Bishop Laval era) On zeal and devotion of Laval, 23; preaches Laval's funeral sermon, 40, 265; his account of Laval, 256, 257. ...

Lacombe Albert 1827- Born At St Sulpice Quebec Ordained
priest, 1849, and immediately left for the western field. Laboured among the Crees and other western tribes for many years, and devoted ...

La Corne De St Luc Louis Luc
Stationed at Fort St. Frederic (Crown Point), 1741-1747; at La Presentation in 1752; and the following year sent to take command of the...

La Corne Pierre
Accompanied Joncaire on an embassy to the Indians of Niagara, 1720. Sent to Acadia with De Ramezay, 1747. Took part in the action at Gr...

Bib : Campbell History Of Nova Scotia Historical Documents
relating to the Province of Nova Scotia, ed. by Akins. ...

Lacoste Sir Alexandre 1842- Born At Boucherville Quebec
Educated at Laval University; studied law and called to the bar of Lower Canada, 1863. A member of the Legislative Council of Quebec, 18...

Lacoste Louis 1798-1878 Born At Boucherville Quebec Educated At
St. Sulpice College, Montreal, and called to the bar of Lower Canada. Sat in the Legislative Assembly of Lower Canada, 1834-1838, and in...

La Dauversiere Roger De
(Count Frontenac era) One of the founders of Montreal colony, 32. ...

La Durantaye
See Morel de la Durantaye. ...

Lady Maria
(Lord Dorchester era) British vessel on Lake Champlain, 154. ...

La Famine
(Count Frontenac era) La Barre's army encamps at, 184. ...

Lafayette Marie Jean Paul Joseph Roche Yves Gilbert Du Motier Marquis
de= (1757-1834). Sailed for America in 1777, with a number of other French officers, and appointed by Congress a major-general. Met Was...

Index : Sir Frederick Haldimand Era His Letter To Canadians 128 Pillon's Treasonable
correspondence with, 278. =Bib.=: Memoires, etc., de Lafayette; La Bedolliere, Vie Politique du Lafayette; Cloquet, Souvenirs de la Vie ...

Lafitau Joseph-francois
Jesuit missionary in Canada for many years. Afterwards returned to France, where he became a professor of belles-lettres. Chiefly remem...

Laflamme Rodolphe 1827-1893 Born In Montreal Entered Public Life
as member for Jacques-Cartier in Dominion House, 1872; minister of inland revenue, 1876; resigned with the government, 1878. =Index=: (L...

Bib : Dent Can Por And Last Forty Years
...

La Fleche College Of
(Bishop Laval era) Laval studies at, 19, 20. ...

La Fleque
(Samuel de Champlain era) One of De Caen's vessels, 156. ...

La Fontaine Sir Louis-hippolyte Bart
(1807-1864). (Baldwin / La Fontaine / Hincks era) His name associated with responsible government, ix; espouses cause of Reformers in L...

La Forest
(Count Frontenac era) Left in charge of Port Nelson, 346. ...

La Franchise Sieur De
(Samuel de Champlain era) Letter from in Champlain's first narrative, 14. ...

La Galissonniere Rolland-michel Barren Comte De
Came to New France as administrator of the government until the arrival of the governor, Marquis de la Jonquiere. Returned to France, 1...

La Grange-trianon Mlle De
(Count Frontenac era) Becomes wife of Frontenac, 63. ...

Laguide Madeleine
(Count Frontenac era) Niece of Talon, wife of Francois Perrot, 97. ...

La Hontan Louis Armand De Lom D'arce Baron De 1666-1715 Arrived
in Canada in 1683; spent some time at Quebec, and also travelled extensively in the West. Embodied the result of his Canadian experience...

Laird David 1833- Born At New Glasgow Prince Edward Island
Represented Queens County, in House of Commons, 1873-1876; became became minister of the interior, 1873; and in 1876 appointed lieutena...

Lajoie Antoine Gerin 1824-1882 Born In Yamachiche Quebec
Educated at Nicolet College, and while there wrote the song Le Canadien Errant. Studied law and called to the bar, 1848. One of the foun...

La Jonquiere Jacques-pierre De Taffanel Marquis De
Rear-admiral under d'Anville in the disastrous expedition against Acadia, 1746. Commanded another expedition with a similar purpose, 17...

Lake Champlain
See Champlain, Lake. ...

Lake George
South of Lake Champlain. This beautiful lake was known to the Indians as Horicon, and to the French as Lac St. Sacrament. The outlet of...

Lake Of The Woods
On the international boundary, west of Lake Superior. Probably discovered by Jacques De Noyon, about the year 1688. Fort St. Charles wa...

Lalemant Charles
First superior of Jesuit missions in Canada; arrived at Quebec from France in 1625, with Enemond Masse and Jean de Brebeuf. They were t...

Index : Samuel De Champlain Era Jesuit Director Of Missions 152 His Letter To
Provincial of Recollets, 154; wrecked off Canseau Island, 200; professor in College of Rouen, 207; conducts seminary for young Indians, ...

Bib : Douglas Quebec In Seventeenth Century Relation 1625 Le
Clercq, Etablissement de la Foy; Parkman, Jesuits in North America. ...

Lalemant Gabriel 1610-1649 Jesuit Missionary Laboured With
Brebeuf at the mission of St. Ignace, among the Hurons, where he was killed by the Iroquois in 1649. A Parisian by birth, and his family...

Lalemant Jerome 1593-1673 Superior Of Jesuit Missions In Canada
1645-1650, and 1659-1665. A missionary to the Hurons until 1645, when called to Quebec to assume the office of superior. Sailed for Fran...

La Loutre Louis Joseph De
Sent to Canada by the Society of Foreign Missions at Paris, 1737. Missionary to the Micmac Indians, 1740. Vicar-general of Acadia under...

Lambert Captain
(General Brock era) Commander of Iphigenie, and subsequently of Java, 123; his death, 123. ...

Lamberville John De 1633-1714 Jesuit Missionary To The Onondagas
forced to leave his mission in 1687, because of Denonville's expedition against the Iroquois. Remained at Cataraqui as chaplain for a ti...

Bib : Campbell Pioneer Priests Of North America Parkman
Frontenac and Jesuits in North America. ...

Le Milletiere Dubois De
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) Perishes with his men on fireship, 98. ...

La Minerve
Montreal newspaper, established 1826. =Index=: (Louis Joseph Papineau era) Morin's seditious articles in, 101; denounces every one oppos...

Lamontagne
(Samuel de Champlain era) Interpreter, 144. ...

La Montagne
A settlement near Montreal. =Index=: (Bishop Laval era) Settlement of Christian Indians at, 9, 74. ...

Lamotte
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) Chief of the Follis-Avoines, 41. ...

La Motte Pierre De St Paul Sieur De
Came to Canada with the Carignan Regiment, 1665. Built Fort Ste. Anne, at the northern extremity of Lake Champlain, 1666. Two years lat...

La Motte Cadillac Antoine De
Son of Jean de La Motte, Sieur de Cadillac, de Launay et de Montet. Served for a time in the army, and about 1683 came to Canada in sea...

La Mouche
(Bishop Laval era) Nephew of Huron chief, deserts to the Iroquois at Long Sault, 71. ...

Lampman Archibald 1861-1899 Educated At Trinity University
Toronto, graduating in 1882; appointed to a clerkship in the post-office department at Ottawa the following year, and remained there up ...

Lancaster Joseph 1778-1838 Founded The Lancasterian System Of
education. In 1798 began teaching poor children on the Madras system; and gradually introduced improvements. In 1818 came to America, an...

Landry Pierre Armand 1846- Born In Dorchester New Brunswick
Educated at St. Joseph's College, Memramcook; studied law and called to the bar of New Brunswick, 1870. Member of the Assembly, 1878-188...

Index : Sir John A Macdonald Era His Motion Of Regret That Sentence Of Death Passed Upon
Riel not commuted, 280-281. =Bib.=: Morgan, Can. Men. ...

Lands Public
(William Lyon Mackenzie era) Evils of methods of granting, 74; list of grants in first thirty-five years, 74. (General Brock era) Grants...

Langelier Francois Charles Stanislas 1838- Born At Ste Rosalie
Quebec. Educated at Laval University; studied law and called to the bar, 1861. Joined the staff of Laval, and became dean of the law fac...

Langevin Sir Hector Louis 1826-1906 Born At Quebec Entered
Parliament in 1867, as member for Dorchester; subsequently represented, successively, Charlevoix, and Three Rivers. Appointed secretary ...

Langhorn John
(John Graves Simcoe era) Second Church of England clergyman to arrive in Upper Canada, 158. ...

Langlade
See Mouet de Moras de Langlade. ...

Langlois Francoise
(Samuel de Champlain era) Wife of Pierre Desportes, 146. ...

Langlois Marguerite
(Samuel de Champlain era) Wife of Abraham Martin, 146. ...

Langlois Noel
(Samuel de Champlain era) Settler from Normandy, 252. ...

Langoissieux Pierre
(Samuel de Champlain era) Recollet, assumes monastic habit, 149; returns to France, 209. ...

Languedoc
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) Battalion of regular troops, 29, 105, 118, 192. ...

La Nouee
See Robutel. ...

Lanjuere De
(Bishop Laval era) Life of Olier by, 135. ...

Lansdowne Henry Charles Keith Petty-fitzmaurice Fifth Marquis Of
Born in 1845. Educated at Eton and Balliol College, Oxford; succeeded to marquisate, 1866. After holding minor offices in the government...

Lapause De
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) Sent to erect defences at fords of Montmorency, 112; accompanies Levis to the West, 147; in battle of Ste. Foy, 2...

La Peltrie Marie Madeleine De Nee De Chauvigny Daughter Of The
Seigneur de Vaubougon, in Normandy; married early in life, and while still young was left a widow with a large fortune. Filled with reli...

La Perouse Jean Francois De Galaup Comte De 1741-1788 French
admiral. (Sir James Douglas era) Explores North-West Coast in 1788, 25. =Bib.=: Voyage autour du Monde; Marcel, Vie de La Perouse. ...

La Perriere
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) Commanded to evacuate Johnstone's redoubt, 140. ...

La Place Jacques De
(Samuel de Champlain era) Jesuit missionary at Miscou, 234. ...

La Potherie
See Bacqueville. ...

Laprairie
On south shore of St. Lawrence, above Montreal. =Index=: (Count Frontenac era) Attack on, by war party under John Schuyler, 281; serious...

La Rabeyre De
(Bishop Laval era) French officer, put to death by Iroquois, 227. ...

La Ralde Raymond De
(Samuel de Champlain era) Accompanies De Caen to Quebec, 138; returns to France, 141; appointed admiral of Company's fleet, 154. ...

La Riborde Gabriel De
Recollet missionary; arrived from France in 1670, and sent to Cataraqui as chaplain to the garrison. Was in the West with La Salle and ...

La Rochebeaucour De
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) Second aide-de-camp to Montcalm, 2; forms cavalry corps, 87; commands Bougainville's cavalry, 222; brings provis...

La Rochefoucauld-liancourt Francois Alexandre Frederic Duc De
(1747-1827). Chiefly remembered because of his valuable and entertaining Travels, "full of keen, fair-minded observation regarding every...

La Rochelle
French seaport, on the Atlantic, long a stronghold of the Huguenots. =Index=: (Samuel de Champlain era) Merchants of, contraband traders...

La Rouette
(Samuel de Champlain era) Pilot, accompanies Champlain in his expedition against the Iroquois, 52. ...

La Salle Jean Baptiste De 1651-1719 Abbe Canon Of Rheims
...

Index : Bishop Laval Era Founder 1684 Of The Order Of Christian Brothers 125
...

La Salle Rene-robert Cavelier Sieur De 1643-1687 Sailed For
Canada in the spring of 1666; granted by the Sulpicians the seigniory of Lachine, from which, in 1669, he set out with Dollier de Casson...

Bib : Memoir In French Hist Coll Of Louisiana 2d Ser Vol
2; letters and other documents, in Margry, Decouvertes; Shea, Voyages up and down Mississippi; Parkman, La Salle; Winsor, Nar. and Crit....

La Sarre Regiment
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) One battalion of, sent to Canada, 12, 29; in battle of the Plains, 192; in battle of Ste. Foy, 259, 261. ...

Lascelles' Regiment
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) In centre under Murray, 189; in battle of Ste. Foy, 259. ...

La Taille
(Samuel de Champlain era) Accompanies Champlain to Quebec, 41. ...

La Terriere Pierre De Sales
Came to Canada from France, 1766; appointed agent at Quebec for the St. Maurice forges, 1771; his place of business in front of the low...

La Terriere De Sales
Represented Saguenay in Assembly, 1844-1854; appointed to Legislative Council, 1856. =Index=: (Lord Elgin era) Votes against seculariza...

La Tesserie De
(Bishop Laval era) Member of the Sovereign Council, 158. ...

Latour Abbe Bertrand De
(Bishop Laval era) On the humility of Laval, 33; on the evils flowing from the sale of liquor to the Indians, 36; on mental characteris...

Bib : Memoire Sur La Vie De Laval
...

La Tour Charles Amador De
Son of Claude de la Tour. Came to Acadia in 1610 with his father. Driven out of Port Royal by the English; built a post near Cape Sable...

La Tour Claude De
A Huguenot gentleman; came to Port Royal in 1610 with Poutrincourt; in 1614 had a trading-post on the Penobscot. Sailed for France in 1...

Lattaignant Gabriel De
(Samuel de Champlain era) Assists in forming Company of New France, 168; made a director, 170. ...

L'auberiviere Francois Louis De Pourroy De
Roman Catholic bishop of Quebec, 1739-1740, succeeding Dosquet. Died at Quebec, 1740. =Index=: (Bishop Laval era) bishop of Quebec, 12....

Laurier Sir Wilfrid 1841- Born At St Lin Quebec Studied Law At
McGill University, and called to the bar, 1864. Entered public life in 1871 as member for Drummond and Arthabaska in the Quebec Assembly...

Index : William Lyon Mackenzie Era Justifies Upper Canada Rebellion 30 31 Sir John A Macdonald Era His
administration repeals Franchise Act of 1885, 260; succeeds Blake as leader of Liberal party, 1887, 261, 263; lukewarm towards policy of...

Lausaunne
(Sir Frederick Haldimand era) The resort of savants, 3. ...

Lauzon Jean De
Born, 1582. Governor of New France, 1651-1656; had already been associated with the interests of the colony by reason of his position a...

Lauzon-charny Charles De
Son of Jean de Lauzon, and administrator of New France after the departure of his father in 1656. During his father's governorship, had...

Index : Bishop Laval Era Director Of Seminary 55 Grand Vicar Accompanies Laval To
France, 134. =Bib.=: Douglas, Old France in the New World. ...

Laval Anne Charlotte
(Bishop Laval era) Only sister of Bishop Laval, 19. ...

Laval Charles Francois Guy Fanchon Bishop Laval Era Nephew Of Laval Educated
by him at Quebec, 140. ...

Laval-montmorency Francois De 1623-1708 Bishop Laval Era Appointed Apostolic
vicar with title of bishop of Petraea in partibus, 7; opposes liquor traffic, 10; founds Seminary at Quebec, 10; created bishop of Quebe...

Laval Guy De
(Bishop Laval era) Ancestor of Bishop Laval, 17. ...

Laval Henri De
(Bishop Laval era) His letter to his brother the bishop, 139; second letter, 141. ...

Laval Hugues De
(Bishop Laval era) Father of Bishop Laval, 17. ...

Laval Jean-louis
(Bishop Laval era) Brother of Bishop Laval, 19; bad conduct of, 139. ...

Laval University
Founded, 1668, as the Quebec Seminary, and granted a royal charter in 1852, at the instance of Lord Elgin, then governor-general. =Inde...

Lavalette
(Samuel de Champlain era) A Basque, fishes on Acadian coast as early as 1565, 59. ...

La Vallee De
(Samuel de Champlain era) Godfather of young Hurons, 233. ...

La Valtrie Seraphin Marganne Sieur De 1643-1693 A Native Of St
Benoit de Paris. Obtained a lieutenancy in the Lignieres Regiment; took service under De Tracy, 1664, and came to Canada the following y...

Laverdiere Charles Honore 1826-1873 Educated At Laval University
Studied for the church and ordained priest. Joined the faculty of Laval, and became university librarian. (Samuel de Champlain era) On q...

La Verendrye Pierre Gaultier De Varennes Sieur De 1685-1749 Son
of Rene Gaultier, Sieur de Varennes, governor of Three Rivers. Served in the New England campaign of 1704, and the following year in Ne...

La Vigne Captain De
(Samuel de Champlain era) Sails for France with Champlain, 141. ...

Laviolette
(Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Three Rivers founded by, in 1634, 43-44. ...

Law
(Lord Dorchester era) Confusion and abuse in administration of, 51-55. ...

Law Captain John
(John Graves Simcoe era) First sergeant at arms of the Upper Canada Assembly, 85; a retired officer of the Queen's Rangers, 85. ...

Law John
(Egerton Ryerson era) Headmaster of Gore district Grammar School, Upper Canada, 4; Egerton Ryerson studies under, 5. ...

Lawrence Charles
Entered the army as ensign, 1727; captain, 1742; and major, 1747. Accompanied Warburton's Infantry to Nova Scotia, and engaged in the F...

Lawrence Joseph W
(Tilley era) Supports Tilley in 1850, 10. ...

Laws Captain
(Lord Dorchester era) Sent with seventy men to attack Arnold in rear, 129; completes discomfiture of enemy, 131. (Sir Frederick Haldiman...

Le Baillif
(Samuel de Champlain era) Under clerk at Tadoussac, 133; placed in charge of storehouse by Kirke, 195; a bad character, 202-204. ...

Le Baillif George
(Samuel de Champlain era) Recollet missionary, 87; goes to France, as delegate from colony, 136. ...

Lebel J G
(Lord Elgin era) Commissioner under Seigniorial Tenure law, 187. ...

Le Ber Jeanne Daughter Of Jacques Le Ber Of Montreal Index : Bishop Laval Era
Birth, baptism, and virtues of, 91; mortifications practised by, 92. ...

Le Ber Pierre
(Bishop Laval era) House of charity established by, 245. ...

Le Ber De Senneville Jacques 1633-1706 One Of The Principal
merchants of Montreal; married in 1658 Jeanne, sister of Charles Le Moyne. In 1673 engaged with Aubert de la Chesnaye in the fur trade a...

Le Borgne De Belle Isle Emmanuel
(Samuel de Champlain era) Takes Fort St. Pierre, 236. ...

Le Brun De Duplessis Jean-baptiste
Born at Corbie, in Picardy, about 1730. Came to Canada about 1755 and joined the Bearn Regiment; practised as a notary in Quebec for ma...

Le Canadien
Newspaper, published at Quebec. =Index=: (Baldwin / La Fontaine / Hincks era) On the political situation in 1842, 116. (Sir Georges E. C...

Le Caron Joseph
(Samuel de Champlain era) Recollet missionary, 85; goes to country of the Hurons, 88; with Champlain visits the Tionnontates or Petuneux...

Bib : Parkman Pioneers Of France
...

Le Chausseur
(Count Frontenac era) Secretary to Frontenac, 139. ...

Le Clercq Chrestien
Recollet missionary in Canada, and historian of his order. =Index=: (Count Frontenac era) On great need for Recollet order in Canada, 72...

Lecompte-dupre J B
(Lord Dorchester era) Colonel of Quebec militia, 246. ...

Le Diable
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) Name given to floating battery, 87, 104. ...

Le Du
(John Graves Simcoe era) French priest, deported, 190. ...

Lee
(Wilmot era) Receiver-general, New Brunswick, 69. ...

Le Faucheur
(Samuel de Champlain era) One of the men landed by Kirke on St. Pierre Island, 174. ...

Le Foulon
Now known as Wolfe's Cove. =Index=: (Wolfe / Montcalm era) Guard of 100 men at, 160; Wolfe carefully examines from the river, 168; learn...

Le Gardeur De Repentigny Jean Baptiste 1632-1709 Son Of Pierre Le
Gardeur (q.v.). His father brought him to Canada at the age of four years. Resided in Montreal, 1642-1643; and in 1656 married Marguerit...

Le Gardeur De Repentigny Pierre
Arrived at Quebec from Normandy with his wife and family, 1636. Obtained a grant of land from the Company of New France, and engaged in...

Le Gardeur De Tilly Charles 1611-1695 Brother Of Pierre Le Gardeur
de Repentigny; a native of Normandy; came to Canada in 1636; and in 1648 made governor of Three Rivers. Married the same year Genevieve ...

Legendre Lucas
(Samuel de Champlain era) Purchases supplies for De Monts's second expedition to Quebec, 56. ...

Legislative Assembly
(William Lyon Mackenzie era) Composition of, under Constitutional Act, 53; Goldwin Smith on, 54; irritation between, and Executive Counc...

Legislative Council
(William Lyon Mackenzie era) Created by Constitutional Act, 52; Lord Durham criticizes and suggests revision, 57; attitude of Lower Cana...

Legislative Union
(Sir John A Macdonald era) Strongly favoured by Macdonald; opposed by Maritime Provinces and Lower Canada, 107-109, 245. ...

L'huillier Raoul
(Samuel de Champlain era) Director of Company of New France, 170. ...

Leisler Jacob
(Count Frontenac era) Seizes government of New York, 266. ...

Le Jeune Paul
Superior of Jesuits in Canada. Came to Canada in 1632, and went on a mission to the Algonquians the following year; succeeded by Vimont...

Index : Bishop Laval Era Bishopric Of Quebec Offered To 25 Count Frontenac Era Preaches Funeral
sermon on Champlain, 27. (Samuel de Champlain era) Celebrates mass in house of Mme. Hebert, 148; his letter on education of Indian child...

Lelievre S
(Lord Elgin era) Commissioner under Seigniorial Tenure law, 186. ...

Lemaire
(Bishop Laval era) Servant in the Seminary, Laval's account of, 250. ...

Lemaistre Simon
(Samuel de Champlain era) Director of Company of New France, 170. ...

Lemaitre
(Bishop Laval era) Sulpician, comes out in St. Andre, 31; his attentions to those suffering from the plague, 32; dies a martyr, 91. ...

Le Marchant Sir John Gaspard 1803-1874 Joseph Howe Era Becomes Governor Of
Nova Scotia, 1852, 143; his connection with the Foreign Enlistment Act, 149-152. =Bib.=: Dict. Nat. Biog.; Campbell, History of Nova Sco...

Lemoyne Mme Jacques
(Bishop Laval era) Land bought from, for church at Montreal, 88. ...

Le Moyne Paul Sieur De Maricourt 1663-1704 Son Of Charles Le
Moyne, Sieur de Longueuil. Born in Montreal. Accompanied De Troyes and Iberville on the expedition against the Hudson Bay forts, Moose F...

Bib : Bryce Hudson's Bay Company Laut Conquest Of The Great
North-West. See also Iberville. ...

Lemoyne Simon
(Samuel de Champlain era) Jesuit, professor in College of Rouen, 207. ...

Le Moyne De Ste Helene Jacques 1659-1690 Son Of Charles Le Moyne
and brother of Iberville, Bienville, and other members of this noted family. Trained, like Iberville, for the navy; returned to Canada, ...

Le Moyne De Serigny Joseph 1668-1734 Son Of Charles Le Moyne And
brother of Iberville, Bienville, and St. Helene. Accompanied Iberville to Hudson Bay, 1690, and left in command of Fort Albany after its...

Bib : See Iberville
...

Le Moyne
See Bienville; Iberville; Longueuil. ...

Le National
Newspaper published at Montreal. =Index=: (Sir Georges E. Cartier era) Founded as organ of Le Parti National, in 1872, 30. ...

Leonard Samuel
(Tilley era) English schoolmaster, 5. ...

Leopard And Chesapeake
(General Brock era) Affair of, 82-86. ...

Leroux Laurent 1758-1855 Western Fur Trader Index : Mackenzie / Selkirk / Simpson Era Builds
post on Great Slave Lake, 18; sends Sutherland and the "English Chief" to northern tribes, 18; with Mackenzie at Chipewyan, 33; Mackenzi...

Bib : Morice Dict Hist Des Canadiens De L'ouest Burpee Search
for the Western Sea. ...

Le Roy Marguerite
(Samuel de Champlain era) Mother of Champlain, 1. ...

Le Sage Captain
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) Repulses landing of English, 107. ...

Lesage Marguerite
(Samuel de Champlain era) Wife of Nicolas Rivert, 146. ...

Lescarbot Marc
Born at Vervins, near Laon, France, about 1570. Studied law and called to the bar in 1599. The previous year delivered two Latin oratio...

Le Sire
(Samuel de Champlain era) Clerk in De Caen's company, 138. ...

Leslie Alexander 1740?-1794 British General Index : Lord Dorchester Era In
command at Charleston, S. C., 197; embarks his force with large number of refugees, 204; joins Carleton at New York, 205. ...

Leslie James
(Baldwin / La Fontaine / Hincks era) Victim of election frauds in 1841--elected for Vercheres, 1842, 116; president of Executive Council...

Lesseps Ferdinand De 1805-1894 Eminent French Engineer Index :
(Samuel de Champlain era) Undertakes Panama Canal, 6. =Bib.=: Chambers, Biog. Dict. ...

Leslie James 1802-1885 Born In Dundee Scotland Came To Canada
1820, settling first at Kingston, and afterwards at Toronto. A member of the first city council of Toronto. Arrested and imprisoned in c...

Index : Lord Elgin Era Proprietor Of The Toronto Examiner And A Leader Of The
Clear Grits, 110-111. (William Lyon Mackenzie era) President of Canadian Alliance Society, 258; delivers rejoinder to governor, 300; ref...

Lestrees Abbey Of
(Bishop Laval era) Bestowed by king on diocese of Quebec, 136. ...

Le Sueur Jean De St Sauveur
(Samuel de Champlain era) Comes to Quebec, 252; Godfather to young Hurons, 223. ...

Le Tardif Olivier
Born in Normandy, 1601. Came to Canada, 1620, and employed as an interpreter at Quebec. Married Louise Couillard, 1637. ...

Index : Samuel De Champlain Era Interpreter 144 Remains In Quebec During English
occupation, 208. ...

Letellier De St Just Luc 1820-1881 Born At Riviere Ouelle
Quebec. Called to the Senate for the division of Grandville, 1867; a member of the ministry, 1873; and in 1876 appointed lieutenant-gove...

Le Testu Captain
(Samuel de Champlain era) Member of court to try Duval for conspiracy, 43. ...

Le Valois Father
(Bishop Laval era) Recommends Saint-Vallier to succeed Laval, 199. ...

Levis Gaston-francois Chevalier De 1720-1787 Entered French Army
in 1735; named second in command to Montcalm, 1756; sailed for Canada the same year. On the death of Montcalm at Quebec, succeeded to th...

Levis Heights Of
Opposite Quebec. =Index=: (Wolfe / Montcalm era) Skirmishing on, 102. ...

Lewis John
(Tilley era) Confederation candidate, elected in Albert County, New Brunswick, 89, 107. ...

Lewis Meriwether 1774-1809 And Clark William 1770-1838
American explorers. Sent by the United States Government, in 1803, to find an overland route to the Pacific by way of the Missouri. They...

Index : Sir James Douglas Era At Clatsop 44 On The Columbia 59 Their Overland
expedition, 60, 64, 66; mouth of the Columbia the objective, 66; objects of the enterprise, 66; personnel of the expedition, 67; route f...

Lexington
(Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Skirmish at, 103. ...

Liard River
A tributary of the Mackenzie; rises in the Yukon district, south-west of Frances Lake, about lat. 61 deg., long. 131 deg. Its length is...

Libel
(William Lyon Mackenzie era) Mackenzie's bill on, 163. ...

Liberal
Newspaper published at Toronto. =Index=: (George Brown Era) Radical journal, founded after Liberal victory of 1874, 235. ...

Liberal Party
(George Brown Era) Growth of, 209; overthrows Sir John A. Macdonald's government, and Ontario coalition government, 209-210. See Reform ...

Libraries
The first public library in Canada was the Quebec library, founded in 1779 largely through the efforts of Haldimand. After many vicissi...

Licorne
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) Frigate in which Montcalm embarked at Brest, 12. ...

Lieutenant-governor
(William Lyon Mackenzie era) Office of, Durham's view of power of, 56, 57; surroundings of, in 1838, 61; position in both Upper and Lowe...

Lieutenants
(John Graves Simcoe era) Intended to be analogous to lords-lieutenant in England, appointed by Governor Simcoe for the principal countie...

Ligneris
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) Force gathered by, and Aubry, dispersed, 146. ...

Lincoln Abraham 1809-1865 Fourteenth President Of The United
States. =Index=: (George Brown Era) Believed by George Brown to be favourable to renewal of Reciprocity Treaty, 192. =Bib.=: For biog. s...

Lincoln Benjamin 1733-1810 American General Index : John Graves Simcoe Era United
States commissioner, entertained by Simcoe at Navy Hall, 184, 229. ...

Bib : Cyc Am Biog
...

Lindsay W B
(Lord Sydenham era) Made clerk of Legislative Assembly, 334. ...

Lindsay William
(Tilley era) Elected for the county of Carleton, New Brunswick, 89, 107. ...

Linschot
(Samuel de Champlain era) His definition of the territory of New France, 211. ...

Lippincott Captain
(Lord Dorchester era) Hangs Joshua Huddy, 198. ...

Liquor Question
(George Brown Era) Agitated by Brown and the Globe, 75; the Canada Company and cheap whiskey, 75; the movement in and out of Parliament,...

Lisgar John Young Baron 1807-1876 Born At Bombay Entered
Parliament in 1831; became lord of treasury in 1841, and secretary of the treasury, 1844-1846; chief secretary for Ireland, 1852-1855; a...

Literary And Historical Society Of Quebec
(Louis Joseph Papineau era) Founded by Lord Dalhousie, 41. =Bib.=: See list of publications, from 1829, in Lit. Am. Hist.; also Wurtele...

Little Belt
(General Brock era) British corvette, fired on by United States frigate President, 173. ...

Littlehales Edward B
(John Graves Simcoe era) Accompanies Simcoe as major of brigade, 47; clerk of Council, 79; aide-de-camp to governor, 177; describes the ...

Livingstone
(Lord Dorchester era) Of Montreal, his disaffection, 79; commands rebel Canadians at Quebec, 132. ...

Livingstone Philip 1716-1778 Lord Dorchester Era President Of Continental
(American) Congress, 201. =Bib.=: Cyc. Am. Biog. ...

Livius Peter 1727?-1795 Resided At Portsmouth New Hampshire A
member of the Council under the royal government; quarrelled with the governor and went to England to lay his complaints before the crow...

Bib : Morgan Cel Can
...

Logan Sir William Edmond 1798-1875 Born At Montreal Of United
Empire Loyalist descent. Educated at the University of Edinburgh. After some years spent in business in England, and incidentally in stu...

London
City of Ontario; founded by Peter McGregor, in 1826. =Index=: (John Graves Simcoe era) Site of present city, selected by Simcoe as best ...

London Conference
See Westminster Conference. ...

Long Point
Lake Erie, north shore. =Index=: (John Graves Simcoe era) Chosen by Simcoe as arsenal for Lake Erie, 204. ...

Longueuil Charles Colmer Grant Baron De
(Lord Sydenham era) Owner of "Alwington," 294. ...

Longueuil Charles Le Moyne Sieur De 1625?-1685 Son Of An
innkeeper of Dieppe. Came to Canada in 1641. In 1657 granted the seigniory of Longueuil. In De Tracy's expedition against the Iroquois, ...

Bib : Parkman Frontenac
...

Longueuil Charles Le Moyne Baron De 1656-1729 Son Of Charles Le
Moyne, Sieur de Longueuil (q.v.) Wounded, in 1687, in the Iroquois raid on Lachine. Governor of Montreal. Administered the colony in 172...

Longueuil Charles Le Moyne Baron De 1687-1755 Son Of Preceding
Administered the colony in 1752, after the departure of La Jonquiere. ...

Index : Lord Dorchester Era In Command Of Militia In 1777 187
...

Loquin
(Samuel de Champlain era) Company's clerk at Quebec, 139. ...

Longworth John 1814-1885 Born At Charlottetown Called To The Bar
of Prince Edward Island, 1838. Elected to the Assembly, 1846. Occupied offices in several successive administrations. Drafted the "No Te...

Loranger Thomas Jean Jacques 1823-1885 Born In Ste Anne
d'Yamachiche, Quebec. Educated at Nicolet College; called to the bar, 1844. Sat in the Assembly, 1854-1863; held office in the Macdonal...

Bib : Dent Last Forty Years
...

Lorette
(Bishop Laval era) Settlement of Christian Indians at, 74. (Wolfe / Montcalm era) British abandon their position at, 249. ...

Lorimer Dr
(Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Consulted by Haldimand as to sanitary measures, 66, 70. ...

Lorin Henri
(Count Frontenac era) Author of Le Comte de Frontenac, referred to, 109, 126, 128, 142, 165, 174, 216, 231, 250. ...

Lormel Captain De
(Samuel de Champlain era) Brings out settlers, 252. ...

Lorne
See Argyll. ...

Lotbiniere
See Joly de Lotbiniere; Chartier de Lotbiniere. ...

Louche De
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) Takes direction of fireships, 98. ...

Loudon James 1841- Born In Toronto Educated At Upper Canada
College and Toronto University, graduating 1862. Appointed to the staff of the university; professor of mathematics, 1875; and president...

Loudon John Campbell Fourth Earl Of 1705-1782 General Index :
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) Made commander-in-chief of British forces in America, 33. (Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Commands Royal Americans,...

Louis Xiii King Of France 1601-1643 Succeeded His Father Henry
IV, in 1610. =Index=: (Count Frontenac era) Close relations of Frontenac family with, 62. (Samuel de Champlain era) Demands restitution ...

Louis Xiv King Of France 1638-1715 Succeeded His Father Louis
XIII, in 1643. =Index=: (Count Frontenac era) His war with Holland, 148; absolutism of his rule 151-153; desires to have permanent curac...

Louis Xvi King Of France 1754-1793 Succeeded To The Throne In
1774. =Index=: (John Graves Simcoe era) Public mourning ordered in Upper Canada for death of, 193. =Bib.=: Larousse, Dictionnaire Univer...

Louisbourg
A seaport on the south-east coast of Cape Breton. Formerly the chief stronghold of France in America. The fortress, named after Louis X...

Louisbourg Grenadiers
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) On British right, at Quebec, 189; re-embark after fall of Quebec, 236. ...

Louise Princess
Daughter of Queen Victoria; born 1848. =Index=: (Lord Elgin era) Comes to Canada with her husband, the Marquis of Lorne, 122. ...

Louisiana
(Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Secretly transferred to Spain by France, 64; Spanish rule unpopular, 77; revolution in, 79; counter-revolu...

Lount Samuel 1791-1838 William Lyon Mackenzie Era Member For Simcoe 316 Election
corruption, 317; given command of rebels, 360; arrives at Montgomery's tavern, 362; his account of the flag of truce, 369; his first en...

L'ouverture Toussaint
(General Brock era) Establishes independent republic in St. Domingo, 39, 40; death of, 40. ...

Louvigny Louis De La Porte Sieur De 1652-1730 Accompanied
Denonville on his expedition against the Iroquois, 1687; sent by Frontenac to relieve La Durantaye in 1690; in command at Three Rivers i...

Lovett John
(General Brock era) Secretary to General Van Rensselaer, letters of, 263-265, 286. ...

Low Albert Peter 1861- Born In Montreal Educated At Mcgill
University, graduating in 1882 with honours. Appointed to Geological Survey 1881, and promoted to geologist, 1891. Spent many years in ...

Lowell
(John Graves Simcoe era) White settler among Grand River Indians, murdered by Isaac Brant, 191. ...

Lower Canada
(William Lyon Mackenzie era) Crisis approaching in, 287; Imperial commissioners' report, 323; against responsible government, 325; event...

Lowther Catherine
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) Wolfe's attachment to, 70, 72; Wolfe entrusts her portrait to Captain Jervis, 175. =Bib.=: Doughty, Siege of Queb...

Loyal American Regiment
(Lord Dorchester era) Commanded by Beverley Robinson, 202. (Wilmot era) Commanded by Beverley Robinson, 3; Lemuel Wilmot a captain in, 3...

Loyalist
Newspaper published at St. John, New Brunswick. (Wilmot era) Attacks Wilmot and Fisher, 74-75; libel case arising out of, 75. ...

Loyalist Corps
(Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Formed, 253. (Lord Dorchester era) Practice of purchase of commissions prevented in, 217; six disbanded an...

Loyalists United Empire
Name applied to the inhabitants of the Thirteen Colonies who remained loyal to Great Britain, and rather than submit to the new republi...

Ludovica
(Samuel de Champlain era) Name proposed by Champlain for Quebec; 124. ...

Lumagne
(Samuel de Champlain era) Merchant, compensation awarded to, for goods seized, 221. ...

Lumber Trade
(General Brock era) Canadian, great increase of, 125. ...

Lundy's Lane Battle Of 1814 British Troops Including Canadian
militia, numbered 1600 at the beginning of the battle, later increased to 2800, under the command of Sir Gordon Drummond; United States ...

Lusignan Paul Louis Dazemard De
Commanded Fort St. Frederic (Crown Point) in 1749, when the Swedish naturalist, Peter Kalm, visited the place; and remained there for s...

Luth De
(Bishop Laval era) Royal engineer, directs erection of fortifications, 214. ...

Lymburner Adam 1746-1836 Born In Kilmarnock Scotland Came To
Canada about 1776, and settled at Quebec, where he succeeded to the business of his brother John, who had been lost at sea in 1775. For ...

Lynch John Joseph 1816-1888 Born Near Clones Ireland Studied In
Dublin, and entered the Lazarist order. Came to America in 1847; laboured as a missionary in Texas, 1847-1848; became president of the ...

Index : Egerton Ryerson Era His Policy As To Separate Schools 235-236 Proposed As
member of Council of Public Instruction of Upper Canada, 236. =Bib.=: Dent, Can. Por.; Cyc. Am. Biog. ...

Lyndhurst John Singleton Copley Baron 1772-1863 British
statesman. =Index=: (Sir John A Macdonald era) Denounces Rebellion Losses Bill, 241. =Bib.=: Dict. Nat. Biog. ...

Lyonne De
(Samuel de Champlain era) Jesuit, founder of missions at Nipisiguit and Chedabucto, 235. ...

Lyons Richard Bickerton Pemell Earl 1817-1887 British
diplomatist. =Index=: (George Brown Era) British ambassador at Washington--suggested that he confer with Canadian agent on reciprocity, ...

Lyons
(John Graves Simcoe era) Teaches school at Hay Bay, 167. ...

Lytton Edward George Earle Lytton Bulwer Baron 1803-1873 Novelist
and statesman. =Index=: (Lord Elgin era) Colonial secretary,--his views on the duties of colonial governors, 4. (Sir James Douglas era) ...

Lyveden Robert Vernon Baron 1800-1873 British Statesman Index :
(George Brown Era) Dwells upon defencelessness of Canada, 184. =Bib.=: Dict. Nat. Biog. ...

Mabane Adam 1734-1792 Born In Scotland Studied Medicine At
Edinburgh University; came to Canada, and practised his profession in Quebec. In 1764 appointed a judge, and presided over the first civ...

M'afee Samuel
(William Lyon Mackenzie era) Aids Mackenzie's escape, 400. ...

Macallum A
(Egerton Ryerson era) In charge of union school at Hamilton, 195. ...

Mcbride Richard 1870- Born In New Westminster British Columbia
Educated at the public and high schools, New Westminster. Elected to the British Columbia Assembly, 1898; minister of mines in Dunsmuir ...

Mccarthy Charles Justin
(Egerton Ryerson era) Martyr of early Canadian Methodism, 41. ...

Mccarthy D'alton 1836-1898 Born In Dublin Ireland Came To Canada
with his parents, 1847. In 1858 called to the bar; in 1871 a bencher of the Law society; and in 1872 made a Q. C. In 1876 elected to Par...

Bib : Morgan Can Men Hopkins D'alton Mccarthy In Men Of The
Day. ...

Macartney Captain
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) Rescues French soldiers from floating ice, 251. ...

Macaulay Sir James Buchan 1793-1859 Born At Niagara Ontario
Served in the Glengarry Fencibles during the War of 1812. In 1822 called to the bar and rose rapidly in his profession. A strong opponen...

Macauley John
(Baldwin / La Fontaine / Hincks era) Inspector-general, retires and succeeded by Hincks, 119. ...

Mcclelan Abner Reid 1831- Born In Hopewell New Brunswick
Educated at Mount Allison Academy. Engaged in mercantile life. Represented Albert County in the Assembly, 1854-1867; chief commissioner ...

Bib : Morgan Can Men Canadian Who's Who
...

Mcculloch Dr
(Baldwin / La Fontaine / Hincks era) Defeats La Fontaine in Terrebonne; affiliated with Draper, 82. ...

Mcculloch J R
(Lord Sydenham era) Political economist, 13. ...

Mccully Jonathan 1809-1877 Born In Halifax Nova Scotia In 1837
called to the bar, and practised in Halifax, 1849. In 1860 appointed solicitor-general; from 1847 to 1867 member of the Legislative Coun...

Index : Joseph Howe Era Leader Of Liberal Party In Nova Scotia 1864 177 Delegate
to Charlottetown Conference, 177; edits Morning Chronicle, 186; firm advocate of Confederation, 186. =Bib.=: Campbell, History of Nova ...

Macdonald Andrew Archibald 1829- Born In Brudenell Prince
Edward Island. Engaged in business as a general merchant. Sat in Prince Edward Island Assembly, 1853-1860; represented Kings South in L...

Macdonald Archibald
(Mackenzie / Selkirk / Simpson era) His account of the voyage of the third party of Red River settlers in 1813, 162-163; in charge at Re...

Macdonald Donald Alexander 1816-1896 Born In St Raphael's
Quebec. Engaged in business as railway contractor. Represented Glengarry in the Assembly of Canada, 1857-1867, and after Confederation i...

Macdonald Hugh
Born in Antigonish, Nova Scotia, 1827. Studied law and called to the bar, 1855; made a Q. C., 1872. In 1859 elected member for Invernes...

Macdonald Hugh
(Sir John A Macdonald era) Father of Sir John A. Macdonald, native of Sutherlandshire, removes to Glasgow, and in 1820 emigrates to Cana...

Macdonald Hugh John 1850- Born In Kingston Ontario Second Son
of Sir John A. Macdonald. Educated at Queen's and Toronto Universities; called to the bar, 1872; and practised for some years with his f...

Macdonald John Alexander
(Sir John A Macdonald era) Eldest son of Sir John A. Macdonald--accidentally killed when quite young, 10. ...

Macdonald Sir John Alexander 1815-1891 Joseph Howe Era Attends Charlottetown
Conference, 1864, and proposes union of all the provinces, 178; premier of first Dominion Cabinet, 198; Tupper writes him as to Howe's p...

Macdonald John Sandfield 1812-1872 Born In St Raphaels
Glengarry. In 1840 called to the bar, and practised in Cornwall. In 1841 elected to the Parliament of the recently united provinces of U...

Macdonell Alexander
Represented Lord Selkirk's interests as governor of the Red River Settlement. Had been for some years in the employment of the Hudson's...

Macdonell Alexander
(Mackenzie / Selkirk / Simpson era) Sheriff of the home district, Upper Canada, 133; Selkirk puts him in charge of the Baldoon Settlemen...

Macdonell Alexander
(Mackenzie / Selkirk / Simpson era) Sent by North West Company, with Duncan Cameron, to Red River, to break up the Red River Settlement,...

Macdonell Alexander 1769-1840 Born At Glen Urquhart Scotland
Raised a Roman Catholic regiment of which he was appointed chaplain and saw service in Ireland; after the regiment had been disbanded, s...

Macdonell George 1770-1870 Member Of The Well-known Glengarry
family of that name. Served for several years in the King's Regiment; instrumental in organizing the Glengarry Fencibles in 1811, of whi...

Index : General Brock Era Becomes Colonel Of Glengarry Fencibles 180 Bib :
Lucas, Canadian War of 1812; Macdonell, Sketches Illustrating the Early Settlement and History of Glengarry in Canada. See also War of ...

Macdonell John
(John Graves Simcoe era) Speaker of first Assembly of Upper Canada, 80, 85. ...

Macdonell Lieutenant-colonel John
Born in Glengarry; son of Lieutenant-Colonel Alexander Macdonell, of the 1st Glengarry militia. Present at the capture of Detroit and m...

Macdonell Miles 1767-1828 Governor Of Assiniboia Born In
Scotland. Came to America with his father, Colonel John Macdonell, in 1773; and entered the army. In 1794 lieutenant in the Royal Canadi...

Macdonnell Alan
(George Brown Era) Addresses Toronto Board of Trade on importance of acquiring North-West Territories, 216. ...

Macdougall William 1822-1905 Born In Toronto Educated At
Victoria College, Cobourg; admitted as a solicitor in 1847, and as barrister, 1862. Engaged in journalism; founded the Canada Farmer in ...

Mace Sister De
(Bishop Laval era) Her labours in the hospital at Montreal, 91. ...

Mcevoy J M
(John Graves Simcoe era) His pamphlet on The Ontario Township quoted, 89. ...

Mcgee Thomas D'arcy 1825-1868 Emigrated From Ireland To The United
States, 1842, and became editor of the Boston Pilot; returned to Ireland and edited The Nation, the Young Ireland's party organ; fled t...

Mcgill James 1744-1813 Born In Glasgow Scotland Emigrated To
Canada. For some years engaged in the western fur trade; and in partnership with his brother, Andrew McGill, acquired a large fortune. ...

Mcgill John 1752-1834 Born In Scotland Emigrated To Virginia In
1773. Espoused the royal cause in the Revolution; in 1777 a lieutenant in the Loyal Virginians, and in 1782 a captain in the Queen's Ran...

Mcgill Peter 1789-1860 Born In Scotland Emigrated To Canada In
1809; became a wealthy merchant of Montreal. President of the Bank of Montreal, 1834 to 1860. In 1841 appointed to the Legislative Counc...

Mcgill University
Founded through the far-sighted liberality of James McGill, a merchant of Montreal, who in his will left his property of Burnside and L...

Mcgillivray Simon
One of the leading partners of the North West Company. Signed the agreement of 1821 under which the Hudson's Bay and North West Compani...

Macgillivray William
Born in Scotland. Came to Canada, and entered the service of the North West Company. In 1786-1787 had charge of the North West Company ...

M'govoch
(Lord Dorchester era) Discharged soldier, offers testimony in Walker case, 35; tried for perjury and sent to prison, 38. ...

Machray Robert 1831-1904 Born In Scotland Educated At Aberdeen
and Cambridge; ordained deacon, 1855; and priest, 1856; in 1858 elected dean of his college; vicar of Madingley till 1865, when appointe...

Mcintosh John
(William Lyon Mackenzie era) Mackenzie's brother-in-law, 482; house attacked by mob, 482. ...

Macintyre Duncan
(Sir John A Macdonald era) Director of the Canadian Pacific Railway, 236. ...

Mack Karl Freiherr Von 1752-1822 General Brock Era Austrian General Surrender
of, 72. ...

Mackay Alexander
Accompanied Alexander Mackenzie on his memorable journey of 1793 to the shores of the Pacific. In charge of Ile a la Crosse House, 1797...

Mckay James
Born in Edmonton, Alberta. Educated at the Red River Settlement. For a time in the service of the Hudson's Bay Company. A member of the...

Mckay Joseph William 1829-1900 Born At Rupert House Hudson Bay
Crossed the mountains to Fort Vancouver in 1844; had charge of various trading posts west of the mountains, and rose to the rank of chie...

Bib : Walbran British Columbia Coast Names
...

Mckee Colonel
(John Graves Simcoe era) Indian superintendent in the west, 126, 141, 210. (General Brock era) His influence over the Indians, 280. ...

Mackellar
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) Chief engineer, accompanies Wolfe in reconnaissance of Island of Orleans, 93. ...

Mackenzie Alexander 1822-1892 Born In Scotland Emigrated To
Kingston, Canada, in 1842; in 1848 started in business at Sarnia as builder and contractor; in 1852 editor of the Lambton Shield, a refo...

Index : William Lyon Mackenzie Era His Letter In Reference To George Brown 496 Sir John A Macdonald Era Leader
of opposition in succession to George Brown, 150; Supreme Court organized under his administration, 1875, 151; moves an amendment to the...

Mackenzie Sir Alexander 1755-1820 John Graves Simcoe Era Visits Simcoe 188
recommends establishment of two trading-posts on Pacific coast, 189. (Mackenzie / Selkirk / Simpson era) Joins North West Company, 7; op...

Mackenzie Donald 1783-1851 Born In Scotland Emigrated To Canada
in 1800, and engaged in the service of the North West Company for several years. In 1809 associated with John Jacob Astor in fur-trading...

Mackenzie Geddes
(Mackenzie / Selkirk / Simpson era) Marries Sir Alexander Mackenzie, 101; her parentage, 101. ...

Mackenzie George
(Sir John A Macdonald era) Macdonald studies law in his office, 4; death of, 9. ...

Mackenzie Hope
(George Brown Era) Moves approval of George Brown's course in Confederation negotiations, 156-157. ...

Mackenzie Isabel
(William Lyon Mackenzie era) Wife of William Lyon Mackenzie, granted $4000 by Parliament, 240; at Navy Island, 424; death of, 508. ...

Mckenzie Roderick
Cousin of Sir Alexander Mackenzie. Came to Canada from Scotland in 1784, and entered the service of the fur-trading firm of Gregory, Mc...

Mackenzie William Lyon 1795-1861 William Lyon Mackenzie Era His Personality Goldwin
Smith on, 3; Dr. Harrison on, 4; W. J. Rattray on, 5, 6; first to enunciate principle of responsible government, 5; "a man ahead of his ...

Mackenzie River
Named after Sir Alexander Mackenzie, who explored it from Great Slave Lake to the Arctic in 1789. It was known at one time as Disappoin...

Mackenzie's Message
Published at Toronto. =Index=: (William Lyon Mackenzie era) Newspaper, published 1853, 505. ...

Mckim R P
(Tilley era) Assists at funeral service of Sir Leonard Tilley, 146. ...

Mclachlan Alexander 1818-1896 Born In Scotland Came To Canada
1840; engaged in farming. Government emigration agent for Scotland, 1862. Collected edition of his Poems published, 1900. =Bib.=: MacMu...

Mclane David
(Lord Dorchester era) Hanged for treason, 301. ...

Mclaren Dr Murray
(Tilley era) Attends Sir Leonard Tilley, 145. ...

Maclean Judge
(George Brown Era) Proposes Metcalfe's health at St. Andrew's Society banquet, 27. ...

Maclean Colonel Allan 1725-1784 Born In Scotland Served In
Holland, 1747. In 1757 served with Montgomery's Highlanders in America, and in 1761 major-commandant of the 114th Royal Highlanders. In ...

Mclean Archibald 1791-1865 Born In Scotland Emigrated To Canada
with his father; educated at Cornwall Grammar School. In 1812 served in the war with the United States. After the war, called to the bar...

Index : William Lyon Mackenzie Era Elected Speaker 1831 170 Bib : Read Lives Of The
Judges. ...

Mclean John 1828-1886 Born In Scotland Educated At The University
of Aberdeen; ordained priest, 1858, and became curate of St. Paul's, London, Ontario. Removed to the Red River Settlement as archdeacon ...

Bib : Mockridge The Bishops Of The Church Of England In Canada And
Newfoundland; Machray, Life of Archbishop Machray. ...

Mcleod Alexander
(William Lyon Mackenzie era) Charged with murder of Amos Durfee, 423; trial and acquittal, 424. ...

Mcleod Alexander Norman
Of the North West Company. =Index=: (Mackenzie / Selkirk / Simpson era) Associated with Gregory and others in opposition to North West C...

Mcleod Archibald Norman
Entered the service of the North West Company some time before 1790. In charge of Fort Dauphin, 1799, and Swan River, 1800. Three years...

Mcleod Donald 1779-1879 Born In Scotland Educated At Aberdeen
University for the church, but entered the navy, 1803, and the army, 1808. Served in the Peninsula under Sir John Moore, and in Canada d...

Mcleod John 1788-1849 Born In Scotland Entered The Service Of The
Hudson's Bay Company; conducted Selkirk's colonists from York Factory to the Red River, 1811; from that date to the union of the two fur...

Mcloughlin John 1784-1857 Born At Riviere Du Loup Studied
medicine in Edinburgh; joined the North West Company; engaged for several years in the Rainy Lake country; in charge of Fort William in ...

Mcloughlin John
(Sir James Douglas era) Son of Dr. John McLoughlin, accompanies Douglas to Sitka, 122; succeeds Rae at Fort Stikine, 122; shot by Indian...

Mcmaster University
Located at Toronto. Formed in 1887 from the union of Toronto Baptist College and Woodstock College. Mainly indebted for endowment to Wi...

Mcmillan John 1816-1886 Born In Scotland Came To New Brunswick
1832. Represented Restigouche in the Assembly, 1857-1867; surveyor-general, 1861-1865; postmaster-general, 1867-1868; inspector of post...

Macnab Sir Allan Napier 1798-1862 Born At Newark Now Niagara
Ontario. On the American invasion of Canada joined the army in 1813 and served throughout the war. In 1826 called to the bar of Upper Ca...

Macnab James
(Joseph Howe era) Member of Lord Falkland's Council, 69; declaration as to ministerial responsibility, 75; retires from government, 87; ...

Mcphelim Francis
(Tilley era) Deserts Liberals in New Brunswick, 18; postmaster-general in Gray ministry, 41. ...

Mcpherson Charles
(Tilley era) Member of Executive Council, New Brunswick, 41. ...

Macpherson Sir David Lewis 1818-1896 Born In Scotland Came To
Canada, 1835. In 1842 entered business in Montreal; in 1851 he, with others, obtained a charter for a railway from Montreal to Kingston,...

Mctavish Dugald
(Sir James Douglas era) Member of Victoria board of management, 265; becomes president of board, 265; transferred to Montreal, in 1870, ...

Mctavish Simon 1750-1804 Born In The Highlands Of Scotland A Man
of "enormous energy and decision of character." Settled at Montreal. Engaged in the fur trade soon after the cession of Canada to Englan...

Mctavish William
(Mackenzie / Selkirk / Simpson era) Chief factor, 1851, 228; last governor of Assiniboia under Hudson's Bay Company, 228. ...

Madison James 1751-1836 Fourth President Of The United States
...

Index : Lord Dorchester Era His Hatred Of Great Britain 274 281 General Brock Era Maintains
non-intercourse with Britain and France, 120; his warlike messages to Congress, 173, 185; places temporary embargo on United States ship...

Madocawando
(Count Frontenac era) Abenaquis chief, 329. ...

Madras Schools
(Wilmot era) Founded by Joseph Lancaster, 86; the system described, 86-87; established in New Brunswick, 87. (Tilley era) At Gagetown, 5...

Magdalen Islands
In Gulf of St. Lawrence. Uncertain who first discovered the group. They were known for many years as the Isles Ramees, or Ramea. This n...

Magistrates
(Lord Dorchester era) Poor character and scandalous methods of many of them, 52; some of them most worthy men, 55. ...

Magnan Pierre
(Samuel de Champlain era) Goes on embassy to Iroquois, 163; is murdered, 164. ...

Maguaga
(General Brock era) Americans successful in skirmish at, 238-243. ...

Mahicanaticouche
(Samuel de Champlain era) Montagnais chief, 139, 163; found to have been guilty of murder, 165. ...

Mail
Newspaper published at Niagara. =Index=: (George Brown Era) Ridicules Globe's proposal for annexation of North-West Territories, 217-218...

Maillard Antoine Simon
Missionary to the Indians and French of Acadia and Cape Breton, 1734. Vicar-general at Louisbourg for several years. Invited by the gov...

Mair Charles 1840- Born In Lanark Ontario Educated At Queen's
University, Kingston. Paymaster for the Dominion government at Fort Garry, 1868; captured by the rebels in Riel's first rising, 1869; c...

Bib : Works: Dreamland And Other Poems Tecumseh: A Drama For
biog., see Morgan, Can. Men; MacMurchy, Canadian Literature. ...

Maisonneuve Paul De Chomedy Sieur De
In this "devout and valiant gentleman," as Parkman says, lived again the spirit of Godfrey de Bouillon, leader of the first Crusade. He...

Maitland Sir Peregrine 1777-1854 Born In Hampshire England
Entered the army, 1792. Served in Flanders, 1794-1798; in Spain, 1809 and 1812; promoted major-general, 1814; took part in the battle of...

Index : Lord Elgin Era Grants Charter To King's College 93 Baldwin / La Fontaine / Hincks Era Dismisses Willis
from office, 28. (Egerton Ryerson era) Favours encouragement to British Methodists in Canada, 87-88. =Bib.=: Dict. Nat. Biog.; Read, The...

Maizerets Louis Ange De
(Bishop Laval era) Comes to Canada, 41; director of the Seminary, 55; transfers his personal income to Seminary, 56; made archdeacon of...

Malartic Anne Joseph Hyppolite Count De 1730-1800 Born In France
In 1745 entered the army; and in 1749 came to Quebec as assistant major. In 1756 served under Montcalm, and took part in all his campaig...

Malaspina
(Lord Dorchester era) In search for Strait of Anian, 26. ...

Malot Louis
(Samuel de Champlain era) Jesuit, drowned, 200. ...

Mance Jeanne 1606-1673 Born At Nogent-le-roi Infected With The
prevailing enthusiasm for missionary work in Canada, and in 1640 journeyed to Rochelle, intending to embark for the New World. At Roche...

Bib : Parkman Jesuits In North America Faillon Vie De Mlle
Mance. ...

Manchester
In England. =Index=: (Lord Sydenham era) Poulett Thomson elected for, 31; his free trade views find support in, 36; great dinner to Thom...

Manet Jean
(Samuel de Champlain era) Interpreter, 144. ...

Manitoba
Area, 73,956 square miles. The province was created in 1870, the old Red River Settlement, founded by Lord Selkirk, forming the nucleus...

Manson Donald
Engaged in the service of the Hudson's Bay Company, west of the Rocky Mountains. Led three brigades from the Columbia to Langley on the...

Mantet Nicholas D'ailleboust Sieur De 1663-1709 In 1689 Defeated
the Iroquois at the Lake of the Two Mountains; and in 1690 led an expedition against Schenectady. Killed during an attack on Fort St. A...

Maquinna
(Sir James Douglas era) His relations with Captain Meares at Nootka, 27; keeps armourer and sailmaker of the Boston in slavery four year...

Marcel Captain
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) Third aide-de-camp to Montcalm, 2; accompanies Montcalm on visit of inspection, 173; with Montcalm in his last ho...

Marcet Mrs
(Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Grand-niece of Haldimand, 343. ...

Marchand Etienne 1755-1793 Engaged In The Trade Between The West
Indies and North and South America. In 1790 sailed from Marseilles on a voyage of trade and exploration, in which he made careful survey...

Marchand Felix Gabriel 1832-1900 Born In St Johns Quebec
Educated at St. Hyacinthe College. Elected to the Legislative Assembly of Quebec, 1867; provincial Secretary, 1878-1879; commissioner of...

Bib : Works: Manuel Et Formulaire Du Notariat Fatenville Erreur
n'est pas Compte; Un Bonheur en Attire un Autre; Les Faus Brillants. For biog., see Morgan, Can. Men. ...

Marche Charles De
(Samuel de Champlain era) Jesuit missionary at Miscou, 234. ...

Marcy William Learned 1786-1857 William Lyon Mackenzie Era Governor Of New York
declines to surrender Mackenzie, 414. =Bib.=: Cyc. Am. Biog. ...

Mariana
(Samuel de Champlain era) Jesuit, book written by, ordered to be burnt, 153. ...

Marie
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) A storeship launched at Montreal, 244. ...

Marie Antoinette 1755-1793 Queen Of France Index : John Graves Simcoe Era Public
mourning in Upper Canada for death of, 193. ...

Marie De L'incarnation Marie Martin Nee Guyart 1599-1672
Born at Tours, France. Married early, and was left a widow after two years, with an only child. For twelve years devoted herself to his ...

Marion Nicholas
(Samuel de Champlain era) Captain of the Levrier, one of the two vessels of Champlain's first expedition to Quebec, 40. ...

Maritime Provinces
(George Brown Era) Movement for union of, 161, 186; Tache argues advantages of union with, 169-170; coal mines of, 170; shipping of, 170...

Markland George H
(Egerton Ryerson era) Member of Legislative Council, Upper Canada, and of Board of Education, 58. ...

Marquette Jacques 1637-1675 Born At Laon In The North Of France
Joined the Society of Jesus about 1654, and sailed for Canada, 1666. Sent to the Upper Lakes, 1668, and stationed at La Pointe, near the...

Marriages
(Wilmot era) Dissenting ministers forbidden to perform ceremony in New Brunswick, 14, 15; the Dissenters' Marriage Bill, 14, 15; questio...

Marriott Sir James 1730?-1803 Advocate General 1764
vice-chancellor, 1767; sat in Parliament for Sudbury, 1781-1784, and 1796-1802. =Index=: His views on question of Canadian laws, 62; exa...

Marshall John George 1786-1880 Born In Nova Scotia Educated At
Halifax, and called to the bar, 1808. Represented Sydney in the Nova Scotia Assembly, 1811-1823. Subsequently appointed chief-justice of...

Marsolet Nicolas 1587-1677 Came To Canada From France About 1608
and for many years an interpreter for the Montagnais and Algonquian tribes. In 1629, when Kirke took Quebec, deserted to the English. ...

Index : Samuel De Champlain Era Accompanies Champlain To Quebec 41 Joins Algonquians To
learn their language, 63; interpreter of Algonquian language, 144; sides with the Kirkes, 194; subsequent career, 203. =Bib.=: Parkman, ...

Marteilhe
(Lord Dorchester era) Appointed judge, 183. ...

Martial Law
(General Brock era) Question respecting, 226. (Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Canada under, for four years after conquest, 41, 43; abolish...

Martin Abraham 1589-1664 Born In Scotland Came To Canada In 1614
having married Marguerite Langlois the previous year. Engaged as a pilot at Quebec. In 1635 granted lands on the heights of Quebec by th...

Martin Anne
(Samuel de Champlain era) Daughter of Abraham Martin, 146. ...

Martin Charles Amador
(Samuel de Champlain era) Priest, 146. ...

Martin Or Marten Sir Henry 1562-1641 Born In London Educated At
Oxford. Sent to the Palatinate, 1613; chancellor of London diocese, 1616; judge of the Admiralty Court, 1617-1641. A member of the Court...

Bib : Dict Nat Biog
...

Martin Joseph 1852- Born In Milton Ontario Educated At The
public schools and at the Toronto Normal School. Taught school for a time; studied law at Ottawa; removed to Portage la Prairie, Manitob...

Martin Marguerite
(Samuel de Champlain era) Daughter of Abraham Martin, 146. ...

Martinez Estevan Jose
Accompanied Perez to North-West Coast in 1773 as pilot. In 1788 sent again to the North-West Coast as joint commander with De Haro of a...

Marylanders
(Lord Dorchester era) Loyalists, commanded by Chalmers, 202. ...

Mascarene Paul 1684-1760 Born In Castras In The South Of France
Educated at Geneva, and afterwards went to England; naturalized, 1706. Entered the army, 1708; accompanied his regiment to America, 1710...

Mascouten Indians
An Algonquian tribe. The name means "Little prairie people." They were known to the French as Nation du feu. First mentioned by Champla...

Maseres Francis 1731-1824 Born In London Educated At Cambridge
In 1766 appointed attorney-general of Quebec, holding the position until 1769. Returned to England and was cursitor baron of the Exchequ...

Massachusetts
(Count Frontenac era) Charter of, declared null and void, 264; takes lead in expedition against Quebec, 277. (General Brock era) War of ...

Masse Enemond 1574-1646 Born In France Entered The Society Of
Jesus, 1596. In 1611 went to Port Royal (Annapolis); and later to Mount Desert Island, where he established a mission and built a fort. ...

Masson Louis Francois Rodrigue 1833-1903 Born At Terrebonne
Entered Parliament in 1867 as member for Terrebonne; minister of militia and defence, 1878; president of the Council, 1880; called to th...

Mather Cotton 1663-1728 Count Frontenac Era On Failure Of Phipps's Expedition
302; on rescue of some men cast ashore on Anticosti, 304. =Bib.=: Cyc. Am. Biog. ...

Matheron
(Bishop Laval era) Steward of abbey of Maubec, 137. ...

Mathews Peter
(William Lyon Mackenzie era) Executed, 435; monument to, 436. ...

Mathews Robert
(Sir Frederick Haldimand era) English secretary to Haldimand, 245, 305; signs order for arrest of Du Calvet, 286; sails for England with...

Maubec Abbey Of
(Bishop Laval era) Revenues of, assigned to bishopric of Quebec, 131, 132, 136, 137. ...

Maupassant
(Count Frontenac era) Recollet father, Frontenac's confessor, 165. ...

Maurelle Francisco Antonio
Sailed to the North-West Coast with Quadra in 1775, and again in 1779. Embodied the results of the explorations in several charts of th...

Maxwell Colonel
(Wilmot era) Sent to frontier with troops in 1839, 135. ...

May Sir Humphrey 1573-1630 Born In England Educated At Oxford In
1604 groom of the King's privy chamber; in 1618 surveyor of the Court of Wards, and chancellor of the duchy of Lancaster; and in 1625 pr...

Index : Samuel De Champlain Era English Commissioner In Matter Of Canada 214 Bib :
Dict. Nat. Biog. ...

May Sir Thomas Erskine
See Farnborough. ...

Meade George Gordon 1815-1872 In 1865-1866 Commanded The Military
division of the Atlantic, during which period prevented the Fenians from making Eastport, Maine, the base of operations against New Brun...

Index : Tilley Era Sent To Check Fenians 107 Bib : Cyc Am Biog
...

Meares John 1756-1809 Born In England Entered The Navy 1776 And
served against the French until 1783. Entered the merchant service, 1783, and explored the coast of Alaska, 1786. Explored and surveyed ...

Bib : Dict Nat Biog
...

Medley John 1804-1892 Born In London England Graduated At
Oxford, 1826; ordained priest, 1829; vicar of St. John's, Truro, 1831; of St. Thomas, Exeter, 1838, and prebendary of Exeter cathedral, ...

Meech Lieutenant
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) Makes reconnaissance of Island of Orleans, 92. ...

Meilleur Jean Baptiste 1795-1878 Born In St Laurent Near
Montreal. Educated at the College of St. Sulpice, Montreal; studied law, and, later, medicine. Elected to the Assembly, 1834, and appoin...

Index : Baldwin / La Fontaine / Hincks Era Appointed Superintendent Of Public Instruction By Bagot
115. =Bib.=: Bibaud, Dict. Hist. and Pan. Can. ...

Melbourne William Lamb Second Viscount 1779-1848 Born In London
England. Educated at Eton, Cambridge, and Glasgow. Entered Parliament, 1805; Irish secretary under Canning, 1827, and under Wellington, ...

Melville Henry Dundas First Viscount 1742-1811 Sat For
Midlothian, 1774-1790, and for Edinburgh, 1790-1802; home secretary, 1791-1794; secretary of war, 1794-1801; first lord of admiralty, 1...

Melville Henry Dundas Third Viscount 1801-1876 Served Through
Rebellion of 1837. General, 1868. =Index=: (William Lyon Mackenzie era) Defends Windmill Point, 443; accepts Van Schoultz's surrender, 4...

Membertou Henry 1510?-1611 Micmac Sagamore Became A Convert To
Christianity in extreme old age. In 1604 De Monts and his band of colonists landed in Acadia, and the chief received them hospitably. A...

Index : Samuel De Champlain Era Aged Indian Who Claimed To Have Known Jacques Cartier 36
...

Bib : Parkman Pioneers Of France
...

Membre Zenobius 1645-1687 Born In France The First Novice In The
Recollet province of St. Anthony. In 1675 came to Canada; in 1679 a member of La Salle's expedition to the West; and in 1682 accompanied...

Menneval Robineau De
Governor of Acadia in 1689, with headquarters at Port Royal. In 1690 Port Royal was attacked by the English, and after vainly attemptin...

Mercier Honore 1840-1894 Born At Ste Athanase Quebec Educated
at the Jesuit College, Montreal. In 1865 called to the Quebec bar; and in 1872 elected to the Dominion Parliament for Rouville. In 1879 ...

Bib : Legendre Honore Mercier In Men Of The Day Willison Sir
Wilfrid Laurier and the Liberal Party. ...

Mercury
Newspaper of Quebec, established, 1805. =Index=: (Baldwin / La Fontaine / Hincks era) Voices sentiments of dominant faction in Lower Can...

Meredith Sir William Collis 1812-1894 Born In Dublin Ireland
Emigrated to Canada; in 1836 called to the bar of Montreal, and in 1844 appointed Q. C. From 1849 to 1859 a judge of the Superior Court ...

Meredith Sir William Ralph 1840- Born In The County Of Middlesex
Ontario. Educated at the London District Grammar School, and at the University of Toronto. Studied law, and called to the bar, 1861. Sat...

Merritt William Hamilton 1793-1862 Born In Westchester County New
York. Came to Canada with his parents, 1796. Served during the war of 1812-1814; took part in the capture of Detroit and the battles of ...

Bib : Dent Can Por And Last Forty Years Merritt Hon W H
Merritt. ...

Mesnard Father
(Bishop Laval era) Death of, 11. ...

Mesnu Peuvret De
(Bishop Laval era) Clerk of the Sovereign Council, 158, 167. ...

Mesplet Fleury
(Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Publisher of first books printed in Canada, 276; founder of Montreal Gazette, 276; publishes scurrilous sh...

Metaberoutin
See St. Maurice River. ...

Metcalfe Charles Theophilus Baron 1785-1846 Born In Calcutta
India. Educated at Eton. Resident of Delhi, 1811-1820; in 1820-1827 resident of Hyderabad; and member of the Supreme Council of India, 1...

Index : Lord Sydenham Era Did Not Believe That Sydenham Was Really In Favour Of
responsible government, 312; his reactionary policy, 313. (Sir Georges E. Cartier era) On the union of 1841, 14-15; his high-handedness,...

Methodist Church In Canada
Can be traced back to 1772, when a party of Yorkshire Methodists settled in Nova Scotia. The first provincial Methodist Conference was ...

Methye Portage
Also known as Portage La Loche. Named after the methye or loche (Lota maculosa), which has always been abundant in neighbouring waters....

Metiomegne
(Bishop Laval era) Algonquian chief, joins Dollard at Long Sault, 69. ...

Metis
(Sir John A Macdonald era) Or Half-breeds, view with alarm the prospect of annexation of territories to Canada, 157; their complaints as...

Meulles Chevalier Jacques De
Intendant of New France, 1682-1686. The son of Francois Meulles, seignior of the forest of Montpensier, in Poitou; held the office of g...

Mexico
(Samuel de Champlain era) Visited and described by Champlain, 4. ...

Mezy Augustin De Saffray Chevalier De
Governor of New France from 1663 until his death in 1665. =Index=: (Count Frontenac era) Appointed governor on Laval's recommendation, ...

Miami Indians
A tribe of the Algonquian family, belonging chiefly to what is now Wisconsin, where the French first came in contact with them in 1690....

Miami River
Rises in Hardin County, Ohio, and flowing south and south-west for about 150 miles, enters the Ohio River, twenty miles west of Cincinn...

Michel Jacques
(Samuel de Champlain era) Huguenot, violent conduct of, towards Father Jean de Brebeuf, 201; his fate, 202. ...

Michigan Territory
(General Brock era) Ceded to Britain with surrender of Detroit, 255, 260. ...

Michilimackinac
A missionary station and fur-trading post, which stood on the straits between Lakes Huron and Michigan. The name was derived from an Al...

Micmac Indians
An Algonquian tribe, called by the French, Souriquois. Their habitat was in Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island, and northern New Brunswi...

Index : Wolfe / Montcalm Era Indian Tribe Enemies Of The English 16 Joseph Howe Era Howe
interests himself in their welfare, 245; his report on their condition, 246. =Bib.=: Biard, Relation, 1616; Rand, Micmac Dictionary; Hod...

Middleton Sir Frederick Dobson 1825-1898 Born In Belfast Ireland
Educated at Sandhurst, and entered the army, 1842. Served in India during the mutiny, 1857-1858. In 1868 stationed in Canada; and in 188...

Milan Decree
(General Brock era) Issued by Napoleon in 1808, 110; disastrous effects of, 110-111; 171, 172. =Bib.=: Dict. Eng. Hist. ...

Milbank Sound
West coast of British Columbia, north of Queen Charlotte Sound, and south of Princess Royal Island. Named in 1788 by Captain Charles Du...

Militia And Defence
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) Militia in Canada raised by conscription and receive no pay, 30; composition of military forces, 29-30; desertion...

Mill John Stuart 1806-1873 English Philosopher Index : Lord Sydenham Era
Sydenham's acquaintance with, 13. =Bib.=: Dict. Nat. Biog. ...

Miller James Andrew 1839-1886 Born In Galt Ontario Called To The
bar, 1863; judge of the Court of Queen's Bench for Manitoba, 1880-1882; attorney-general of Manitoba, 1882-1885; prepared, along with Ol...

Miller William
(Joseph Howe era) Anti-Confederationist, changes his views, and moves resolution authorizing Nova Scotia delegates to frame Confederati...

Millet Pierre 1635-1708 Born At Bourges France Came To Canada
1667; sent to the Onondaga mission the following year; and in 1672 to Oneida, where he remained until 1686, labouring with characteristi...

Mills David 1831-1903 Born In The Township Of Orford Kent County
Ontario. Educated at the University of Michigan. Taught school for several years; afterwards inspector of schools for Kent County until ...

Milnes Sir Robert Shore 1746-1836 Born In England Entered The
army. In 1795 governor of the island of Martinique; in 1799 appointed lieutenant-governor of Lower Canada; and during the absence of Gen...

Minchin George
(Wilmot era) Appointed to New Brunswick Council, 69. ...

Minto Gilbert John Murray Kynynmond Elliot Earl 1847- Educated
at Eton and Cambridge, and entered the army, 1867. Served with the Turkish army, 1877; in the Afghan War, 1879; private secretary to Lor...

Miristou
(Samuel de Champlain era) Montagnais chief, 159. ...

Miscou
An island on the southern side of the entrance to the Baie de Chaleur. Name probably of Indian origin. First appears in Champlain's nar...

Bib : Ganong Place-nomenclature Of New Brunswick R S C 1896
Denys, Acadia, ed. by Ganong; Dawson, St. Lawrence Basin. ...

Mississagua Indians
A tribe of Algonquian stock. They are named on Galinee's map of 1670 as occupying the north shore of Lake Huron, about the mouth of The...

Mississagua Point
(General Brock era) At entrance to Niagara River, lighthouse, dockyard, and a fort at, 58. ...

Mississippi River
Rises in northern Minnesota, its chief source being Itasca Lake, and enters the Gulf of Mexico, after a course of 2550 miles. It was di...

Mitchell Peter 1824-1899 Born In Newcastle New Brunswick
Educated at the Newcastle Grammar School; called to the bar, 1848. Engaged in the lumbering and shipbuilding trades. Elected to the Ass...

Moberley Walter
(Sir James Douglas era) Associated with Edgar Dewdney in building road from Hope to Similkameen, British Columbia, 252-253. ...

Moffatt George 1787-1865 Born In England Emigrated To Canada And
engaged in business in Montreal. Served during the War of 1812. In 1831 appointed to the Legislative Council of Lower Canada, being lead...

Mohawk Indians
A tribe of the Iroquois confederacy. Their villages stood in the valley of the Mohawk River. From their position as the easternmost of ...

Mohier Gervais
(Samuel de Champlain era) Recollet, returns to France, 208. ...

Molson John 1787-1860 Born In Montreal In 1837 A Member Of The
Special Council of Lower Canada; served during the Rebellion; in 1849 as a protest against the passing of the Rebellion Losses Bill, sig...

Index : Lord Elgin Era Signs Annexation Manifesto 81 Bib : Morgan Cel
Can.; Weir, Sixty Years in Canada. ...

Monck Sir Charles Stanley Fourth Viscount 1819-1894 Born In
Ireland. Educated at Trinity College, Dublin; and called to the Irish bar, 1841. Entered Parliament, 1852; lord of the treasury, 1855-18...

Monckton Robert 1726-1782 Born In England Served In Flanders
1742; sent to Nova Scotia, 1752, and appointed lieutenant-governor of Annapolis Royal, 1754. In 1755 captured several French forts; in 1...

Index : Wolfe / Montcalm Era Brigadier Under Wolfe Character Of 74 Occupies Village
of Beaumont, 100; commands British left in battle of Montmorency, 134, 140, 142; moves up the river with his command to join fleet, 161;...

Mondelet Charles Joseph Elzear 1801-1877 Born In St Charles
Quebec. Educated at Nicolet and Montreal. In 1822 called to the bar of Lower Canada; practised at Three Rivers and Montreal. Arrested in...

Mondelet Dominique
(Louis Joseph Papineau era) Called to the Council, 72; expelled from Lower Canada Assembly, 72. ...

Monk James
(Lord Dorchester era) Attorney-general, his account of state of feeling among French Canadians, 278. ...

Monmouth
(John Graves Simcoe era) Battle of, Simcoe at, 26; description of, 26-29. ...

Monro Lieutenant-colonel
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) In command of Fort William Henry, 45; despatch to, from Webb, intercepted by French, 46. =Bib.=: Bradley, The Fi...

Monroe James 1758-1831 Fifth President Of The United States
...

Index : General Brock Era United States Representative In England Presents Claims
on account of Chesapeake matter, 84; United States secretary of state, purchases the John Henry letters, 187. =Bib.=: Cyc. Am. Biog. ...

Monsabre Father
(Bishop Laval era) On Laval University, 99. ...

Monseignat
(Count Frontenac era) Frontenac's secretary, 260, 297. ...

Montagnais Indians
A tribe of Algonquian stock. Occupied the Saguenay country in 1608, when Champlain visited Tadoussac, and acted as intermediaries betwe...

Index : Samuel De Champlain Era Induced To Cultivate Land Near Quebec 159 Allies Of The
French, 162, 163; murders committed by, 164; give Champlain three young girls to be educated, 165. =Bib.=: Parkman, Pioneers of France a...

Montagne Perche France
(Samuel de Champlain era) Colonists from, 252. ...

Montagu Lady Mary Wortley 1689-1762 Wolfe / Montcalm Era On Death Of Wolfe 239
...

Bib : Dict Nat Biog
...

Montbeillard
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) Receives note from Bougainville, 162; his letter to Bougainville, 178. ...

Montcalm Louis Joseph Marquis De 1712-1759 Wolfe / Montcalm Era Seigneur De Saint
Veran, his appointment as commander-in-chief in New France, 1; his friendship with Chevalier de Levis, 3; birth and descent of, 3; educ...

Monteagle Thomas Spring-rice Baron 1790-1866 British Statesman
...

Index : Lord Sydenham Era Chancellor Of The Exchequer 55 56 Elevated To The
peerage as Lord Monteagle, 57. =Bib.=: Dict. Nat. Biog. ...

Montgomery John
(Wilmot era) Becomes member of New Brunswick government, 72. (Tilley era) Surveyor-general, 41. ...

Montgomery John 1783-1879 Born In Gagetown New Brunswick
Accompanied his father to York about 1799, where he settled. Served with the York Volunteers during the War of 1812-1814. An active supp...

Montgomery Richard 1736-1775 Born In Ireland Entered The British
army, 1754, and in 1757 stationed at Halifax, Nova Scotia; served under Wolfe at the siege of Louisbourg, and in 1759 in command of the ...

Bib : Cyc Am Biog Bradley The Making Of Canada Lucas
History of Canada; Smith, Our Struggle for the Fourteenth Colony; Jones, The Campaign for the Conquest of Canada in 1776. ...

Montigny Abbe De
(Bishop Laval era) Title borne by Laval in his youth, 7, 19. ...

Montigny-sur-avre
(Bishop Laval era) Birthplace of Laval, 17. ...

Montmagny Charles Jacques Hualt De
Came to Canada as governor, 1636. Strongly opposed the settlement at Montreal, 1641-1642, but finding Maisonneuve determined, accompani...

Montmorency
Seven miles below Quebec. =Index=: (Wolfe / Montcalm era) British establish themselves on left bank of river, 112; unsuccessful attack b...

Montmorency Family
(Bishop Laval era) Great distinction of, 16; motto of, 18. See also Laval. ...

Montmorency Henri Duc De 1595-1632 In 1620 Purchased The
viceroyalty of New France from the Comte de Soissons, his brother-in-law, and retained Champlain as his lieutenant; in 1624 conveyed hi...

Index : Samuel De Champlain Era Becomes Viceroy Of New France 129 His Administration
causes dissatisfaction, 130; his letter to Champlain, 130; resigns position of viceroy, 151; executed for treason, 215. (Count Frontenac...

Bib : Charlevoix History Of New France Parkman Pioneers Of
France. ...

Montmorency Mathieu
(Bishop Laval era) Ancestor of Laval, 17. ...

Montmorency House
Below Quebec. =Index=: (Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Residence of Haldimand, 301; occupied later by Prince William Henry and the Duke of...

Montpensier Mlle De
(Count Frontenac era) Mme. Frontenac's relations with, 63. ...

Montreal
Founded May 17, 1642, by Chomedy de Maisonneuve. Champlain had selected the site thirty-one years before, as adapted to a settlement. W...

Bib : Dollier De Casson Histoire Du Montreal 1640-1672 Morin Le
vieux Montreal; McLennan, Anciens Montrealais ("Canada Francais," vol. 3); Bosworth, Hochelaga Depicta; Sandham, Ville-Marie; Warburton...

Montreal Island Of
(Lord Dorchester era) Limit of French settlement, 8; governorship of, abolished, 21. (Bishop Laval era) Consecrated to the Virgin Mary, ...

Montreal Company
Founded at Montreal, 1784, in opposition to the North West Company. Two Montreal merchants, John Gregory and Alexander Norman McLeod, f...

Montresor
(Lord Dorchester era) His survey of route through Maine, 106. ...

Montreuil Chevalier De
Served during the French campaigns in America from 1754 to 1758 as adjutant-general, and during the siege of Quebec in 1759 took part i...

Monts Pierre Du Guast Comte De 1560-1611 In 1603 Became Head Of
the Company formed by Champlain to plant colonies in New France, and to which a monopoly of the fur trade had been granted by the king. ...

Moodie Colonel
(William Lyon Mackenzie era) Shot at Montgomery's hotel, 365. =Bib.=: Dent, Upper Canadian Rebellion; Read, Rebellion of 1837. ...

Moodie Susanna 1803-1885 Born In England Daughter Of Thomas
Strickland, and sister of Agnes Strickland and Katherine Parr Traill. In 1832 emigrated to Canada with her husband, John Wedderbar Dunba...

Moody Richard Clement 1813-1887 Born In The Barbados West Indies
Entered Woolwich Military Academy, 1827; first lieutenant, 1835; and professor of fortifications, 1838. In 1841 governor of the Falkland...

Moravian Indians
(Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Massacre of, by Americans after conclusion of peace, 171. ...

Moreau M
(Samuel de Champlain era) On the settlement at Ste. Croix, 25. =Bib.=: Histoire de l'Acadie Francaise, 1598-1755. ...

Morel
(Samuel de Champlain era) Captain of vessel in which Champlain returned to Canada in 1617, 112. ...

Morel Thomas
Arrived at Quebec in August, 1661; appointed first cure of Chateau Richer and attached as mission priest to the Seminary at Quebec; spe...

Index : Bishop Laval Era Director Of Seminary 55 Chaplain Of Beaupre 101
arrested, 163; released, 164; death of, 219. ...

Morel De La Durantaye Olivier 1641-1717 Born At Notre-dame De
Gaure, in the diocese of Nantes. Entered the army, and obtained a lieutenancy in the regiment of Chambelle, afterwards being promoted to...

Morgan Daniel 1736?-1802 Served In The Indian And French Wars
Took the colonial side in the Revolution; marched with Arnold to Quebec; captured in an assault on one of the batteries, 1776, and relea...

Morgan Maurice
(Lord Dorchester era) Sent to Canada to study legal situation, 43, 51; returns to England, 56; Carleton's private secretary, 203. ...

Morin
(Bishop Laval era) Describes church at Montreal, 89. ...

Morin Augustin Norbert 1803-1865 Born In St Michel Quebec
Educated at the Seminary of Quebec, and called to the bar of Lower Canada, 1828. Elected to the Assembly, 1830; commissioner of crown la...

Mornay Louis-francois Duplessis De
Bishop of Quebec, 1727-1733. Consecrated at Paris, 1714, as coadjutor to the bishop of Quebec, but never came to America. =Index=: (Bis...

Morris Colonel
(Lord Dorchester era) Presided over department of Loyalist claims, 202. ...

Morris Alexander 1826-1889 Born At Perth Upper Canada Educated
at the University of Glasgow and McGill University; studied law and called to the bar of both Upper and Lower Canada, 1851. Entered publ...

Morris Charles
Born in England. Under the direction of Governor Shirley of Massachusetts made a survey of the whole of Nova Scotia. In command of a co...

Morris James 1798-1865 Born In Scotland Came To Canada As A Child
with his parents; in business at Brockville with his brothers, William and Alexander. Member for Leeds County in the Upper Canada Assemb...

Morris William 1786-1858 Born In Scotland Emigrated With His
parents to Canada in 1801, and engaged in business in Montreal; served in the militia in the War of 1812, and in 1816 settled in Perth. ...

Morrison Joseph Curran 1816-1885 Born In Ireland Came To Canada
with his father. In 1839 called to the bar of Upper Canada; in 1843-1847 deputy clerk of the Executive Council of Canada; in 1847 electe...

Morrison Thomas David
(William Lyon Mackenzie era) Defends Joseph Hume, 263; aids Mackenzie's petition, 310; aids Lower Canada, 330; refuses to sign "Declara...

Morse Colonel
(John Graves Simcoe era) Recommends union of British North American provinces, 4. ...

Moss Sir Charles 1840- Born In Cobourg Ontario Studied Law And
called to the bar of Ontario, 1869. Lecturer and examiner to the Law Society, 1872-1879; bencher, 1880; Q. C., 1881; vice-chancellor of ...

Moss Thomas 1836-1881 Born In Cobourg Ontario Educated At Gale's
Institute, Upper Canada College, Toronto, and at the University of Toronto; graduated with triple first-class honours and gold medals in...

Motin
(Samuel de Champlain era) Author of an ode to Champlain, 72. ...

Mouet De Moras De Langlade Charles De 1729-1800 Wolfe / Montcalm Era With Band Of
Indians crosses Montmorency, and attacks English, 112, 113. =Bib.=: Morice, Dict. des Canadiens de l'Ouest. ...

Mounier
(Lord Dorchester era) One of protesting members of Council under Carleton, 34. ...

Mount Allison College
Located at Sackville, New Brunswick. In 1858 an Act of the New Brunswick Legislature authorized the trustees of the Mount Allison Wesle...

Mount Royal
(Bishop Laval era) Cross planted on summit, by Maisonneuve, 91. ...

Mount-stephen George Stephen First Baron 1829- Born In Dufftown
Banffshire, Scotland. In 1850 came to Canada; built up a successful business in Montreal; in 1873 vice-president of the Bank of Montreal...

Mountain George Jehoshaphat 1789-1863 Born In England Educated At
Cambridge; ordained deacon, 1812, and priest, 1816. In 1814-1817 rector of Fredericton, New Brunswick; in 1817 rector of Quebec; and in ...

Mountain Jacob 1750-1825 Born In Norfolk England Graduated At
Cambridge, 1774, and became fellow, 1779. After holding several livings, appointed castor prebendary of Lincoln cathedral, 1788. Through...

Index : Lord Dorchester Era First Bishop Of Quebec 271 John Graves Simcoe Era Appointed Bishop Of
Quebec, 158; visits Upper Canada, 158; made legislative and executive councillor, 160. =Bib.=: Dict. Nat. Biog.; Mockridge, Bishops of t...

Mounted Police
See Royal North-West Mounted Police. ...

Moustier Count
(Lord Dorchester era) French minister to United States, proposes to visit Canada, 247-248. ...

Mowat Sir Oliver 1820-1903 Born In Kingston Ontario Educated
there; called to the bar of Upper Canada, 1841, and practised in Kingston and Toronto. In 1857-1864 represented South Ontario in the Ca...

Index : George Brown Era Member Of Brief Brown Ministry 102 On Committee Of
Anti-Slavery Society, 112; speech on Confederation, 1859, 135; George Brown's letter to, on his contemplated retirement from the leaders...

Muir Major
(General Brock era) Commands detachment of 41st Regiment at Brownstown and Maguaga, 237, 238-241. ...

Mulock Sir William 1843- Born In Bond Head Simcoe County
Ontario. Educated at the University of Toronto. In 1868 called to the bar of Ontario, and appointed an examiner and a lecturer on equity...

Municipal Government
(Baldwin / La Fontaine / Hincks era) Legislation under Sydenham, 100-105; bill passed, 105; Baldwin Act of 1849, 105; regulation of, 287...

Munro John
(John Graves Simcoe era) Member of Legislative Council, 79. ...

Murders
(Samuel de Champlain era) Committed by Indians near Quebec, 115; in colony, 209. ...

Murdoch Beamish
Historian. =Index=: (Joseph Howe era) Contributes to The Club edited by Joseph Howe in the Nova Scotian, 10; his independent stand in t...

Murdoch T W C
(Lord Sydenham era) Appointed civil secretary, 152. ...

Murray
(Egerton Ryerson era) Appointed to take charge of improvement of popular education in Upper Canada, 163. ...

Murray
(Lord Dorchester era) One of the protesting members of Council under Carleton, 34. ...

Murray Sir George 1772-1846 Born In Scotland Educated At
Edinburgh University, and entered the army, 1789. Served in Flanders, 1794; in the West Indies, 1795-1796; in Egypt, 1801; in the Baltic...

Murray Mrs George
(General Brock era) Wife of Colonel (afterwards Sir George) Murray 142. ...

Murray George Henry 1861- Born In Grand Narrows Nova Scotia
Educated at the public schools and at Boston University; studied law and called to the bar of Nova Scotia, 1883. Appointed to the Nova S...

Murray James 1719-1794 Entered The Army 1740 And Served In The
West Indies, Flanders, and Brittany. In 1758 commanded a brigade at Louisbourg; and the left wing of the army at the battle of the Plain...

Murray Colonel John
(Wilmot era) Massachusetts Loyalist, 4. ...

Musgrave Sir Anthony 1828-1888 Born In England Entered The Inner
Temple, London, 1851; governor of the colony of Neiro, 1860; governor of the island of St. Vincent, 1861; governor of Newfoundland, 1864...

Myers Lieutenant-colonel
(General Brock era) In command at Fort George, 225. ...

Myrand Ernest
(Count Frontenac era) Author of Frontenac et Ses Amis, 229; his work, Sir William Phipps devant Quebec, quoted, 293; on losses incurred ...

Nairne Captain John
(Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Haldimand gives him rank of major, 294. ...

Napagabiscou
(Samuel de Champlain era) Indian, brings news to Champlain of Kirke's arrival, 176. ...

Napoleon I 1769-1821 Born At Ajaccio Corsica First Consul 1799
Crowned Emperor, 1804. Abdicated, 1814, and retired to Elba. Escaped, raised another army, and finally defeated at Waterloo, 1815. Banis...

Natel Antoine
(Samuel de Champlain era) Accompanies Champlain to Quebec, 41; reveals conspiracy against Champlain, 43; death of, 46. ...

Nation
Newspaper published at Toronto. =Index=: (George Brown Era) Radical journal, founded after Liberal victory of 1874, 235; its programme, ...

National Club
Social club at Toronto. =Index=: (George Brown Era) Founded during Canada First movement, 235. ...

National Policy
(George Brown Era) Secret of its success in 1878, 241. (Sir John A Macdonald era) Description and history of, 217-219; political picnics...

Navigation Art Of
(Samuel de Champlain era) Highly praised by Champlain, 7. ...

Navigation Acts
(Lord Sydenham era) Poulett Thomson's speech on, 17. (Lord Elgin era) Their disastrous effect on Canadian development, 38-39; Legislatur...

Navy Hall
(John Graves Simcoe era) Simcoe's residence at Niagara, 99, 180; guests entertained at, 183-188, 229, 230; erected by Haldimand for acc...

Naxouat
(Count Frontenac era) Governor Villebon of Acadia establishes himself at, 327. ...

Needham William H
(Tilley era) Elected for St. John, 10, 18; character, 12, 86-87; refuses to resign his seat, 24; candidate in York County, New Brunswic...

Negroes
(Lord Dorchester era) Disputed property in, at close of war, 216. See also Slavery. ...

Neilson John 1776-1848 Born In Scotland In 1790 Came To Canada
and in 1797 edited the Quebec Gazette. Member of the provincial Assembly for Quebec County, 1818. In 1822 one of the delegates, with Pa...

Nelles S S
(Egerton Ryerson era) Graduate of Victoria College, 143. ...

Nelson Horatio Viscount 1758-1805 Born At Burnham Thorpe
England. In 1770 entered the navy; in 1794 served under Lord Hood in the capture of Corsica; under Sir John Jervis at the battle of Cape...

Nelson Robert 1794-1873 Born In Montreal Practised As A Surveyor
and in 1812 served during the War. In 1827 elected with Louis J. Papineau to the Assembly as member for Montreal. In 1838, while residin...

Nelson Wolfred 1792-1863 Born In Montreal Practised Medicine And
served as a surgeon in the War of 1812. One of the leaders of the Rebellion of 1837; captured and banished to the Bermudas, but released...

Bib : Dent Can Por Morgan Cel Can Christie History Of
Lower Canada. ...

Nelson River
Rises in the Rocky Mountains, at the headwaters of Bow River, a branch of the South Saskatchewan. Length to Lake Winnipeg, 390 miles; t...

Bib : Bryce Hudson's Bay Company Laut Pathfinders Of The West
and Conquest of the Great North-West. ...

Neptune
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) Ship in which Wolfe sailed for Quebec, 75. ...

Nesbitt William
Accompanied Governor Cornwallis to Halifax. Acted as Secretary of Nova Scotia for several years. Afterwards practised the profession of...

Nesle Captain De
(Samuel de Champlain era) Brings out settlers, 252. ...

Neuchatel Canton Of
(Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Haldimand born in, 3. ...

Neutral Nation
An Iroquoian tribe, occupying the north shore of Lake Erie. First visited by the Jesuit Fathers, Brebeuf and Chaumonot, in 1640, who de...

New Brunswick
The gulf coast of the province was discovered by Cartier in 1534; first settlement made by De Monts and Champlain, on St. Croix Island,...

New Brunswick College Of
(Wilmot era) Early history of, 10. See also New Brunswick, University of; King's College (New Brunswick). ...

New Brunswick University Of
(Wilmot era) Established as provincial university, 1859, 51; formerly King's College, previous history, 86; part of Madras school prope...

New Brunswick Land Company
(Wilmot era) Involved in crown lands dispute, 26, 29, 36. ...

New Caledonia
(Sir James Douglas era) Traversed by Mackenzie, 56; origin of name, 56; extent of district, 56; so named about 1806, 59; described, 97; ...

New Company
(Count Frontenac era) Name given to trading Company formed by inhabitants of Canada in 1645, 36. ...

New France
Name given to the French possessions in North America, otherwise known as Canada and Acadia. First discovered by Jacques Cartier in 153...

Newfoundland
Discovered by Cabot in 1497. Sir Humphrey Gilbert established a short-lived colony on the island in 1583. Another attempt was made in 1...

Index : George Brown Era Withdraws From Confederation Scheme 185-186 Count Frontenac Era English
settlements in, attacked, 46. (Bishop Laval era) French successful in, 232. (Sir John A Macdonald era) Withdraws from Confederation nego...

New Langley
(Sir James Douglas era) Or Derby, proposed as capital of British Columbia, 246. ...

New Ontario
Includes that part of the province known as northern and north-western Ontario, lying west of the Upper Ottawa River and its tributary ...

New Orleans
(Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Haldimand's enquiries regarding, 64; embassy to, 73; dissatisfaction at, 77; Haldimand's visit to, 78; Spa...

New Westminster
A city of British Columbia, founded by Colonel R. C. Moody in 1859, and first named Queensborough. The present name was given by Queen ...

Bib : Walbran British Columbia Coast Names Begg History Of
British Columbia. ...

New York City
(Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Haldimand in command at, 1, 87, 90, 91, 96, 121; Amherst in command at, 41; Gage in command at, 53; influe...

New York State
(Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Proposal to build Florida barracks there, 79; slow in joining revolt, 98, 101; Vermont's dispute with, 198...

Newark
See Niagara. ...

Newcastle Henry Pelham Tiennes Pelham Clinton Duke Of 1811-1864
Entered Parliament, 1832; chief secretary for Ireland, 1846; and secretary for war and the colonies, 1852-1854; secretary for war in 18...

News
Newspaper published at Toronto. Established, 1880. =Index=: (William Lyon Mackenzie era) Urges monument to Mackenzie, 521. ...

Newspapers
(William Lyon Mackenzie era) Postage on, 93, 103, 106; their tributes to Mackenzie, 509-523. See also under names of individual newspape...

Niagara Newark Settled By Loyalists About 1782 Selected By
Simcoe ten years later as the capital of Upper Canada, and named by him Newark. The first Legislature of the province met there in 1792....

Niagara Falls
First described from actual observation by Father Hennepin, in the narrative of his journey of 1678. The falls are indicated on Champla...

Bib : Hulbert Niagara River Spencer Falls Of Niagara
...

Niagara Fort
(John Graves Simcoe era) Guards entrance to Niagara River, 51; held by the British pending settlement of Loyalist affairs, 55; cannon mo...

Nichol Lieutenant-colonel
(General Brock era) Quartermaster-general of militia, Upper Canada, 206; his statistical account of Upper Canada, 207; supports Brock's...

Nicholson Sir Francis 1660-1728 Born In England Entered The Army
1678; lieutenant-governor of the colonies north of Chesapeake Bay, 1686-1689; and lieutenant-governor of Virginia, 1690-1694. Governor o...

Nicolet Jean 1598-1642 Born At Cherbourg Normandy Came To
Canada, 1618, and the same year sent to the Algonquians of Allumette Island, on the Ottawa, to learn their language. Remained with the t...

Ninety-two Resolutions
(Louis Joseph Papineau era) Drafted by Morin--embodied the grievances of Papineau and his followers, 85; inspired by Papineau, 85-86; th...

Nipigon Lake
Discovered by Charles de Greysolon, Sieur de La Tourette, brother of Du Lhut, about 1678. Built several trading-posts on or near the la...

Nipisiguit
(Samuel de Champlain era) Jesuit mission at, 235. ...

Nipissing Indians
A tribe of the widespread Algonquian family, occupying the upper waters of the Ottawa River, and the country about Lake Nipissing. Firs...

Bib : Hodge Handbook Of North American Indians Parkman Pioneers
of France. ...

Nipissing Lake
Named after the Algonquian tribe of the same name. Discovered by the Recollet missionary Le Caron in 1615, on his way to the country of...

Nipissirini
See Nipissing. ...

Noble Colonel Arthur
A Massachusetts officer, sent by Governor Shirley in 1746 to oppose Ramesay in Acadia. Occupied Grand Pre without opposition, Ramesay h...

Nomenclature
(Sir James Douglas era) Of Pacific coast, largely due to Vancouver, 34, 36; Spanish, 36. =Bib.=: Walbran, British Columbia Coast Names. ...

Non-importation Act
(General Brock era) Passed by Congress, 84. ...

Nootka Affair
(Sir James Douglas era) Origin of the dispute, 26; history of, 26-35; Martinez claims Nootka by right of discovery, 28; Martinez seizes ...

Nootka Sound
On west coast of Vancouver Island. Discovered and named by Captain James Cook in 1778. Prior discovery in 1774 claimed by Spaniards, bu...

Normanby Constantine Henry Phipps Marquis Of 1797-1863 Entered
Parliament, 1818; appointed governor of Jamaica, 1832; entered the Cabinet as lord of the privy seal, 1834; lord lieutenant of Ireland, ...

Normandy
(Bishop Laval era) Many of colonists natives of, 116. ...

Norquay John 1841-1889 Born In St Andrews Manitoba After The
suppression of the Riel Rebellion, elected to the Assembly of Manitoba, and entered the ministry as minister of public works. Defeated f...

North Lord Frederick
See Guilford. ...

North American
Newspaper published at Toronto. =Index.=: (George Brown Era) The organ of the Clear Grits, edited by Macdougall, 40; absorbed by the Gl...

North American Colonial Association
(Lord Sydenham era) On appointment of Poulett Thomson (Sydenham), 132. ...

North American Fur Company
(Sir James Douglas era) Succeeds Pacific Fur Company, 134; Astor at head of, 134. See also Astor; Pacific Fur Company. ...

North-west America
(Sir James Douglas era) Built by Meares at Nootka--first ship launched in what is now British Columbia, 28; seized by Martinez, 28; crew...

North-west Coast
(Sir James Douglas era) Spanish influence delays colonization, 4; history of, affected by Russian occupation of Alaska, 4; by British t...

Bib : Bancroft History Of The North-west Coast
...

North West Company
Organized in 1795, by a number of merchants chiefly of Montreal, engaged in the fur trade. The first "partners," or bourgeois, of the C...

North-west Passage
(Sir James Douglas era) Tenacity of belief in its existence, 50; Mackenzie's journey to Pacific is additional blow to belief in, 55. ...

North-west Rebellion
See Riel Rebellion. ...

North-west Territories
Comprised all the western portions of Canada, except Manitoba and British Columbia. Its early history is the history of the western fur...

Northern Railway
Chartered in 1849 as the Toronto, Sarnia, and Lake Huron Railway. The line ran north from Toronto to Lake Simcoe, thence to Georgian Ba...

Index : Lord Elgin Era Construction Of Stimulated By Provincial Guarantee 1849
99. ...

Norton John
Born in Scotland. Came to America and settled among the Mohawks, who made him a chief. After the close of the War of 1812, went to Geor...

Norway House
Also known at one time as Jack River House. A post of the Hudson's Bay Company, on Little Playgreen Lake, at the northern end of Lake W...

Notre Dame De La Recouvrance
First parish church of Quebec; built by Champlain, 1633, and enlarged, 1635. Totally destroyed by fire, June 14, 1640. Replaced in 1645...

Notre Dame De Montreal
(Bishop Laval era) Parish erected, 175; united to Seminary, 175, 176. ...

Notre Dame Des Anges
(Samuel de Champlain era) Jesuit convent, 45, 227; views of Jesuits in connection with, 229; instruction of Indian children, 232, 233; ...

Notre Dame Des Victoires
Church in Quebec. The corner-stone was laid May 1, 1688, Bishop Laval officiating. The building was completed the following year. In 16...

Nouee Anne De 1587-1646 Born In France Entered The Jesuit
novitiate in 1612; and came to Canada in 1626. For several years laboured among the Hurons and Montagnais, and from 1632 spent the rema...

Nouveau Monde
(Sir Georges E. Cartier era) Edited by Canon Lamarche, 81; bitterly attacks Cartier, 81-82. ...

Nova Scotia
Acadia of the French regime. The present name dates from 1621, when Sir William Alexander (q.v.) obtained from King James I a grant of ...

Index : Samuel De Champlain Era Grant Of To Sir William Alexander 223 Lord Dorchester Era Carleton
arranges to visit, 235; population of, 236; communication with England and Quebec, 236. (George Brown Era) Strong feeling against Confed...

Nova Scotian
Newspaper published at Halifax. =Index=: (Joseph Howe era) Joseph Howe becomes editor and proprietor of, 1828, 6; extends its influence ...

Noyrot Father
(Samuel de Champlain era) Jesuit, sails for Canada, 167; vessel did not reach Quebec, 168, 177; drowned, 200. ...

Oblate Fathers
A religious order founded in 1816 in France, and first established in Canada at St. Hillaire, Quebec, in 1841. Its headquarters in Cana...

O'brien William Edward 1831- Born At Thornhill Ontario Educated
at Upper Canada College; engaged in journalism at Toronto; studied law and called to the bar of Ontario, 1874. In command of the York an...

Index : Sir John A Macdonald Era His Motion For Disallowance Of Jesuits' Estates Act 288
its defeat, 289. =Bib.=: Morgan, Can. Men. ...

Observer
(William Lyon Mackenzie era) Carey's newspaper, allowed to print legislative reports, 107; defends Judge Willis, 132, 133. ...

O'callaghan Edmund Bailey 1797-1880 Born In Ireland In 1823
emigrated to Canada, and practised medicine at Quebec. Edited the Vindicator, 1834. Elected to the Assembly of Lower Canada, 1836, as a ...

Bib : Christie History Of Lower Canada
...

O'connell Daniel 1775-1847 Irish Statesman Index : William Lyon Mackenzie Era
Befriends Mackenzie, 221. =Bib.=: Dict. Nat. Biog.; Chambers, Biog. Dict., and lives mentioned in article. ...

O'connor John 1824-1887 Born In Boston Mass Came To Canada
1828. Studied law and called to the bar of Upper Canada, 1854. Practised at Sandwich. Defeated for the Assembly, 1861; elected, 1863, bu...

Ochateguin
(Samuel de Champlain era) Huron chief, 48; forms alliance with Champlain, 55; wounded in battle, 103. ...

Ochterlony Captain
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) Rescued by French grenadier from Indian about to scalp him, 142; carefully tended by nuns of General Hospital, 1...

Odell
(Wilmot era) Father of W. F. Odell, 8; provincial secretary, New Brunswick, 8, 34, 57. ...

Odell William Franklin
(Wilmot era) Provincial secretary, New Brunswick, 8, 34, 57, 72; dies at Fredericton, 1844, 75, 76. ...

Odell William Hunter 1811-1891 Born In New Brunswick Called To
the bar, 1838; appointed clerk of the Supreme Court of New Brunswick, and subsequently deputy provincial secretary, registrar and clerk ...

O'donoghue William B
A professor in St. Boniface College. Elected a member of the first convention called by Louis Riel, and afterwards a member of the Coun...

Ogden
(John Graves Simcoe era) Methodist preacher, not allowed to officiate, being a citizen of the United States, 190. ...

Ogden Charles Richard 1791-1866 Son Of Following Studied Law And
called to the bar, 1812; elected to the Assembly for Three Rivers, 1815; attorney-general for district of Three Rivers, 1818; solicitor-...

Ogden Isaac
Born in New England. Took the Loyalist side in the Revolution, and, when New York was evacuated in 1783, went to England. Came to Canad...

Ogden Peter Skene 1794?-1854 Son Of Isaac Ogden Qv Entered
the fur trade, was sent out to Astoria by Astor, and, finding that Astoria had been transferred to the North West Company, entered their...

Bib : Laut Conquest Of The Great North-west Bancroft History Of
the North-West Coast. ...

Ogdensburg
See Oswegatchie. ...

O'grady Doctor
(William Lyon Mackenzie era) Publishes Correspondent and Advocate, 259; visits Quebec with Mackenzie, 287; prepares answer to governor, ...

Ohio River
One of the largest tributaries of the Mississippi, discovered by La Salle in 1669. Its short portages from Lake Erie to the navigable t...

Ohio Valley
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) French retreat from, 62. ...

Olbeau Jean D'
Born in Langres. Joined the Jesuit College there in 1628. In 1640 came to Canada, and laboured as a missionary at Miscou until 1643. =I...

Old Company
(Count Frontenac era) Name given to Company of New France after 1645, 36. See also Company of New France. ...

Olier De Verneuil Jean Jacques 1608-1687 In 1640 Parish Priest Of
St. Sulpice, Paris, and established the St. Sulpice Seminary in 1645. Founded in 1636 the Company of Montreal, through whose instrumenta...

Bib : Parkman Old Regime
...

Oneidas
A tribe of the Iroquois confederacy. Their villages stood between those of the Mohawks on the east and the Onondagas on the west. In th...

Onneyouts
See Oneidas. ...

Onondaga
(John Graves Simcoe era) Armed schooner of eighty tons, 113; Prince Edward embarks on, at Kingston, 183. ...

Onondagas
A tribe of the Iroquois confederacy. Their country lay west of that of the Oneidas. They took the British side in the Revolutionary War...

Onontagues
See Onondagas. ...

Onontio Big Mountain
(Count Frontenac era) Name applied by Indians to French governors, 35. ...

Ontario
(Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Armed vessel, foundering of, 163. ...

Ontario
Area, 260,862 square miles. Formerly Upper Canada. As a separate province, its existence dates from 1791. The population at that time w...

Index : Wilmot Era Abolishes Second Chamber 71 See Also Upper Canada New
Ontario. =Bib.=: Dent, Last Forty Years; Smith, Geographical View of Upper Canada; Gourlay, Statistical Account of Upper Canada; Haight,...

Ontario Boundary Dispute
(Sir John A Macdonald era) Began in 1871, 254; arbitration arranged, 254-255; Macdonald refuses to accept award, 255; federal influence...

Ontario Lake
The smallest of the Great Lakes; area, 7,260 square miles. Discovered by Etienne Brule in 1615. ...

Orders-in-council
(General Brock era) British, prohibiting neutral trade between hostile ports, 93, 106, 111; premature announcement of withdrawal of, 12...

Ordre Du Bon Temps
(Samuel de Champlain era) Social club established at Port Royal, 36. ...

Oregon
(Sir James Douglas era) Extent of district, 56-57; origin of name, 56-57; arrival of ships Convoy and Owyhee, 1829, 136; first missionar...

Oregon Boundary Question
(Sir James Douglas era) Settled in 1846, 27; occupation of the Columbia by the Astorians made basis of United States claims, 72; Oregon ...

Orehaoue
(Count Frontenac era) Cayuga chief, brought back from France by Frontenac, 237; services rendered by, 315, 339. ...

Orford Horace Walpole Fourth Earl Of 1717-1797 Sat In Parliament
1741-1767; established a private press at Strawberry Hill, at which he printed his various works. =Index=: (Wolfe / Montcalm era) His st...

Oriskany
(Lord Dorchester era) Battle of, Indians lose heavily in, 173. ...

Orleans Jean Baptiste Gaston Duke Of 1608-1660 Samuel De Champlain Era Conspires
against his brother Louis XIII, 215. ...

Orleans Isle Of
In the St. Lawrence River, below Quebec. It was first named by Jacques Cartier, in 1535, the Island of Bacchus, on account of the numer...

Index : Wolfe / Montcalm Era Evacuated 90 British Establish Fortified Camp On 108
settlements on, burned by Wolfe's orders, 150. (Bishop Laval era) Exchanged by Laval for Ile Jesus, 138. (Samuel de Champlain era) Grant...

Ormiston William
Born in the parish of Symington, on the banks of the Clyde, Scotland, 1821. Came to Upper Canada 1834, and settled with his parents in ...

Ormsby Major
(General Brock era) Brings up supply of ordnance from Quebec, 229. ...

Osgoode William 1754-1824 Born In England Educated At Oxford
studied law, and called to the English bar, 1779. Appointed chief-justice of Upper Canada, 1792; and chief-justice of Lower Canada, 179...

Osler William 1849- Born In Bond Head Ontario Educated At
Toronto and McGill Universities; from 1874 to 1884 professor of medicine at McGill University; from 1884 to 1889 professor of clinical m...

Oswald Richard 1705-1784 Lord Dorchester Era Sent To Discuss Matters With
Franklin, 192, 213. =Bib.=: Dict. Nat. Biog. ...

Oswegatchie
Former name of the town of Ogdensburg. =Index=: (Lord Dorchester era) Captain Foster stationed at, 142. (Sir Frederick Haldimand era) St...

Oswego
(Sir Frederick Haldimand era) British post at mouth of Oswego River, 25; battle at, 26, 40, 121; Haldimand returns to, from Niagara, 27;...

Otis Charles Pomeroy
(Samuel de Champlain era) Translator of Champlain's Voyages, 277. ...

Otoucha
(Samuel de Champlain era) Huron village, 88. ...

Ottawa
Formerly Bytown. Founded about the year 1827, and named after Colonel By, a Royal Engineer, who built the Rideau Canal, and whose workm...

Index : Lord Elgin Era Selected As Seat Of Government And Later As Capital Of The
Dominion, 79. (George Brown Era) Selection of, as capital, opposed by George Brown, 100. See also Bytown. =Bib.=: Edgar, Canada and its ...

Ottawa Indians
A tribe of the Algonquian family. First mentioned in Champlain's narrative, 1615. The explorer met a party of these Indians on French R...

Bib : Pilling Bibliography Of Algonquian Languages Champlain
Voyages; Parkman, Conspiracy of Pontiac; Schoolcraft, Indian Tribes of the United States; Jesuit Relations, ed. by Thwaites. See also S...

Ottawa River
A tributary of the St. Lawrence. Total length, 685 miles. Explored by Champlain in 1613 and 1615. Named after Ottawa Indians. The river...

Ottawa University Of
Established, 1848. Originally incorporated under the title of "College of Bytown"; received the title of "College of Ottawa," 1866. Pop...

Otway's Regiment
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) On British right, 189. ...

Ouendats
(Samuel de Champlain era) General name given by French to four Huron tribes, 89. ...

Ouentaron
(John Graves Simcoe era) Indian name of Lake Simcoe, 93. See also Lake Simcoe. ...

Ourouehate
See Big Mouth. ...

Overman
(Samuel de Champlain era) Farmer of county of Renfrew, Ontario, discovers astrolabe lost by Champlain, 76. ...

Owen Admiral
(Wilmot era) Member of New Brunswick Council, 69. ...

Pabos
(Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Haldimand acquires seigniory of, 50; sends his nephew there, 73; not profitable, 111. ...

Pacific Coast
See North-West Coast. ...

Pacific Fur Company
Organized by John Jacob Astor in 1810. Sometimes known as the Astor Fur Company. Astor had made a fortune in the fur trade, and formed ...

Pacific Scandal
(Sir James Douglas era) Difficulties aroused by episode, 321. (Sir Georges E. Cartier era) Cartier's connection with, 53-54, 105-106. (S...

Pagan William
(Wilmot era) Appointed to New Brunswick Council, 7. ...

Pakington Sir John
See Hampton. ...

Palliser Hugh
Captain of the Shrewsbury in 1759. =Index=: (Wolfe / Montcalm era) British marines under, occupy Lower Town of Quebec, 235. ...

Pallu
(Bishop Laval era) Proposed appointment of, as bishop in Asia, 23. ...

Palmer Edward 1809-1889 Tilley Era Represents Prince Edward Island At
Quebec Conference, 77. ...

Palmerston Henry John Temple Third Viscount 1784-1865 Born In
Hampshire, England. Educated at Harrow, Edinburgh, and Cambridge. First entered Parliament, 1807; lord of the admiralty, 1808; secretary...

Pambrun Pierre Chrysologue
Served in the Canadian Voltigeurs during the War of 1812. Entered the service of the Hudson's Bay Company, and sent to the Qu'Appelle d...

Panama Canal
(Samuel de Champlain era) Suggested by Champlain, 5; undertaken by De Lesseps, 6. ...

Panet Jean Antoine 1751-1815 Practised As An Advocate And Notary
in Montreal, represented Quebec in the Legislature, 1792, and presented a petition from the citizens of Quebec for the abolition of slav...

Index : General Brock Era Speaker Of Lower Canada Assembly His Commission As
lieutenant-colonel of militia cancelled by Governor Craig, 105; elected for Huntingdon and again made Speaker, 115. (Lord Dorchester era...

Panet Jean Claude
(Lord Dorchester era) Appointed judge, 183. ...

Pangman Peter
Born in New England. Engaged in the fur trade west of Lake Superior about 1780. With Peter Pond, John Gregory, and A. N. McLeod, organi...

Paper Currency
(General Brock era) Issue of, in Upper Canada, 198. (Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Redemption of, 58, (Lord Dorchester era) French, in ci...

Papin
(Sir Georges E. Cartier era) Liberal leader in Quebec, 25; protests against Dorion entering Cartier administration, 106-107. ...

Papineau Denis B
(Lord Elgin era) Brother of Louis Joseph Papineau, 35; Metcalfe brings into Cabinet, 35; his lack of influence in Lower Canada, 44, 66. ...

Papineau Joseph
(Louis Joseph Papineau era) Represents Montreal in first Parliament, 1792, 4; his patriotism, 4; oratorical gifts, 4; services during Am...

Papineau Louis Joseph 1786-1870 Louis Joseph Papineau Era Tribune Of The People 1 A
melodious speaker, 1-3; compared with Cartier, 2; his parentage, 3-4; services in War of 1812, 5, 33; his house at Montebello, 6; colleg...

Pardoe Avern 1845- George Brown Era Librarian Of Legislative Assembly Of
Ontario, 255; a witness of the shooting of George Brown by Bennett, 255-256. ...

Parent Etienne 1801-1874 Born At Beauport Near Quebec Educated
at the Seminary of Quebec, and at the College of Nicolet. In 1822 editor of Le Canadien, but resigned, 1825, to study law. After being c...

Index : Louis Joseph Papineau Era Applies Name Of Chouayens To Those Who Would Not Follow
Papineau, 68; withdraws from Papineau's party, 117; denounced by La Minerve as a traitor, 123. =Bib.=: Christie, History of Lower Canada...

Paris Treaty Of
Between England and France, signed 1763. Ceded Canada to Britain, France retaining islands of St. Pierre and Miquelon. ...

Index : Lord Elgin Era Guarantees Institutions Of French-canadians 24 Louis Joseph Papineau Era Grants
free exercise of Roman Catholic religion, 9; breadth of view of framers of, 9. (Lord Dorchester era) Cedes Canada to Great Britain, 7. (...

Bib : Hertslet Treaties And Conventions
...

Parke Thomas
Born in Ireland. Emigrated to Canada, and settled in York (Toronto) in 1820. Member for the county of Middlesex in the two last Parliam...

Parker Sir Hyde 1739-1807 Second Son Of Vice-admiral Sir Hyde
Parker. Born in England. Served in the navy under his father. In 1757 became lieutenant, and in 1763 commanded the Baleine. In 1766 tra...

Bib : Dict Nat Biog
...

Parker Robert
(Tilley era) Attorney-general, New Brunswick, appointed to bench, 19; made chief-justice, 1865, 93-94; dies same year, 94. ...

Parkes Sir Henry 1815-1896 Australian Statesman Index : Sir John A Macdonald Era
Rhodes suggests scheme of Imperial preferential trade to, 343. ...

Parkman Francis 1823-1893 Born In Boston Educated At Harvard
where he graduated, 1844. While still at college decided to write the history of the struggle between France and Britain for the dominio...

Parliamentary Government
(Lord Elgin era) Canadian and American systems compared, 239-267. (Louis Joseph Papineau era) Not at first welcomed by French-Canadians,...

Parliaments In France
(Count Frontenac era) Subjection of, to royal power, 152. ...

Parr John
Served in the army for some years; appointed governor of Nova Scotia, 1782; lieutenant-governor of Nova Scotia, 1786-1791. The last gov...

Partelow John R
(Wilmot era) Opposed to responsible government, 65; his views on initiation of money grants, referred to in Wilmot's speech, 104, 108; ...

Parti Catholique
(Sir Georges E. Cartier era) An extreme faction of Quebec Conservatives, 82; its policy, 82; attacks Cartier, 82-83. ...

Parti Rouge
(George Brown Era) Origin of, 78-79; alliance with, of George Brown and Upper Canadian Reformers, 78, 80; led by A. A. Dorion, 80; signi...

Party Government
(George Brown Era) Origin of the double ministries, 81. (Lord Sydenham era) Absence of necessary conditions for, 185, 186, 303; Robert B...

Paterson General
(Sir Frederick Haldimand era) His report on state of affairs at Boston, 95. ...

Patriot
Newspaper published at Toronto. =Index=: (William Lyon Mackenzie era) Publishes proceedings of House, 174. (Baldwin / La Fontaine / Hinc...

Patriotes
(Louis Joseph Papineau era) Name assumed by popular party in Lower Canada--particularly the followers of Papineau, 40, 68; Neilson check...

Patriotic Fund
(General Brock era) Raised in Canada during war with Napoleon, 46. ...

Patterson James Colebrooke 1839- Born In Ireland Came To Canada
1857; entered civil service at Ottawa; studied law and called to the Ontario bar, 1876. Represented North Essex in the Ontario Assembly,...

Patterson Walter
Born in Ireland. Entered the army; came to Prince Edward Island in 1770 as first governor of the colony. It was then known as the Islan...

Paul I 1754-1801 Czar Of Russia Son Of Peter Iii And Catherine Ii
Ascended the throne, 1796. =Index=: (General Brock era) Withdraws from British alliance, 23; murder of, 30. ...

Paul V Pope 1552-1621 Camillo Borghese: Elected Pope 1605
...

Index : Samuel De Champlain Era Grants Brief To Recollets For Their Mission In Canada 84
...

Payne Captain
(Lord Dorchester era) His connection with the Walker case, 19. ...

Peace River
A tributary of the Mackenzie; rises in Thutage Lake, in northern British Columbia, its total length being 1065 miles. It is first menti...

Peace River Pass
The gorge cut by the Peace River through the Rocky Mountains. The summit of the pass is 2000 feet above the sea. First traversed and de...

Pean Mdme Hugues Nee Davennes Des Meloises
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) Casemate made for, 87. ...

Pearson Lieutenant-colonel
(General Brock era) Captured at sea by United States privateer, 224. ...

Peel Sir Robert 1788-1850 Born In Lancaster England Educated At
Harrow, and Christ Church, Oxford. Entered Parliament, 1809; under-secretary for war and the colonies, 1811-1812; chief secretary for I...

Pellegrin
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) Pilot of Montcalm's squadron, 81. ...

Pelletier Captain
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) Takes soundings in the Traverse, 82. ...

Pelletier Sir Charles Alphonse Pantaleon 1837- Born At Riviere
Ouelle, Quebec. Educated at Laval University; studied law, and called to the bar, of Lower Canada, 1860. Represented Kamouraska in House...

Pelly River
Rises in the Pelly Mountains about lat. 62 deg., and flows into the Yukon after a course of 330 miles. Discovered and explored by Rober...

Index : Sir James Douglas Era Explored By Robert Campbell 124 Bib : Campbell
Discovery and Exploration of the Youcon; Dawson, Report on the Yukon (Geol. Survey, 1887-1888); Burpee, Search for the Western Sea. ...

Pennahouel
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) Ancient Indian warrior, 38, 41, 42. ...

Pennsylvania
(Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Independent temper of the colony, 11. ...

Pennsylvania Loyalists
(Lord Dorchester era) Commanded by Allen, 202. ...

Penny Edward Goff 1820-1881 Born In England In 1844 Came To
Canada, studied law, and in 1850 called to the bar of Lower Canada. Became editor-in-chief of the Montreal Herald and afterwards one of ...

Pensacola
(Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Bouquet at, 58, 63; Haldimand's headquarters in Florida, 63, 65, 70; his labours to improve, 67, 68; watch...

Pentagouet
(Count Frontenac era) Fortress on western boundary of Acadia, captured by freebooters, 269; captured by New Englanders, 275. ...

Perceval Spencer 1762-1812 General Brock Era British Prime Minister
assassinated, 192. =Bib.=: Dict. Nat. Biog. ...

Perche France Bishop Laval Era Many Colonists Natives Of 116
...

Perez Juan
Voyage of, in 1774, 13, 14. ...

Pericard Michelle De
(Bishop Laval era) Mother of Laval, 17; death of, 26. ...

Pericard Mgr De Bishop Of Evreux
(Bishop Laval era) Cousin of Bishop Laval, 21. ...

Perley Moses Henry 1804-1863 Born In Maugerville New Brunswick
Educated at St. John. In 1828 became an attorney; called to the bar of New Brunswick, 1830, but soon forsook his profession. For some ye...

Perrault Joseph Francois 1753-1844 Born In Quebec The Son Of A
rich merchant trading with New England and the West Indies. Given the appointment of prothonotary in Quebec, and held it throughout his ...

Perrault Father Julien
(Samuel de Champlain era) Jesuit, carries on mission at Cape Breton, 236, 237. ...

Perrot
(Count Frontenac era) Cure of Montreal, disapproves of Abbe Fenelon's sermon, 95. ...

Perrot Francois-marie
Sent to Canada as governor of Montreal, 1670. Obtained a grant of Isle Perrot in 1672. Used his office to further his own interests; qu...

Perrot Nicolas 1620-1697 Born In France Came To Canada And
entered the service of the government at Quebec. Went on several exploring expeditions, living among the Indian tribes, and mastering th...

Perry Peter
Born at Ernestown, Upper Canada. Followed his father's occupation as farmer; entered public life, 1824, as member for Lennox and Adding...

Peters
(Wilmot era) Attorney-general, New Brunswick, 50. ...

Peters Harry
(Wilmot era) Retires from New Brunswick Council, 69. (Tilley era) Speaker of House of Assembly, 6. ...

Peters Samuel Leonard
(Tilley era) Uncle of Sir Leonard Tilley, 5. ...

Peters Susan Ann
(Tilley era) Mother of Sir Leonard Tilley, 5. ...

Peters T H
(Wilmot era) Appointed to New Brunswick Council, 69. ...

Peters William
(Wilmot era) Grandfather of Sir L. Tilley, 3. (Tilley era) Member of Assembly, 4. ...

Petit Father
(Bishop Laval era) Companion of Father Marquette, 62. ...

Petitot Emile Fortune Stanislas Joseph
Roman Catholic missionary in the North-West, particularly in the Mackenzie River district. Author of several works on the languages, ma...

Peto
(Tilley era) His proposal to build railways in New Brunswick, 25, 27. ...

Peuvret De Mesnu
(Bishop Laval era) Clerk of Sovereign Council, 158, 167. (Count Frontenac era) Clerk of the Council, imprisoned by Frontenac, 135. ...

Peyras Jean Baptiste
(Count Frontenac era) Member of Sovereign Council, 106; visits Acadia, 271. (Bishop Laval era) Appointed to Sovereign Council, 166. ...

Philadelphia
(John Graves Simcoe era) British army evacuates, 25. (Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Spirit of rebellion strong in, 104. ...

Philipps Richard 1661-1751 Early Entered The Army Served At The
battle of the Boyne; lieutenant-colonel, 1712; governor of Nova Scotia, 1717. Arrived in Nova Scotia, 1720, and remained until 1722. Aga...

Phillips Mary
(Lord Dorchester era) Sister-in-law of Colonel Beverley Robinson, becomes wife of Colonel Morris, 202. ...

Phillips William 1731-1781 Born In England Entered The Royal
Military Academy at Woolwich as a cadet, 1746; promoted captain, 1756; commanded three companies of British artillery attached to the Du...

Phipps Sir William 1651-1695 Born In Maine In 1669 Employed As A
ship carpenter, and later became captain of a merchantman sailing from Boston. In 1687 succeeded in raising a Spanish treasure-ship whic...

Piat Father
(Samuel de Champlain era) Recollet, sails for France, 141; goes on mission to Montagnais, 149; complains of negligence of trading compan...

Pichon Thomas
A native of France; in early life a medical student. Secretary to the governor of Louisbourg, 1751-1753. Sent to Fort Beausejour as com...

Pickard John
(Tilley era) Candidate in York, New Brunswick, 95; defeated, 96, 108. ...

Pickering Timothy 1745-1829 Joined The Revolutionary Army
appointed adjutant-general, 1776, and took part in the battles of Brandywine and Germantown. In 1790 sent on a commission to the Seneca ...

Picquet
(Bishop Laval era) Proposed appointment of, as bishop in Asia, 23. ...

Pierre Captain
See Chauvin, Pierre de. ...

Pijard Father
(Bishop Laval era) Establishes first brotherhood of the Holy Family, 86. ...

Pillet
(Samuel de Champlain era) Frenchman, murdered by Montagnais Indians, 161. ...

Pillon
(Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Surgeon, arrested for treason, 278, 279, 280. ...

Pilot
Newspaper published at Montreal. =Index=: (Baldwin / La Fontaine / Hincks era) Established, March 5, 1844, by Hincks, and edited by him,...

Pilots Canadian
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) Deceived by the hoisting of French flag on British men-of-war, 78; forced to steer English ships, 90. See also Q...

Piraube Martial
(Samuel de Champlain era) Godfather to young Hurons, 233. ...

Pitt William 1759-1806 Son Of William Pitt Earl Of Chatham Born
at Hayes, England. Educated at Pembroke Hall, Cambridge. Entered Parliament, 1781, becoming prime minister in 1783. In consequence of F...

Pivert Nicolas
(Samuel de Champlain era) Early settler, 145. ...

Plague
(Bishop Laval era) Breaks out on the St. Andre, 31. ...

Plains Of Abraham
Above city of Quebec. Named after Abraham Martin, a Quebec pilot, who owned a portion of these lands in the early days of the colony. T...

Plamondon Marc Aurele
Born in Quebec, 1823. Educated at the Quebec Seminary. In 1846 called to the bar, and practised for many years in Quebec, achieving suc...

Plessis Joseph Octave
Bishop of Quebec, 1806 to 1825. Named archbishop of Quebec in 1819, but never assumed the title. =Index=: (General Brock era) His staun...

Plet
(Count Frontenac era) Cousin of La Salle, comes from France in connection with financial matters, 177. ...

Pointe Au Fer
(Lord Dorchester era) British troops concentrated at, 153. ...

Pointe-aux-trembles
On north shore of St. Lawrence, Portneuf County. ...

Index : Wolfe / Montcalm Era Carleton Lands At And Makes Prisoners 125 Retreating
army halts at, 218; Levis's army lands at, 246. ...

Pointe Levis
On south shore of St. Lawrence, opposite Quebec. ...

Index : Wolfe / Montcalm Era Abortive Attempt To Capture British Batteries At 133-135
Quebec bombarded from, 115, 116; sailors landed at daily, for military exercises, 120; Wolfe assembles three army corps at, 159. ...

Pollock Duncan
(Mackenzie / Selkirk / Simpson era) Sent to Red River district by X Y Company, 14. ...

Pommier Hugues
(Bishop Laval era) Director of Seminary, 55. ...

Pomone
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) French frigate, loads stores at Sorel, 243. ...

Pompadour Jean Antoinette Poisson Marquise De 1721-1764 Wolfe / Montcalm Era
Assisted in Bougainville's promotion, 177. ...

Pond Peter
(Mackenzie / Selkirk / Simpson era) Associated with Pangman and others in opposition to McTavish, 10, 11; returns to North West Company,...

Bib : Burpee Search For The Western Sea Bryce Hudson's Bay
Company. ...

Pontbriand Henri-marie Dubreuil De 1709-1760 Born In Vannes
France. In 1741 consecrated bishop of Quebec, and left Paris for Canada. Soon after his arrival in Quebec engaged in a lawsuit with the ...

Pontchartrain Louis Phelypeaux Comte De 1643-1727 Chancellor Of
France. =Index=: (Count Frontenac era) Minister of marine, 72. ...

Pont-grave Francois Grave Sieur Du Pont
A merchant of St. Malo; sailed for Tadoussac with Chauvin, 1600. Had already made several voyages to the St. Lawrence; accompanied Cham...

Pontiac 1720-1769 Born On The Ottawa River An Ally Of The French
during their struggles against the British colonists. In 1746 he and his Indians assisted the French at Detroit in an attack by northern...

Pontiac's War
(Lord Dorchester era) History of, 4; fomented by French traders, 5; conduct of the colonies in connection with, 5, 6. See also Pontiac. ...

Bib : Parkman Conspiracy Of Pontiac Smith Historical Account Of
Bouquet's Expedition. ...

Pontleroy
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) French military engineer, 85, 90. ...

Pope James Colledge 1826-1885 Born In Bedeque Prince Edward
Island. Educated at home and in England. Engaged in mercantile pursuits. Sat in the Prince Edward Island Assembly, 1857-1867; premier, 1...

Pope John Henry 1824-1889 Born In The Eastern Townships Quebec
Elected for Compton to the Canada Assembly, 1857; and in 1867 to the Dominion Parliament. Called to the Cabinet, 1871, as minister of a...

Pope Joseph 1854- Eldest Son Of William Henry Pope Qv
Private secretary to Sir John A. Macdonald, 1882-1891; under-secretary of state, 1896-1908; under-secretary for external affairs, 1908. ...

Index : George Brown Era On The Double Shuffle 107-108 Sir John A Macdonald Era On Macdonald's Early
life, prints Campbell's letter, 31; his pen picture of Macdonald, 73; on the double majority, 78; Macdonald's notes on Quebec Conference...

Pope William Henry 1825-1879 Born In Prince Edward Island Elected
to the Legislature and became provincial secretary in the Gray ministry, 1863; represented Prince Edward Island at the Charlottetown Con...

Population
(George Brown Era) Of Upper Canada, doubled between 1842 and 1851, exceeds that of Lower Canada in 1852, 62, 75; in 1841, 82; in 1852, 1...

Porcupine
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) Sloop of war, commanded by Captain Jervis, 176. ...

Porcupine River
Discovered by John Bell, of the Hudson's Bay Company, in 1842, and explored to its junction with the Yukon, by Bell, in 1844. In 1847 A...

Port Au Mouton Acadia
(Samuel de Champlain era) De Monts stops at, 19. ...

Port Aux Anglais
(Samuel de Champlain era) Louisbourg commonly known as, 236. See also Louisbourg. ...

Port Hayes
On Hudson Bay, captured by Troyes, 206. ...

Port Nelson
Fort built by the Hudson's Bay Company, at mouth of Hayes River, west coast of Hudson Bay, 1669. Afterwards known as York Factory (q.v....

Port Royal
Founded by De Monts in 1605. The basin had been discovered the previous year, and the land granted to Poutrincourt, who named it Port R...

Index : Count Frontenac Era Capital Of Acadia 270 Captured By Phipps 274 Samuel De Champlain Era
Settlement made at, 32; new settlers arrive under Poutrincourt, 36. (Bishop Laval era) Captured by English, 229. =Bib.=: Champlain, Voya...

Portages
See Frog Portage; Giscome Portage; Grand Portage; Methye Portage; Rocky Mountain Portage. ...

Porter G R
(Lord Sydenham era) Statistician of Board of Trade, 54. ...

Portland Railway Convention
(Wilmot era) Its object to secure a shorter route to Europe, 119-120. ...

Portland William Henry Cavendish Bentinck Third Duke Of 1738-1809
Educated at Eton and Oxford; entered Parliament, 1760; prime minister in 1783; and again in 1807. =Index=: (Lord Dorchester era) Thanks ...

Portlock
(Sir James Douglas era) With Dixon, sails from England, 1785, 22; discovers that Queen Charlotte Islands are not part of mainland, 22. ...

Portneuf De
(Count Frontenac era) Commands war party from Quebec, 236; captures Fort Loyal, 252; removed for peculation, 330. ...

Porto Bello
(Samuel de Champlain era) Champlain's description of, 4. ...

Porto Rico Island
(Samuel de Champlain era) Taken and abandoned, by English in 1598, 3. ...

Portuguese
(Samuel de Champlain era) Island of Cape Breton once occupied by, 236. ...

Post Office
(William Lyon Mackenzie era) Report on, 153; Mackenzie offered control of department, 225; Lord Goderich requests Mackenzie's opinion on...

Potash
(John Graves Simcoe era) Decline in production of, 107. ...

Potenger Maria
(General Brock era) Niece of Sir Isaac Brock, 133. ...

Potenger Zelia
(General Brock era) Niece of Sir Isaac Brock, 133. ...

Pottawotomi Indians
An Algonquian tribe, allied to the Chippewas. They ranged over portions of what is now the state of Michigan, and in 1760, when Detroit...

Index : Sir Frederick Haldimand Era Sioux Offer To Attack 148 Described As Fickle
credulous, and timid, 148. =Bib.=: Pilling, Bibliography of Algonquian Languages; Charlevoix, History of New France; Parkman, Conspiracy...

Pouchot 1712-1769 Born At Grenoble France Entered The Engineers'
corps of the French army in 1733, and served in Flanders, Corsica, and Germany. Accompanied Montcalm to Canada and took part in the defe...

Poulariez
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) Placed in command of French left (Beauport to Montmorency), 158, 174, 175; protests against idea of capitulation,...

Poulett
(Lord Sydenham era) Maiden name of Sydenham's mother, 4. ...

Poullain Father Guillaume
(Samuel de Champlain era) Recollet missionary, 87; goes to Nipissing mission, 149. ...

Pouthier Toussaint
(General Brock era) Agent of the Hudson's Bay Company, assists in capture of Michilimackinac, 210. ...

Poutrincourt
See Biencourt de Poutrincourt. ...

Powell Henry Watson 1733-1814 Born In England Entered The Army
in 1756 became captain; and in 1759 served in the West Indies; in 1768 and subsequent years stationed in different parts of North Americ...

Index : Lord Dorchester Era In Command At Ticonderoga Discouraging Messages From
179, 180; on surrender of Burgoyne retreats to St. Johns, 180. =Bib.=: Cyc. Am. Biog. ...

Powell John
(William Lyon Mackenzie era) Shoots at Mackenzie, 364; his treachery, 365. ...

Powell Colonel Walker 1828- Born In Waterford Ontario Educated
at the county Grammar School, and at Victoria College, Cobourg. Engaged for some years in mercantile pursuits. Appointed warden of Norfo...

Powell William Dummer 1755-1834 Born In Boston Called To The Bar
1779. Came to Montreal, and made judge of the district of Hesse with headquarters at Detroit, 1789. Promoted to chief-justiceship, 1815....

Power Michael 1804-1848 Born In Waterford Ireland Emigrated To
Canada. Ordained a priest, and became cure of La Prairie, which position he held until 1841, when he went to Europe with Bishop Bourget....

Prairie De La Madeleine
(Bishop Laval era) Settlement of Christian Indians at, 74. ...

Precedence
(Bishop Laval era) Questions of, 163. ...

Preferential Trade
(George Brown Era) Ended by repeal of corn laws, 31; protests from Canada, 31; Globe defends free trade and urges Canada to help hersel...

Presbyterian Church In Canada
Had its beginnings early in the eighteenth century in Nova Scotia. In 1776 the Presbytery of Truro, Nova Scotia, was organized; that of...

Prescott Richard 1725-1788 Born In England Entered The Army And
promoted major, 1756; lieutenant-colonel, 1762, and served in Europe during the Seven Years' War. In 1773 sent as colonel of the 7th Foo...

Prescott Sir Robert 1725-1816 Born In Lancashire England
Educated for the army. Promoted captain of the 15th Foot, 1755; served in the expeditions against Rochefort, 1757, and Louisbourg, 1758....

Bib : Dict Nat Biog Bradley The Making Of Canada Lucas
History of Canada. ...

President And Little Belt
(General Brock era) Affair of, 173. ...

Preston Major
(Lord Dorchester era) Sent to occupy fort at St. Johns, 84; surrenders to Montgomery, 102. ...

Prevert
(Samuel de Champlain era) Explorer, gives information to Champlain respecting a copper mine, 13. ...

Prevost Augustin 1725?-1786 Father Of Sir George Prevost Entered
the army; served under Wolfe at Quebec, 1759; became lieutenant-colonel, 1761, colonel, 1777; major-general, 1779; defeated General Ashe...

Index : Sir Frederick Haldimand Era Haldimand's Correspondence With 294 338 Proposed
appointment of, 330. =Bib.=: Cyc. Am. Biog. ...

Prevost Major Augustin
Son of preceding. =Index=: (Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Interested in settlement of Haldimand's lands in Pennsylvania, 315; his father,...

Prevost Sir George 1767-1816 Born In New York Entered The Army
took part in the battles of St. Vincent, Dominica, and St. Lucia. In 1803 created a baronet and promoted major-general. In 1803 appointe...

Prevost
(Count Frontenac era) Town-major of Quebec, 257; strengthens defences, 284. ...

Prevote Provost's Court
(Count Frontenac era) Abolished, 1674, reestablished, 1677, 107. ...

Price
(Lord Dorchester era) A disaffected Montrealer, 122, 123. ...

Price David Edward 1826-1833 Born In Quebec Interested In
lumbering. Sat in the Assembly for Chicoutimi and Saguenay, 1855-1864. Although English-speaking and a Protestant, returned to the Legis...

Price James Hervey 1797-1882 Born In England Came To Canada And
settled at Toronto, 1828. Studied law and called to the bar, 1833. Took a leading part in the agitation preceding the Rebellion of 1837,...

Prices Of Commodities
(John Graves Simcoe era) In Upper Canada, 114. ...

Prideaux John 1718-1759 Born In Devonshire England Entered The
army in 1739 as an ensign. In 1743 took part in the battle of Dettingen; in 1745 promoted captain; in 1748 became lieutenant-colonel; in...

Index : Sir Frederick Haldimand Era Marches Against Fort Niagara 25 Death Of 26 Bib :
Dict. Nat. Biog.; Bradley, The Fight with France; Parkman, Montcalm and Wolfe. ...

Priests
(Lord Dorchester era) Introduction of, from France, prohibited, 257. ...

Primogeniture
(Lord Elgin era) Abolished in Upper Canada with respect to real estate, 87. ...

Prince Colonel
(William Lyon Mackenzie era) Defends Windsor, 447; shoots prisoners, 447; condemnation for, 448. ...

Prince Edward Island
Under the name of Isle St. John, it appears in Champlain's narrative and on his map. The name is found on earlier maps, and both the di...

Prince Of Wales College
Located at Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island. Founded, 1860, and amalgamated with the provincial Normal School, 1879. ...

Prince Of Wales Fort
At the mouth of the Churchill River, Hudson Bay. Built by the Hudson's Bay Company, between the years 1733 and 1771. It was of massive ...

Prince Of Wales Island
On the north-west coast of North America. ...

Index : Sir James Douglas Era Recognized As Russian Territory By Convention Of 1825 118
...

Pringle Captain
(Lord Dorchester era) Commands flotilla on Lake Champlain, 154. ...

Prison Reform
(George Brown Era) Need of, in Upper Canada, shown by George Brown, 90; his strong interest in, 91-92. ...

Prisoners
(Lord Dorchester era) British, in America, 201; exchange of, after Revolutionary War, 207, 208; hardships suffered by Germans captured b...

Proclamation Royal
(Lord Dorchester era) Following treaty of Paris, 7; its provisions, 7, 8. ...

Proclamation Of 1764
(Louis Joseph Papineau era) Attorney-general Yorke's opinion of, 11-13; Solicitor-general Wedderburne's views on, 14. ...

Procter Henry A
(1787-1859). Born in Wales. Served in the army, and became colonel of his regiment. In 1812, being stationed in Canada, ordered by Gene...

Bib : Lucas Canadian War Of 1812 See Also War Of 1812
...

Programme Catholique
(Sir Georges E. Cartier era) Issued by Le Parti Catholique, 82; its terms, 82; disapproved of by Archbishop Taschereau, 82-83. ...

Prohibition
(Tilley era) Bill introduced by Tilley in New Brunswick, 34; difficulty with its enforcement, 35-39; causes defeat of government, 41; A...

Protection
(George Brown Era) Beginnings of agitation for, in Canada, 231; opposed by George Brown, 232-233; at the bottom of objections to propose...

Protestant Protective Association
(Sir John A Macdonald era) Carries on an anti-Roman Catholic campaign, 289. ...

Protestants
(Lord Dorchester era) Feeling aroused among, in connection with Quebec Act, 69. (Samuel de Champlain era) Fanaticism of Huguenot agents,...

Provencal
(Samuel de Champlain era) Uncle of Champlain, officer in Spanish naval service, 2. ...

Provincial Secretaries
(Lord Sydenham era) Duties assigned to, 331. ...

Prud'homme
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) Commands Montreal militia, 105. ...

Prussia
(Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Becomes a first-class power, 6. ...

Public Works
(Lord Sydenham era) Expenditure on, in Lower and Upper Canada, respectively, 317, 318; home government advances money for completion of...

Puget Sound Agricultural Company
(Sir James Douglas era) Organized, 129; agricultural interests of Hudson's Bay Company handed over to, 129; its farms, 129-130; checker...

Punshon William Morley 1824-1881 Born In England Engaged For A
time in the timber business with his father; joined the Methodists, 1838, and ordained a Wesleyan minister, 1845. Worked in London, 185...

Index : Egerton Ryerson Era Ryerson's Friendship For 285 Comes To Canada 285-286
Ryerson's letter to, 288-289. =Bib.=: Dent, Can. Por.; Dict. Nat. Biog. ...

Purchas Samuel 1575?-1626 A Graduate Of St John's College
Cambridge. Rector of St. Martin's, Ludgate, London, 1614-1626. Fell heir to a number of unpublished narratives left by Hakluyt, and edit...

Purchase Of Commissions
(Lord Dorchester era) In Loyalist corps, 217. ...

Putnam Charles S
(Wilmot era) A leading barrister of Fredericton, 11. ...

Quadra Juan Francisco De La Bodega Y 1744?-1794 Knight Of The
Order of Santiago. Made voyages of exploration to the North-West Coast in 1775 and 1779. Governor of Nootka, and met Vancouver there in ...

Quakers
(John Graves Simcoe era) Try to bring about peace with Indians, 122. (Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Of Pennsylvania, their opposition to ...

Quebec Act 1774
Provided that the boundaries of the province of Quebec in the west should extend from Lake Erie to the Ohio, along the Ohio to the Miss...

Quebec City
Founded by Champlain (q.v.), in 1608. Seventy-three years earlier, Jacques Cartier had sailed up the great river, and landed near the s...

Quebec Committee
(Lord Sydenham era) Its address to the electors in opposition to the union, 288. ...

Quebec Conference 1864
To discuss terms of Confederation. =Index=: (Sir Georges E. Cartier era) Cauchon's commentaries on the resolutions, 24. (George Brown Er...

Quebec General Hospital
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) Care taken of wounded British in, 153; British guard placed on, 223; Levis takes possession of, 265; painful sce...

Quebec Hotel Dieu
(Count Frontenac era) Origin of, 28. (Bishop Laval era) Laval lodges at, for a time, 33; nuns of, take charge of the general hospital, 2...

Quebec Library
Founded at Quebec in 1779. The first public library in what is now Canada. On Jan. 7 of that year, the following advertisement appeared...

Quebec Literary And Historical Society
Founded at Quebec in 1824, largely through the influence and liberality of the Earl of Dalhousie, then governor-general. Its purposes w...

Quebec Province Of
Area 351,873 square miles. Formed the principal part of Canada, as ceded to Britain in 1763. Under the Quebec Act, 1774, its boundaries...

Quebec Revenue Act
(Lord Sydenham era) Provided fund for carrying on colonial government, 83. =Bib.=: Houston, Constitutional Documents of Canada. ...

Quebec Seminary
Opened 1668, in a house belonging to the widow of Guillaume Couillard, at the entrance to the governor's garden. Corner-stone of the fi...

Quebec Siege Of 1629
The previous year, David Kirke had sailed up the river, and sent a demand for the surrender of the fort, which Champlain peremptorily r...

Quebec Siege Of 1690
Sir William Phipps, having captured Port Royal in May of this year, appeared before Quebec in October, with thirty-two ships and a forc...

Quebec Siege Of 1759
Following the capture of Louisbourg, Duquesne, and Fort Frontenac, in the campaign of 1758, two expeditions were sent the following yea...

Quebec Siege Of 1760
After the battle of Ste. Foy, April 20, 1760, Murray retreated within the walls of Quebec, and Levis laid siege to the town. The defenc...

Quebec Siege Of 1775-1776
See American invasion; Montgomery; Arnold; Dorchester. =Bib.=: Anderson, Siege and Blockade of Quebec (Quebec Lit. and Hist. Soc. Trans...

Queen Charlotte Islands
A group in the Pacific Ocean, off the coast of British Columbia. Discovered by Captain Cook in 1778. Captain George Dixon examined both...

Queen's Brigade French
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) In battle of Ste. Foy, 262. ...

Queen's Rangers
(Lord Dorchester era) Commanded by Colonel Simcoe, 202. (John Graves Simcoe era) Raising of, 22; Simcoe obtains command of, 22; disperse...

Queen's University
Established at Kingston, Ontario. Founded in 1839, and incorporated by royal charter in 1841. The first principal was Rev. Thomas Lidde...

Index : Egerton Ryerson Era Opened March 1842 A Presbyterian Institution 135 147
Act of incorporation, 1840, 146; royal charter, 1841, 147; legislative grant, 148; Dr. Liddell principal, 150; advocates university sche...

Queenston
Village on Canadian side of Niagara River. =Index=: (General Brock era) In 1803 an important village, 58. =Bib.=: Lovell, Gazetteer of C...

Queenston Heights Battle Of
In War of 1812. Brock commanded the British forces, consisting of regulars and militia, between 1500 and 2000 men, scattered along the ...

Quen Jean De 1603-1659 Born At Amiens Came To Canada 1635
Laboured for many years among the Montagnais. In 1647, explored the upper Saguenay and Lake St. John. Five years later returned, and es...

Quentin Barthelemy
(Samuel de Champlain era) Director of Company of New France, 170. ...

Quentin Bonaventure Sieur De Richebourg
(Samuel de Champlain era) Director of Company of New France, 170. ...

Quentin Father Claude
(Samuel de Champlain era) Jesuit, visits Miscou, 234. ...

Quesnel Frederick A
(Lord Sydenham era) Member of Special Council of Lower Canada, opposes union, 193. (Louis Joseph Papineau era) Withdraws his support of ...

Quesnel Jules Maurice
(Sir James Douglas era) Accompanies Simon Fraser on voyage down the Fraser, 60. (Mackenzie / Selkirk / Simpson era) With Simon Fraser in...

Queylus Abbe De
(Count Frontenac era) Sulpician, appointed vicar-general for Canada, 42; sent back to France by Bishop Laval, 43. (Bishop Laval era) His...

Quimper Manuel
Accompanied Eliza on his voyage to the North-West Coast in 1790, and under his orders explored the Strait of Juan de Fuca, and named va...

Quinte Bay Of
An inlet of Lake Ontario, on the north shore. The name is of Iroquois origin. A number of Cayugas settled here about the middle of the ...

Index : Sir Frederick Haldimand Era Iroquois Settlement On 265 Bib : Conant Life In
Canada and Upper Canada Sketches. ...

Quintin's Bridge
(John Graves Simcoe era) Skirmish at, 24. ...

Quinton James
(Tilley era) Candidate in St. John County, New Brunswick. 85, 109. ...

Radisson Pierre Esprit 1620?-1710? Born In Paris Came To Canada
in 1651, and settled at Three Rivers. In 1652 captured by the Iroquois and carried off to their country, where by great good fortune he ...

Rae John 1813-1893 Served As A Surgeon In The Hudson's Bay
Company. In 1846-1847 made two exploring expeditions. Accompanied Richardson in his expedition in search of Sir John Franklin, 1848; and...

Rae W G
(Sir James Douglas era) Expedition on behalf of Hudson's Bay Company, 51; in charge of Fort Stikine, 122; appointed to post on Yerba Bue...

Rafeix Father
(Bishop Laval era) Jesuit, comes to Canada, 41. ...

Rageot Gilles
(Count Frontenac era) Clerk to attorney-general, 106. ...

Ragueneau Paul 1605-1680 Born In Paris France Joined The Society
of Jesus, and in 1636 came to Canada as a missionary to the Indians. For a few years worked among the Hurons, and in 1640 sent on a miss...

Raikes Thomas
(Lord Sydenham era) His description of Poulett Thomson, 43. ...

Railways
(Lord Elgin era) History of, in Canada, 99; vigorous policy of La Fontaine-Baldwin government, 99-101; and Hincks-Morin ministry, 114-11...

Rainsford John
(Count Frontenac era) Rescues comrades cast away on Anticosti, 304. ...

Raisin Sister Marie
(Bishop Laval era) Member of Congregation de Notre Dame, 91. ...

Ralleau
(Samuel de Champlain era) Secretary of De Monts, 33. ...

Ramesay De
(Count Frontenac era) Commands militia in attack on Iroquois, 351. ...

Ramezay Claude De
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) Commandant of garrison of Quebec, 214, 219; describes despondency in city, 224; calls council which declares for ...

Rand Theodore Harding 1835-1900 Born At Cornwallis Nova Scotia
Educated at Horton Academy and at Acadia College. Taught for a time in the provincial Normal School, Truro. Subsequently superintendent ...

Randal Robert
(William Lyon Mackenzie era) Virginian, settled at Chippewa, 138; Mackenzie defends, 138; goes to England about Alien Act, 139; success ...

Randolph Beverley 1755-1797 Governor Of Virginia Born In Henrico
County, Virginia, and educated at William and Mary College. In 1784 was appointed a visitor of the college. A member of the Virginia Ass...

Rangers British
(Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Established near Cataraqui, 265. (Wolfe / Montcalm era) Reembark after fall of Quebec, 236. See also Queen...

Rankin Colonel
(Sir John A Macdonald era) Challenges Macdonald, but makes frank apology, and meeting is averted, 81-82. ...

Rankine Alexander
(Tilley era) Deserts Liberals in New Brunswick, 18. ...

Rattray William Jordan 1835-1883 Born In London England
Emigrated to Canada, 1848. In 1858 graduated from Toronto University, and later entered the journalistic profession. Published a number ...

Raudot Antoine-denis 1679-1737 Son Of Jacques Raudot Filled The
office of inspector-general of the navy at Dunkirk, before coming to Canada with his father in 1705. Acted as assistant to the intendant...

Raudot Jacques 1647-1728 Councillor To The Parliament Of Metz In
1674; and to the Cour des Aides at Paris, 1678. Came to Canada as intendant, 1705, and devoted himself with rare disinterestedness to th...

Razilly Chevalier De
(Samuel de Champlain era) One of the Hundred Associates, 170; ordered to assist Quebec, 200; instructions cancelled, 201; sent with exp...

Re Francois Sieur De Gand
(Samuel de Champlain era) One of the Hundred Associates, 171. ...

Read David Breakenridge 1823- Born In Augusta Ontario Educated
at Upper Canada College; studied law and called to the bar of Upper Canada, 1845; practised his profession in Toronto; appointed Q.C., 1...

Reade Alfred
(Wilmot era) Appointed by Governor Colebrooke as provincial secretary of New Brunswick, 76; causes resignation of ministers, 76-78; dis...

Rebellion Losses Bill
(William Lyon Mackenzie era) Furious debate on, between MacNab and Blake, 489. (Baldwin / La Fontaine / Hincks era) Passed in 1847, 292;...

Rebellion Of 1837 In Lower Canada
The culmination of a long agitation, on the part of the French-Canadians, for a larger measure of popular government. The older and mor...

Rebellion Of 1837 In Upper Canada
Almost the exact counterpart of the revolt in the lower province. The leaders here were William Lyon Mackenzie, Samuel Lount, Van Egmon...

Reciprocity
Efforts were made from time to time by Canada, between the years 1847 and 1854, to secure the free admission of goods between Canada an...

Recollets
A branch of the Franciscan order. First came to Canada in 1615, at the request of Champlain, and under the authority of Pope Paul V. Th...

Red River
Sometimes called Red River of the North, to distinguish it from the Red River of Texas. The name is supposed to have been derived from ...

Red River Colony
Also known as the Red River Settlement; Selkirk Colony; Assiniboia, etc. Founded by the Earl of Selkirk (q.v.), in 1811. The first part...

Red River Rebellion
See Riel Rebellion, 1869-1870. ...

Redistribution Bill
(Sir John A Macdonald era) Bill brought in by Macdonald in 1882, to adjust representation in House, 273; Blake on, 274; description of, ...

Redpath Peter 1821-1894 Born In Montreal Educated At St Paul's
School there; engaged in business in his native town. Took a deep interest in the improvement of Montreal and of its public institutions...

Bib : Dawson Peter Redpath Governor And Benefactor Of Mcgill
University. ...

Reed Joseph
(Tilley era) Deserts his party in New Brunswick, 18. ...

Reform Alliance
(William Lyon Mackenzie era) Objects of, 495; Mackenzie attacks, 496; death of, 497. ...

Reform Association
(Baldwin / La Fontaine / Hincks era) Founded in Toronto, with branches throughout Canada, in 1844, 221; organizes series of public meeti...

Reform Parliamentary
(Lord Sydenham era) Question of, in Britain, 25, 28, 32. ...

Reform Party
(George Brown Era) Fight for responsible government, against Metcalfe, 21; under wise leadership of Baldwin and La Fontaine, 24; Convent...

Regale
(Bishop Laval era) Dispute respecting, between Louis XIV and Pope Clement, 184, 201. ...

Regina
Capital of the province of Saskatchewan, and formerly of the North-West Territories. Founded in 1882, and named by the Marquis of Lorne...

Regiopolis College
Established at Kingston. =Index=: (Baldwin / La Fontaine / Hincks era) Established by Roman Catholics, 194. (Egerton Ryerson era) Incorp...

Registration
(John Graves Simcoe era) Of deeds in Upper Canada, system introduced, 94, 102. (Lord Sydenham era) Of titles in Lower Canada, ordinance ...

Reid Stuart J
(William Lyon Mackenzie era) On colonial government, 2; on Lord Durham, 7; on the Duke of Wellington, 17; on authorship of Durham's Repo...

Bib : Life And Letters Of Durham Lord John Russell
...

Renaud
(Sir Georges E. Cartier era) Demands disallowance of New Brunswick Act abolishing separate schools, 73. ...

Repentigny
On the St. Lawrence, north bank. (Count Frontenac era) Band of Iroquois surprised and destroyed at, 308. ...

Repentigny Captain De
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) With Canadians, guards fords of Montmorency, 112; drives British force back to their camp, 129; ordered with his...

Representation Bill 1853
(Lord Elgin era) Sir John Macdonald's view on, 132-133. ...

Representation By Population
(George Brown Era) Advocated by George Brown, 71, 75, 82, 142; principle defined, 82-83; movement for, 83-84; demanded by Upper Canada ...

Representative Government
(Lord Dorchester era) Little interest felt in, by French-Canadians, 61; mentioned in their petition to the king, 61. See also Responsib...

Representative Institutions
(Count Frontenac era) Complete absence of, in New France, 131-132. ...

Responsible Government
The period of responsible government in Canada dates from the union of 1841; in Nova Scotia, from 1848; in New Brunswick, the same year...

Bib : Bourinot Constitutional History Of Canada Shortt And
Doughty, Constitutional Documents of Canada; Egerton and Grant, Canadian Constitutional Documents; Dent, Last Forty Years; Durham, Repo...

Revenue
(William Lyon Mackenzie era) Casual and territorial, how derived and appropriated, 54-55; subject of contention, 55. (Lord Sydenham era)...

Revue Canadienne
Established in Montreal, in 1865. This important French-Canadian magazine contains an immense amount of valuable material bearing on th...

Reye Pierre
(Samuel de Champlain era) Sides with the Kirkes, 194; his character bad, 204. ...

Rheaume Colonel
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) Killed in battle of Ste. Foy, 264. ...

Rhodes Cecil John 1853-1902 Born At Bishop Stortford England
Educated at Oxford. Went to South Africa, 1871, and made a fortune in the diamond mines. Entered the Assembly of Cape Colony, 1881, and ...

Riall Sir Phineas
Entered the army, 1794; lieutenant-colonel, 1806; saw service in the West Indies. In 1813 attained the rank of major-general and ordere...

Rice Spring
See Monteagle, Lord. ...

Richard Father
(Samuel de Champlain era) Jesuit, in charge of mission at Miscou and afterwards at Chedabucto, 235, 237. ...

Richards Sir William Buell 1815-1889 Born In Brockville Ontario
Studied law and called to the bar of Upper Canada, 1837. Elected a member of the Upper Canada Assembly, 1848; appointed to the Executive...

Index : Lord Elgin Era Returned In 1848 50 Attorney-general Of Upper Canada In
Hincks-Morin ministry, 113; elevated to the bench, 126; first chief-justice of Supreme Court of Canada, 128. =Bib.=: Dent, Can. Por. ...

Richardson James 1791-1875 Entered The Provincial Marine 1809
and served through the War of 1812. Entered the ministry of the Methodist Episcopal Church, 1824. Became editor of the Christian Guardi...

Richardson John 1796-1852 Born Near Niagara Falls Ontario In
1812 served during the war in the Canadian militia; at the battle of the Thames taken prisoner; released; and afterwards entered the Bri...

Richardson Sir John 1787-1865 Born In Dumfries Scotland Educated
at Edinburgh University. In 1807 entered the navy as assistant surgeon, and took part in the attack on Copenhagen. In 1816 obtained the ...

Richelieu Armand Jean Du Plessis Duc De 1585-1642 Born In France
In 1607 bishop of Lucon; entered politics, and in 1616 secretary of state for war and foreign affairs. In 1622 created cardinal; in 1624...

Richelieu District
In the Province of Quebec. =Index=: (Lord Dorchester era) Parishes in, show marked sympathy with Americans, 89. ...

Richelieu Islands
Near mouth of Richelieu River. =Index=: (Samuel de Champlain era) A trading place, 120, 245. ...

Richelieu River
Rises in Bennington county, Vermont, and flows into the St. Lawrence, after a course of 210 miles. Discovered by Champlain in 1609, who...

Bib : Parkman Pioneers Of France White Atlas Of Canada
...

Richer Jean
(Samuel de Champlain era) Interpreter, 144. ...

Richibucto
(Samuel de Champlain era) Jesuit mission at, 234. ...

Richmond Charles Lennox Third Duke Of 1735-1806 Graduated At
Leyden, 1753; entered the army, and distinguished himself at Minden, 1759; ambassador at Paris, 1765; secretary of state, 1766-1767; mem...

Richmond Charles Lennox Fourth Duke Of 1764-1819 Entered
Parliament, 1790; privy councillor, 1807; lord lieutenant of Ireland, 1807-1813; governor-general of British North America, 1818-1819. D...

Rickson Lieutenant-colonel
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) Wolfe's letter to, 72. ...

Riddell Robert
(Baldwin / La Fontaine / Hincks era) Defeats Hincks in Oxford, 1844, 253; Hincks's petition against his election refused, 253. ...

Rideau Canal
Built in 1826-1832, by Colonel John By, with several companies of Royal Engineers. The first boat went through the canal in May, 1832, ...

Ridout George
(William Lyon Mackenzie era) Dismissed by Head, 306. ...

Ridout Thomas
A United Empire Loyalist. Came to Canada in 1780; became registrar of York; and subsequently surveyor-general of Upper Canada. =Index=:...

Ridout Thomas G
(1792-1861). Born near Sorel. Removed with his family to Niagara, and later to York. At the age of nineteen appointed deputy assistant ...

Riedesel Frederica Charlotte Louisa 1746-1808 Wife Of Baron
Friedrich Adolph Riedesel; born in Bradenburg, Germany. Educated in Berlin. In 1777 accompanied her husband to Canada and was with him ...

Riedesel Friedrich Adolph Baron 1738-1800 German Officer Born In
Rhine-Hesse. Educated at Marburg. Served on the staff of Prince Ferdinand of Brunswick in the Seven Years' War, and took part in the ba...

Index : Lord Dorchester Era Commands German Troops 145 Joins Burgoyne At St Johns
147; his regret at Carleton's being superseded in military command, 174. (Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Commands German troops, 114; his ...

Riel Louis 1844-1885 Born In St Boniface Manitoba Educated At
the Jesuit College, Montreal. Leader of the Rebellion of 1869-1870; organized a provisional government at Fort Garry, but fled to the Un...

Riel Rebellion 1869-1870 The Territorial Rights Of The Hudson's Bay
Company having been transferred to Canada, a surveying party under Colonel Dennis was sent out to Red River in 1869, and the same year ...

Riel Rebellion 1885 The Land Question Which Had Given Rise To The
Red River Rebellion of 1869-1870, was also responsible for the Saskatchewan Rebellion of 1885. The government had neglected to issue pa...

Bib : Boulton Reminiscences Of The North-west Rebellions Report
upon the Suppression of the Rebellion in the North-West; Denison, Soldiering in Canada. ...

Ripon Frederick John Robinson Earl Of 1782-1859 Born In London
Educated at Harrow and Cambridge. In 1806 entered Parliament; in 1809 appointed under-secretary for the colonies; in 1810 lord of the A...

Ripon George Frederick Samuel Robinson First Marquess 1827-
Succeeded his father as Earl of Ripon, 1859, and his uncle as Earl de Grey the same year. Created marquis, 1871. Has been secretary of s...

Ritchie Sir William Johnstone 1813-1892 Born In Annapolis Nova
Scotia. Educated at Pictou Academy, Nova Scotia. In 1838 called to the bar of New Brunswick; in 1846-1851 member for St. John in the Le...

Riviere Aux Raisins
(John Graves Simcoe era) Boundary of territory dependent on Detroit during British occupation, 145. ...

Riviere Ouelle
South shore of St. Lawrence, below Quebec. =Index=: (Count Frontenac era) Alleged repulse of party of New Englanders at, 291. ...

Roads
(Baldwin / La Fontaine / Hincks era) Government makes provision for, in 1841, 98-99; winter roads at Quebec, 146-147. See also Yonge Str...

Roberts Captain
(General Brock era) Commands on Island of St. Joseph, 202, 210; instructed by Brock to capture Michilimackinac, 205; contrary order from...

Robertson
(Tilley era) Anti-Confederate candidate in St. John County, 109. ...

Robertson Colin
(Mackenzie / Selkirk / Simpson era) Brings Selkirk settlers back to Red River, 165, 177; captures Fort Gibraltar, 178; takes Duncan Came...

Robertson James 1839-1902 Born In Scotland Removed To Canada And
educated at the University of Toronto, Union Theological Seminary, New York, and Princeton University. Ordained to the ministry of the ...

Robertson Thomas Jaffray
(Egerton Ryerson era) First principal of Toronto Normal School, 173; his methods and influence, 173-174; inspector of schools, 253. ...

Robertson William
(John Graves Simcoe era) Appointed member of Legislative Council, but did not come to Canada, 79. ...

Roberval Jean Francois De La Roque Sieur De
A gentleman of Picardy, born about the year 1500. By a commission dated Jan. 15, 1541, Francis I gave him the command of the expedition...

Bib : Hakluyt Principall Navigations Harrisse Notes Sur La
Nouvelle France; Dawson, The St. Lawrence Basin; Dionne, Jean-Francois de la Roche, Seigneur de Roberval (R. S. C., 1899). ...

Robie Simon Bradstreet
(Joseph Howe era) Member of Executive Council, Nova Scotia, 1838, 56-57. ...

Robineau De Becancour Rene
(Lord Elgin era) His seigniory of Portneuf made a barony, 181. ...

Robineau De Portneuf Pierre
Son of Rene Robineau, Baron de Becancour, a lieutenant in the regiment of Robineau de Menneval, 1690. Served in Acadia, 1691. =Index=: ...

Robinson Major
(Tilley era) Makes survey for Intercolonial, 53. ...

Robinson Colonel Beverley 1723-1792 Born In Thornbury England
Entered the army; took part as a major, under Wolfe, in the attack on Quebec, 1759. Opposed the measures that led to the separation of t...

Robinson Frederick John
See Ripon. ...

Robinson F P
(Wilmot era) Auditor of king's casual revenue, 34; resigns, 72. ...

Robinson John
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) His impression of Wolfe's conversation on night before battle, 179. ...

Robinson Sir John Beverley 1791-1863 Educated At Dr Strachan's
school, Kingston; studied law and became acting attorney-general in 1812, before he had been called to the bar. Played a distinguished p...

Robinson John Beverley 1820-1896 Second Son Of Sir John Beverley
Robinson; born in Toronto. Educated at Upper Canada College; appointed aide-de-camp to Sir Francis Bond Head; saw active service during ...

Robinson W B
(Baldwin / La Fontaine / Hincks era) Brother of Sir J. B. Robinson, appointed inspector-general, 1844, 247; elected in elections of 1844...

Roblin Rodmond Palen 1853- Born In Sophiasburg Ontario Educated
at Albert College, Belleville. Removed to Manitoba and settled at Carman, 1880. Elected to the Manitoba Assembly for Dufferin, 1888; pr...

Rochemonteix Camille
A member of the Society of Jesus. =Index=: (Count Frontenac era) On the Jesuit Relations, 30. =Bib.=; Les Jesuites et le Nouvelle Franc...

Rockingham Charles Watson-wentworth Marquis Of 1730-1782 Born In
Yorkshire, England. Educated at Westminster School and St. John's College, Cambridge. In 1746 served as a volunteer against the Jacobite...

Rocky Mountain Fur Company
Founded at St. Louis, in 1822, by William H. Ashley. The field of its operations was the Upper Missouri country. After an adventurous c...

Rocky Mountain Portage
Leads across an elbow of the Peace River, in the mountains, about long. 122 deg., to avoid a series of dangerous rapids. First used by ...

Rocky Mountains
Commence in New Mexico, and extend north to the Arctic coast, west of the Mackenzie River. The highest known peaks in the Canadian Rock...

Rodier Edouard
(Sir Georges E. Cartier era) As an orator, 7; influence on Cartier, 7. ...

Rodney George Brydges Baron 1718-1792 Born In Walton-upon-thames
England. Educated at Harrow School. Entered the navy; promoted lieutenant, 1739, and captain, 1742. In 1748 appointed governor and comm...

Roebuck John Arthur 1801-1879 Born In Madras India Brought To
Canada at an early age, and educated here. Went to England in 1824 to study law, and called to the bar in 1831. In 1832-1837 member of ...

Bib : Dict Nat Biog
...

Rogers Sir F
See Blachford. ...

Rogers Robert 1727-1800 Born At Dunbarton New Hampshire In The
War of 1755-1760 with the French, commanded Rogers's Rangers and distinguished himself in several engagements. Sent by Amherst in 1759 t...

Rohault De
(Count Frontenac era) Establishes college for boys at Quebec, 28. ...

Rolette Lieutenant
(General Brock era) Captures schooner Cayahoga with stores and baggage of General Hull, 218, 243; in command of brig Detroit captured b...

Rollet Marie
(Samuel de Champlain era) Wife of Louis Hebert, 112, 146. ...

Rolph John 1792-1870 Born In Thornbury England Emigrated To
Canada. Practised as a physician in Toronto, and in 1837 took part in the Rebellion. Connected with Mackenzie in the attempt to capture ...

Roman Catholic Church
The first authentic landmark in the history of the Roman Catholic Church in Canada is the arrival of several Jesuit missionaries in Aca...

Bib : O'leary Roman Catholic Church In Quebec Harris Roman
Catholic Church in Ontario; Cameron, Catholic Church in Maritime Provinces in Canada: An Ency., vol. 2. ...

Rooseboom Johannes
(Count Frontenac era) Of Albany, carries goods to Lake Indians, 201. ...

Roquemaure
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) Montcalm's early childhood spent at, 3. ...

Roquemont Claude De Sieur De Brison
(Samuel de Champlain era) Assists in forming Company of New France, 168; comes out in command of ships, 172; encounters English vessels...

Rose Sir John 1820-1888 Born In Aberdeenshire Scotland Educated
there. In 1836 emigrated to Canada, and served during the Rebellion of 1837. Studied law; called to the bar, 1842, and practised in Mont...

Rosebery Archibald Philip Primrose Earl Of 1847- Born In London
Educated at Eton and Oxford. In 1881-1883 under-secretary for the home office; in 1885 lord privy seal; and later chief commissioner of ...

Index : Sir John A Macdonald Era Secretary Of State For Foreign Affairs 332 His Speech At
unveiling of bust of Macdonald in St. Paul's Cathedral, 332-333. =Bib.=: Who's Who. ...

Rosee Jean
(Samuel de Champlain era) Director of Company of New France, 170; agent of Company of New France, 244. ...

Ross Major
(Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Of the 34th Regiment, devastates large section of country, 157; retakes Oswego, 157. (John Graves Simcoe e...

Ross Alexander
Joined Astor's Pacific Fur Company in 1810, having probably been previously engaged as a clerk in the service of the North West Company...

Ross Charles
(Sir James Douglas era) In charge of Fort Camosun (Victoria), 1843, 180; his death, 1844, 181. ...

Ross Dunbar
(Lord Elgin era) Solicitor-general, last in Hincks-Morin government, 126; holds same office in MacNab-Morin ministry, but without seat i...

Ross James 1811-1886 Born In West River Nova Scotia For A Time
headmaster of Westmoreland Grammar School, New Brunswick. Editor of the Presbyterian Banner, 1842. Principal Dalhousie College, 1863. ...

Ross John
(Mackenzie / Selkirk / Simpson era) Sent to Athabaska district by X Y Company, 14; relations with Pond, 15; his death, 16. ...

Ross John 1818-1871 Born In County Antrim Ireland Emigrated To
Canada; educated at the district school, Brockville. In 1839 called to the bar, and built up a successful practice. Appointed to the Le...

Ross
(Sir James Douglas era) Name of Russian settlement at Bodega Bay, 45; purchased from Russians for $30,000 by Sutter in 1841, 45. ...

Rosslyn Alexander Wedderburn Baron Loughborough First Earl Of
(1733-1805). Entered Parliament, 1761; solicitor-general, 1771, and supported George III and Lord North in resisting the claims of the ...

Rothery Henry Cadogan 1817-1888 George Brown Era Registrar Of The High Court Of
Admiralty in England,--prepares Canadian case in fisheries arbitration, 225-226; suggests Reciprocity Treaty, as compensation for fisher...

Rottenburg Baron De
Entered the army, and in 1795 promoted major of Hussars; in 1797 lieutenant-colonel of the 60th Foot; and colonel in 1805. Served durin...

Index : General Brock Era Appointed Brigadier 123 Arrival Of At Quebec 134
...

Bib : Morgan Cel Can Lucas Canadian War Of 1812
...

Rottenburg Baroness De
(General Brock era) Her great charm, 134, 137. ...

Roubaud Pierre
(Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Ex-Jesuit, his erratic habits, 48, 49; a friend of Du Calvet, 290. ...

Rouer De Villeray Louis 1630?-1685 Born In France Came To Canada
in 1651. Through Laval's influence, appointed to the Sovereign Council in 1663, and retained his position in the reorganization of the C...

Rous John
In command of a Boston privateer, did much damage to French commerce. Made a successful raid on the French posts on the north coast of ...

Rouvier
(Samuel de Champlain era) Clerk, goes to France, 121; returns with letters, 135. ...

Rowan Sir William
Born in Ireland, 1789. Entered the army as ensign, 1783; saw service in various parts of the world, including Spain, France, and North ...

Roy Louis
(John Graves Simcoe era) First printer in Upper Canada, 172; acts as king's printer, 173; succeeded by G. Tiffany, 173. ...

Royal Joseph 1837- Born At Repentigny Quebec Educated At St
Mary's College, Montreal. Entered into newspaper work; established L'Ordre, Le Nouveau Monde, and assisted in founding La Revue Canadie...

Royal American Regiment
(Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Afterwards 60th Foot, Haldimand lieutenant-colonel in, 1, 9, 11; recruiting for, 12; Washington suggests ...

Royal Canadian Academy Of Arts
Founded by the Marquis of Lorne (afterwards Duke of Argyll), in 1880, the first exhibition being held in Ottawa the same year. The firs...

Royal Highland Emigrants
(Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Regiment raised in Canada, 111, 112, 306; disbanded and take up lands, 255, 262, 265. (Lord Dorchester era...

Royal Military College Kingston
Established by Act of Parliament in 1874; opened 1875. =Bib.=: Mayne, The Royal Military College in Canada: An Ency., vol. 4. ...

Royal North-west Mounted Police
Organized in 1873 by the Dominion government, for the preservation of law and order in the new settlements west of Lake Superior. The f...

Royal Regiment Of New York
(Lord Dorchester era) Raised by Sir John Johnson, 151, 173. ...

Royal Roussillon Regiment
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) One battalion of, sent to Canada, 12; deserters from, give information to Wolfe, 171, 184; in retreat from Jacqu...

Royal Society Of Canada
Founded by the Marquis of Lorne (afterward Duke of Argyll) in 1881, during his governorship in Canada. The first meeting was held in Ot...

Royal William
Built at Quebec in the year 1830; launched in the spring of 1831. On Aug. 5, 1833, she sailed from Quebec for London, stopping at Picto...

Royal William H M S
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) Conveys Wolfe's remains to England, 238. ...

Ruette D'auteuil Denis-joseph
(Bishop Laval era) Crown prosecutor, 167; temporarily banished from Quebec, 168. (Count Frontenac era) Attorney-general, 106; death of, ...

Ruette D'auteuil Francois-madeleine-fortune
(Count Frontenac era) Son of Denis, succeeds him, 138; makes trouble for Intendant Meulles, 174; waits on Frontenac, 255. ...

Rumigny
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) At Sillery, directs artillery fire on enemy on opposite shore, 161. ...

Rupert's Land
The name applied to the territories of the Hudson's Bay Company, particularly to that portion lying west of Hudson Bay and east of the ...

Rupert Prince 1619-1683 Third Son Of The Elector Palatine
Frederick V, and Elizabeth, daughter of James I of England. Served in the army during the Thirty Years' War; commanded the royal cavalry...

Russell Alexander J
(Samuel de Champlain era) His papers on Champlain's astrolabe, 76. ...

Russell John First Earl 1792-1878 Born In London Entered
Parliament, 1813; home secretary, 1835, in Melbourne's ministry; in 1839 colonial secretary; and in 1846 premier. In 1852 foreign secret...

Russell Peter 1755-1825 Born In England In 1791 Accompanied
Simcoe to Canada, and appointed inspector-general; later becoming a member of the Assembly and of the Executive Council. Administered th...

Russian-american Fur Company
Chartered in 1799, with a monopoly of the fur trade of Russian America. It absorbed the various smaller independent companies, and for ...

Russian Convention 1825
(Sir James Douglas era) Its provisions, 118-119. ...

Russian Explorations
(Sir James Douglas era) Stimulated by fur trade, 38; America reached by way of Siberia, 38; Vitus Bering's expeditions, 39-40; explorati...

Russian Fur Trade
(Sir James Douglas era) In Alaska, 4, 12, 17; grew out of Bering's voyages, 41; character of the traders, 41; expansion of the trade, 42...

Ryerson Egerton 1803-1882 Egerton Ryerson Era Born March 24 1803 Near Village Of
Vittoria, Upper Canada, 1; parentage, 1; his father a United Empire Loyalist, 1; his mother's influence, 2; his early life on the farm, ...

Bib : Works: Report On Popular Education Affairs Of The Canadas
Story of My Life; Canadian Methodism; Loyalists of America. For biog., see Morgan, Cel. Can.; Dict. Nat. Biog.; Dent, Can. Por. and Las...

Ryerson George
(Egerton Ryerson era) Joins Methodists, and sent as missionary to the Indians, 18; appears before British parliamentary committee, 75, 1...

Ryerson John 1800-1878 Born In Norfolk Ontario Educated At The
public schools. In 1818 became a Wesleyan preacher, and active for many years in the establishment of missionary and other institutions ...

Ryerson Colonel Joseph
(Egerton Ryerson era) Father of Egerton Ryerson, a United Empire Loyalist, serves as an officer in Prince of Wales Regiment of New Jers...

Ryerson William
(Egerton Ryerson era) His brother, Egerton, takes his place in the Methodist ministry for a year, 15; describes Egerton's Indian school,...

Ryland Herman W
(General Brock era) Private secretary to Lieutenant-Governor Milnes, 47; unfriendly to French-Canadians and Roman Catholics, 48, 86; hi...

Rymal Jacob
(William Lyon Mackenzie era) Aids Mackenzie's escape, 390. ...

Rynd
(John Graves Simcoe era) Simcoe's account of death of, 34. ...

Ryswick Treaty Of
Concluded in 1697; brought peace between Great Britain and France. Provided for the mutual restoration of all places taken by either pa...

Sable Island
Off the coast of Nova Scotia. It was known from about the beginning of the sixteenth century as Santa Cruz, and so appears on Reinel's ...

Sackville George Sackville Germain First Viscount 1716-1785
Served with distinction at Fontenoy, 1745; major-general, 1755; lieutenant-general of the ordnance, 1757; second in command of St. Malo ...

Saco River
(Count Frontenac era) Fort built at falls of, 329. ...

Sagard-theodat Gabriel
(Count Frontenac era) Recollet, on bad examples shown by colonists to Indians, 14. (Bishop Laval era) Missionary labours of, 3. (Samuel ...

Saguenay River
One of the principal tributaries of the St. Lawrence. Rises at the head waters of the Peribonka in lat. 52 deg. N. and long. 71 deg. 10...

St Andre
(Bishop Laval era) Brings out a number of colonists and ecclesiastics, 31. ...

St Andrews
Seaport of New Brunswick, and the chief town of Charlotte County. Founded by American Loyalists in 1783, and was for some time only an ...

Index : Wilmot Era Grammar School At 85 Bib : Lovell Gazetteer Of
Canada. ...

St Augustine
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) Retreating army halts at, 218; Levis hears news of surrender of Quebec at, 234. (Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Hal...

St-castin Jean De L'abadie Baron De 1650-1712 Native Of Bearn
came to Canada, 1665, with the Carignan-Salieres Regiment, as an ensign in the company of Chambly. Took part in the expedition of De Cou...

St-cirque
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) Killed at Laprairie, 232. ...

St Clair Arthur 1734-1818 Born In Scotland Entered The Army
1757, and came to America, serving under Amherst at Louisbourg, 1758, and Wolfe at Quebec, 1759. Settled in America, and on the breaking...

St Domingo
Island in the West Indies. (General Brock era) Revolution in, 39-41. ...

St Etienne
(Samuel de Champlain era) Vessel in which Recollet missionaries came to Canada, 85. ...

St Francis Xavier College
Located at Antigonish, Nova Scotia. Diocesan institution, known as Arichat College, opened at Arichat, 1853. Transferred to Antigonish ...

St George Sir Thomas Bligh 1765-1837 Born In England Entered The
army and rose to the rank of major-general, 1819. Came to Canada, 1809, as inspecting field officer of militia in Upper Canada; commande...

St Germain-en-laye Treaty Of
Signed between France and Great Britain on March 29, 1632. Restored Quebec, Nova Scotia, and the island of Cape Breton to France. =Inde...

St Hubert Father
(Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Recommended for vacancy in bishopric, 182. ...

St Ignace Mother
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) Describes scene at General Hospital, 223. ...

St Ignace
(Samuel de Champlain era) Jesuit mission in Huron country, 92. ...

St Jean
(Samuel de Champlain era) One of the vessels of Company of New France, 245. ...

St Joachim
(Bishop Laval era) Boarding school for children established at, 100; Laval's gift to school at, 199. ...

St John
City and seaport of New Brunswick, situated at the mouth of the St. John River. It was incorporated as the city of St. John in 1785, du...

Index : Wilmot Era Presents Address To Sir Charles Metcalfe 74-75 Grammar
schools in, 85. (Tilley era) Young Men's Debating Society, 7; preferred men to measures, 25. =Bib.=: Hannay, History of New Brunswick; L...

St John Island
See Prince Edward Island. ...

St John's
Capital of Newfoundland. Founded in 1582 by Sir Humphrey Gilbert. It was captured by Iberville in 1696, and again during the Seven Year...

St John's
A city on the Richelieu River, Province of Quebec. It was a military station during the American invasion; captured by Arnold in 1775; ...

St John's River
(Bishop Laval era) Recollet mission on, 111. ...

St Joseph De Levis
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) Skirmish at, 102, 103. ...

St Julien
(Samuel de Champlain era) Spanish vessel, commanded by Champlain, 3. ...

St Laurent
(Samuel de Champlain era) French vessel seized by the English, 222. ...

St Laurent
Village on north bank of St. Lawrence. =Index=: (Wolfe / Montcalm era) Letter of cure of, to British officers, 93. ...

St Lawrence Channel
(Sir Georges E. Cartier era) Cartier favours deepening of, 45. ...

St Lawrence Gulf
The first authenticated voyage to the gulf is that of Jacques Cartier, in 1534. In his second voyage, of 1535-1536, Cartier made furthe...

St Lawrence Island
See Cape Breton. ...

St Lawrence Rapids
(Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Amherst loses a large number of men in, 37. ...

St Lawrence River
Rises at the source of the St. Louis River, west end of Lake Superior, and falls into the Gulf of St. Lawrence. West of Lake Ontario th...

St Lawrence And Atlantic Railway
(Lord Elgin era) Chartered, 1845, to connect with Atlantic and St. Lawrence Railway, 99; provincial guarantee, 1849, 99. (Sir Georges E...

St Leger Colonel Barry
(Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Ordered to occupy Crown Point, 211; unjust complaints against, by chaplain of regiment, 256; his applicati...

St Malo
Seaport of France. =Index=: (Samuel de Champlain era) Merchants of, demand freedom of commerce in the St. Lawrence, 123. (Bishop Laval e...

St Martin Captain
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) Killed in battle of Ste. Foy, 264. ...

St Maurice Forges
Were situated on the river St. Maurice, about nine miles above Three Rivers, Quebec. Iron ore was discovered on the banks of the St. Ma...

Index : Lord Dorchester Era Their Output Of Iron Manufacture 60 Americans Cast
cannon at, 141. (Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Use made of, by Haldimand, 46-48; under direction of Nordberg, 48; Laterriere's report on,...

St Maurice River
One of the tributaries of the St. Lawrence, rises in the height of land near the head waters of the Nottaway, and falls into the St. La...

St Maws
(John Graves Simcoe era) English constituency for which Simcoe sat, 15. ...

St Nicholas
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) Troops disembark at, 165; re-embarkation, 172. ...

St Ours Charles Louis Roch De 1753-1834 Entered Public Life On
the establishment of civil government in Canada, and appointed a member of the Legislative Council, where he voiced the views of the Fr...

Index : Louis Joseph Papineau Era Follows Papineau's Leadership 34 Urges Him To Accept
mission to England, to oppose union of Canadas, 45. =Bib.=: Cyc. Am. Biog.; Christie, History of Lower Canada. ...

St Ours Francois-xavier De 1714-1759 Served In The Campaigns Of
1758 and 1759; severely wounded in the attack on Fort George; commended by Montcalm for conspicuous bravery in the battle of Carillon; a...

St Pater's Port Guernsey
(General Brock era) Home of the Brock family, 3-5. ...

St Paul's Bay
On St. Lawrence River. (Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Contagious disease breaks out at, 190. ...

St Pierre
(Samuel de Champlain era) One of the vessels of Company of New France, 245. ...

St Pierre
An island on the southern coast of Newfoundland, which, with the Miquelon Islands immediately north-west, constitute all that remains o...

St Regis Indians
A band of Roman Catholic Iroquois from Caughnawaga, Quebec, who settled about 1755 in the village of St. Regis, on the south bank of th...

St Rome Chevalier De
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) Sent in charge of provisions to Quebec, 226; delayed by bad roads, 229. ...

St Sacrament Lake
See Lake George. ...

St Simon
(Count Frontenac era) His statements regarding Frontenac, 65. ...

St Vallier Jean Baptiste De La Croix Chevrieres Des 1653-1727
Born at Grenoble. Came to Canada in 1685 as vicar-general under Laval. Succeeded Laval as bishop of Quebec, 1688. Returning from France ...

St Veran Marquise De
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) Mother of Montcalm, 3; her fortitude, 8; Montcalm's letter to, describing capture of Oswego, 34. ...

St Vincent John Jervis Earl Of 1735-1823 British Admiral Served
at Quebec in 1759; defeated Spanish fleet off Cape St. Vincent, 1797; became admiral of the fleet, 1821. =Index=: (General Brock era) Ga...

Bib : Dict Nat Biog
...

Ste Anne
(Samuel de Champlain era) French vessel seized by the English, 22. ...

Ste Anne Brotherhood Of
(Bishop Laval era) At Quebec, 101. ...

Ste Croix Island
Near the entrance to the Bay of Fundy; explored by Champlain and De Monts in 1604, who in that year erected buildings and fortification...

Ste Croix River
Also known as Schoodiac and Passamaquoddy. Rises in Grand Lake on the borders between Maine and New Brunswick, and flows into Passamaqu...

Ste Foy
Above Quebec. =Index=: (Bishop Laval era) Settlement of Christian Indians at, 74. ...

Ste Foy Battle Of
Took place on April 28, 1760, when Murray, in command of the British troops, made a sortie from the citadel of Quebec upon the besiegin...

Ste Suzanne
(Samuel de Champlain era) Name given by Champlain to the Upper Riviere du Loup, 52. ...

Ste Therese
On the Richelieu River. =Index=: (Bishop Laval era) Fort erected at, 53. ...

Salaberry Charles Michel D'irumberry De 1778-1829 Born At
Beauport, near Quebec. Entered the British army; served for eleven years under General Robert Prescott; and in 1794 took part in the cap...

Salaberry Colonel De
(Baldwin / La Fontaine / Hincks era) Comes to Kingston to solicit office of provincial aide-de-camp, 172; La Fontaine's opposition to ap...

Salaries Civil
(John Graves Simcoe era) In Upper Canada, 177. ...

Salmon Falls
(Bishop Laval era) Hamlet, destruction of, 229. (Count Frontenac era) Massacre of, 251. ...

Salmon River
(Bishop Laval era) La Barre's expedition encamps at, 184. ...

Salt
(John Graves Simcoe era) Production of, in Upper Canada, 115. ...

Samos
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) Battery at, captured, 182. ...

Sandwich
A town in Essex County, Ontario; first settled in 1750 by the soldiers of a disbanded French regiment. It was subsequently named after ...

Sangster Charles 1822-1893 Born In Kingston For Some Time In
public service; engaged in newspaper work at Amherstburg and Kingston; for many years prior to his death employed in the civil service a...

Sangster J H
(Egerton Ryerson era) On staff of Ontario Normal School, 174. ...

San Juan Boundary
Dispute arose between the United States and Great Britain out of a difference of opinion as to the meaning of the phrase "middle of the...

Sanstein
(Samuel de Champlain era) Clerk, brings news of amalgamation of de Monts and de Caen Companies, 138. ...

Saskatchewan
Organized as a provisional district in 1882. It then extended from long. 111 deg. 20' W. to the Manitoba boundary and Lake Winnipeg, an...

Saskatchewan Rebellion
See Riel Rebellion, 1885. ...

Saskatchewan River
Ultimate source is at the head waters of the Bow River, about lat. 51 deg. 40', in the heart of the Rocky Mountains. After a course of ...

Bib : White Atlas Of Canada Tyrrell Report On Northern Alberta
(Geol. Survey, 1886); Burpee, Search for the Western Sea; Hind, Canadian Red River and Assiniboine and Saskatchewan Expeditions. ...

Saskatchewan University Of
Act passed establishing the university, 1907. Board of Governors decided to fix location of university at Saskatoon, 1909. ...

Sault-au-matelot
(Lord Dorchester era) Arnold's attack on barrier repulsed, 129. ...

Sault St Louis
(Samuel de Champlain era) Called after young man named Louis drowned there, 69; centre of fur trade for some years, 120. (Bishop Laval e...

Sault Ste Marie
The county seat of Chippewa County, Michigan, on the St. Mary's River. In 1641 the Jesuit fathers Raymbault and Jogues founded a missio...

Index : Bishop Laval Era Mission Established At 11
...

Saumarez Sir Thomas
(General Brock era) His letter to Brock from Halifax, 223. ...

Saunders Sir Charles 1713-1775 Born In Scotland Entered The Navy
in 1727, becoming lieutenant in 1734. In 1739-1740 served under Lord Anson. Stationed in home waters in 1745, and on Oct. 14, 1747, took...

Saunders John 1754-1834 Born In Virginia Joined The Royal Forces
and served throughout the War of Independence. Went to England; studied law and called to the bar. In 1790 appointed judge of the Suprem...

Saunders John Simcoe 1795-1878 Born In Fredericton New Brunswick
Went to England; educated at Oxford University. Called to the bar of Nova Scotia, 1819, and to that of Lower Canada, 1820. Surveyor-gene...

Sauvage
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) Frigate in which Levis embarked at Brest, 12. ...

Savage Thomas 1608-1682 Went To Massachusetts In 1635 With Sir
Harry Vane, and the following year elected a freeman of Boston. In 1638 helped to found the settlement of Rhode Island. Served in the In...

Bib : Dict Nat Biog
...

Savignon
(Samuel de Champlain era) Name given to young Algonquian taken as hostage for Nicolas Marsolet, 63. ...

Scalping
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) Forbidden by Wolfe except in case of Indians, or Canadians dressed as Indians, 102; declared by Vaudreuil to be ...

Schank John 1740-1823 Born In Scotland Entered The Navy 1758
Commanded the Canso in the St. Lawrence, 1766. Placed in charge of the naval establishment at St. John's; succeeded in launching several...

Schenderatchta
(Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Seneca chief, serving under John Butler, 154. ...

Schenectady
The county seat of Schenectady County, New York. Settled in 1662 by Arendt Van Corlaer on the site of Schonowe, the capital of the Five...

Schultz Sir John Christian 1840-1896 Born In Amherstburg Ontario
Educated at Oberlin College, Ohio; studied medicine at Queen's and Victoria Universities; licensed to practise, 1860. Removed to Fort G...

Bib : Dent Can Por Morgan Cyc Can Biog Begg History Of
the North-West. See also Riel Rebellion, 1869-1870. ...

Schurz Carl 1829-1906 Fled From Germany In 1849 After The
collapse of the revolutionary movement. Went to the United States, 1852. Minister to Spain, 1860-1861; commanded a division in the war w...

Index : George Brown Era Favourable To Proposed Reciprocity Treaty Of 1864 230-231
...

Bib : Works: Speeches Life Of Henry Clay Reminiscences For Biog
see Cyc. Am. Biog. ...

Schuyler Major John
(Bishop Laval era) Attack camp at Laprairie, 232. (Count Frontenac era) His raid on Laprairie, 281; comes to Quebec with news of peace, ...

Schuyler Peter 1657-1724 Born In Albany Appointed Lieutenant In
the militia, 1685, and served in the colonial and Indian wars. In 1709 second in command of the expedition against Montreal. Became pres...

Index : Count Frontenac Era Commands Expedition From Albany 311 Bib : Cyc Am
Biog. ...

Schuyler Philip John 1733-1804 Born In Albany Served In The
French and Indian War, 1755, and took part in battle of Lake George. Resigned from the army, 1757, and again served, 1758-1761. On the ...

Scott
(Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Chaplain to 34th Regiment, forbidden to exercise clerical functions, 256. ...

Scott Sir Richard William 1825- Born In Prescott Ontario
Educated privately, and studied law; in 1848 called to the bar and practised with success in Ottawa. Elected mayor of Bytown (now Ottawa...

Index : Egerton Ryerson Era His Separate School Bills 235-238 George Brown Era Introduces Separate
school legislation, 144. =Bib.=: Morgan, Can. Men; Canadian Who's Who; Dent, Last Forty Years. ...

Scott Thomas 1746-1824 Born In Scotland Studied For The Ministry
and became a probationer; employed for a time as private tutor. Studied law and called to the English bar, 1793. While yet a student, in...

Scott Thomas
(Sir John A Macdonald era) Murdered at Fort Garry by Riel's followers, 160, 194, 242. See also Riel Rebellion, 1869-1870. ...

Scott Winfield 1786-1866 Entered The United States Army And
served in the War of 1812. From 1832 to 1838 engaged in Indian warfare. In 1839 instrumental in allaying the excitement arising out of t...

Bib : Cyc Am Biog
...

Scott Walter 1867- Born In Middlesex County Ontario Took Up The
profession of journalism. Removed to the North-West Territories, and, in 1895, became proprietor and editor of the Leader, Regina. Sat i...

Scott Act
The popular name given to the Temperance Act introduced by (Sir) R. W. Scott and passed by the Dominion government in 1878. Its princip...

Scovil W H
(Tilley era) Confederation candidate in St. John County, New Brunswick, 85. ...

Scrope A Poulett
(Baldwin / La Fontaine / Hincks era) Quoted on Baldwin, 64, 80; on Sydenham, 71. ...

Bib : Memoir Of Life Of Sydenham
...

Scurvy
(Samuel de Champlain era) Ravages of, among colonists, 22; called by Champlain mal de terre, 24; breaks out at Port Royal, 33; at Quebec...

Sea-otter
(Sir James Douglas era) Trade, 21, 22; found by Russians, 40. ...

Seat Of Government
(Lord Sydenham era) Question of, 280-282; Sydenham in favour of Kingston, 281. (Sir John A Macdonald era) Montreal ceases to be, after r...

Seaton Sir John Colborne First Baron 1778-1863 Served In Holland
Egypt, and Italy. Commanded a brigade under Wellington, 1810-1814, and led the 52d Light Infantry in their victorious movement at Waterl...

Secret Societies Bill
(Baldwin / La Fontaine / Hincks era) Prepared and introduced by Baldwin, its history, 185-188; its reservation by Metcalfe leads to resi...

Sedgewick Major Robert
(Count Frontenac era) Seizes Acadia by Cromwell's orders, 268. ...

Seely Alexander Mclaughlan 1812-1882 Born In St John New
Brunswick. Engaged in lumbering, shipbuilding, and in banking. Appointed a member of the Legislative Council for New Brunswick, 1854, an...

Seignelay Marquis De
(Count Frontenac era) Succeeds his father, Colbert, in ministry of marine, 72; marries Mlle. d'Allegre, 111. (Bishop Laval era) Minister...

Seigniorial Tenure
The history of this feudal system of land tenure, transplanted from Old to New France, dates back to the commission of the Sieur de la ...

Index : Count Frontenac Era In New France 56 Bishop Laval Era Beginning Of 119 Lord Dorchester Era Described
11; an obstacle to the transfer of land, 256; notaries favourable to, 257. (Lord Elgin era) Failure of La Fontaine-Baldwin ministry to s...

Seigniors Canadian
(General Brock era) Remained faithful to British rule, 47. (Lord Dorchester era) Murray's relations with, 10; comparatively small emigra...

Bib : Bradley The Making Of Canada
...

Select Committee On Grievances
(William Lyon Mackenzie era) Seventh report of, 26; Mackenzie obtains committee, 263; matters referred to, 269; committee's report, 270...

Selkirk Thomas Douglas Earl Of 1771-1820 Mackenzie / Selkirk / Simpson Era Influenced By
Mackenzie's Voyages, 7, 94; gains controlling interest in Hudson's Bay Company, 7; organizes colony, 7, 8, 100; dies, 1820, 8; Canadian ...

Selkirk Settlement
See Red River Colony. ...

Selwyn Alfred Richard Cecil 1824-1902 In 1845 Appointed Assistant
geologist in the Geological Survey of Great Britain; and director of the Geological Survey, Victoria, Australia, 1852-1869. Came to Cana...

Seminarists
(Bishop Laval era) Aid in defence of Quebec, 12. ...

Semple Robert 1766-1816 Born In Boston Mass Engaged In
mercantile pursuits, and travelled extensively. In 1802 visited Cape Colony, and from 1805 to 1810 travelled through Spain, Portugal, th...

Bib : Dict Nat Biog Bryce Manitoba See Also Red River
Colony; Seven Oaks. ...

Senate
(George Brown Era) Elective versus nominative system discussed at Quebec Conference--latter decided upon, 164; George Brown approves of ...

Seneca Indians
One of the tribes of the Iroquois confederacy. They dwelt chiefly in the region of the Seneca and Canandaigua lakes, and extended westw...

Senezergues De
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) Brigadier, commands battalion of La Sarre Regiment, 12; commands regular troops, 105; mortally wounded, 199; car...

Separate Schools Manitoba
(Sir Georges E. Cartier era) The question used as a test of provincial power, 61-62; rights of Roman Catholics safeguarded, 1871, 71; o...

Separate Schools New Brunswick
(Sir Georges E. Cartier era) Public opinion aroused in Quebec, 73; Costigan and other Roman Catholic members from New Brunswick demand ...

Separate Schools North-west Territories
(George Brown Era) Provision for, opposed by George Brown--he warns the Senate that effect would be to fasten them on the West forever,...

Separate Schools Nova Scotia
(Sir John A Macdonald era) Refused to Roman Catholics, 116. ...

Separate Schools Upper Canada
(George Brown Era) Opposed by George Brown, 121; a compromise arranged, 122-123; bill introduced by R. W. Scott, 144; Ryerson's support...

Servants
(John Graves Simcoe era) Scarcity of, in Upper Canada, 182. ...

Seven Nations
(Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Their fighting force an uncertain quantity, 126. ...

Seven Oaks
(Mackenzie / Selkirk / Simpson era) Conflict between Hudson's Bay Company men and North West Company men, June 19, 1816, 180; Governor S...

Sevigne Marie De Rabutin-chantel 1627-1696 Count Frontenac Era Her Son-in-law A
candidate for governorship of Canada, 65; describes severities exercised on peasants in revolt in France, 150. ...

Seward William Henry 1801-1872 Governor Of New York 1838
appointed secretary of state by Lincoln, 1860. =Index=: =N= Suggests Canadian agent at Washington to confer on Reciprocity Treaty, 192; ...

Sewell Jonathan 1766-1839 Born At Cambridge Mass Educated At
Bristol, England. In 1785 studied law in New Brunswick under Ward Chipman; in 1789 called to the bar of Lower Canada and practised in Q...

Seymour Frederick
Succeeded Sir James Douglas as governor of British Columbia, and arrived in the colony, April, 1864. Had previously been governor of Br...

Shaw Major-general Aeneas
(General Brock era) Stationed on frontier between Kingston and Cornwall, 195. (John Graves Simcoe era) Member of Legislative Council, 79...

Shaw Helen
(Sir John A Macdonald era) Wife of Hugh Macdonald, and mother of Sir John A. Macdonald, 1; her strong character, 2. ...

Shea Sir Ambrose 1818-1905 Born At St John's Newfoundland
Entered Newfoundland Assembly, 1850; Speaker, 1855-1861; member of government, 1864-1869; governor of the Bahamas, 1887-1895. =Index=: (...

Sheaffe Sir Roger Hale 1763-1851 Born In Boston Mass Entered The
army, 1778; served in Ireland and Holland; stationed in Canada, 1802-1811, and 1812-1813. Commanded the British, forces at Queenston He...

Shelburne
A town on the south-west coast of the province of Nova Scotia; founded by United Empire Loyalists in 1783; first known as Port Roseway....

Sheppard George
(George Brown Era) Editorial writer on Colonist, joins staff of Globe, 135; speech against Confederation, 1859, 135-136; Brown's reply,...

Sherbrooke
A city in the Eastern Townships, Quebec, on the St. Francis River, named after Sir John Coape Sherbrooke. Founded by David Moe and othe...

Sherbrooke Sir John Coape 1760-1830 Born In Nottinghamshire
England. Entered the army; took part in the capture of Seringapatam, 1797; and served under Wellington in the Peninsular War, 1809. Appo...

Sherwood Henry 1807-1855 Represented Toronto In Legislative
Assembly, 1841-1854; member of Executive Council and solicitor-general, 1842 and 1844-1846; attorney-general for Upper Canada, 1847-1848...

Index : Baldwin / La Fontaine / Hincks Era Called To The Cabinet 118 Becomes Solicitor-general For
Upper Canada, 121; his appointment an obstacle to La Fontaine's acceptance of office, 125; solicitor-general for Upper Canada, 247; ele...

Sherwood Captain Justus
(Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Commissioner for exchange of prisoners with Vermont, 202; confers with Ira Allen, 204; applies for lands i...

Sherwood Levins Peters 1777-1850 Born In St John's Lower Canada
Removed to Upper Canada; studied law and called to the bar, 1803. Elected to the Assembly for Leeds, 1821; Speaker of the Assembly, 1822...

Shirley William 1693-1771 Born In Preston England Called To The
English bar; removed to Boston, where he practised his profession. Governor of Massachusetts, 1741-1745; planned the successful expediti...

Shore
(Wilmot era) Resigns from New Brunswick government, 72, 116. ...

Short Judge
(Lord Elgin era) Member of Seigniorial Court, 187. ...

Short Administration
(Sir John A Macdonald era) Formed by George Brown, 85; lasted less than forty-eight hours, 85. ...

Short Hills Affair
(William Lyon Mackenzie era) Mackenzie's connection with, 440. ...

Shortt Adam 1859- Born At Kilworth Ontario Educated At Queen's
University, and at Edinburgh and Glasgow. Appointed assistant professor of philosophy at Queen's University, 1885; lecturer in political...

Sicotte Louis Victor 1812-1889 Born In St Famille Boucherville
Quebec. Studied law, and called to the bar of Lower Canada, 1838. Entered public life, 1852, as member for St. Hyacinthe. Elected Speake...

Sifton Arthur L
(1858- ). Educated at Victoria University; called to the bar, 1883. Removed to the North-West Territories and elected to the Legislatur...

Sifton Clifford 1861- Educated At Victoria University Removed To
Manitoba and called to the bar of that province, 1882. Elected to the Manitoba Assembly, 1888; attorney-general and minister of educatio...

Bib : Morgan Can Men Canadian Who's Who
...

Sillery
Village on the north side of the St. Lawrence, four miles above Quebec. It was originally founded by Noel Brulart de Sillery in 1637 as...

Simcoe
A lake situated between Lake Ontario and Georgian Bay; named after Governor Simcoe's father. It was discovered by Champlain in 1615, an...

Simcoe Frank
(John Graves Simcoe era) Son of Governor Simcoe, killed in storming of Badajoz, 179, 222. ...

Simcoe John 1714-1759 Entered The Navy And Promoted Captain 1743
served on the court martial of Admiral Byng, 1756-1757. Commanded H. M. S. Pembroke at Quebec, 1759, and killed in action. =Index=: (Joh...

Simcoe John Graves 1752-1806 John Graves Simcoe Era Speaks In House Of Commons On
Constitutional Act, 7, 8; birth and family, 15; death of his father, 16; educated at Eton and Oxford, 17; obtains commission as ensign, ...

Simcoe Mrs
Wife of preceding. =Index=: (John Graves Simcoe era) Centre of society at Niagara, 179; receives present of a horse, 181; spends winter ...

Simonds Charles
(Wilmot era) Delegate to England to represent New Brunswick grievances, 24; member of Rump government, 101. (Tilley era) Elected for St....

Simpson Sir George 1792-1860 Mackenzie / Selkirk / Simpson Era His Influence 8 Sent To
Athabaska, 1820, 215, 231-232; his character and appearance, 215; his account of the Athabaska district, 216; his executive ability, 217...

Simpson John 1807-1878 Born In Helmsley Yorkshire England
Elected to the Legislative Assembly of Upper Canada, 1858, for the town of Niagara, and sat for the same constituency until 1864. Member...

Simpson Miss Mary
(Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Nelson's admiration for, 244. ...

Simpson Thomas 1808-1840 Born In Dingwall Scotland Educated At
University of Aberdeen. In 1829 appointed secretary to his cousin, Sir George Simpson, resident governor of the Hudson's Bay Company. Wi...

Simultaneous Polling
(Lord Elgin era) Provided for by law in 1874, existed some years previously in Nova Scotia, 133. ...

Sinclair Colonel
(Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Lieutenant-governor at Michilimackinac, 158, 161, 163. ...

Sioux Indians
A western tribe, occupying the country between the west end of Lake Superior and the head waters of the Mississippi when French explore...

Sitka
Capital of Alaska. Baranof built a fort there in 1799, which he named Archangel Gabriel. It was captured by the natives in 1802, and re...

Six Friends
(Count Frontenac era) Flagship of Phipps, 281. ...

Six Nations
(Lord Dorchester era) Their grievances, 5. (John Graves Simcoe era) Lands allotted to, on Grand River, 74. (Sir Frederick Haldimand era)...

Skelton Rev Thomas
(Lord Dorchester era) Step-father of Carleton, 29. ...

Skinner Charles N
(Tilley era) Candidate in St. John County. New Brunswick, 85, 109. ...

Slafter E F
(Samuel de Champlain era) His estimate of Champlain, 277-279. =Bib.=: Memoir on Champlain in Voyages of Champlain (Prince Society). Edit...

Slavery
(Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Census of, in Lower Canada, in 1784, 231; negroes advertised in Quebec, 246. (George Brown Era) George Bro...

Small James E
(William Lyon Mackenzie era) Defeated by Baldwin, 159; opposes Mackenzie, 214. ...

Small John E
(John Graves Simcoe era) Clerk of Executive Council, 178; his duel with John White, attorney-general, 181. (Baldwin / La Fontaine / Hinc...

Smallpox
(Lord Dorchester era) Breaks out in army before Quebec, 120, 123. (Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Discussion on, in Quebec Gazette, 228-23...

Smith Colonel
(John Graves Simcoe era) Commands 5th Regiment, his residence at Niagara, 179. ...

Smith Adam 1723-1790 Political Economist Filled Successively The
chairs of logic and of moral philosophy at Glasgow. In 1766 published his great work, The Wealth of Nations. =Index=: (Lord Sydenham era...

Smith Sir Albert James 1824-1883 Born In Shediac New Brunswick
Educated at the Westmoreland County Grammar School; studied law, and called to the bar, 1847. Represented Westmoreland in the New Brunsw...

Smith Goldwin 1823-1910 Born In Reading England Educated At Eton
and Oxford; elected a fellow of University College, London, 1846; regius professor of modern history at Oxford, 1858-1866; honorary prof...

Smith Sir Henry 1812-1868 Born In London England Came To Canada
with his parents; studied law and called to the bar of Upper Canada, 1836. Entered Parliament, 1841, as member for Frontenac; appointed ...

Index : Lord Elgin Era Solicitor-general For Upper Canada In Macnab-morin
ministry, 141; judge of Seigniorial Court, 187. =Bib.=: Morgan, Cel. Can.; Dent, Last Forty Years. ...

Smith H W
...

Index : Joseph Howe Era Delegate Of Anti-confederate Party Goes To
England with Howe to demand repeal of British North America Act, 204; receives thanks of Nova Scotia Legislature, 218. =Bib.=: Campbell,...

Smith James 1808-1868 Born In Montreal Studied Law And Called To
the bar of Lower Canada, 1830. Elected to the Legislature for Missisquoi, 1844. Appointed attorney-general the same year and held offic...

Smith Sydney 1771-1845 Lord Sydenham Era On Conservative Reaction In England
11; on Lord John Russell, 55. =Bib.=: Dict. Nat. Biog. ...

Smith William 1728-1793 Born In New York City Graduated At Yale
1745; called to the New York bar, and practised in that city. In 1763 appointed chief-justice of the colony; and sat in the Council, 17...

Smith William O
(Tilley era) Mayor of St. John, New Brunswick, 7. ...

Smuggling
(John Graves Simcoe era) Prevalence of, between Upper Canada and the state of New York, 106, 107. (General Brock era) Promoted between U...

Society For The Propagation Of The Gospel
(John Graves Simcoe era) Assists the church of England in Upper Canada, 158, 159. ...

Soissons Charles De Bourbon Comte De 1565-1612 At The Urgent
solicitation of Champlain, who was in desperate need of a powerful protector to shield the infant colony of New France from rival intri...

Soleil D'afrique
(Bishop Laval era) French vessel, 219. (Count Frontenac era) French frigate, brings supplies, 319 ...

Somerset Edward Adolphus Seymour Twelfth Duke Of 1804-1885 Sat In
House of Commons, 1830-1855; first commissioner of works, 1851-1852; first lord of Admiralty, 1859-1866. =Index=: (George Brown Era) On ...

Somerville Alexander 1811-1885 Born In Scotland Served In The
regular army. Came to Canada, 1858. Took up newspaper work; for a time editor of the Canadian Illustrated News. Present as a volunteer a...

Sorel
A city of Quebec, at the mouth of the Richelieu River. Named after Pierre de Sorel. A fort was built here by Montmagny in 1642, of whic...

Souart De
(Count Frontenac era) Physician of the Seminary at Montreal, 91; presents bell to Bonsecours Chapel, 177. ...

Souel Father
(Bishop Laval era) Dies a martyr, 62. ...

Sovereign Council
(Count Frontenac era) Created, 1647, at Quebec, 37, 49; reorganized, 105-106; resembles a Parliament in French sense, 131; Frontenac cla...

Spain
(Lord Dorchester era) Her action in the Nootka matter, 250. (Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Her rule in Louisiana, 64-81; war imminent wit...

Special Council Of Lower Canada
(Lord Sydenham era) Summoned to consider question of union, 192; legislation by, 255, 256; summoned for last time, 272; passes ordinanc...

Speedy
(General Brock era) Government vessel, foundering of, in Lake Ontario, 69. ...

Spence R
(Lord Elgin era) Postmaster-general in Hincks-Morin government, 140. ...

Spencer John Charles Third Earl 1782-1845 Entered Parliament
1804, and sat almost continuously to 1834; chancellor of the exchequer and leader of the House of Commons, 1830-1834. =Index=: (Lord Syd...

Spragge John Godfrey 1806-1884 Born In New Cross Surrey England
Came to York with his father, 1820. Educated at the Central School, York, under his father, who was headmaster, and at the Home District...

Springer Judge
(Egerton Ryerson era) Graduate of Victoria College, 143. ...

Stadacone
An Indian town, which stood near the mouth of the St. Charles River, in what is now the city of Quebec. It was occupied by a tribe of t...

Stairs W J
(Joseph Howe era) President of Anti-Confederation League, Nova Scotia, 192; correspondence with Joseph Howe, 192-197. ...

Stamford Katherine
(John Graves Simcoe era) Maiden name of Simcoe's mother, 15. ...

Stamp Act
(Lord Dorchester era) Effect of, in Canada, 33, 57. ...

Stanley Lord
See Derby. ...

Stanmore Sir Arthur Hamilton Gordon Baron 1829- Sir John A Macdonald Era
Lieutenant-governor of New Brunswick, at first opposes Confederation, but later exerts all his influence in its favour, 121-122. (George...

Star
Newspaper published at Cobourg; established 1828. =Index=: (George Brown Era) Estimate of George Brown, 72-73. ...

Star
Newspaper published at Toronto; established 1892. =Index=: (William Lyon Mackenzie era) Opinion of Mackenzie, 4; on rebellion, 13; on Ma...

State Church
(Lord Sydenham era) Provision made for, by Clergy Reserves, 77. See also Clergy Reserves. ...

Steadman James
(Tilley era) Postmaster-general, 51. ...

Steamship Service
The first steam vessel in Canadian waters was the Accommodation, which made her first trip between Montreal and Quebec in 1809. She was...

Bib : Johnson First Things In Canada
...

Steeves William Henry 1814-1873 Born At Hillsborough New
Brunswick. Represented Albert County in the Assembly, 1846-1851; member of Legislative Council, 1851-1867; surveyor-general, 1854-1855; ...

Bib : Hannay History Of New Brunswick
...

Steinhauer Henry Bird 1804-1885 A Full-blooded Chippewa Indian
Born in the Ramah Indian settlement, Lake Simcoe, Ontario. Adopted in early life by a Pennsylvania family whose name he took and by whom...

Steuben Frederick William Augustus Henry Ferdinand Baron Von
(1730-1794). Served through Seven Years' War. In 1777 offered his services to the Continental Congress, and attached to main army under ...

Bib : Cyc Am Biog
...

Stevens
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) Hostage, escapes from Quebec, 125. ...

Stevenson Captain
(John Graves Simcoe era) Accompanies Simcoe to Canada, 47. ...

Stewart Alexander 1794-1868 Born In Halifax Nova Scotia Engaged
in West India trade. Afterwards studied law and called to the bar of Nova Scotia, 1822. Elected to the Assembly, 1826; member of the Le...

Index : Joseph Howe Era His Independent Attitude In Nova Scotia Assembly 18 35
standing in public life of the province, 35; deserts popular party, 41; delegate of Legislative Council to England to oppose representat...

Stewart Sir William 1774-1827 British General Index : General Brock Era In
command of marines in expedition to Baltic, 24, 29; organizes Rifle Brigade, 25. =Bib.=: Dict. Nat. Biog. ...

Stikine River
Rises in northern British Columbia and flows into the Pacific, through Alaskan territory, after a course of 335 miles. The name is a co...

Bib : Blake Geographical Notes Upon Russian America And The Stickeen
River; Dawson, Report on Yukon District (Geol. Survey Report, 1887-1888). ...

Stills
(John Graves Simcoe era) Taxes imposed upon, by Legislature of Upper Canada, 92. ...

Stirling Sir William Alexander Earl Of 1567?-1640 King James Gave
him a patent, September, 1621, to the territory now embracing the provinces of Nova Scotia and New Brunswick and the Gaspe peninsula. To...

Stisted Sir Henry William
Educated at Sandhurst and entered the army as ensign, 1835. Served through the Persian War and the Indian Mutiny. Made major-general, 1...

Stobo Robert
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) Former hostage with French, acts as guide to Carleton above Quebec, 124; said to have pointed out Le Foulon to Wo...

Stoney Creek Battle Of
Took place on June 5, 1813, when the American troops, under Generals Chandler and Minder, were defeated by the British forces under Col...

Stopford Major
(Lord Dorchester era) Commands force at Chambly, 93. ...

Strachan John 1778-1867 Born In Aberdeen Scotland Graduated At
King's College, Aberdeen, 1796. Came to Canada, 1799, and opened a school at Kingston. Ordained deacon, 1803, and priest, 1804. Became ...

Strathcona And Mount Royal Donald Alexander Smith Baron 1820-
Born in Archieston, Morayshire, Scotland. Entered the service of the Hudson's Bay Company, 1838, and spent thirteen years at various tr...

Street George F
(Wilmot era) Solicitor-general of Brunswick, 34. ...

Street John Ambrose
(Wilmot era) Supports the governor of New Brunswick, 46. (Tilley era) Attorney-general and leader of government, 19; introduces railway ...

Strickland Samuel 1804-1867 Born At Reydon Hall Suffolk Brother
of Agnes Strickland, Mrs. Traill, and Mrs. Moodie. Entered the army, and reached the rank of lieutenant-colonel. Emigrated to Canada, 18...

Bib : Twenty-seven Years In Canada West For Biog See Morgan
Cel. Can.; Dict. Nat. Biog. ...

Strong Sir Samuel Henry 1825-1909 Born In Dorsetshire England
Came to Canada studied law, and called to the bar of Upper Canada, 1849. Member of the commission for consolidating the statutes, 1856. ...

Stuart Andrew
(Lord Sydenham era) Member of Constitutional Association, 112. (Louis Joseph Papineau era) Declares the French Canadians to be "a race o...

Stuart Archdeacon
(Lord Sydenham era) Conducts funeral service of Lord Sydenham, 344. ...

Stuart George Okill 1807-1884 Born In York Upper Canada Grandson
of the Rev. John Stuart, q.v. Educated at Kingston and Quebec, and called to the bar of Lower Canada, 1830. Mayor of Quebec, 1846-1850; ...

Stuart James
(Samuel de Champlain era) Erects fort in Cape Breton, 200. ...

Stuart Sir James 1780-1853 Born At Fort Hunter New York Educated
at King's College, Windsor, Nova Scotia. Appointed assistant secretary to the government of Lower Canada in 1800; and solicitor-general,...

Stuart John
(Mackenzie / Selkirk / Simpson era) Chief factor of Hudson's Bay Company in New Caledonia, 221; accompanies Simon Fraser down the Fraser...

Stuart Rev John
(John Graves Simcoe era) First Church of England clergyman to arrive in Upper Canada, conducts school at Montreal, and then moves to Cat...

Sturgeon Lake
On the Saskatchewan. A notable place in the annals of the Western fur trade. Here the traders from Montreal built a post about 1772; an...

Subercase Lieutenant
(Count Frontenac era) In command at Lachine, on occasion of massacre, 225; sent to island of Orleans to watch Phipps, 303. (Bishop Laval...

Suete
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) A swamp, near Ste. Foy, 252. ...

Sullivan John 1740-1795 Commanded Northern Army During
Revolutionary War in 1776; served in Canada; and took part in the battles of Trenton, Brandywine, and Germantown. =Index=: (Sir Frederic...

Sullivan Robert Baldwin 1802-1853 Born In Bandon Ireland Came To
Canada with his father, 1819, and settled at York. Studied law and called to the bar, 1828. Practised for a time at Vittoria, in the cou...

Sullivan William Wilfrid 1843- Born At New London Prince Edward
Island. Educated at Central Academy and St. Dunstan's College, Charlottetown. Engaged for a time in journalism; studied law and called ...

Sully Maximilien De Bethune Duc De 1560-1641 Trusted Counsellor
of Henry IV of France. =Index=: (Samuel de Champlain era) False report of his death, 64. ...

Bib : Memoires 1634-1662
...

Sulpicians
A Canadian order, founded by Jean Jacques Olier, in 1640, as part of the threefold religious settlement of Ville Marie. Named after Oli...

Sulte Benjamin 1841- Born At Three Rivers Served As A Volunteer
in the Fenian Raids, 1865-1866; employed in the Department of Militia and Defence, 1870-1903; president of Royal Society of Canada, 1904...

Index : Sir Frederick Haldimand Era On Haldimand 291-292 Bib : Works: Les Laurentiennes
Chants Nouveaux; Melanges d'Histoire; Histoire des Canadiens-Francais; Pages d'Histoire du Canada; Histoire de la Milice Canadienne; Ba...

Sumner Charles 1811-1874 American Statesman And Leader In The
anti-slavery movement. Elected to Senate, 1851; chairman of committee on foreign affairs, 1861. =Index=: (George Brown Era) Very favoura...

Sunday
(John Graves Simcoe era) Little observed in Simcoe's time, so far as transaction of public business was concerned, 198. ...

Superior Lake
Area 31,800 square miles. Discovered by Etienne Brule, in 1622. In the next quarter century the devoted Jesuit Fathers penetrated to th...

Supreme Court Of Canada
Created by Act of Parliament in 1875. Consists of a chief-justice and five puisne judges, who, also constituted the Exchequer Court unt...

Surprise
(Lord Dorchester era) British frigate, arrival of, 137. ...

Sutherland
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) British frigate, with five other vessels, passes up the river, 123; Wolfe on board of, opposite Cap Rouge, 166; h...

Sutherland Thomas J
(William Lyon Mackenzie era) Plans occupation of Navy Island, 412; his lack of discretion, 412; starts for Michigan, 418; reaches Detroi...

Sutton H T Manners
See Canterbury. ...

Suze Treaty Of
Signed April 24, 1629. Under its terms peace was declared between France and England; the former French possessions in America to rever...

Sweatman Arthur 1834-1909 Born In London England Educated At
Christ College, Cambridge. Headmaster of Hellmuth College, London, Ontario, 1865-1872; rector of Grace Church, Brantford, 1872-1876; ar...

Swiss
(Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Their bravery, 7, 8; take up lands in English colonies, 9; scheme to form them into a regiment, 9. ...

Switzerland
(Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Dangerous situation of, 4. ...

Sydenham Charles Edward Poulett Thomson First Baron 1799-1841
(Lord Sydenham era) Represented (as Charles Edward Poulett Thomson) city of Manchester in House of Commons, 2; his liberal views, 3; bir...

Sydney
An important seaport of Nova Scotia; formerly the capital of the colony of Cape Breton. Founded in 1784, and the seat of the local gove...

Bib : Nelson's Ency
...

Sydney Thomas Townshend First Viscount 1733-1800 Entered
Parliament, 1754; lord of the treasury, 1765; war secretary, 1872; and home secretary, 1783. The office of home secretary then included ...

Syndics
(Count Frontenac era) Local representatives without votes, provided for in first council, 37. ...

Tache Alexandre Antoninus 1823-1894 Born In Riviere Du Loup
Quebec, and educated at Quebec and Montreal. In 1845 volunteered as a missionary to the Indians on the Great Lakes, and in the same year...

Tache Sir Etienne Pascal 1795-1865 Born In St Thomas Quebec
Served during the War of 1812-1815. Studied medicine, practising until 1841. Entered Parliament, and in 1848 became commissioner of publ...

Tadoussac
A town in Saguenay County, Quebec, situated at the confluence of the Saguenay River with the St. Lawrence. Founded in 1599 by Chauvin, ...

Tait Sir Melbourne Mctaggart 1834- Born At Melbourne Quebec
Educated at St. Francis College, Richmond. Studied law in Montreal, and graduated B. C. L. at McGill University, 1862; called to the bar...

Talbot Thomas 1771-1853 Rose To The Rank Of Colonel In The British
army, and for a time attached to the staff of Governor Simcoe. Resigning his commission, obtained in 1801 a grant of 5000 acres on the n...

Talbot Settlement
See Talbot, Thomas. ...

Talleyrand-perigord Charles Maurice Prince De 1754-1838 French
statesman. =Index=: (General Brock era) Foreign secretary under Napoleon, 81. =Bib.=: For biog., see works of Taine, Mignet, Bastive, La...

Tallon Major
(General Brock era) In command of 3d Brigade, 247. ...

Talon Jean-baptiste 1625-1691 Born In Picardy France Held
offices in the intendancies of Bordeaux and Lyons, and intendant of Hainant from 1661 to 1663. In 1663 intendant of New France. During h...

Tanguay Cyprien 1819-1902 Born In The City Of Quebec Graduated At
Quebec Seminary in 1839, and ordained priest 1843. In 1860 removed to St. Germain, and instrumental in building the cathedral for the di...

Bib : Dictionnaire Genealogique Des Familles Canadiennes For Biog
see Morgan, Can. Men. ...

Tanswell J
(Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Schoolmaster at Quebec, 234. ...

Tarieu De Lanaudiere Charles
Member of an old French family, originally of Guienne; settled in Canada about 1665. Commanded a part of the Canadian militia at Carill...

Tariff
(Baldwin / La Fontaine / Hincks era) Increased in 1841, 99; and 1842, 147; on agricultural products, and live stock, 189; Act of 1849, 2...

Tarleton Sir Bonastre 1754-1833 Born In Liverpool Educated At
Oxford University; and joined the army in 1775. In 1776 came to America as a volunteer with Cornwallis, and became major in Colonel Harc...

Taschereau
(General Brock era) Arrested, 127; discharged, 128. (Sir Georges E. Cartier era) Claims liberty of the press, 95; sent to jail, 95. (Lou...

Taschereau Elzear Alexandre 1820-1898 Born At Ste Marie De La
Beauce, Quebec. Educated at the Seminary of Quebec; subsequently travelled throughout Europe; and in 1837 entered the Grand Seminary at ...

Taschereau Sir Henri Elzear 1836- Born At Ste Marie De La
Beauce, Quebec. Educated at Quebec Seminary; called to the bar, 1857, and practised in Quebec. From 1861 to 1867 represented Beauce in t...

Tasse Joseph 1848-1895 Born In Montreal Educated At Bourget
College. Chose journalism as his profession; in 1867 became editor of Le Canada; from 1869 to 1872 associate editor of La Minerve; and a...

Taylor Brigadier-general
(Sir Frederick Haldimand era) In command at Pensacola, 65; his dispute with Governor Johnstone, 69; at St. Augustine, 75. ...

Taylor Sir Henry 1800-1886 Born In England In 1824 Appointed To
the permanent staff of the colonial office, with which he was connected until 1872. In 1835 declined the offer of the governorship of Up...

Taylor John Fennings 1817-1882 Born In London England Educated
at Radley, England, and came to Canada, 1836. Held various clerical offices under the Assembly and Council of Canada, and after Confede...

Tecumseh 1768-1813 Born Near The Site Of Springfield Ohio First
appeared as a brave in a battle with Kentucky soldiers about 1788. In the campaign of 1794-1795 between American troops and Indians, cam...

Teganissorens Decanisora
(Count Frontenac era) Onondaga orator, 338. ...

Telegraph Companies
(Baldwin / La Fontaine / Hincks era) Incorporated in 1847, 277-278. ...

Temple Richard Temple Grenville Earl 1711-1779 Represented
Buckingham and Buckinghamshire in Parliament, 1734-1752; first lord of the Admiralty, 1756-1757; lord privy seal, 1757-1761. =Index=: (W...

Temple Sir Thomas 1614-1674 Born In England Given A Grant Of Land
in Nova Scotia, in 1656; induced Cromwell to confirm it, and in 1657 appointed governor of Acadia. Sailed for America, and occupied the ...

Tessoueat
(Samuel de Champlain era) Algonquian chief, 10, 75, 77. ...

Tetes De Boule
(Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Indian tribe trading at Three Rivers, 54. ...

Tetu
(Sir Frederick Haldimand era) On Haldimand. 291. ...

Theatre
(Count Frontenac era) At Quebec, 336. (Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Allan Maclean's effort for, 306-307; attempt to produce Moliere's Le...

Themines Pons De Lauziere Marquis De 1552-1627 Marshal Of France
...

Index : Samuel De Champlain Era Temporary Viceroy Of New France 123
...

Thierry-desdames
(Samuel de Champlain era) Company's clerk at Quebec, 121, 138; sent to St. Barnabe Island, 173. ...

Thom Adam
Born in Scotland. Educated at King's College, Aberdeen. Came to Canada, and practised law in Montreal. Appointed recorder of Rupert's L...

Bib : Bryce Manitoba And Hudson's Bay Company Ross Red River
Settlement; Begg, History of the North-West. See also Red River Colony. ...

Thomas John 1725-1776 Born In Marshfield Mass Surgeon In A
regiment sent to Annapolis Royal, 1746; and in 1747 surgeon, and afterwards lieutenant, in Shirley's Regiment. In 1759 promoted colonel ...

Thompson
(Tilley era) Elected in York, New Brunswick, 108. ...

Thompson David 1770-1857 Born In The Parish Of St John's
Westminster, England. Educated at the Gray Coat School; and entered the service of the Hudson's Bay Company, 1784. The first of his volu...

Thompson David 1796-1868 Born In Scotland Served In The British
army and in the Canadian militia. Taught school in Niagara and acted as a surveyor. In 1832 published History of the late War between Gr...

Thompson Edward
(William Lyon Mackenzie era) Defeats Mackenzie, 308. ...

Thompson James
(Lord Dorchester era) Engineer, his work on the fortifications of Quebec, 117. ...

Thompson Sir John Sparrow David 1844-1894 Born In Halifax Nova
Scotia. Educated at Free Church Academy, Halifax. In 1859 a reporter in the House of Assembly. In 1865 called to the bar and practised i...

Thompson Samuel
(George Brown Era) His pen picture of George Brown, 4-5. ...

Thompson S R
(Tilley era) Anti-Confederate candidate in St. John County, New Brunswick, 108, 109. ...

Thompson William 1725-1781 Born In Ireland Emigrated To
Pennsylvania, and commanded a troop of mounted militia in the French and Indian campaigns. In 1776 appointed a brigadier-general by Cong...

Thomson Andrew
(Lord Sydenham era) Elder brother and business partner of Sydenham, 9; annoyed at losses and expenses incurred by his brother, 14. ...

Thomson Edward William 1849- Canadian Author And Journalist
...

Index : George Brown Era His Sketch Of Gordon Brown 245 Bib : Morgan Can
Men; Canadian Who's Who. ...

Thomson John
(Lord Sydenham era) Merchant, father of Sydenham, 4; adds "Poulett" to his name, 4. ...

Thomson Poulett
See Sydenham. ...

Thornton Sir Edward
Born in London, England, 1817; son of Sir Edward Thornton, minister to Portugal. Graduated at Cambridge in 1840. Entered the diplomatic...

Bib : Cyc Am Biog
...

Thorpe Robert
A member of the Irish bar. Judge of the Supreme Court of Prince Edward Island, 1802; judge of the Court of King's Bench of Upper Canada...

Three Rivers
City of Quebec, at the mouth of St. Maurice River. First colonists settled there in 1633; the Jesuits arrived the following year; and t...

Three Rivers
(Samuel de Champlain era) Name given by Champlain to river St. Maurice, 52. ...

Thurlow Edward Baron 1731-1806 Born In Norfolk England Entered
Parliament for Tamworth, 1768. In 1770 appointed solicitor-general, and in 1771 attorney-general. In 1774 supported on constitutional gr...

Thury Abbe
(Count Frontenac era) Missionary to Abenaquis, 250. ...

Ticonderoga
Known to the French as Carillon. Built by Lotbiniere in 1755-1756, on a promontory at the southern end of Lake Champlain, where it form...

Bib : Parkman Montcalm And Wolfe Smith Our Struggle For The
Fourteenth Colony. ...

Tilley James
(Tilley era) Grandfather of Sir Leonard Tilley, grantee of Parrtown, 3; died in Sunbury County in 1851, 3. ...

Tilley John
(Tilley era) Came over in the Mayflower in 1620, 2. ...

Tilley Sir Leonard 1818-1896 Wilmot Era Grandson Of William Peters 3
succeeds Wilmot as lieutenant-governor, 133. (Tilley era) Elected to New Brunswick Assembly, 1850, 1; born in Gagetown, New Brunswick, M...

Tilley Samuel
(Tilley era) Sir Leonard Tilley's great-grandfather, 1; a Loyalist farmer on Long Island, 2; arrives at Parrtown (St. John), 1783, 3; d...

Tilley Thomas Morgan 1790-1870 Tilley Era Father Of Sir Leonard Tilley
born, 1790, 3; in lumber business, 4; dies, 1870, 4. ...

Tilsit Treaty Of
(General Brock era) Between Russia and Napoleon, 1807, 105; failure of, 106. ...

Timber Trade
(Lord Sydenham era) Between Britain and colonies. Sydenham's views on, 130, 136. See also Trade. ...

Times
Newspaper published at London, England; established, 1785. ...

Index : Baldwin / La Fontaine / Hincks Era On Rebellion Losses Bill 320-321 George Brown Era On Canadian
independence, 143; attitude towards United States during war with the South, 144; on Canadian defence, 147. (Sir Georges E. Cartier era)...

Tippecanoe
(General Brock era) General Harrison's encounter with Indians at, 174-176. ...

Tipping Captain
(Sir James Douglas era) Voyage to the North-West Coast for sea-otter skins, 22. ...

Tithes
(Lord Dorchester era) Attempts to create discontent on the subject of, 79. (Bishop Laval era) Collection of, by Quebec Seminary, sanctio...

Tobin Michael
(Joseph Howe era) Member of Uniacke government, Nova Scotia, 110; resigns seat in government, as protest against Howe's attack on Irish ...

Tod John
Born in Water Leven, Dumbartonshire, Scotland. Joined the Hudson's Bay Company, 1813, and employed for a time at York Factory as superi...

Todd Alpheus 1821-1884 Born In London England Removed To Canada
in 1833. In 1836 appointed assistant librarian of the House of Assembly of Upper Canada, and upon the union of the two provinces of Cana...

Tolmie William Fraser 1812-1886 Born At Inverness Scotland
Studied medicine; joined the Hudson's Bay Company, 1832, arriving at Fort Vancouver the following year. Filled the dual positions of med...

Tonnancour De
(Lord Dorchester era) Entertains Carleton at Three Rivers, 89; in command of militia, 187. (Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Commander at Th...

Tonquin
An American vessel, which brought out the Astorians from New York to the Columbia in 1810. She was commanded by a domineering officer, ...

Tonti Chevalier Henri De 1650-1704 Born In Gaeta Italy Son Of A
well-known financier, and inventor of the Tontine form of life insurance. Served in the Silician wars, where lost one of his hands. Int...

Index : Bishop Laval Era Left In Charge Of Fort Crevecoeur 149 Driven Out By
Iroquois, 194; La Salle makes him his representative in Canada, 151. (Count Frontenac era) La Salle's lieutenant at Fort Crevecoeur, 144...

Toronto
Capital of the province of Ontario. The name is of Huron origin and means "place of meeting." Fort Rouille was built on the site of the...

Toronto Alliance Society
(William Lyon Mackenzie era) Sympathizes with Lower Canada, 327. ...

Toronto University
Projected in 1797, and chartered, 1827, as King's College, mainly through the efforts of Bishop Strachan. The charter was amended in 18...

Index : Baldwin / La Fontaine / Hincks Era Baldwin's Bill And The University Question 190-197 Its
definite foundation, 281; Act amending the charter, 292; history of legislation affecting, 293; Bourinot and Loudon on Baldwin Bill, 293...

Bib : Loudon History Of The University Of Toronto In Canada: An
Ency., vol. 4; Burwash, Founding and Development of University of Toronto (R. S. C., 1905); The University of Toronto and its Colleges, ...

Tourmente Cap
(Samuel de Champlain era) Champlain's establishment at, for raising cattle, 171; his establishment destroyed by fire, 177. ...

Townshend Lord Charles
See Bayning. ...

Townshend George Marquis 1724-1807 Born In Norfolk England
Entered the army, and engaged in the battles of Dettingen, Fontenoy, and Culloden. In 1759 ordered to Canada; brigadier-general, and com...

Index : Wolfe / Montcalm Era Brigadier Under Wolfe 74 Commands British Right In
battle of Montmorency, 134, 140, 141, 142; moves up river with his command to join fleet, 161; commands British right in battle of the ...

Tracy Alexandre De Prouville Marquis De 1603-1670 Served In The
French army, and in 1655 recaptured Cayenne from the Dutch. In 1663 appointed lieutenant-general of all the French dominions in America,...

Trade
(Lord Elgin era) Depression in Canada following Britain's adoption of free trade, 38-39, 45; Elgin's views on, 57-58; stimulated by repe...

Trading Permits
(Count Frontenac era) Issued by governor, 115; objected to by bishop as involving carrying of liquor to the Indians, 116; prohibited by ...

Trahan Joseph
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) His account of Montcalm before the battle, 197. ...

Traill Catherine Parr 1802-1899 Born In England Daughter Of
Thomas Strickland of Reydon Hall, Suffolk, and sister of Agnes Strickland and Susanna Moodie. Educated at home. Began to write at an ea...

Transcontinental Railway
(George Brown Era) Members of British government in 1862 favourable to, except Gladstone, 143. See also Railways. ...

Transcript
Newspaper published at Montreal. =Index=: (George Brown Era) Opposes annexation of North-West Territories, 218. (Baldwin / La Fontaine /...

Transportation
(George Brown Era) Roads in Upper Canada in 1834, 54; improvement of, advocated by George Brown, 61; Hincks and the Grand Trunk, 64. (Jo...

Trayes
(John Graves Simcoe era) Baptist deacon, teaches school at Port Rowan, 167. ...

Traytorrens Captain
(Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Correspondent of Haldimand's, 315. ...

Treaties
See Aix-la-Chapelle; Ashburton; Jay's; Paris; St. Germain-en-Laye; Ryswick; Breda; Utrecht; Suze; Versailles; Oregon; Washington. ...

Tregatin
(Samuel de Champlain era) Indian, brings news of Kirke's arrival, 176. ...

Trent Affair
Took place in November, 1861, when Captain C. Wilkes of the United States navy intercepted the British mail steamer Trent sailing from ...

Trenton New Jersey
(Lord Dorchester era) Surrender of Hessians at, 164. ...

Trinite
(Samuel de Champlain era) French vessel, seized by the English, 222. ...

Trinity College
College with university powers, established at Toronto. Now affiliated with the University of Toronto. =Index=: (Lord Elgin era) Establ...

Bib : Clark The University Of Trinity College In Canada: An
Ency., vol. 4; Bethune, Memoir of Bishop Strachan. ...

Troop J C
(Joseph Howe era) Delegate of Nova Scotia Anti-Confederate party to England, to demand repeal of British North America Act, 204; receive...

Troop J V
(Tilley era) Ship-owner of St. John, New Brunswick, Anti-Confederate candidate there, 84; defeated in St. John, 109. ...

Trouve Claude
(Bishop Laval era) Sulpician, sent on mission to Lake Ontario, 105. ...

Troyes Chevalier Pierre De
Born in France. Entered the army, and came to Canada as an officer of the Carignan Regiment. In 1686 commanded an expedition of one hun...

Tryon William 1725-1788 Born In Ireland Served In The British
army. In 1764 sent to North Carolina, and on the death of Dobbs succeeded him as lieutenant-governor in 1765. Held the position until 1...

Trytorrens Marie Madeleine
(Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Mother of Haldimand, 2. ...

Tucker R G
(Lord Sydenham era) Appointed provincial registrar, 332. ...

Tuffet Jean
(Samuel de Champlain era) Director of Company of New France, 170. ...

Tupper Charles 1794-1881 Born In Cornwallis Nova Scotia At The
age of twenty-one entered the ministry of the Baptist Church. Held charges at various places in Nova Scotia and Prince Edward Island. S...

Tupper Sir Charles Bart
(1821- ). Born at Amherst, Nova Scotia. Educated at Acadia College, and at Edinburgh. In 1843 graduated M.D., and won the diploma of th...

Bib : Dent Can Por And Last Forty Years Taylor Brit Am
Morgan, Can. Men; Thibault, Biography of Sir Charles Tupper; Saunders, Three Premiers of Nova Scotia; Campbell, History of Nova Scotia....

Tupper Sir Charles Hibbert 1855- Son Of Sir Charles Tupper
Educated at McGill University, and at the Harvard Law School. Called to the bar of Nova Scotia, 1877. Sat in the House of Commons, 1882-...

Turcotte J G
(Lord Elgin era) Commissioner under Seigniorial Tenure law, 186. ...

Turgiss Father Charles
(Samuel de Champlain era) Jesuit missionary at Miscou, 234. (Bishop Laval era) Dies of plague, 62. ...

Turner Philip
Entered the service of the Hudson's Bay Company about 1779, and carried out important surveys for the Company. Stationed at Cumberland ...

Index : Mackenzie / Selkirk / Simpson Era Sent West To Explore By Hudson's Bay Company 57 Meets
Alexander Mackenzie, 57; winters at Chipewyan, 57; determines its position, 57. =Bib.=: Burpee, Search for the Western Sea; Bryce, Huds...

Tuscarora Indians
A tribe of the Iroquois family, dwelling chiefly in North Carolina. In 1722 they were adopted into the league of the Iroquois in New Yo...

Index : Sir Frederick Haldimand Era Incorporated In Indian Confederacy 148 Bib : See
Iroquois; Six Nations. ...

Twelve Resolutions
Presented by Joseph Howe before the Assembly of Nova Scotia in 1837. They embody those principles of constitutional government for whic...

Twiss Captain
(Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Of the Royal Engineers, superintends fortification of, 183; takes over plans to England, 184; employed on ...

Ulloa Antonia De 1716-1795 Born In Seville Spain Studied At
Seville, and in 1733 entered the navy. Accompanied astronomical expedition to Brazil, 1735; and also that of 1744 to observe the comet. ...

Uniacke James Boyle
Son of Richard John Uniacke. Practised law in Nova Scotia. Entered the Legislature some time before 1837. Appointed to the Executive Co...

Uniacke Richard John 1753-1830 Born At Castletown County Cork
Ireland. Emigrated to the West Indies, 1773; went from there to Philadelphia the following year; and induced by Moses Delesdernier, who ...

Union Of 1841
(Joseph Howe era) Act did not concede full measure of responsible government, 53. (Baldwin / La Fontaine / Hincks era) Planned by Sydenh...

Bib : Dent Last Forty Years Mcmullen History Of Canada
Bourinot, Constitutional History of Canada; Egerton and Grant, Canadian Constitutional Documents; Houston, Constitutional Documents; Tu...

United States
(General Brock era) Purchase of Louisiana by, 42; consequent change of attitude towards Great Britain, 43; growing hostility of, to Engl...

Universities
See Acadia; Dalhousie; King's; Knox; Laval; McGill; Ottawa; Queen's; Toronto; Trinity; Victoria; McMaster; Manitoba; Saskatchewan; Albe...

University Provincial
(William Lyon Mackenzie era) Mackenzie's views on, 95. ...

University Endowment
(Sir John A Macdonald era) Scheme opposed by Strachan, 28-29. ...

Unrestricted Reciprocity
(Sir John A Macdonald era) Adopted by Liberal party, 262; campaign in favour of, 292; Goldwin Smith supports, 292; favoured by interpro...

Upper Canada
The name originally applied by General Murray to the Montreal district, in 1760. Under the terms of the Constitutional Act of 1791, the...

Index : George Brown Era Federal Union Of All British North American Provinces Not
acceptable to, 155; feeling in favour of Confederation all but unanimous, 166; parliamentary representation of, 172-173. (Lord Elgin era...

Upper Canada Academy
(Egerton Ryerson era) Established by Methodists, June, 1836, 135; Ryerson on, 137-138; difficulty of raising funds, 138-139; Ryerson sen...

Upper Canada College Toronto
Originally established in 1807 as the Home District Grammar School of York, the first principal of which was Dr. G. O. Stuart, who was ...

Upper Canada Gazette
(William Lyon Mackenzie era) Official organ of the house, 38, 109-110. ...

Upper Canada Gazette Or American Oracle
(John Graves Simcoe era) First paper published in Upper Canada, 172, 173; removed to York, 174. (General Brock era) First published at ...

Urfe Abbe D'
(Count Frontenac era) Haughtily treated by Frontenac, 110. (Bishop Laval era) Sulpician, arrival of, 105. ...

Ursulines
A religious order of women, in the Roman Catholic Church, founded in 1535 at Brescia, by Angela Merici. The order was established in Fr...

Usury Laws
(Lord Sydenham era) Their repeal advocated by Sydenham, 18. ...

Utrecht Treaty Of
Between France and Great Britain, signed in 1713. Provided for the restoration and full surrender of all claims to the Hudson Bay Terri...

Bib : Hertslet Treaties And Conventions
...

Vaccination
(Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Subject discussed in Quebec Gazette, 228-231. See also Smallpox. ...

Vail Edwin Arnold 1817-1885 Born In Sussex New Brunswick Studied
medicine at Edinburgh and Glasgow Universities. Elected to the New Brunswick Assembly, 1857; Speaker, 1865, and again in 1870; a member ...

Vaillant
(Count Frontenac era) Jesuit father, sent as negotiator to Albany, 218. ...

Valdes Cayetano
Accompanied Maurelle and Galiano to North-West Coast, 1792. =Index=: (Sir James Douglas era) Explores North-West Coast, 35; meets Vanco...

Valiniere
(Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Sulpician priest, banished for disloyalty, 128. ...

Vallieres De St Real Joseph-remi 1787-1847 Born In Markham Upper
Canada. Called to the bar, 1812, and practised in Quebec. In 1813 elected member for the county of Chambly in the provincial Assembly, a...

Bib : Morgan Cel Can Christie History Of Lower Canada
...

Valrennes De
(Bishop Laval era) Commander of Fort Frontenac, 223; repels attack of Schuyler, 232. (Count Frontenac era) Commandant at Fort Frontenac,...

Van Buren Martin 1782-1862 Eighth President Of The United States
...

Index : William Lyon Mackenzie Era Anxious To Avoid War With Britain 423 Issues Neutrality
proclamation, 444; annoyed at Mackenzie, 445; pardons Mackenzie, 458; his political death-blow, 472. =WT= Sends Winfield Scott to settle...

Vancouver
(Sir James Douglas era) Hudson's Bay Company vessel, 183. ...

Vancouver George 1758-1798 Entered British Navy 1771 Sailed In
the Resolution with Captain Cook on his second voyage, 1772-1775, and in the Discovery on his third voyage, 1776-1780. Lieutenant on the...

Vancouver Island
The largest island on the west coast of North America. Named after Captain George Vancouver, who explored this coast in the years 1792-...

Index : Sir James Douglas Era Organic Existence Since 1849 1 First Named Quadra And
Vancouver Island by Vancouver, 35; only nominal possession at end of eighteenth century, 62; handed over to Hudson's Bay Company, Jan. 1...

Bib : Begg History Of British Columbia Bancroft History Of
British Columbia; Macdonald, British Columbia and Vancouver's Island; MacFie, Vancouver Island and British Columbia. See also British C...

Van Egmond Anthony
Commander of the Upper Canadian rebels in 1837; a native of Holland; had been a colonel in Napoleon's army, and had seen much active se...

Vanelly
(Samuel de Champlain era) Merchant, compensation awarded to, for goods seized, 221. ...

Vanfelson Judge
(Lord Elgin era) Member of Seigniorial Court, 187. ...

Van Horne Major
American officer. =Index=: (General Brock era) Force of, dispersed by Tecumseh's Indians, 237. ...

Van Horne Sir William Cornelius 1843- Born In Will County
Illinois. Educated at the common schools. In 1857 entered the railway service as telegraph operator on the Illinois Central Railway. Aft...

Index : Sir John A Macdonald Era Made President Of The Canadian Pacific Railway 1888 238
...

Bib : Morgan Can Men Canadian Who's Who
...

Vankoughnet Philip Michael Scott 1823-1869 Born In Cornwall
Ontario. Studied law and called to the bar, 1843; practised in Toronto; appointed Q.C., 1850. In May, 1856, president of the Executive C...

Van Rensselaer Rensselaer 1802-1850 Son Of General S Van
Rensselaer of Albany, New York; for some time employed as a clerk in the post office, Albany. In November, 1837, while on a trip through...

Van Rensselaer Solomon 1774-1852 Born In Rensselaer County New
York. Entered the army in 1792 as a cornet of cavalry, later becoming captain. In 1794, while commanding a company of volunteers, severe...

Van Rensselaer Stephen 1764-1839 Born In New York Graduated At
Harvard, 1782. In 1786 major of militia, and in 1788 colonel. In 1789 elected to the Assembly as a member of the Federal party, of which...

Varin J B
(Lord Elgin era) Commissioner under Seigniorial Tenure law, 187. ...

Vauban De
(Count Frontenac era) French engineer, prepares plans for defence of Quebec, 326. ...

Vaudreuil-cavagnal Pierre De Rigaud Marquis De 1698-1778 Born At
Quebec, son of Philippe de Vaudreuil (q.v.). Entered the army at an early age, becoming ensign, 1708; lieutenant, 1712; and major, 1729....

Vaudreuil Philippe De Rigaud Marquis De
Came to Canada, 1687, in command of eight hundred troops, and, leaving his men behind, pushed on alone to join Denonville in his expedi...

Index : Bishop Laval Era Acting Governor Of Montreal 223 Succeeds Callieres As
governor, 235. (Count Frontenac era) Acts as chief of staff to Governor Denonville, 209; acting governor of Montreal, 225; surprises and...

Vauquelin Jean 1726-1763 Born In Caen France Entered The Navy
and in 1745 successfully engaged a British frigate off Martinique. In 1754 did good service in reconnoitring the English ports, and sub...

Bib : Doughty Siege Of Quebec
...

Vaux Mme De
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) Grandmother of Montcalm, 4. ...

Vendremur Corneille De
(Samuel de Champlain era) Clerk, returns to France, 209. ...

Ventadour Henri De Levy Duc De 1595-1651 Viceroy Of Canada
1625-1627. Served for a time in the army, and is said to have taken holy orders. In any event took a deep interest in the spiritual welf...

Index : Count Frontenac Era Lieutenant-general Of New France 17 Samuel De Champlain Era Appointed
viceroy of New France, 151; resigns, 168. =Bib.=: Parkman, Pioneers of France. ...

Vercheres Marie-madeleine Jarret
Born in 1678 in the fort on her father's seigniory on the St. Lawrence River, twenty miles below Montreal. In 1692 she heroically defen...

Vergennes Charles Gravier Count De 1717-1787 Born In Dijon
Educated there at the Jesuit College. In 1740 entered the diplomatic service, being sent to Lisbon. In 1741 took part in the negotiation...

Index : Lord Dorchester Era His Letter In Regard To Asgill 199 Bib : Cyc Am
Biog. ...

Vergor Duchambon De
In command of Fort Beausejour, 1745. A confederate of the intendant Bigot; used his opportunities to plunder both the people and the go...

Vermont
(Lord Dorchester era) People of, anxious for canal communication with St. Lawrence, 230; their aversion to entering American union, 244,...

Verrazano Giovanni Du
Born near Florence, Italy, in 1470. Entered French marine service, 1495. Credited with visiting the coast of America, 1508. In 1523 sen...

Index : Samuel De Champlain Era His Discovery Of The Coast Of North America 211 Bib :
Murphy, Voyage of Verrazano; De Costa, Verrazano, the Explorer. ...

Verreau Hospice-anthelme Jean Baptiste 1828-1901 Born At L'islet
Quebec. Educated at Quebec Seminary, and a teacher there in 1847-1848. In 1848-1856 principal of Ste. Therese College. In 1851 ordained ...

Versailles Treaty Of
Signed between Great Britain and the rebellious thirteen colonies, 1783. Acknowledged the independence of the thirteen colonies; settle...

Vesey Colonel
(General Brock era) Question of land grant for, 138; letters to Brock, 153, 154, 157. ...

Vicaille
(Samuel de Champlain era) Vessel of David Kirke, 178. ...

Victoria 1819-1901 Granddaughter Of George Iii And Only Child Of
George III's fourth son, Edward Augustus, Duke of Kent, by Mary Louisa Victoria, daughter of the Duke of Saxe-Cobourg-Saalfield; born at...

Victoria
Capital of British Columbia, and formerly capital of the colony of Vancouver Island. Founded in 1843 as Fort Camosun, afterwards Fort V...

Index : Sir James Douglas Era Founded By James Douglas In 1843 146 Built On Site Of
Indian village, known as Camosun, 175; McNeill's exploration, 1837, 176; Sir George Simpson's approval of the site, 176; Douglas examine...

Victoria Bridge
At Montreal, over the St. Lawrence. Built by Robert Stephenson, for the Grand Trunk Railway, 1854-1859, at a total cost of $6,300,000. ...

Bib : Ency Brit
...

Victoria University
In affiliation with the University of Toronto. Formerly located at Cobourg, but later moved to Toronto. Founded in 1830; opened 1836. =...

Vidal Alexander 1819-1906 Born At Brocknell Berkshire England
Educated at Christ's Hospital, London, and in 1834 came to Canada with his parents. Served in the militia during the Rebellion of 1837; ...

Viel Father Nicolas
(Samuel de Champlain era) Recollet, 139; arrives and proceeds to Huron country, 149; drowned, 209. (Bishop Laval era) Missionary labours...

Vieux-pont Father
(Samuel de Champlain era) Jesuit, landed at Grand Cibou, 200; wrecked at Canseau Island, 200; in charge of Cape Breton, 237. ...

Viger Denis Benjamin 1774-1861 Born In Montreal Educated For The
legal profession. Practised in Montreal for some years; and in 1808 elected to the Legislative Assembly. Took an active part in the dis...

Viger Louis Michel
(Lord Elgin era) Called to Cabinet by Metcalfe, 35, 66; receiver-general in La Fontaine-Baldwin ministry, 53; a leader of the Parti Rou...

Vignal
(Bishop Laval era) Sulpician, comes out in St. Andre, 31; ministers to those suffering from the plague, 32; dies a martyr, 91. ...

Ville Marie
(Bishop Laval era) Name given by Sulpicians to Montreal, 85; inhabitants of, all aspired to martyrdom, 90. (General Brock era) Former na...

Villebon Chevalier De
Arrived at Port Royal, June 14, 1690, being commissioned to inquire into the condition of the colony. In June, 1691, received from the ...

Villieu De
(Count Frontenac era) Leads Abenaquis in attack on English settlements, 330. ...

Vimont Barthelemy
Born in France. Came to Canada in 1639 as superior of the missions. With him were the Jesuits, Chaumonot and Poncet, and the Ursulines,...

Vincennes
(Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Haldimand's difficulties with settlers near, 92, 93; occupied by governor of Detroit, 167; French inhabita...

Vincent John 1765-1848 Born In England In 1781 Entered The Army
as ensign, and promoted lieutenant the same year. In 1786 captain; in 1795 major; in 1800 lieutenant-colonel; and in 1810 colonel. Serve...

Vincent De Paul Saint 1576-1660 Born In Pouay Studied For The
priesthood and ordained, 1600. In 1617 founded the Congregation of Priests of the Mission, which was established in the Priory of St. L...

Vindicator
Newspaper published at Montreal. =Index=: (Louis Joseph Papineau era) Edited by Dr. O'Callaghan, Papineau's lieutenant, 86; supports cau...

Bib : Christie History Of Lower Canada
...

Virginia
(Samuel de Champlain era) Grant of, to Sir Thomas Gates, 223. ...

Vitelleschi Father
(Samuel de Champlain era) General of Jesuits, accepts donation of Marquis de Gamache, for a college at Quebec, 228. ...

Vitre Charles Denis De
(Count Frontenac era) Member of Sovereign Council, 106. (Bishop Laval era) Appointed to Sovereign Council, 166. ...

Vitre Jean Denis De
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) Pilot, taken prisoner, guides Durell's fleet, 78. ...

Voltaire Francois Marie Arouet De 1694-1778 French Writer
...

Index : Wolfe / Montcalm Era Speaks Of Canada As A Few Acres Of Snow 11 Bishop Laval Era On Men
and empires, 123. =Bib.=: For biog. and bib. of his works, see Larousse, Dict. Univ. ...

Voltigeurs
(General Brock era) Corps raised and commanded by Colonel de Salaberry, 189, 191. ...

Volunteer
(William Lyon Mackenzie era) Newspaper, Mackenzie publishes, 467. ...

Volunteers At Quebec
(Lord Dorchester era) On conclusion of siege, dismissed and thanked, 144. ...

Von Shoultz
A Polish gentleman, settled in the United States. During the Rebellion of 1837-1838, led a party of American sympathizers over the bord...

Vorhees
(John Graves Simcoe era) Rebel captain, killed by Rangers, 32. ...

Voyageurs
(Sir James Douglas era) Character of, 52. (General Brock era) Of the Hudson's Bay Company, assist in capture of Michilimackinac, 210. ...

Voyer Colonel
(Lord Dorchester era) Commands French militia in siege of Quebec, 115. ...

Vrooman's Point
(General Brock era) On Niagara River, battery at, 299, 300. ...

Wadsworth William 1732-1833 Born In Durham Connecticut In The
War of 1812, brigadier-general in the New York militia. Took part in the battle of Queenston Heights on Oct. 13, 1812, and when the Amer...

Wages
(John Graves Simcoe era) Rate of, 113. ...

Wake Sir Isaac 1580-1632 Born At Hartwell Northamptonshire
England. Educated at Oxford. Entered the diplomatic service, and in 1609 secretary to the British minister at Venice; British representa...

Wakefield Edward Gibbon 1796-1862 Born In London England
Educated at Westminster and at Edinburgh. One of the founders of the National Colonization Society in 1830. In 1838 accompanied Lord Dur...

Bib : Dict Nat Biog Garnett Edward Gibbon Wakefield Dent
Last Forty Years. ...

Walcheren Expedition
(General Brock era) Failure of, 119. ...

Walker Sir Hovenden 1660-1726 Born In Somersetshire England
Entered the navy; in 1691-1692 captain of the Vulture fireship; in 1695 in command of the Foresight, and in 1696, when in charge of con...

Walker Thomas
(Lord Dorchester era) Magistrate, strong anti-military feeling of, 18; assault upon, 20; inquiry made into affair without result, 21; ce...

Wallace Hugh
(Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Haldimand's New York agent, 61, 74, 77; sends Haldimand news of Bunker Hill and other events, 108. ...

Wallace Nathaniel Clarke 1844-1901 Born At Woodbridge Ontario
Educated at the public schools and Weston Grammar School; taught school for some years. Subsequently engaged in mercantile life. Elected...

Walley John 1644-1712 Born In London England Commanded
expedition against the French and their Indian allies in Canada, 1689. In 1690 sailed under Sir William Phipps to Quebec, but the siege ...

Walpole Horace
See Orford. ...

Walrond Theodore
(Lord Elgin era) On British ignorance of Canada, and Elgin's work there, 215. =Bib.=: Life of Elgin. ...

Walsingham William De Grey First Baron 1719-1781 Lord Dorchester Era
Solicitor-general of England, his views on Canadian laws, 62. =Bib.=: Dict. Nat. Biog. ...

War Of 1812
Declared by the United States against Great Britain in June, 1812. The president in his message to Congress specified the grounds for w...

Wark David 1804-1905 Born Near Londonderry Ireland Came To New
Brunswick, 1825; engaged in mercantile life. Elected to the Legislative Assembly, 1843; appointed to the Legislative Council, 1851; memb...

Warner Seth 1743-1784 Born In Roxbury Connecticut At The
outbreak of the American Revolution, joined the ranks of the patriots, and as second in command took part in the capture of Ticonderoga ...

Washington George 1732-1799 First President Of The United States
...

Index : Lord Dorchester Era Recognizes Arnold's Abilities 105 Ordered By Congress To
appoint commission for exchange of prisoners, 207; opposed to resurrection of French power in North America, 281; his moderate views, 2...

Washington Treaty 1871 Dealt With The Alabama Claims Arbitration Of
the San Juan boundary; North Atlantic fisheries; navigation of certain rivers and canals and of Lake Michigan; system of bonded transit;...

Waterways
(George Brown Era) Improved as a result of British preference, 31; navigable rivers in North-West, 214-215; joint commission for improv...

Watkin Sir Edwin William Bart
(1819-1901). Born in Manchester, England. Educated there. In 1845 secretary of the Trent Valley Railway, and at various times connected...

Index : Sir Georges E Cartier Era President Of Grand Trunk Railway 125 Friend Of Cartier's
125; declines distinction of C. B., 125; Cartier's letter to, 125-128. ...

Bib : Morgan Can Men
...

Watson Samuel James 1837-1881 Born In Ireland Educated At Belfast
Academy. Came to Canada and engaged in newspaper work, 1857. Appointed librarian of the Ontario Assembly, 1871. Died in Toronto. =Bib.=:...

Watters Charles
(Tilley era) Defeated in St. John County, New Brunswick, 11; becomes solicitor-general, New Brunswick, 43; defeated in St. John, 84. ...

Waverley Abbey
(Lord Sydenham era) In Surrey, birthplace of Sydenham, 5. ...

Wayne Anthony 1745-1796 Born In Pennsylvania Sent In 1765 On The
recommendation of Benjamin Franklin, to Nova Scotia, as financial agent and land surveyor. One of the provincial deputies chosen in 1774...

Weatherbe Sir Robert Linton 1836- Born In Prince Edward Island
Educated at Prince of Wales's College, Charlottetown, and Acadia College, Wolfville. Edited the Acadian Recorder. Called to the bar, 18...

Webb Samuel Blatchley 1753-1807 Born In Connecticut Took Part In
the civil and military movements that preceded the Revolution in 1775. Commanded a company of Light Infantry in the battle of Bunker Hil...

Webb's Regiment
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) Formed part of reserve in battle of the Plains, 189. =Bib.=: Doughty, Siege of Quebec. ...

Wedderburn Lord
See Rosslyn. ...

Weir Lieutenant George
Came to Canada with the 32nd Regiment; served in the Rebellion of 1837 in Lower Canada; sent with despatches to the officer in command ...

Weldon John Wesley 1804-1885 For Many Years A Member Of The
Legislative Assembly of New Brunswick, and 1843-1851 Speaker of the House. In 1865 appointed a judge of the Supreme Court of New Brunswi...

Welland Canal
Projected as a result of the War of 1812. A commission was appointed in 1816 to report on a canal between Lakes Erie and Ontario. The m...

Bib : Kingsford Early Canals Merritt Biography Of W H
Merritt; Matheson, Welland Canal (Women's Can. Hist. Soc. Trans., vol. 2). ...

Wellington Arthur Wellesley Duke Of 1769-1852 Entered The Army In
1787, and after serving in the Netherlands went to India in 1797, where he filled various military and civil offices until 1805. Two yea...

Wentworth Sir John 1737-1820 Born In Portsmouth New Hampshire
Educated at Harvard. In 1765 went to England as agent of the province of New Hampshire, and in 1767 appointed governor of the province; ...

West
(Wilmot era) Of Halifax, establishes first Madras school in St. John, New Brunswick, in 1818, 87. ...

West India Company
Established by royal edict in 1664, under the usual conditions, that it should further the cause of colonization and religion in New Fr...

Western Forts
(John Graves Simcoe era) Held by Great Britain pending settlement of Loyalist affairs, 55, 119; handed over to United States, 142. (Gene...

Westminster Conference 1866
To settle finally the plan on which the Confederation of the provinces was to be carried out, the delegates from Canada, New Brunswick ...

Wetherall Sir George Augustus 1788-1868 Born In Hampshire
England. Educated at Winchester and the Military College, Farnham. In 1803 joined the regiment of Nova Scotia Fencibles formed by his fa...

Wetmore A B
(Tilley era) Anti-Confederate candidate in St. John, New Brunswick, 84; his character, 84-85; breaks away from government, 101; elected...

Wheat
(George Brown Era) Lord Stanley introduces measure giving preference to Canadian wheat, 1843, 15; preference wiped out by the corn laws,...

Whelan Edward 1824-1867 Born In County Mayo Ireland Emigrated To
Nova Scotia, and employed in the office of the Nova Scotian, under Joseph Howe. Moved to Prince Edward Island, 1842, and immediately thr...

White John
(John Graves Simcoe era) First attorney-general of Upper Canada, 81, 178; his duel with John Small, clerk of council, 181. ...

White Philip
(Lord Dorchester era) Loyalist, murder of, 198. ...

White Thomas 1830-1888 Born In Montreal Educated At The High
school there. Joined the editorial staff of the Quebec Gazette; and in 1853 founded the Peterborough Review, which he edited for seven y...

Whitney Sir James Pliny 1843- Born At Williamsburg Ontario
Educated at the Cornwall Grammar School. Served for some years in the militia, and on active service during the Fenian raid, 1866. In 18...

Wilcox Absalom
(William Lyon Mackenzie era) Aids Mackenzie's escape, 383. ...

Wilcox Allan
(William Lyon Mackenzie era) Accompanies Mackenzie in his flight, 384-386. ...

Wilkins Lewis Morris 1801-1885 Born In Halifax Nova Scotia Son
of Lewis Morris Wilkins, judge of the Supreme Court. Educated at King's College, Windsor, graduating in 1819. Called to the bar and prac...

Bib : Campbell History Of Nova Scotia
...

Wilkinson
(George Brown Era) Edits a Bowmanville newspaper, charges Senator Simpson with bribery in 1872, publishes letter from George Brown to Si...

Wilkinson
(Lord Dorchester era) Aide-de-camp to Benedict Arnold, describes Arnold's rapid retreat, 147. ...

William Iii 1650-1702 King Of England Son Of William Ii Prince Of
Orange, and Mary, daughter of Charles I of England. In 1677 married Mary, daughter of James II of England. In 1688 on the invitation of ...

William Iv 1765-1837 King Of England Third Son Of George Iii And
Queen Charlotte; born in Buckingham Palace. On June 26, 1830, succeeded George IV. =Index=: (Lord Sydenham era) Accession of, 25; dismis...

William Henry
(Lord Dorchester era) Name of Sorel changed to, 240. ...

Williams Sir William Fenwick 1800-1883 Born In Annapolis Royal
Nova Scotia. Graduated at Woolwich, England, in 1821; entered the army, 1825; and served with distinction in the Crimean War, 1854-1855....

Willis John Walpole 1792-1877 Born In England A Voluminous Writer
on legal subjects. In 1827 appointed a puisne judge of the King's Bench in Upper Canada. A capable judge, but in constant conflict with ...

Willis Michael 1799-1879 Born In Greenock Scotland Educated At
the University of Glasgow. A minister in Glasgow for a number of years, and professor of divinity for the secession branch of the Presby...

Willison John Stephen 1856- Born At Hill's Green Ontario Began
his journalistic career with the London Advertiser, 1882; joined the staff of the Toronto Globe, 1883. Represented the Globe in Ottawa ...

Williston Edward
(Tilley era) Solicitor-general, New Brunswick, 105. ...

Williston John T
(Tilley era) Deserts Liberal party in New Brunswick, 18; elected for Northumberland, 107. ...

Willson John
Representative for Wentworth. =Index=: (Egerton Ryerson era) Speaker of Legislative Assembly, Upper Canada, 64, 65. ...

Wilmot Benjamin 1589-1669 Wilmot Era Born In England One Of Early
settlers of New Haven, 3; ancestor of L. A. Wilmot, 3. ...

Wilmot Ezekiel
(Wilmot era) Born, 1708, son of Thomas Wilmot, 3. ...

Wilmot Lemuel
(Wilmot era) A Loyalist of Poughkeepsie, New York, 3; a captain in Loyal American Regiment, came to New Brunswick after the war, 3. ...