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Speaking Writing.com

Articles on Speaking and Writing, Quiz Questions


Speaking Writing

Requirements Of Speech
It is very easy to learn how to speak and write correctly, as for all purposes of ordinary conversation and communication, only ...

The English Language In A Nutshell
All the words in the English language are divided into nine great classes. These classes are called the Parts of Speech. They are Arti...

Definitions
A Pronoun is a word used for or instead of a noun to keep us from repeating the same noun too often. Pronouns, like nouns, have case, ...

Three Essentials
The three essentials of the English language are: Purity, Perspicuity and Precision. By Purity is signified the use of good English...

Essentials Of English Grammar
In order to speak and write the English language correctly, it is imperative that the fundamental principles of the Grammar be m...

Divisions Of Grammar
There are four great divisions of Grammar, viz.: Orthography, Etymology, Syntax, and Prosody. Orthography treats of letters and t...

Letters
A letter is a mark or character used to represent an articulate sound. Letters are divided into vowels and consonants. A vowel is a le...

Syllables And Words
A syllable is a distinct sound produced by a single effort of [Transcriber's note: 1-2 words illegible] shall, pig, dog. In every syl...

The Parts Of Speech
...

Article
An Article is a word placed before a noun to show whether the noun is used in a particular or general sense. There are two articles...

Adjective
An adjective is a word which qualifies a noun, that is, shows or points out some distinguishing mark or feature of the noun; as, A bl...

Pronoun
A pronoun is a word used in place of a noun; as, "John gave his pen to James and he lent it to Jane to write her copy with it." Withou...

M.
Sing. Plural. N. He They P. H...

F.
Sing. Plural. N. She They P. He...

The Verb
A verb is a word which implies action or the doing of something, or it may be defined as a word which affirms, commands or asks a ques...

What Conversation Is And What It Is Not
Good conversation is more easily defined by what it is not than by what it is. To come to any conclusions on this subject, one shoul...

Present Tense
Sing. Plural 1st person If I love If we love 2nd perso...

Past Perfect Tense
Sing. Plural 1st person If I had loved If we had loved 2nd per...

Future Tense
Sing. Plural 1st person I shall be loved We shall be loved 2nd pe...

Future Perfect Tense
Sing. Plural 1st person I shall have been loved We shall have been loved 2nd...

(present Tense Only)
Sing. Plural 2nd person Be (you) loved Be (you) loved ...

Present Tense
Sing. Plural 1st person If I be loved If we be loved 2nd per...

Past Tense
Sing. Plural 1st person If I were loved If they were loved 2nd p...

Present Perfect Tense
Sing. Plural 1st person If I have been loved If we have been loved 2nd ...

Past Perfect Tense
Sing. Plural 1st person If I had been loved If we had been loved 2nd ...

Infinitives
Present Perfect To be loved To have been loved ...

Participles
Present Past Perfect Being loved Been loved Having been loved (N. B.--...

Adverb
An adverb is a word which modifies a verb, an adjective or another adverb. Thus, in the example--"He writes well," the adverb shows th...

Preposition
A preposition connects words, clauses, and sentences together and shows the relation between them. "My hand is on the table" shows rel...

Conjunction
A conjunction joins words, clauses and sentences; as "John and James." "My father and mother have come, but I have not seen them." ...

Interjection
An interjection is a word used to express some sudden emotion of the mind. Thus in the examples,--"Ah! there he comes; alas! what shal...

The Sentence
A sentence is an assemblage of words so arranged as to convey a determinate sense or meaning, in other words, to express a compl...

Arrangement Of Words In A Sentence
Of course in simple sentences the natural order of arrangement is subject--verb--object. In many cases no other form is possible. Thus...

Sentence Classification
There are two great classes of sentences according to the general principles upon which they are founded. These are termed the loose a...

The Paragraph
The paragraph may be defined as a group of sentences that are closely related in thought and which serve one common purpose. Not only ...

Figurative Language
In Figurative Language we employ words in such a way that they differ somewhat from their ordinary signification in commonplace ...

Punctuation
Lindley Murray and Goold Brown laid down cast-iron rules for punctuation, but most of them have been broken long since and throw...

Capital Letters
Capital letters are used to give emphasis to or call attention to certain words to distinguish them from the context. In manuscripts t...

X L C D M1, 2, 3, 5, 10, 50, 100, 500, 1000.
(9) Proper names begin with a capital; as, "Jones, Johnson, Caesar, Mark Antony, England, Pacific, Christmas." Such words as river,...

Letter Writing
Many people seem to regard letter-writing as a very simple and easily acquired branch, but on the contrary it is one of the most...

The Heading
The Heading has three parts, viz., the name of the place, the date of writing and the designation of the person or persons addressed; ...

Subscription
The Subscription or ending of a letter consists of the term of respect or affection and the signature. The term depends upon the relat...

Address
The address of a letter consists of the name, the title and the residence. Mr. Hugh Black, 112 Southgate Str...

N. Y.
In writing to the President the superscription on the envelope should be To the President, Executive Mansion,...

Formal Invitations
Mr. and Mrs. Henry Wagstaff request the honor of Mr. McAdoo's presence on Friday evening, June 15th, ...

Notes Of Introduction
Notes of introduction should be very circumspect as the writers are in reality vouching for those whom they introduce. Here is a speci...

Errors
In the following examples the word or words in parentheses are uncalled for and should be omitted: 1. Fill the glass (full). ...

Grammatical Errors Of Standard Authors
Even the best speakers and writers are sometimes caught napping. Many of our standard authors to whom we have been accustomed to look ...

Pitfalls To Avoid
...

Attraction
Very often the verb is separated from its real nominative or subject by several intervening words and in such cases one is liable to m...

Ellipsis
Errors in ellipsis occur chiefly with prepositions. His objection and condoning of the boy's course, seemed to say the least, parad...

The Split Infinitive
Even the best speakers and writers are in the habit of placing a modifying word or words between the to and the remaining part of the ...

Other And Another
These are words which often give to expressions a meaning far from that intended. Thus, "I have nothing to do with that other rascal a...

And With The Relative
Never use and with the relative in this manner: "That is the dog I meant and which I know is of pure breed." This is an error quite c...

Loose Participles
A participle or participial phrase is naturally referred to the nearest nominative. If only one nominative is expressed it claims all ...

Broken Construction
Sometimes the beginning of a sentence presents quite a different grammatical construction from its end. This arises from the fact pro...

Double Negative
It must be remembered that two negatives in the English language destroy each other and are equivalent to an affirmative. Thus "I don'...

First Personal Pronoun
The use of the first personal pronoun should be avoided as much as possible in composition. Don't introduce it by way of apology and n...

Sequence Of Tenses
When two verbs depend on each other their tenses must have a definite relation to each other. "I shall have much pleasure in accepting...

Betweenamong
These prepositions are often carelessly interchanged. Between has reference to two objects only, among to more than two. "The money wa...

Lessfewer
Less refers is quantity, fewer to number. "No man has less virtues" should be "No man has fewer virtues." "The farmer had some oats an...

Furtherfarther
Further is commonly used to denote quantity, farther to denote distance. "I have walked farther than you," "I need no further supply"...

Each Otherone Another
Each other refers to two, one another to more than two. "Jones and Smith quarreled; they struck each other" is correct. "Jones, Smith ...

Each, Every, Either, Neither
These words are continually misapplied. Each can be applied to two or any higher number of objects to signify every one of the number ...

Neithernor
When two singular subjects are connected by neither, nor use a singular verb; as, "Neither John nor James was there," not were there....

Riseraise
These verbs are very often confounded. Rise is to move or pass upward in any manner; as to "rise from bed;" to increase in value, to i...

Laylie
The transitive verb lay, and lay, the past tense of the neuter verb lie, are often confounded, though quite different in meaning. The ...

Says Ii Said
"Says I" is a vulgarism; don't use it. "I said" is correct form. ...

Ininto
Be careful to distinguish the meaning of these two little prepositions and don't interchange them. Don't say "He went in the room" nor...

Eatate
Don't confound the two. Eat is present, ate is past. "I eat the bread" means that I am continuing the eating; "I ate the bread" means ...

Sequence Of Person
Remember that the first person takes precedence of the second and the second takes precedence of the third. When Cardinal Wolsey said ...

Am Comehave Come
"I am come" points to my being here, while "I have come" intimates that I have just arrived. When the subject is not a person, the ver...

Past Tensepast Participle
The interchange of these two parts of the irregular or so-called strong verbs is, perhaps, the breach oftenest committed by careless s...

Prepositions And The Objective Case
Don't forget that prepositions always take the objective case. Don't say "Between you and I"; say "Between you and me" Two preposit...

Summonsummons
Don't say "I shall summons him," but "I shall summon him." Summon is a verb, summons, a noun. It is correct to say "I shall get a s...

Undeniableunexceptionable
"My brother has an undeniable character" is wrong if I wish to convey the idea that he has a good character. The expression should be ...

The Pronouns
Very many mistakes occur in the use of the pronouns. "Let you and I go" should be "Let you and me go." "Let them and we go" should be ...

That For So
"The hurt it was that painful it made him cry," say "so painful." ...

Thesethose
"Don't say, These kind; those sort. Kind and sort are each singular and require the singular pronouns this and that. In connection wit...

This Muchthus Much
"This much is certain" should be "Thus much or so much is certain." ...

Fleefly
These are two separate verbs and must not be interchanged. The principal parts of flee are flee, fled, fled; those of fly are fly, fl...

Throughthroughout
Don't say "He is well known through the land," but "He is well known throughout the land." ...

Vocation And Avocation
Don't mistake these two words so nearly alike. Vocation is the employment, business or profession one follows for a living; avocation ...

Waswere
In the subjunctive mood the plural form were should be used with a singular subject; as, "If I were," not was. Remember the plural for...

A Or An
A becomes an before a vowel or before h mute for the sake of euphony or agreeable sound to the ear. An apple, an orange, an heir, an ...

Diction
The first requisite of style is choice of words, and this comes under the head of Diction, the property of style which has reference t...

Purity
Purity of style consists in using words which are reputable, national and present, which means that the words are in current use by th...

Propriety
Propriety of style consists in using words in their proper sense and as in the case of purity, good usage is the principal test. Many ...

Simplicity
Simplicity of style has reference to the choice of simple words and their unaffected presentation. Simple words should always be used ...

Clearness
Clearness of style should be one of the leading considerations with the beginner in composition. He must avoid all obscurity and ambig...

Strength
Strength is that property of style which gives animation, energy and vivacity to language and sustains the interest of the reader. It ...

Harmony
Harmony is that property of style which gives a smoothness to the sentence, so that when the words are sounded their connection become...

Expressive Of Writer
Style is expressive of the writer, as to who he is and what he is. As a matter of structure in composition it is the indication of wha...

Kinds Of Style
Style has been classified in different ways, but it admits of so many designations that it is very hard to enumerate a table. In fact ...

Suggestions
Rules of grammar and rhetoric are good in their own place; their laws must be observed in order to express thoughts and ideas in...

Writing For Newspapers
The newspaper nowadays goes into every home in the land; what was formerly regarded as a luxury is now looked upon as a...

Choice Of Words
In another place in this book advice has been given to never use a long word when a short one will serve the same purpose. This ...

English Language
The English language is the tongue now current in England and her colonies throughout the world and also throughout the greater ...

Masters And Masterpieces Of Literature
The Bible is the world's greatest book. Apart from its character as a work of divine revelation, it is the most perfect literatu...

Indispensable Books
Homer, Dante, Cervantes, Shakespeare and Goethe. (The best translation of Homer for the ordinary reader is by Chapman. Norton's tra...

A Good Library
Besides the works mentioned everyone should endeavor to have the following: Plutarch's Lives, Meditations of Marcus Aurelius, Chauce...

Masterpieces Of American Literature
Scarlet Letter, Parkman's Histories, Motley's Dutch Republic, Grant's Memoirs, Franklin's Autobiography, Webster's Speeches, Lowell's ...

Ten Greatest American Poets
Bryant, Poe, Whittier, Longfellow, Lowell, Emerson, Whitman, Lanier, Aldrich and Stoddard. ...

Ten Greatest English Poets
Chaucer, Spenser, Shakespeare, Milton, Burns, Wordsworth, Keats, Shelley, Tennyson, Browning. ...

Ten Greatest English Essayists
Bacon, Addison, Steele, Macaulay, Lamb, Jeffrey, De Quincey, Carlyle, Thackeray and Matthew Arnold. ...

Best Plays Of Shakespeare
In order of merit are: Hamlet, King Lear, Othello, Antony and Cleopatra, Macbeth, Merchant of Venice, Henry IV, As You Like It, Winte...

Discussion Versus Controversy
Many people object to discussion, but they are invariably those on the midway rounds of the conversational ladder; people to whom th...

Gossip
It seems strange that, in all the long list of brilliant dissertations on every subject under the sun, no English essayist should ha...

What Should Guests Talk About At Dinner?
"Good talk is not to be had for the asking. Humors must first be accorded in a kind of overture for prolog; hour, company, and circ...

The Talk Of Host And Hostess At Dinner
Sydney Smith, by all accounts a great master of the social art, said of himself: "There is one talent I think I have to a remarkable...

Interruption In Conversation
Interruption, more surely than anything else, kills conversation. The effusive talker who, in spite of his facility for words, is in...

Power Of Fitness Tact And Nicety In Business Words
There is an aspect of business words which has to do with social tact. "The social tact of business words" sounds incongruous on fir...

Good Conversation Conclusion
Good conversation, then, is like a well-played game of whist. Each has to give and take; each has to deal regularly round to all the...


Punctuation

Introduction
Punctuation is a device by which we aid words to tell their story. Words have done this at times without such aid, and may now do so...

The Comma
The comma is by far the most difficult of all the punctuation marks to use correctly. Usage varies greatly from time to time and amo...

The Semicolon
The semicolon is used to denote a degree of separation greater than that indicated by the comma, but less than that indicated by the...

The Colon
The colon marks the place of transition in a long sentence consisting of many members and involving a logical turn of the thought. B...

The Period
The period, or full stop, marks the end of a declarative sentence. As a sign it has several other uses which will appear in the para...

The Dash
The dash is a very useful mark which has been greatly overworked by careless writers. It is very easy to make in manuscript and serv...

The Parenthesis
The parenthesis, commonly used in pairs, encloses expressions which have no essential connection with the rest of the sentence, but ...

The Bracket
Brackets are used in pairs, like the parentheses. In Job composition either brackets or parentheses may be used, as suits the fancy ...

The Interrogation
The interrogation is the point that asks questions. It should always be placed outside quotation marks unless it is a part of the qu...

The Exclamation
The exclamation mark is the mark of strong emotion. _Rules for the Use of the Exclamation_ 1. After every expression of great...

The Apostrophe
The apostrophe is primarily the sign of the possessive case, but it has several other uses. _Rules for the Use of the Apostroph...

The Hyphen
The hyphen is used to join compound words; to mark the division of a word too long to go entirely into one line; to separate the syl...

Quotation Marks
Quotation marks are signs used to indicate that the writer is giving exactly the words of another. A French printer named Morel used...

General Remarks
Book titles are now set without points. This fashion was introduced by Pickering of London about 1850. This method is generally to t...

Summary
1. A comma separates clauses, phrases, and particles. 2. A semicolon separates different statements. 3. A colon is the transiti...


Fiction Writing

The Writer Himself Or Herself
Critical Faculty--Cultivation of Genius--Observation and Information--Open-mindedness--Attitude Toward Life-- Prejudice a...

The Choice Of Matter
Selection--Sincerity--Adventure--Common Problems of Life-- Originality--Novelty and Worth--Three Elements of Fictional Li...

Conceptive Technique: Story Types
Conception and Execution--Utility to Know Types--Novel and Romance--Short Story--The Three Types--Emphasis--Three Element...

Conceptive Technique: Plot And Situation
Definition of Plot--Character and Plot--Dramatic Value of Plot--Complication--Interest--Plot as Problem--Three Basic Them...

Constructive Technique Of Narration[c]
Importance--Plot and Situation--Spiritual Values of Story-- Order of Events--Introduction--Primary and Secondary Events-- ...

Executive Technique Of Narration
Mode of Narration--First Person Narration--Variation-- Advantages--Disadvantages--Plausibility--Third Person Narration--A...

Executive Technique Of Narration
Narration Method--Story of the Commonplace--Story of the Bizarre--Vividness--Suspense--Emphasis and Suppression-- Matter ...

Description
Interest--Secondary Function of Description--Distribution-- Story of Atmosphere--Effectiveness of Distributed Description ...

Speech
Potency of Dialogue--Mechanical Distribution--Naturalness-- Directness--Dialect--Situation--Three Resources to Meet Deman...

Portrayal Of Character
The Three Modes of Characterization--Dialogue--Action-- Description or Direct Statement--Aims of Characterization-- To Sh...

Atmosphere
Definition--General Atmospheric Value of Fiction--Tone of Story--Preparation of Reader for Climax--Examples--The Story of...

The Short Story
Definition--Two Types--Dramatic Short Story--Atmospheric Short Story--Origins--Assumed Unity and Singleness of Effect of ...

The Novel
Novel and Romance--Romanticism and Realism--Techniques of Novel and Romance--Incoherence of Novel Relative to Short Story...

Discovery Of Radio-activity
The object of this brief treatise is to give a simple account of the development of our knowledge of radio-activity and its bearing ...

Properties Of The Radiations
The activity of these radio-active bodies consists in the emission of certain radiations which may be separated into rays and studie...

Changes In Radio-active Bodies
Is Radio-activity a Permanent Property? Is this power of emitting radiations a permanent property or is it lost with the passage ...

Nature Of The Alpha Particle
Disintegration of the Elements The remarkable disintegrations related in the last chapter, in which the heaviest known elementary...

The Structure Of The Atom
Properties of Radium A study of the properties of radium will aid in throwing light upon the question as to the building up of th...

Radio-activity And Chemical Theory
Influence upon Chemical Theory It can easily be seen that the revelations of radio-activity must have a far-reaching effect upon ...


News Writing

Organization Of The Paper
INTRODUCTION =1. The City Room The city room is the place where a reporter presents himself for work the first day. It is imposs...

The Editorial Rooms
=4. Beginning Work As stated in the preceding chapter, the place at which the reporter presents himself for work the first day is the...

The Mechanical Department
=19. Division Beyond the editorial rooms is the mechanical department, with which every reporter should be, but rarely ever is, acqu...

The Business Department
=30. Divisions of the Business Department When the paper issues from the press, it passes into the hands of the circulation manager, ...

What News Is
=34. Essentials of News Writing To write successful news stories, four requisites are necessary: the power to estimate news values p...

News Sources
=51. Second Essential of News Writing As explained in the preceding chapter, the first essential in news writing is a proper apprecia...

The Lead
[11] Before reading this chapter, the student should examine the style book in the Appendix, particularly that part ...

The Body Of The Story
=121. Inaccuracy and Dullness If the reporter has written a strong lead for his story, he need have small worry about what shall foll...

The Paragraph
=141. Paragraph a Mark of Punctuation Discussion of the paragraph really belongs under the head of punctuation, since its purpose is ...

The Sentence
[18] Teachers having classes sufficiently advanced may find it advisable to pass hastily over this chapter, or may ...

Words
=170. Accuracy and Interest For words, as for sentences and stories, the same law holds,--accuracy and interest. If one's words are a...

Interviews Speeches Courts
=178. Four Types of Stories To the casual newspaper reader the various patterns of stories seem all but limitless. To the experienced...

Accident Crime
=210. Accident and Crime Stories Accident and crime stories are grouped together because they are handled alike and because they diff...

Sports
=230. Slang In writing stories of athletic meets and games the reporter will find that in matters of language he has almost complete ...

Society
=253. What Society News Is The society editor's work concerns itself with the social and personal news of the city and county in whic...

Follow-ups Rewrites
=260. "Follow-ups."=--"Rewrites" and "follow-up" stories are news stories which have appeared in print. The distinction between the tw...

Feature Stories
=275. What the Feature Story Is The feature, or human interest, story is the newspaper man's invention for making stories of little n...

Correspondence Stories
=285. Correspondence Work In style and construction correspondence stories are not different from the preceding types of news stories...

Handling Copy
=1. Definition Copy is any manuscript prepared for printing, and is written according to the individual style rules of each newspaper...

Punctuation
=17. Rules While every well-regulated newspaper has rules of its own governing the use of capital letters, commas, dashes, parenthese...

Capital Letters
=18. Proper Names Capitalize all proper names. A proper name is one that designates a particular person, place, or thing. In particul...

The Period
=35. Roman Numerals Omit the period after roman numerals: as, Louis XIV of France. =36. Abbreviations Place a period after abbrev...

The Colon
=39. Formal Quotations A colon is used to introduce a formal quotation. =Right The author also makes this significant st...

The Semicolon
=43. Compound Sentences A semicolon is used in compound sentences to separate independent clauses that have no connective between. Th...

The Comma
=47. Parenthetic Expressions Parenthetic words, phrases, and clauses, whether used at the beginning, middle, or end of a sentence, ar...

The Dash
=65. Sudden Break in Thought Use a dash to mark a sudden suspension of the thought or a violent break in the construction of the sent...

Parentheses
=71. Political Parties In legislative or congressional reports in which the political affiliation of a member, or the state or county...

Quotation-marks
=73. Direct Quotations Quotation-marks are used to set off direct quotations printed in the same type and style as the remainder of t...

The Apostrophe
=80. Possessive Case Use an apostrophe and an s to indicate the possessive case singular, no matter whether the word ends in one or t...

The Hyphen
=83. Compound Words Put a hyphen between the members of a compound word. Words compounded with the following prefixes and suffixes ar...

Abbreviations
=88. Abbreviations Avoided Abbreviations should as a rule be avoided. The coming of the typewriter into journalism has created a tend...

Numbers
=95. Dates Observe the following rules concerning dates: 1. Write year dates always in figures: as, 1776. 2. Write month dates i...

Marks Used In Correcting Copy
amb = Ambiguous. and = A bad "and" sentence. Make two sentences or subordi...

Proof-readers' Marks
Cap Capitalize. lc Lower case; small letter. delta Delete; omit. stet Re...

Terminology
=Ad Alley The part of the composing room where the advertisements are set. =Add Late news added to a story alre...


Lecturing

Introductory
For some time I have been besieged with requests to open a "Speakers' Class" or "A School of Oratory," or, as one ingenious correspo...

Exordium
The part of a lecture which consumes the first ten or fifteen minutes is called the exordium, from the Latin word exordiri--to begin...

Begin Well
The Shakespearian saying that "all's well that ends well" is only a half truth. A good lecture must not only end well; it must begin...

Speak Deliberately
William Ewart Gladstone, one of the most generally admired orators the English house of commons ever listened to, spoke at an averag...

Peroration
The close of a lecture is called the peroration--the word oration prefixed by the Latin preposition "per." "Per" has several meaning...

Read Widely
I had just concluded a lecture in Grand Junction, Colo., over a year ago, when a burly railroad man stepped forward and introduced h...

Read The Best
I met him at Napa, Cal., after the meeting. His name was Mueller; a tall, fine old German. He had been through the Bismarck "excepti...

Subject
A great lecture must have a great theme. One of the supreme tests of a lecturer's judgment presents itself when he is called upon to...

Learn To Stop
The platform has no greater nuisance than that interminable bore--the speaker who cannot stop. Of all platform vices this is about t...

Chairman
Lecturers learn by experience that the chairman question may become at times a very trying problem. Many a meeting has been spoil...

Mannerisms
Speaking mannerisms are of two kinds, those of manner, of course, and those which by a metaphorical use of the term may be called ma...

Course Lecturing No Chairman
The very first essential to successful course lecturing is--no chairman. On three different occasions I have tried to deliver a long...

Course Lecturing Learn To Classify
The definition of science as "knowledge classified," while leaving much to be said, is perhaps, as satisfactory as any that could be...

Preparation
Said Francis Bacon, the author of "Novum Organum," "Reading maketh a full man, writing an exact man, and conversation a ready man....

Debating
Really great debaters, like the animal reconstructed, as Bret Harte relates, before "The Society on the Stanislaw," are "extremely r...

Tricks Of Debate
There are a great number of tricks that may be practiced in debate. They should be avoided by the serious man who is debating to def...

Rhetoric
It is the function of language to convey ideas. Ideas are the real foundation of good lecturing and words must always be subordinate...

The Audience
A lecturer should realize his grave responsibility to his audience. Nothing but absolute physical impossibility is a sufficient excu...

Street Speaking
THE PLACE In traveling through the country on a street-speaking tour about the first thing a speaker observes is the poor judgeme...

Book-selling At Meetings
The tones of the speaker's voice fade away and are forever lost. Too often the ideas which the voice proclaimed drift into the backg...

Example Book Talks
We are by this time agreed that the sale of the proper books at lecture meetings is greatly to be desired. In this article we shall ...

Conclusion
In concluding this series I will group several items of importance which did not suggest themselves under any previous head. Gest...

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Topics

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  Fiction Writing  
  News Writing  
  Lecturing  


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